Historical Events in 1915

Events 1 - 200 of 283

  • Jan 1 DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
  • Jan 1 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • Jan 4 1st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
  • Jan 4 Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
  • Jan 9 Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated, SF
  • Jan 11 Col Jacob Ruppert & Col Tillinghast Huston purchase Yanks for $460,000
  • Jan 12 US House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
  • Jan 13 Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800
  • Jan 13 Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
  • Jan 15 Japan claims economic control of China
  • Jan 15 Sydney, Kern & Smith's musical "Love o' Mike" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 16 Congress authorizes $1 & $50 Panama-Pacific Intl Expo gold coin
  • Jan 17 Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens
  • Jan 17 Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
  • Jan 18 Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die
  • Jan 18 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
  • Jan 19 1st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die
  • Jan 19 Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude
  • Jan 21 Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
  • Jan 24 German-British sea battle at Dogger Bank & Helgoland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in SF

  • Jan 25 Giordano, Sardou & Moreau's opera "Madame Sans Gêne" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 25 Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (NY to SF)
  • Jan 26 Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, is established
  • Jan 27 US Marines occupy Haiti
  • Jan 28 1st US ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)
  • Jan 28 US Coast Guard created from Life Saving & Revenue Cutter services
  • Jan 28 US President Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates
  • Jan 30 German submarine attack on Le Havre
  • Jan 30 No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
  • Jan 31 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
  • Feb 3 Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal
  • Feb 4 Experiments to find cause of pellagra begin at Miss Penitentiary
  • Feb 7 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station received
  • Feb 7 2nd Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 8 D. W. Griffith's silent film "The Birth of a Nation" opens at Clune's Auditorium in Los Angeles - first 12-reel film in America

Film director D. W. Griffith
Film director
D. W. Griffith
  • Feb 10 US President Wilson warns Germany that the US will hold it 'to a strict accountability' for 'property endangered or lives lost'
  • Feb 10 US President Wilson protests to Britain on the use of US flags on British merchant ships to deceive the Germans

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Feb 12 Adolf Hitler receives the relatively common Iron Cross second class for bravery in World War I

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 13 The French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region
  • Feb 16 Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack. He sits out 1915 season
  • Feb 17 Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
  • Feb 18 Germany begins a blockade of Britain
  • Feb 19 British fleet opens fire on Dardanelles coast
  • Feb 20 Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco
  • Feb 21 20th Russian Army corps surrenders
  • Feb 21 World's Fair in SF opens
  • Feb 22 Germany begins "unrestricted" submarine war
  • Feb 23 Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
  • Feb 23 Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
  • Feb 26 Malancourt, Argonnen 1st (German) flame-thrower
  • Feb 28 WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties
  • Mar 2 British vice admiral Sackville Hamilton Carden begins bombing of Dardanelles forts
  • Mar 2 Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
  • Mar 3 US National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics(NACA) created, the predecessor of NASA
  • Mar 5 World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.
  • Mar 6 Greek King Constantine I fires premier Venizelos
  • Mar 8 1st US navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned
  • Mar 10 British Army in Belgium captures Neuve Chapelle
  • Mar 11 The British declare a blockade of all German ports
  • Mar 13 Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit
  • Mar 14 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal.
  • Mar 16 British battle cruisers Inflexible & Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelles
  • Mar 16 Federal Trade Commission organizes
  • Mar 18 Failed British attack in Dardanelles
  • Mar 18 French battleship Bouvet explodes, 640 killed
  • Mar 19 Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
  • Mar 23 Zion Mule Corp formed by the British Army
  • Mar 25 1st submarine disaster; a US F-4 sank off Hawaii, killing 21
  • Mar 25 German U boat torpedoes Neth merchant ship Medea
  • Mar 26 Stanley Cup: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Ottawa Senators
  • Mar 26 77th Grand National: Mr Jack Anthony aboard Ally Sloper wins

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Mar 27 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is arrested and returned to quarantine on North Brother Island, New York after spending five years evading health authorities and causing several further outbreaks of typhoid

  • Apr 4 Germany protests vigorously to the US, claiming it must insist that Britain lifts its blockade and assert American neutrality
  • Apr 5 French begin Woëvre-offensive
  • Apr 5 Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in 26 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Apr 14 A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
  • Apr 14 Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
  • Apr 14 Turkey invades Armenia.
  • Apr 15 Manuel de Falla's ballet "El Amor Brujo" premieres in Madrid
  • Apr 15 NY Giant Rube Marquard no-hits Bkln, 2-0
  • Apr 18 French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • Apr 19 19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2
  • Apr 20 The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
  • Apr 22 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I
  • Apr 22 NY Yankees don pinstripes & hat-in-the-ring logo for 1st time
  • Apr 22 The Second Battle of Ypres begins on the Western Front
  • Apr 23 ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)
  • Apr 24 German army fires chloroform gas in Ieper
  • Apr 24 Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)
  • Apr 24 Pitts' Frank Allen no-hits St Louis (Federal League), 2-0
  • Apr 25 First landings at Gaba Tepe and Cape Helles on the Gallipoli Peninsula by ANZAC forces during WWI
  • Apr 26 Italy secretly signes Pact of London with Britain, France & Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27 Counterattack launched by Turkish forces under the command of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk against allied troops

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • May 1 British liner Lusitania leaves NY for Liverpool
  • May 1 German submarine torpedoes US tanker Gulflight
  • May 2 Old Fordham Road in Bronx renamed Landing Road

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May 3 John McCrae writes the poem "In Flanders Fields"

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • May 4 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • May 5 German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom
  • May 6 German U-20 sinks Centurion SE of Ireland

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May 6 Red Sox Babe Ruth pitching debut & 1st HR, loses to Yanks 4-3 in 15

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • May 6 The Allies on Cape Helles launch three attacks to enlarge their beachheads; after terrible losses, they advance about three miles
  • May 7 RMS Lusitania sunk by German submarine off the southern coast of Ireland; 1198 lives lost
  • May 8 41st Kentucky Derby: Joe Notter aboard Regret wins in 2:05.4
  • May 9 German & French fight Battle of Artois
  • May 10 Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England
  • May 12 Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250
  • May 12 Franklin K Mathiews presents idea of "Book Week"
  • May 13 US Secretary of State Bryan sends a note to Germany demanding that Germany disavow the attacks on the Lusitania and make immediate reparations; however, the note is written only to 'pacify exited public opinion', according to Bryan
  • May 15 AT&T becomes 1st corporation to have 1 million stockholders
  • May 17 40th Preakness: Douglas Hoffman aboard Rhine Maiden wins in 1:58
  • May 17 Cubs George "Zip" Zabel relieves with 2 outs in 1st & winds up with 4-3 19-inning win over Brooklyn in longest relief job ever

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Last liberal British government of H. H. Asquith falls

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • May 17 National Baptist Convention chartered
  • May 20 Bataafsche Petroleum Me begins oil extraction of Maracaibo
  • May 22 Local train collides with troop train killing 226 (Gretna, Scotland)
  • May 22 Lassen Peak erupts with a powerful force, and is the only mountain, other than Mount St. Helens, to erupt in the continental US during the 20th century.
  • May 23 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • May 25 2nd Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties
  • May 25 Chicago Claude Hendrix no-hits Pitts (Federal League), 10-0
  • May 26 H. H. Asquith forms a coalition government in the United Kingdom
  • May 31 An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London
  • May 31 Indianapolis 500: Ralph DePalma wins in 5:33:55.619 (144.583 km/h)
  • Jun 1 1st Zeppelin air raid over England
  • Jun 3 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • Jun 5 47th Belmont: George Byrne aboard The Finn wins in 2:18.6
  • Jun 5 Denmark amends its constitution to allow women's suffrage.
  • Jun 8 92°F (33.3°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9 William Jennings Bryan quits as US Secretary of State

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • Jun 9 US President Wilson sends 2nd Lusitania note to Germany protesting sinking of the Lusitania and refuting German claim British blockade illegal
  • Jun 10 British/French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon
  • Jun 13 29th U.S. Women's National Championship: Molla Bjurstedt beats Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (4-6, 6-2, 6-0)
  • Jun 15 US government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo
  • Jun 16 The foundation of the British Women's Institute.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 17 The League to Enforce Peace is organised at Independence Hall in Philadelphia with William Howard Taft as president; its program anticipates the League of Nations

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Jun 18 21st US Golf Open: John Travers shoots a 297 at Baltusrol GC NJ
  • Jun 20 German offensive in Argonne
  • Jun 21 Anti-British revolt in South Africa ends with arrest of General De Law
  • Jun 21 The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens.
  • Jun 22 BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service
  • Jun 23 Yanks get record 16 walks & 3 wild pitches beat A's Bruno Hass, 15-0
  • Jun 23 Italians launch the first of what will become 11 battles to dislodge the Austrians from the Isonzo River, which keeps the Italians from Trieste
  • Jun 26 Germany suppresses "Vorwarts" newspaper after it called for peace
  • Jun 27 100°F (38°C), Fort Yukon, Alaska (state record)
  • Jun 27 Dutch SDAP demonstrates against conscription
  • Jul 1 Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
  • Jul 1 Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
  • Jul 2 Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, explodes a bomb in the US Senate reception room
  • Jul 3 After exploding a bomb in the US Senate reception room the previous day, Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, shoots JP Morgan for representing the British government in war contract negotiations
  • Jul 7 A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 The Germans reply to US President Woodrow Wilson's second Lusitania note by saying that Americans may sail on clearly marked neutral ships, but Germany does not deal with Wilson's other demands

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jul 9 Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa
  • Jul 10 British/South African troops march into German SW-Africa
  • Jul 11 German cruiser Königsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
  • Jul 15 The head of German propaganda in the US, Dr Heinrich Albert, loses his briefcase on a subway in New York City; an examination of its content reveals an extensive network of German espionage and subversion across the US
  • Jul 15 The Austro-German forces launch an offensive along the Eastern Front
  • Jul 17 Italian offensive at Isonzo
  • Jul 18 2nd Battle of Isonzo begins & ends with loss of 280,000 men
  • Jul 18 Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champs
  • Jul 19 Dutch accidents at sea law enforced
  • Jul 19 Wash Nationals steal record 8 bases vs Cleve Indians in the 1st inning
  • Jul 21 Wilson sends the third Lusitania note, warning Germany that future infringement of American rights will be deemed 'deliberately unfriendly'
  • Jul 24 Excursion ship Eastland capsizes in Lake Michigan, 852 die
  • Jul 26 International School for Wijsbegeerte forms
  • Jul 28 Because of virtual anarchy, US Marines go ashore in Haiti on orders from President Wilson; this will lead to an occupation that will last until 1934

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Pirate Honus Wagner at 41, hits a grand slam HR

MLB Shortshop Honus Wagner
MLB Shortshop
Honus Wagner
  • Aug 5 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • Aug 5 The Latin-American Conference Convenes in Washington, with representatives from leading South American nations joining the US to discuss conditions in Mexico
  • Aug 6 The British land more troops at Suvla Bay on the northern shore of Gallipoli in an effort to break the stalemate on the peninsula during WWI
  • Aug 7 WWI: Assault against Russell's Top at Gallipolis, Turkey - 232 Australians are killed
  • Aug 7 St Louis 3rd base coach Miller Huggins, calls for ball Bkln rookie obliges, Huggins steps aside, & Card runner scores
  • Aug 9 British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipoli during WWI
  • Aug 12 "Of Human Bondage" by William Somerset Maugham, published
  • Aug 14 British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
  • Aug 15 Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia
  • Aug 16 KC's Alex Main no-hits Buffalo (Federal League), 5-0
  • Aug 17 German troops over run Kovno, Lithuania
  • Aug 17 Hurricane strikes Galveston, Texas (275 killed)
  • Aug 17 Mob lynches Jewish businessman Leo Frank in Cobb County, Georgia, after death sentence for murder of 13-year-old girl commuted to life
  • Aug 18 Braves Field opens in Boston to see Braves beat Cards 3-1
  • Aug 19 Rationing laws go into effect in Netherlands
  • Aug 19 World War I: the Battle of Van begins
  • Aug 19 British liner "SS Arabic" sunk by German submarine without warning leaving Liverpool for New York; killing 44. Creates diplomatic incident
  • Aug 20 White Sox obtain Joe Jackson from Cleve in exchange for Robert Roth, Larry Chappell, Ed Klepfer, & $31,500
  • Aug 21 Italy declares war on Turkey in World War One
  • Aug 21 11th Australasian Championships: Gordon Lowe beats Horace Rice (4-6, 6-1, 6-1, 6-4)
  • Aug 23 Tsar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
  • Aug 25 Hurricane kills 275 in Galveston, Texas with $50 million damage
  • Aug 26 German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • Aug 31 Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits NY Giants, 2-0
  • Aug 31 Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Sep 1 The German ambassador to the US pledges again that German submarines will no longer sink liners without warning and providing safety of passengers and crew following the sinking of the British liner "Arabic"
  • Sep 5 Anti-war conference in Zimmerwald, Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 Tsar Nicholas II, distressed by increasing Russian losses, assumes personal command of his nation's military forces; clearly a symbolic act and devastating for his leadership

  • Sep 7 Johnny Gruelle patents his Raggedy Ann doll (US Patent D47789)
  • Sep 7 St Louis Dave Davenport no-hits Chicago (Federal League), 3-0
  • Sep 8 Association of Negro Life & History founded
  • Sep 8 35th U.S. Men's National Championship: William Johnston beats Maurice McLoughlin (1-6, 6-0, 7-5, 10-8)