Historical Events in 1915

Events 1 - 200 of 283

  • Jan 1st DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
  • Jan 1st Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • Jan 4th 1st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
  • Jan 4th Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
  • Jan 9th Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated, SF
  • Jan 11th Col Jacob Ruppert & Col Tillinghast Huston purchase Yanks for $460,000
  • Jan 12th US House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
  • Jan 13th Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800
  • Jan 13th Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
  • Jan 15th Japan claims economic control of China
  • Jan 15th Sydney, Kern & Smith's musical "Love o' Mike" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 16th Congress authorizes $1 & $50 Panama-Pacific Intl Expo gold coin
  • Jan 17th Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens
  • Jan 17th Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
  • Jan 18th Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die
  • Jan 18th Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
  • Jan 19th 1st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die
  • Jan 19th Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude
  • Jan 21st Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
  • Jan 24th German-British sea battle at Dogger Bank & Helgoland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25th Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in SF

  • Jan 25th Giordano, Sardou & Moreau's opera "Madame Sans Gêne" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 25th Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (NY to SF)
  • Jan 26th Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, is established
  • Jan 27th US Marines occupy Haiti
  • Jan 28th 1st US ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)
  • Jan 28th US Coast Guard created from Life Saving & Revenue Cutter services
  • Jan 28th US Pres Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates
  • Jan 30th German submarine attack on Le Havre
  • Jan 30th No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
  • Jan 31st 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
  • Feb 3rd Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal
  • Feb 4th Experiments to find cause of pellagra begin at Miss Penitentiary
  • Feb 7th 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station received
  • Feb 7th 2nd Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army

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Feb 8th D. W. Griffith's silent film "The Birth of a Nation" opens at Clune's Auditorium in Los Angeles - first 12-reel film in America

Film director D. W. Griffith
Film director
D. W. Griffith
  • Feb 10th US President Wilson warns Germany that the US will hold it 'to a strict accountability' for 'property endangered or lives lost'
  • Feb 10th US President Wilson protests to Britain on the use of US flags on British merchant ships to deceive the Germans

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Feb 12th Adolf Hitler receives the relatively common Iron Cross second class for bravery in World War I

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 13th The French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region
  • Feb 16th Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack. He sits out 1915 season
  • Feb 17th Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
  • Feb 18th Germany begins a blockade of Britain
  • Feb 19th British fleet opens fire on Dardanelles coast
  • Feb 20th Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco
  • Feb 21st 20th Russian Army corps surrenders
  • Feb 21st World's Fair in SF opens
  • Feb 22nd Germany begins "unrestricted" submarine war
  • Feb 23rd Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
  • Feb 23rd Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
  • Feb 26th Malancourt, Argonnen 1st (German) flame-thrower
  • Feb 28th WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties
  • Mar 2nd British vice admiral Sackville Hamilton Carden begins bombing of Dardanelles forts
  • Mar 2nd Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
  • Mar 3rd US National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics(NACA) created, the predecessor of NASA
  • Mar 5th World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.
  • Mar 6th Greek King Constantine I fires premier Venizelos
  • Mar 8th 1st US navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned
  • Mar 10th British Army in Belgium captures Neuve Chapelle
  • Mar 11th The British declare a blockade of all German ports
  • Mar 13th Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit
  • Mar 14th German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal.
  • Mar 16th British battle cruisers Inflexible & Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelles
  • Mar 16th Federal Trade Commission organizes
  • Mar 18th Failed British attack in Dardanelles
  • Mar 18th French battleship Bouvet explodes, 640 killed
  • Mar 19th Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
  • Mar 23rd Zion Mule Corp forms
  • Mar 25th 1st submarine disaster; a US F-4 sank off Hawaii, killing 21
  • Mar 25th German U boat torpedoes Neth merchant ship Medea
  • Mar 26th Stanley Cup: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Ottawa Senators
  • Mar 26th 77th Grand National: Mr Jack Anthony aboard Ally Sloper wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27th Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is arrested and returned to quarantine on North Brother Island, New York after spending five years evading health authorities and causing several further outbreaks of typhoid

  • Apr 4th Germany protests vigorously to the US, claiming it must insist that Britain lifts its blockade and assert American neutrality
  • Apr 5th French begin Woëvre-offensive
  • Apr 5th Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in 26 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Apr 14th A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
  • Apr 14th Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
  • Apr 14th Turkey invades Armenia.
  • Apr 15th Manuel de Falla's ballet "El Amor Brujo" premieres in Madrid
  • Apr 15th NY Giant Rube Marquard no-hits Bkln, 2-0
  • Apr 18th French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • Apr 19th 19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2
  • Apr 20th The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
  • Apr 22nd 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I
  • Apr 22nd NY Yankees don pinstripes & hat-in-the-ring logo for 1st time
  • Apr 22nd The Second Battle of Ypres begins on the Western Front
  • Apr 23rd ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)
  • Apr 24th German army fires chloroform gas in Ieper
  • Apr 24th Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)
  • Apr 24th Pitts' Frank Allen no-hits St Louis (Federal League), 2-0
  • Apr 25th First landings at Gaba Tepe and Cape Helles on the Gallipoli Peninsula by ANZAC forces during WWI
  • Apr 26th Italy secretly signes Pact of London with Britain, France & Russia

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Apr 27th Counterattack launched by Turkish forces under the command of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk against allied troops

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • May 1st British liner Lusitania leaves NY for Liverpool
  • May 1st German submarine torpedoes US tanker Gulflight
  • May 2nd Old Fordham Road in Bronx renamed Landing Road

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May 3rd John McCrae writes the poem "In Flanders Fields"

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • May 4th Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • May 5th German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom
  • May 6th German U-20 sinks Centurion SE of Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6th Red Sox Babe Ruth pitching debut & 1st HR, loses to Yanks 4-3 in 15

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • May 6th The Allies on Cape Helles launch three attacks to enlarge their beachheads; after terrible losses, they advance about three miles
  • May 7th RMS Lusitania sunk by German submarine off the southern coast of Ireland; 1198 lives lost
  • May 8th 41st Kentucky Derby: Joe Notter aboard Regret wins in 2:05.4
  • May 9th German & French fight Battle of Artois
  • May 10th Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England
  • May 12th Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250
  • May 12th Franklin K Mathiews presents idea of "Book Week"
  • May 13th US Secretary of State Bryan sends a note to Germany demanding that Germany disavow the attacks on the Lusitania and make immediate reparations; however, the note is written only to 'pacify exited public opinion', according to Bryan
  • May 15th AT&T becomes 1st corporation to have 1 million stockholders
  • May 17th 40th Preakness: Douglas Hoffman aboard Rhine Maiden wins in 1:58
  • May 17th Cubs George "Zip" Zabel relieves with 2 outs in 1st & winds up with 4-3 19-inning win over Brooklyn in longest relief job ever
  • May 17th Last liberal British government of Asquith falls
  • May 17th National Baptist Convention chartered
  • May 20th Bataafsche Petroleum Me begins oil extraction of Maracaibo
  • May 22nd Local train collides with troop train killing 226 (Gretna, Scotland)
  • May 22nd Lassen Peak erupts with a powerful force, and is the only mountain, other than Mount St. Helens, to erupt in the continental US during the 20th century.
  • May 23rd Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24th Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • May 25th 2nd Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties
  • May 25th Chicago Claude Hendrix no-hits Pitts (Federal League), 10-0
  • May 26th H. H. Asquith forms a coalition government in the United Kingdom
  • May 31st An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London
  • May 31st Indianapolis 500: Ralph DePalma wins in 5:33:55.619 (144.583 km/h)
  • Jun 1st 1st Zeppelin air raid over England
  • Jun 3rd Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • Jun 5th 47th Belmont: George Byrne aboard The Finn wins in 2:18.6
  • Jun 5th Denmark amends its constitution to allow women's suffrage.
  • Jun 8th 92°F (33.3°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9th William Jennings Bryan quits as US Secretary of State

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • Jun 9th US President Wilson sends the second Lusitania note to Germany demanding reparations and prevention of 'recurrence of anything so obviously subversive of the principles of warfare'; Wilson refuses to recognize the 'war zone' that Germany has proclaimed around the British Isles
  • Jun 10th British/French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon
  • Jun 13th 29th U.S. Women's National Championship: Molla Bjurstedt beats Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (4-6, 6-2, 6-0)
  • Jun 15th US government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo
  • Jun 16th The foundation of the British Women's Institute.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 17th The League to Enforce Peace is organised at Independence Hall in Philadelphia with William Howard Taft as president; its program anticipates the League of Nations

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Jun 18th 21st US Golf Open: John Travers shoots a 297 at Baltusrol GC NJ
  • Jun 20th German offensive in Argonne
  • Jun 21st Anti-British revolt in South Africa ends with arrest of General De Law
  • Jun 21st The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens.
  • Jun 22nd BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service
  • Jun 23rd Yanks get record 16 walks & 3 wild pitches beat A's Bruno Hass, 15-0
  • Jun 23rd Italians launch the first of what will become 11 battles to dislodge the Austrians from the Isonzo River, which keeps the Italians from Trieste
  • Jun 26th Germany suppresses "Vorwarts" newspaper after it called for peace
  • Jun 27th 100°F (38°C), Fort Yukon, Alaska (state record)
  • Jun 27th Dutch SDAP demonstrates against conscription
  • Jul 1st Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
  • Jul 1st Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
  • Jul 2nd Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, explodes a bomb in the US Senate reception room
  • Jul 3rd After exploding a bomb in the US Senate reception room the previous day, Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, shoots JP Morgan for representing the British government in war contract negotiations
  • Jul 7th A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8th The Germans reply to US President Woodrow Wilson's second Lusitania note by saying that Americans may sail on clearly marked neutral ships, but Germany does not deal with Wilson's other demands

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jul 9th Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa
  • Jul 10th British/South African troops march into German SW-Africa
  • Jul 11th German cruiser Königsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
  • Jul 15th The head of German propaganda in the US, Dr Heinrich Albert, loses his briefcase on a subway in New York City; an examination of its content reveals an extensive network of German espionage and subversion across the US
  • Jul 15th The Austro-German forces launch an offensive along the Eastern Front
  • Jul 17th Italian offensive at Isonzo
  • Jul 18th 2nd Battle of Isonzo begins & ends with loss of 280,000 men
  • Jul 18th Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champs
  • Jul 19th Dutch accidents at sea law enforced
  • Jul 19th Wash Nationals steal record 8 bases vs Cleve Indians in the 1st inning
  • Jul 21st Wilson sends the third Lusitania note, warning Germany that future infringement of American rights will be deemed 'deliberately unfriendly'
  • Jul 24th Excursion ship Eastland capsizes in Lake Michigan, 852 die
  • Jul 26th International School for Wijsbegeerte forms
  • Jul 28th Because of virtual anarchy, US Marines go ashore in Haiti on orders from President Wilson; this will lead to an occupation that will last until 1934

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29th Pirate Honus Wagner at 41, hits a grand slam HR

MLB Shortshop Honus Wagner
MLB Shortshop
Honus Wagner
  • Aug 5th Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • Aug 5th The Latin-American Conference Convenes in Washington, with representatives from leading South American nations joining the US to discuss conditions in Mexico
  • Aug 6th The British land more troops at Suvla Bay on the northern shore of Gallipoli in an effort to break the stalemate on the peninsula during WWI
  • Aug 7th WWI: Assault against Russell's Top at Gallipolis, Turkey - 232 Australians are killed
  • Aug 7th St Louis 3rd base coach Miller Huggins, calls for ball Bkln rookie obliges, Huggins steps aside, & Card runner scores
  • Aug 9th British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipoli during WWI
  • Aug 12th "Of Human Bondage" by William Somerset Maugham, published
  • Aug 14th British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
  • Aug 15th Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia
  • Aug 16th KC's Alex Main no-hits Buffalo (Federal League), 5-0
  • Aug 17th German troops over run Kovno, Lithuiana
  • Aug 17th Hurricane strikes Galveston, Texas (275 killed)
  • Aug 17th Mob lynches Jewish businessman Leo Frank in Cobb County, Georgia, after death sentence for murder of 13-year-old girl commuted to life
  • Aug 18th Braves Field opens in Boston to see Braves beat Cards 3-1
  • Aug 19th Rationing laws go into effect in Netherlands
  • Aug 19th World War I: the Battle of Van begins
  • Aug 19th British liner "SS Arabic" sunk by German submarine without warning leaving Liverpool for New York; killing 44. Creates diplomatic incident
  • Aug 20th White Sox obtain Joe Jackson from Cleve in exchange for Robert Roth, Larry Chappell, Ed Klepfer, & $31,500
  • Aug 21st Italy declares war on Turkey in World War One
  • Aug 21st 11th Australasian Championships: Gordon Lowe beats Horace Rice (4-6, 6-1, 6-1, 6-4)
  • Aug 23rd Tsar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
  • Aug 25th Hurricane kills 275 in Galveston, Texas with $50 million damage
  • Aug 26th German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • Aug 31st Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits NY Giants, 2-0
  • Aug 31st Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Sep 1st The German ambassador to the US pledges again that German submarines will no longer sink liners without warning and providing safety of passengers and crew following the sinking of the British liner "Arabic"
  • Sep 5th Anti-war conference in Zimmerwald, Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5th Tsar Nicholas II, distressed by increasing Russian losses, assumes personal command of his nation's military forces; clearly a symbolic act and devastating for his leadership

  • Sep 7th Johnny Gruelle patents his Raggedy Ann doll (US Patent D47789)
  • Sep 7th St Louis Dave Davenport no-hits Chicago (Federal League), 3-0
  • Sep 8th Association of Negro Life & History founded
  • Sep 8th 35th U.S. Men's National Championship: William Johnston beats Maurice McLoughlin (1-6, 6-0, 7-5, 10-8)