Historical Events in 1916

Events 1 - 200 of 297

  • Jan 1 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
  • Jan 1 2nd Rose Bowl: Washington State beats Brown 14-0
  • Jan 5 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • Jan 7 German troops conquer Fort Vaux at Verdun
  • Jan 7 In response to pressure from President Wilson, Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare
  • Jan 8 WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
  • Jan 9 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops are evacuated.
  • Jan 10 Russian offensive in Kaukasus
  • Jan 10 In retaliation for President Wilson's recognition of the Carranza government, members of Pacho Villa's revolutionary army take 17 American mining engineers from a train and shoot 16 of them in cold blood
  • Jan 11 French troops capture/Serbian army flees to Corfu
  • Jan 12 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • Jan 12 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircrafts
  • Jan 14 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks

Sport awardGolf Major

Jan 17 1st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy CC Bronxville NY

Pioneering Golfer Jim Barnes
Pioneering Golfer
Jim Barnes
  • Jan 17 Rodman Wanamaker organises a lunch to discuss forming a golfers association (later the PGA) at the Taplow Club, Martinique Hotel, New York City
  • Jan 18 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.
  • Jan 23 Temp falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
  • Jan 24 The Military Service Bill, calling for conscription of men for war services, passes in the British House of Commons
  • Jan 25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • Jan 27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • Jan 28 1st Jewish Supreme Court justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson
  • Jan 28 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • Jan 28 Opera "Goyescas" premieres (NYC)
  • Jan 29 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • Jan 31 Dutch Girl Guides form
  • Feb 3 Canada's original Parliament buildings in Ottawa burn down
  • Feb 3 Tristan Tzara publishes the Dada manifesto in Zurich, Switzerland
  • Feb 5 Enrico Caruso recorded "O Solo Mio" for the Victor Talking Machine Co
  • Feb 8 French cruiser "Admiral Charner" torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374
  • Feb 8 NL votes down Charlie Ebbets proposal to limit 25 cent seats
  • Feb 9 Britain's military service act enforced (conscription)
  • Feb 9 NL votes down a proposal by Giants, Braves, & Cubs to increase club player limit from 21 to 22 (The Reds want to decrease to 20)
  • Feb 10 Military conscription begins in Britain
  • Feb 11 Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its 1st concert
  • Feb 11 Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control
  • Feb 11 Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March
  • Feb 12 1st edition of Joseph Patterson/Sidney Smith's strip "The Gumps"
  • Feb 15 NY Yankees buy Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Athletics for $37,500
  • Feb 16 Russian troops conquer the Ottoman Empire city of Erzurum during WWI
  • Feb 16 The US rejects the right of Germany and Austria-Hungary to sink armed merchant ships
  • Feb 16 The German ambassador in Washington announces that Germany will pay an indemnity for American lives lost on the Lusitania
  • Feb 17 Romberg/Hanley/Atteridge/Smith's musical premieres in NYC
  • Feb 18 The last German garrison in the German colony of Cameroons surrenders
  • Feb 21 Battle of Verdun in WW I begins (1 million casualties)
  • Feb 22 The House-Grey Memorandum, drafted by US and Britain, states: 'Should the Allies accept [the American idea of a conference to end the war] and should Germany refuse it, the United States would "probably" enter the war against Germany'
  • Feb 23 Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
  • Feb 23 French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun
  • Feb 25 German troops conquer Fort Douaumont near Verdun
  • Feb 26 Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker
Charlie Chaplin
  • Feb 26 Russian troops conquer Kermansjah Persia
  • Mar 1 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • Mar 8 US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime
  • Mar 9 Mexican General Francisco "Pancho" Villa invades US (18 killed)
  • Mar 9 Germany declares war against Portugal
  • Mar 12 French airship sinks British submarine D3
  • Mar 14 Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun
  • Mar 15 Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea
  • Mar 15 Gen Pershing and 15,000 troops chase Villa into Mexico; they stay 10 for 10 months
  • Mar 15 University of Gent goes under Dutch control
  • Mar 16 James Barries' "Kiss for Cinderella" premieres in London
  • Mar 16 US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty
  • Mar 20 Allies attack Zeebrugge Belgium
  • Mar 21 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
  • Mar 24 German submarines torpedo the French Channel packet 'Sussex' which is unarmed
  • Mar 25 Jess Willard fights Frank Moran to no decision in 10 for heavyweight boxing title in NYC
  • Mar 25 Women are allowed to attend a boxing match
  • Mar 30 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • Mar 31 Dutch government ends all military engagements
  • Apr 1 1st US national women's swiming championships held
  • Apr 2 German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
  • Apr 2 57 armed New Zealand police invade the remote Ngāi Tūhoe settlement of Maungapōhatu in the Urewera Ranges to arrest the Māori prophet Rua Kēnana
  • Apr 5 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
  • Apr 6 German parliament approves unrestricted submarine warfare
  • Apr 8 Norway approves active & passive female suffrage
  • Apr 8 In Corona, California, racecar driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three and badly injuring five spectators.
  • Apr 9 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection
  • Apr 10 1st professional golf tournament held
  • Apr 10 The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is founded in New York City.
  • Apr 12 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement boards submarine U-19 at Wilmshaven, Germany, bound for a rendezvous with the Aud at Tralee
  • Apr 18 US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop
  • Apr 19 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • Apr 19 20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Mass in 2:27:16.4
  • Apr 19 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • Apr 19 Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • Apr 20 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
  • Apr 20 Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) in Chicago opens, Cubs beat Cincinnati Reds 7-6
  • Apr 21 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, lands on the coast from a German submarine; he attempts to get German aid for an uprising against the British
  • Apr 21 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement is discovered at McKenna's Fort and is arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary
  • Apr 21 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour
  • Apr 22 France battles at Fort Douaumont
  • Apr 22 Karl Spindler scuttles the Aud near Daunt's Rock, to prevent its cargo of 20,000 rifles destined for Irish republicans falling into enemy hands
  • Apr 22 Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers Eóin MacNeill issues the Countermanding order in Dublin to try to stop what would become the Easter Rising
  • Apr 23 Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn" premieres in NYC

Victory in battleEaster Proclamation of 1916

Apr 24 Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins in Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 24 Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for ice-trapped ship Endurance

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Apr 27 The British renew their assault on the Irish Volunteer position in Mount Street; shelling also sets the buildings on fire
  • Apr 29 Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising
  • Apr 30 Chicago Cubs play 1st game at Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) beat Reds
  • Apr 30 Germany ratifies bill bringing in Daylight Saving Time - first country in the world
  • May 2 US president Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act
  • May 2 2nd Ave & Bronx Terrace renamed Bronx Blvd; Seward Pl renamed Sycamore Ave; Herald Ave renamed Dickinson Ave; Monroe & Selwyn Avenue named
  • May 3 Irish Nationalists Patrick Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh and Thomas Clarke are executed by firing squad following their involvement in the Easter Rising
  • May 4 At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare
  • May 4 Ned Daly, Willie Pearse, Michael O'Hanrahan and Joseph Plunkett are executed by British authorities following the Easter Rising, at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin
  • May 5 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
  • May 6 Belgian troops march into Kigali, German East Africa
  • May 8 German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes killing 679 German soldiers
  • May 8 Irishmen Eamon Kent, Michael Mallin, Con Colbert and Sean Houston are executed by British authorities following the Easter Rising at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin
  • May 9 British-France Sykes-Picot meet over division of Turkey
  • May 10 Disastrous fire in Ellendale, ND
  • May 10 Historic Shipport Museum opens in Amsterdam
  • May 12 James Connolly and Sean McDermott are executed following their involvement in the Easter Rising in Dublin
  • May 13 1st observance of Indian (Native American) Day
  • May 13 42nd Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard George Smith wins in 2:04
  • May 15 Asiago, Italy, falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front
  • May 15 Claiming that the USA must act to quell dangerous disorder, the government orders US Marines to land in Santo Domingo; the American occupation will continue until 1924
  • May 16 41st Preakness: Linus McAtee aboard Damrosch wins in 1:54.8
  • May 17 British Summer Time (Daylight Savings) introduced
  • May 18 US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft
  • May 18 A British Royal Inquiry into the Easter Rising in Dublin is set up in London
  • May 19 Escadrille Américaine (Lafayette) transfered to Verdun
  • May 20 Codell, Kansas hit by tornado (also on same date in 1917 & 1918)
  • May 20 Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting
  • May 21 Britain begins "Summer Time" (daylight saving time)
  • May 22 French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun
  • May 23 Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
  • May 24 Conscription begins in Britain
  • May 24 French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured
  • May 24 Last British-Indian contract workers arrive in Suriname
  • May 24 US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker
  • May 27 Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx
  • May 27 President Wilson addresses the League to Enforce Peace, founded in 1915, and gives public support to the idea of a league of nations
  • May 29 NY Giants win 17th consecutive road game
  • May 29 Official flag of president of US adopted
  • May 29 US forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Dario Resta wins in 3:34:16.990 (135.187 km/h)
  • May 31 Battle of Jutland (Skagerrak): naval battle between British Grand Fleet and German High Seas Fleet: over 8,500 die in this inconclusive slaughter - although the German fleet never put to sea again.
  • May 31 British battle cruiser HMS Invincible explodes, killing all but 6 (Battle of Jutland)
  • Jun 1 German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
  • Jun 2 German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux
  • Jun 3 US National Defense Act establishes Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • Jun 4 General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)
  • Jun 5 The Sherif Hussein proclaims a revolt of the Arabs in the province of Hejaz, an action that undermines the Turkish Empire
  • Jun 6 Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage
  • Jun 6 With the death of Yuan Shikai, who has ruled much of China since 1912, the central government virtually collapses in the face of warlords who assert themselves, including Sun Yat-Sen
  • Jun 7 Germany troop march into Fort Faux, Verdun

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 Theodore Roosevelt declines nomination of the Progressive Party and throws his support behind Republican Charles Evans Hughes

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 10 48th Belmont: E Haynes aboard Friar Rock wins in 2:22
  • Jun 10 Great Arab Revolt begins against ruling Ottoman turks
  • Jun 12 Tennis legend Bill Tilden's 1st appearance at US tennis championship
  • Jun 12 30th U.S. Women's National Championship: Molla Bjurstedt beats Louise Hammond Raymond (6-0, 6-1)
  • Jun 14 Democratic Convention convenes in St Louis; Woodrow Wilson campaigns on the slogan "he kept out of the war"
  • Jun 14 Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war
  • Jun 15 Boys Scouts of America forms
  • Jun 16 Boston Brave's Tom Hughes 2nd no-hitter beats Pitts, 2-0
  • Jun 16 Passing of the Military Services Bill introduces conscription in New Zealand
  • Jun 17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • Jun 17 US troops under Gen Pershing march into Mexico
  • Jun 18 Yanks score in every inning but 8th to beat Indians 19-3 in baseball
  • Jun 21 Boston Rube Forster no-hits NY Yankees, 2-0
  • Jun 21 Mexican troops beat US expeditionary force under Gen Pershing
  • Jun 21 President Carranza orders his troops to oppose American soldiers at Carrazil, Mexico; 18 American soldiers are killed or wounded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 24 Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to get a million dollar contract.

Actress Mary Pickford
Actress
Mary Pickford
  • Jun 25 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
  • Jun 26 Cleveland Indians experiment with numbers on their jerseys (one game)
  • Jun 29 Boeing aircraft flies for 1st time
  • Jun 30 22nd US Golf Open: Chick Evans shoots a 286 at Minikahda Club MINN
  • Jun 30 General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits"
  • Jul 1 British court martial (Easter uprising)
  • Jul 1 Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Honus Wagner, 42, is oldest to hit an inside-the-park HR

MLB Shortshop Honus Wagner
MLB Shortshop
Honus Wagner
  • Jul 1 First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Jul 2 Russian offensive in Armenia
  • Jul 3 1st of 3 fatal shark attacks occurred near NJ shore (4 die)
  • Jul 7 The New Zealand Labour party is formed
  • Jul 9 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in US from Germany
  • Jul 11 Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • Jul 11 Germany launches final offensive in the Battle of Verdun
  • Jul 14 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
  • Jul 14 St Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 inns in a 0-0 tie vs Boston
  • Jul 15 22.22" (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)
  • Jul 15 Boeing Company (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle Wash
  • Jul 20 Giants trade Christy Mathewson to Cincinnati Reds
  • Jul 22 A bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in SF killing 10
  • Jul 25 Explosion at Lake Erie & Cleveland Waterworks
  • Jul 26 The US Protests the 'Blacklist' issued by the British forbidding trade with some 30 US firms
  • Jul 29 Postal check & Girodienst establishes
  • Jul 30 German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, NJ
  • Aug 1 Hawaii National Park forms
  • Aug 2 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • Aug 4 Denmark cedes Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the US for $25 million
  • Aug 4 The Turks attack the British line at Romani in the northern Sinai (WWI)
  • Aug 8 A's set AL record with 19th consecutive loss on road
  • Aug 10 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 Picasso, Max Jacob, Kisling, Ortiz & Paquerette photographed in Paris

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • Aug 17 Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • Aug 21 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, arrested by the British
  • Aug 23 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years