Historical Events in 1916

Events 1 - 200 of 297

  • Jan 1st 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
  • Jan 1st 2nd Rose Bowl: Washington State beats Brown 14-0
  • Jan 5th Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • Jan 7th German troops conquer Fort Vaux at Verdun
  • Jan 7th In response to pressure from President Wilson, Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare
  • Jan 8th WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
  • Jan 9th The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops are evacuated.
  • Jan 10th Russian offensive in Kaukasus
  • Jan 10th In retaliation for President Wilson's recognition of the Carranza government, members of Pacho Villa's revolutionary army take 17 American mining engineers from a train and shoot 16 of them in cold blood
  • Jan 11th French troops capture/Serbian army flees to Corfu
  • Jan 12th Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • Jan 12th Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircrafts
  • Jan 14th Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks

Sport awardGolf Major

Jan 17th 1st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy CC Bronxville NY

Pioneering Golfer Jim Barnes
Pioneering Golfer
Jim Barnes
  • Jan 17th Rodman Wanamaker organises a lunch to discuss forming a golfers association (later the PGA) at the Taplow Club, Martinique Hotel, New York City
  • Jan 18th A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.
  • Jan 23rd Temp falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
  • Jan 24th The Military Service Bill, calling for conscription of men for war services, passes in the British House of Commons
  • Jan 25th Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • Jan 27th Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • Jan 28th 1st Jewish Supreme Court justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson
  • Jan 28th German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • Jan 28th Opera "Goyescas" premieres (NYC)
  • Jan 29th 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • Jan 31st Dutch Girl Guides form
  • Feb 3rd Canada's original Parliament buildings in Ottawa burn down
  • Feb 3rd Tristan Tzara publishes the Dada manifesto in Zurich, Switzerland
  • Feb 5th Enrico Caruso recorded "O Solo Mio" for the Victor Talking Machine Co
  • Feb 8th French cruiser "Admiral Charner" torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374
  • Feb 8th NL votes down Charlie Ebbets proposal to limit 25 cent seats
  • Feb 9th Britain's military service act enforced (conscription)
  • Feb 9th NL votes down a proposal by Giants, Braves, & Cubs to increase club player limit from 21 to 22 (The Reds want to decrease to 20)
  • Feb 10th Military conscription begins in Britain
  • Feb 11th Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its 1st concert
  • Feb 11th Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control
  • Feb 11th Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March
  • Feb 12th 1st edition of Joseph Patterson/Sidney Smith's strip "The Gumps"
  • Feb 15th NY Yankees buy Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Athletics for $37,500
  • Feb 16th Russian troops conquer the Ottoman Empire city of Erzurum during WWI
  • Feb 16th The US rejects the right of Germany and Austria-Hungary to sink armed merchant ships
  • Feb 16th The German ambassador in Washington announces that Germany will pay an indemnity for American lives lost on the Lusitania
  • Feb 17th Romberg/Hanley/Atteridge/Smith's musical premieres in NYC
  • Feb 18th The last German garrison in the German colony of Cameroons surrenders
  • Feb 21st Battle of Verdun in WW I begins (1 million casualties)
  • Feb 22nd The House-Grey Memorandum, drafted by US and Britain, states: 'Should the Allies accept [the American idea of a conference to end the war] and should Germany refuse it, the United States would "probably" enter the war against Germany'
  • Feb 23rd Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
  • Feb 23rd French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun
  • Feb 25th German troops conquer Fort Douaumont near Verdun
  • Feb 26th Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26th Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
  • Feb 26th Russian troops conquer Kermansjah Persia
  • Mar 1st Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • Mar 8th US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime
  • Mar 9th Mexican General Francisco "Pancho" Villa invades US (18 killed)
  • Mar 9th Germany declares war against Portugal
  • Mar 12th French airship sinks British submarine D3
  • Mar 14th Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun
  • Mar 15th Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea
  • Mar 15th Gen Pershing and 15,000 troops chase Villa into Mexico; they stay 10 for 10 months
  • Mar 15th University of Gent goes under Dutch control
  • Mar 16th James Barries' "Kiss for Cinderella" premieres in London
  • Mar 16th US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty
  • Mar 20th Allies attack Zeebrugge Belgium
  • Mar 21st JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
  • Mar 24th German submarines torpedo the French Channel packet 'Sussex' which is unarmed
  • Mar 25th Jess Willard fights Frank Moran to no decision in 10 for heavyweight boxing title in NYC
  • Mar 25th Women are allowed to attend a boxing match
  • Mar 30th Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • Mar 31st Dutch government ends all military engagements
  • Apr 1st 1st US national women's swiming championships held
  • Apr 2nd German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
  • Apr 2nd 57 armed New Zealand police invade the remote Ngāi Tūhoe settlement of Maungapōhatu in the Urewera Ranges to arrest the Māori prophet Rua Kēnana
  • Apr 5th French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
  • Apr 6th German parliament approves unrestricted submarine warfare
  • Apr 8th Norway approves active & passive female suffrage
  • Apr 8th In Corona, California, racecar driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three and badly injuring five spectators.
  • Apr 9th The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection
  • Apr 10th 1st professional golf tournament held
  • Apr 10th The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is founded in New York City.
  • Apr 12th Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement boards submarine U-19 at Wilmshaven, Germany, bound for a rendezvous with the Aud at Tralee
  • Apr 18th US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop
  • Apr 19th "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • Apr 19th 20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Mass in 2:27:16.4
  • Apr 19th Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • Apr 19th Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • Apr 20th German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
  • Apr 20th Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) in Chicago opens, Cubs beat Cincinnati Reds 7-6
  • Apr 21st Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, lands on the coast from a German submarine; he attempts to get German aid for an uprising against the British
  • Apr 21st Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement is discovered at McKenna's Fort and is arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary
  • Apr 21st The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour
  • Apr 22nd France battles at Fort Douaumont
  • Apr 22nd Karl Spindler scuttles the Aud near Daunt's Rock, to prevent its cargo of 20,000 rifles destined for Irish republicans falling into enemy hands
  • Apr 22nd Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers Eóin MacNeill issues the Countermanding order in Dublin to try to stop what would become the Easter Rising
  • Apr 23rd Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn" premieres in NYC

Victory in battleEaster Proclamation of 1916

Apr 24th Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins in Dublin

  • Apr 24th Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for ice-trapped ship Endurance
  • Apr 27th The British renew their assault on the Irish Volunteer position in Mount Street; shelling also sets the buildings on fire
  • Apr 29th Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising
  • Apr 30th Chicago Cubs play 1st game at Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) beat Reds
  • Apr 30th Germany ratifies bill bringing in Daylight Saving Time - first country in the world
  • May 2nd US president Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act
  • May 2nd 2nd Ave & Bronx Terrace renamed Bronx Blvd; Seward Pl renamed Sycamore Ave; Herald Ave renamed Dickinson Ave; Monroe & Selwyn Avenue named
  • May 3rd Irish Nationalists Patrick Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh and Thomas Clarke are executed by firing squad following their involvement in the Easter Rising
  • May 4th At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare
  • May 4th Ned Daly, Willie Pearse, Michael O'Hanrahan and Joseph Plunkett are executed by British authorities following the Easter Rising, at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin
  • May 5th US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
  • May 6th Belgian troops march into Kigali, German East Africa
  • May 8th German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes killing 679 German soldiers
  • May 8th Irishmen Eamon Kent, Michael Mallin, Con Colbert and Sean Houston are executed by British authorities following the Easter Rising at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin
  • May 9th British-France Sykes-Picot meet over division of Turkey
  • May 10th Disastrous fire in Ellendale, ND
  • May 10th Historic Shipport Museum opens in Amsterdam
  • May 12th James Connolly and Sean McDermott are executed following their involvement in the Easter Rising in Dublin
  • May 13th 1st observance of Indian (Native American) Day
  • May 13th 42nd Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard George Smith wins in 2:04
  • May 15th Asiago, Italy, falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front
  • May 15th Claiming that the USA must act to quell dangerous disorder, the government orders US Marines to land in Santo Domingo; the American occupation will continue until 1924
  • May 16th 41st Preakness: Linus McAtee aboard Damrosch wins in 1:54.8
  • May 17th British Summer Time (Daylight Savings) introduced
  • May 18th US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft
  • May 18th A British Royal Inquiry into the Easter Rising in Dublin is set up in London
  • May 19th Escadrille Américaine (Lafayette) transfered to Verdun
  • May 20th Codell, Kansas hit by tornado (also on same date in 1917 & 1918)
  • May 20th Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting
  • May 21st Britain begins "Summer Time" (daylight saving time)
  • May 22nd French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun
  • May 23rd Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
  • May 24th Conscription begins in Britain
  • May 24th French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured
  • May 24th Last British-Indian contract workers arrive in Suriname
  • May 24th US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker
  • May 27th Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx
  • May 27th President Wilson addresses the League to Enforce Peace, founded in 1915, and gives public support to the idea of a league of nations
  • May 29th NY Giants win 17th consecutive road game
  • May 29th Official flag of president of US adopted
  • May 29th US forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
  • May 30th Indianapolis 500: Dario Resta wins in 3:34:16.990 (135.187 km/h)
  • May 31st Battle of Jutland (Skagerrak): naval battle between British Grand Fleet and German High Seas Fleet: over 8,500 die in this inconclusive slaughter - although the German fleet never put to sea again.
  • May 31st British battle cruiser HMS Invincible explodes, killing all but 6 (Battle of Jutland)
  • Jun 1st German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
  • Jun 2nd German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux
  • Jun 3rd US National Defense Act establishes Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • Jun 4th General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)
  • Jun 5th The Sherif Hussein proclaims a revolt of the Arabs in the province of Hejaz, an action that undermines the Turkish Empire
  • Jun 6th Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage
  • Jun 6th With the death of Yuan Shikai, who has ruled much of China since 1912, the central government virtually collapses in the face of warlords who assert themselves, including Sun Yat-Sen
  • Jun 7th Germany troop march into Fort Faux, Verdun

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7th Theodore Roosevelt declines nomination of the Progressive Party and throws his support behind Republican Charles Evans Hughes

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 10th 48th Belmont: E Haynes aboard Friar Rock wins in 2:22
  • Jun 10th Great Arab Revolt begins against ruling Ottoman turks
  • Jun 12th Tennis legend Bill Tilden's 1st appearance at US tennis championship
  • Jun 12th 30th U.S. Women's National Championship: Molla Bjurstedt beats Louise Hammond Raymond (6-0, 6-1)
  • Jun 14th The Democratic Convention convenes in St Louis; Wilson campaigns on the slogan 'he kept out out of the war'
  • Jun 14th Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war
  • Jun 15th Boys Scouts of America forms
  • Jun 16th Boston Brave's Tom Hughes 2nd no-hitter beats Pitts, 2-0
  • Jun 16th Passing of the Military Services Bill introduces conscription in New Zealand
  • Jun 17th 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • Jun 17th US troops under Gen Pershing march into Mexico
  • Jun 18th Yanks score in every inning but 8th to beat Indians 19-3 in baseball
  • Jun 21st Boston Rube Forster no-hits NY Yankees, 2-0
  • Jun 21st Mexican troops beat US expeditionary force under Gen Pershing
  • Jun 21st President Carranza orders his troops to oppose American soldiers at Carrazil, Mexico; 18 American soldiers are killed or wounded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 24th Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to get a million dollar contract.

Actress Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
  • Jun 25th Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
  • Jun 26th Cleveland Indians experiment with numbers on their jerseys (one game)
  • Jun 29th Boeing aircraft flies for 1st time
  • Jun 30th 22nd US Golf Open: Chick Evans shoots a 286 at Minikahda Club MINN
  • Jun 30th General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits"
  • Jul 1st British court martial (Easter uprising)
  • Jul 1st Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1st Honus Wagner, 42, is oldest to hit an inside-the-park HR

MLB Shortshop Honus Wagner
MLB Shortshop
Honus Wagner
  • Jul 1st First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2nd Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Jul 2nd Russian offensive in Armenia
  • Jul 3rd 1st of 3 fatal shark attacks occurred near NJ shore (4 die)
  • Jul 7th The New Zealand Labour party is formed
  • Jul 9th 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in US from Germany
  • Jul 11th Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • Jul 11th Germany launches final offensive in the Battle of Verdun
  • Jul 14th 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
  • Jul 14th St Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 inns in a 0-0 tie vs Boston
  • Jul 15th 22.22" (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)
  • Jul 15th Boeing Company (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle Wash
  • Jul 20th Giants trade Christy Mathewson to Cincinnati Reds
  • Jul 22nd A bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in SF killing 10
  • Jul 25th Explosion at Lake Erie & Cleveland Waterworks
  • Jul 26th The US Protests the 'Blacklist' issued by the British forbidding trade with some 30 US firms
  • Jul 29th Postal check & Girodienst establishes
  • Jul 30th German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, NJ
  • Aug 1st Hawaii National Park forms
  • Aug 2nd World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • Aug 4th Denmark cedes Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the US for $25 million
  • Aug 4th The Turks attack the British line at Romani in the northern Sinai (WWI)
  • Aug 8th A's set AL record with 19th consecutive loss on road
  • Aug 10th Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12th Picasso, Max Jacob, Kisling, Ortiz & Paquerette photographed in Paris

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
  • Aug 17th Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • Aug 21st Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, arrested by the British
  • Aug 23rd Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years