Historical Events in April 1916

  • Apr 1 1st US national women's swiming championships held
  • Apr 2 German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
  • Apr 2 57 armed New Zealand police invade the remote Ngāi Tūhoe settlement of Maungapōhatu in the Urewera Ranges to arrest the Māori prophet Rua Kēnana
  • Apr 5 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
  • Apr 6 German parliament approves unrestricted submarine warfare
  • Apr 8 Norway approves active & passive female suffrage
  • Apr 8 In Corona, California, racecar driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three and badly injuring five spectators.
  • Apr 9 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection
  • Apr 10 1st professional golf tournament held
  • Apr 10 The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is founded in New York City.
  • Apr 12 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement boards submarine U-19 at Wilmshaven, Germany, bound for a rendezvous with the Aud at Tralee
  • Apr 18 US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop
  • Apr 19 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • Apr 19 20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Mass in 2:27:16.4
  • Apr 19 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • Apr 19 Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • Apr 20 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
  • Apr 20 Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) in Chicago opens, Cubs beat Cincinnati Reds 7-6
  • Apr 21 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, lands on the coast from a German submarine; he attempts to get German aid for an uprising against the British
  • Apr 21 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement is discovered at McKenna's Fort and is arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary
  • Apr 21 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour
  • Apr 22 France battles at Fort Douaumont
  • Apr 22 Karl Spindler scuttles the Aud near Daunt's Rock, to prevent its cargo of 20,000 rifles destined for Irish republicans falling into enemy hands
  • Apr 22 Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers Eóin MacNeill issues the Countermanding order in Dublin to try to stop what would become the Easter Rising
  • Apr 23 Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn" premieres in NYC

Victory in battleEaster Proclamation of 1916

Apr 24 Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins in Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 24 Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for ice-trapped ship Endurance

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Apr 27 The British renew their assault on the Irish Volunteer position in Mount Street; shelling also sets the buildings on fire
  • Apr 29 Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising
  • Apr 30 Chicago Cubs play 1st game at Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) beat Reds
  • Apr 30 Germany ratifies bill bringing in Daylight Saving Time - first country in the world