Historical Events in 1917

Events 1 - 200 of 277

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1st T. E. Lawrence joins the forces of the Arabian sheik Feisal al Husayn, beginning his adventures that will lead him to Damascus by October, 1918

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Jan 1st 3rd Rose Bowl: Oregon beats Pennsylvania 14-0
  • Jan 2nd Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
  • Jan 8th Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy
  • Jan 9th World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • Jan 10th The Allied Governments respond to US President Wilson's December 1916 note, giving their terms for ending the war
  • Jan 11th Guy Bolton & PG Wodehouse's "Have a Heart," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 16th The Greek Government accepts reparations for Allied losses sustained in recent actions in Greece
  • Jan 17th US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3/21)
  • Jan 19th The Silvertown explosion: 300 die when a munitions factory in Essex explodes.
  • Jan 27th Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)
  • Jan 28th Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.
  • Jan 29th British submarine K13 sank in Gaire Loch, Scotland; 32 of her crew died
  • Jan 31st Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
  • Jan 31st Mexican President Carranza announces a new constitution with many liberal elements; most of which his regime will not implement
  • Feb 1st German Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war
  • Feb 3rd US liner Housatonic is sunk by German submarine, on the same day that US President Wilson breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany
  • Feb 4th Belgian Council of Flanders established
  • Feb 5th Congress overrides Wilson's veto, curtailing Asian immigration
  • Feb 5th Morosco Theater opens at 217 W 45th St NYC (demolished 1982)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5th The last of the American troops commanded by General John Pershing leave Mexico; President Carranza will be assassinated within the next year

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • Feb 10th Johanna Westerdijk installed as Nethrland's 1st female professor
  • Feb 15th SF Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
  • Feb 16th 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
  • Feb 17th In Australia, Nationalist Party takes over a coalition government
  • Feb 20th Ammunition ship explodes in Archangel harbour, about 1,500 die
  • Feb 20th Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 21st British Mendi sinks off Isle of Wight, 627 die
  • Feb 21st Train near Chirurcha, Romania, catches fire & explodes; hundreds die
  • Feb 22nd German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships
  • Feb 22nd [NS Mar 7] Russian February Revolution begins with strike at Putilov factory in Petrograd
  • Feb 24th German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed (Zimmerman telegram)
  • Feb 24th Red Sox sell Smokey Joe Wood, his arm dead at 26, to Cleve for $15,000
  • Feb 26th 1st jazz records recorded - "Dixie Jazz Band One Step" and "Livery Stable Blues" by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26th [NS Mar 11] Russian February Revolution: Tsar Nicolas II orders army to quell civil unrest in Petrograd - army mutinies

  • Feb 26th 1st Annual fair at Utrecht Harbor (Netherlands)
  • Feb 28th AP reports Mexico & Japan will allie with Germany if US enters WW I
  • Mar 1st 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
  • Mar 1st U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
  • Mar 2nd Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, US citizenship granted
  • Mar 3rd US Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
  • Mar 3rd Mexico and the USA renew diplomatic relations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5th US President Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated for a second term

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 7th 1st jazz record record released on a 78 by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company ("Dixie Jazz Band One Step," one side "Livery Stable Blues" other)
  • Mar 7th Russian February Revolution breaks out [OS=Feb 24] with strike at Putilov factory in Petrograd
  • Mar 8th Russian 'February Revolution' begins; riots in St Petersburg over food rations and conduct of the war.
  • Mar 10th Batangas was formally founded as one of the Philippines's earliest encomiendas.
  • Mar 11th 1st NHL championship game ever played, Toronto Arenas beats Montreal Canadiens 7-3 in 1st of 2 game set (second game on March 13)
  • Mar 11th British forces occupy Baghdad, the capital of Mesopotamia, after Turkish forces evacuated
  • Mar 12th [OS Feb 27] Russian Duma sets up the Provisional Committee; Soviets form Executive Committee
  • Mar 12th Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrives in Petrograd/St Petersburg
  • Mar 12th A German submarine sinks an unamred US merchant ship, the 'Algonquin' on the same day that US President Wilson gives executive order to arm US merchant ships
  • Mar 15th Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates & nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him [OS Mar 2]
  • Mar 16th [OS Mar 3] Russian Grand Duke Michael, brother of Tsar Nicholas II declines the Russian throne
  • Mar 17th 1st exclusively women's bowling tournament begins in St Louis
  • Mar 17th Delta Phi Epsilon is founded at New York University Law School.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17th Albert Anastasia is convicted of murdering longshoreman George Turino

  • Mar 19th US Supreme Court upheld 8-hr work day for railroad employees
  • Mar 20th After the sinking of 3 more American merchant ships, US President Wilson meets with cabinet, who agree that war is inevitable
  • Mar 21st Loretta Walsh becomes US Navy's 1st female Petty Officer
  • Mar 22nd The USA is the first nation to recognize the new government of Russia
  • Mar 23rd Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25th Canadian ace Billy Bishop claims his first victory, shooting down and mortally wounding German Leutnant Theiller

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • Mar 26th Stanley Cup: Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 3 games to 1 - Seattle is 1st US team to win Stanley Cup
  • Mar 26th British win a battle against Turks at Gaza
  • Mar 28th Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities
  • Mar 28th Puccini's "La Rondine" premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Mar 31st US purchases Danish West Indies for $25M & renames them Virgin Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2nd Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Mont) begins her term as 1st woman member of US House of Reps

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin
  • Apr 2nd US President Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3rd Lenin arrives in Petrograd from Switzerland [NS=April 16]

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Apr 4th US Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WW I
  • Apr 6th US declares war on Germany, enters World War I
  • Apr 7th De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos" premieres in Madrid
  • Apr 7th James Barries' "Old Lady Shows Her" premieres in London
  • Apr 9th Battle of Arras begins
  • Apr 9th Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops
  • Apr 10th Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11th Babe Ruth beats NY Yanks, pitching 3-hit 10-3 win for Red Sox

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Apr 12th Bijou Theater opens at 222 W 45th St NYC (Demolished 1982)
  • Apr 12th Domenico Scarlatti & Jeab Cocteaus ballet premieres in Rome
  • Apr 14th Chicago White Sox Ed Cicotte no-hits St Louis Browns, 11-0
  • Apr 16th [OS Apr 3] Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia at Finland Station, Petrograd to join the Russian Revolution
  • Apr 16th [OS Apr 4] Lenin issues his radical "April Theses" calling for Soviets to take power during Russian Revolution
  • Apr 19th 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of NY in 2:28:37.2
  • Apr 24th Yankee lefty George Mogridge no-hits Red Sox 2-1 at Fenway
  • Apr 24th US Congress passes the Liberty Loan Act, authorizing the Treasury to issue a public subscription for 2 billion in bonds for the war
  • May 2nd Cin Fred Tooney & Chic's Hippo Vaughn pitch duel no-hitter, Vaughn gives up 2 hits & a run in 10th, so Cin wins 1-0
  • May 3rd 1st performance of Ernest Bloch's symphony "Israel"
  • May 4th A flotilla of US destroyer ships arrive in Queenstown, Ireland, to aid in convoying ships to England
  • May 5th St Louis Brown Ernie Koob no-hits Chicago White Sox, 1-0
  • May 6th St Louis Brown Bob Groom no-hits Chicago White Sox, 3-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7th Red Sox Babe Ruth beats Wash Senator Walter Johnson, 1-0

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 10th Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11th King George V grants Royal Letters Patent to New Zealand

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • May 12th 42nd Preakness: E Haynes aboard Kalitan wins in 1:54.4
  • May 12th 43rd Kentucky Derby: Charles Borel on Omar Khayyam wins in 2:04.6
  • May 13th 1st appearance of Mary to 3 shepherd children in Fatima, Portugal
  • May 13th Ernest Bloch's "Schelomo" premieres
  • May 15th The first officer's training camp is opened in the US, as the country prepares for war
  • May 18th Satie/Massine/Picasso's ballet "Parade" premieres in Paris
  • May 18th US Congress passes Selective Service Act, authorizing the federal government to raise a national army for the American entry into World War I through compulsory enlistment
  • May 18th First units of the American Expeditionary Force, commanded by General John J. Pershing, is ordered to France
  • May 20th Turkish government authorizes Jews to return to Tel Aviv & Jaffa
  • May 21st Leo Pinckney, 1st American drafted during WW I
  • May 21st The Great Fire of Atlanta: at least 10,000 people were displaced, but there was only one fatality
  • May 23rd Dutch 2nd Chamber approves 1908 conscription draft
  • May 26th Walt Cruise hit 1st HR out of Braves Field
  • May 27th Race riot in East St Louis Illinois, 1 black killed
  • May 30th Jazz standard "Dark Town Strutters Ball" by Original Dixieland Jass Band first recorded
  • Jun 1st Hank Gowdy is 1st baseball player to enlist during WW I
  • Jun 2nd Canadian ace Billy Bishop undertakes a solo mission behind enemy lines, shooting down three aircrafts as they were about to take off and several more on the ground, for which he is awarded the Victoria Cross
  • Jun 4th 1st Pulitzer prize awarded to Richards & Elliott (Julia Ward Howe)
  • Jun 4th American men begin registering for the draft
  • Jun 4th Most Excellent Order of British Empire inaugurated by King George V to recognise the efforts of his people in WWI
  • Jun 5th 10 million US men begin registering for draft in WW I
  • Jun 7th Melvin Jones and a number of other Chicago businessmen found Lions Clubs International, now the largest service organization in the world
  • Jun 7th The British detonate mines beneath the German-held Messines Ridge, in the Ypres area
  • Jun 8th Walt Disney graduates from Benton High School
  • Jun 10th 60,000 people of Petrograd Russia welcome Prince Kropotkin (banned 41 years) returning after February Russian Revolution
  • Jun 10th Limburgse mine workers strike
  • Jun 11th King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.
  • Jun 12th Secret Service extends protection of president to his family
  • Jun 13th World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.
  • Jun 14th 1st German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London
  • Jun 14th Gen Pershing & his HQ staff arrived in Paris during WW I
  • Jun 15th In order to calm troubled relations with Ireland, the British grant amnesty to the Prisoners taken during the Easter Rising of 1916
  • Jun 16th 1st All Russian Congress of the Soviets convenes in Petrograd, Russia [OS Jun 3]
  • Jun 16th 49th Belmont: James Butwell aboard Hourless wins in 2:17.8
  • Jun 19th The British Royal Family, which has had strong German ties since George I, renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name of Windsor
  • Jun 21st Hawaiian Red Cross forms
  • Jun 23rd Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000
  • Jun 23rd Ernie Shore replaces Red Sox pitcher Babe Ruth with a runner on, he throws him out & retires all 26 he faces for a perfect game
  • Jun 23rd 31st U.S. Women's National Championship: Molla Bjurstedt beats Marion Vanderhoef (4-6, 6-0, 6-2)
  • Jun 24th Russian Black Sea fleet mutinies at Sebastopol
  • Jun 26th 1st US Expeditionary Force arrive in France during WW I
  • Jun 27th 1st baseball player (Hank Gowdy) to enter WW I military service
  • Jun 27th Venizelos takes over as Prime Minister of Greece and severs relations with Central Powers, bringing Greece onside with the Allies in WWI
  • Jun 28th Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam
  • Jul 1st 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
  • Jul 1st Race riots in East St Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
  • Jul 1st Reds' Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates
  • Jul 1st Robins (Dodgers) play their 1st Sunday game in Brooklyn
  • Jul 2nd Riots in East St Louis Mo
  • Jul 3rd Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride-palace Petrograd
  • Jul 6th T. E. Lawrence captures port of Aqaba from Turks

CommunicationHMS Vanguard Disaster

Jul 9th British battleship Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804

  • Jul 10th Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
  • Jul 12th The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • Jul 13th Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal
  • Jul 17th Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor
  • Jul 20th Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • Jul 20th WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
  • Jul 21st Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • Jul 22nd British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • Jul 23rd Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
  • Jul 25th Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26th J. Edgar Hoover gets job in US Department of Justice

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jul 27th The Allies reach the Yser Canal at the Battle of Passchendaele.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28th Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-American march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting against lynching

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • Jul 30th Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • Jul 31st 3rd battle of Ypres begins
  • Aug 1st Frank Little, IWW organizer, lynched in Butte, MT
  • Aug 4th Pravda calls for the killing of all capitalists, priests & officers
  • Aug 5th British troops attack canal of Ypres in Boesinghe Belgium
  • Aug 5th The entire US National Guard is taken into national service, subject to presidential rather than state control
  • Aug 6th World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins.
  • Aug 9th Canadian Parliament passes the Compulsory Military Act, though many French-Canadians from Qubec Province oppose it
  • Aug 13th Phillies steal 5 bases in an inning against Braves
  • Aug 13th There is a revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent.
  • Aug 14th China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • Aug 14th Leeuwen soccer team forms
  • Aug 17th Italy declares war on Turkey
  • Aug 18th Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)
  • Aug 18th A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
  • Aug 19th Sunday benefit baseball game at Polo Grounds results in John McGraw & Christy Mathewson's arrest for violating Blue laws
  • Aug 22nd Pittsburgh Pirates play 4th straight extra inning game, Carson Bigbee sets record of 11 at-bats, they lose in 22 innings to Dodgers
  • Aug 23rd Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks & 11 whites killed)
  • Aug 25th 37th U.S. Men's National Championship: Robert Lindley Murray beats Nathaniel W. Niles (5-7, 8-6, 6-3, 6-3)
  • Aug 27th Indians set club record by stealing eight bases in a game
  • Aug 28th Ten suffragists arrested as they picket the White House
  • Aug 31st In China, Sun Yat-sen and his supporters' 'rump' parliament establishes a military government and elects Sun Yat-sen as commander-in-Chief
  • Sep 2nd Deutsche Vaterlands Partei formed by admiral Tirpitz
  • Sep 3rd 1st night bombing of London by German aircraft
  • Sep 3rd German troops overrun Riga, Latvia
  • Sep 3rd Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
  • Sep 3rd Utrecht soccer team Holland forms
  • Sep 6th French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft
  • Sep 15th Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government
  • Sep 20th British assault on Polygon Forest, France
  • Sep 20th Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Sep 26th British assault on Menin-street, France
  • Sep 27th Broadhurst Theater opens at 235 W 44th St NYC
  • Sep 27th EHC soccer team forms in Hoensbroek Neth
  • Oct 4th British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • Oct 6th In the final attack on Third Battle of Ypres, Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele, after 250,000 casualties on both sides

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8th Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 10th Giants Rube Benton is 1st lefty to pitch a World Series no hitter
  • Oct 10th Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • Oct 12th The First Battle of Passchendaele, now Passendale