Historical Events in 1917

Events 1 - 200 of 276

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 T. E. Lawrence joins the forces of the Arabian sheik Feisal al Husayn, beginning his adventures that will lead him to Damascus by October, 1918

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Jan 1 3rd Rose Bowl: Oregon beats Pennsylvania 14-0
  • Jan 2 Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
  • Jan 8 Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy
  • Jan 9 World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • Jan 10 The Allied Governments respond to US President Wilson's December 1916 note, giving their terms for ending the war
  • Jan 11 Guy Bolton & PG Wodehouse's "Have a Heart," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 16 The Greek Government accepts reparations for Allied losses sustained in recent actions in Greece
  • Jan 17 US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3/21)
  • Jan 19 The Silvertown explosion: 300 die when a munitions factory in Essex explodes.
  • Jan 27 Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)
  • Jan 28 Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.
  • Jan 29 British submarine K13 sank in Gaire Loch, Scotland; 32 of her crew died
  • Jan 31 Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
  • Jan 31 Mexican President Carranza announces a new constitution with many liberal elements; most of which his regime will not implement
  • Feb 1 German Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war
  • Feb 3 US liner Housatonic is sunk by German submarine, on the same day that US President Wilson breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany
  • Feb 4 Belgian Council of Flanders established
  • Feb 5 Congress overrides Wilson's veto, curtailing Asian immigration
  • Feb 5 Morosco Theater opens at 217 W 45th St NYC (demolished 1982)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5 The last of the American troops commanded by General John Pershing leave Mexico; President Carranza will be assassinated within the next year

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • Feb 10 Johanna Westerdijk installed as Nethrland's 1st female professor
  • Feb 15 SF Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
  • Feb 16 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
  • Feb 17 In Australia, Nationalist Party takes over a coalition government
  • Feb 20 Ammunition ship explodes in Archangel harbour, about 1,500 die
  • Feb 20 Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 21 British Mendi sinks off Isle of Wight, 627 die
  • Feb 21 Train near Chirurcha, Romania, catches fire & explodes; hundreds die
  • Feb 22 German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships
  • Feb 22 [NS Mar 7] Russian February Revolution begins with strike at Putilov factory in Petrograd
  • Feb 24 German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed (Zimmerman telegram)
  • Feb 24 Red Sox sell Smokey Joe Wood, his arm dead at 26, to Cleve for $15,000
  • Feb 26 1st jazz records recorded - "Dixie Jazz Band One Step" and "Livery Stable Blues" by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 [NS Mar 11] Russian February Revolution: Tsar Nicolas II orders army to quell civil unrest in Petrograd - army mutinies

  • Feb 26 1st Annual fair at Utrecht Harbor (Netherlands)
  • Feb 28 AP reports Mexico & Japan will allie with Germany if US enters WW I
  • Mar 1 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
  • Mar 1 U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
  • Mar 2 Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, US citizenship granted
  • Mar 3 US Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
  • Mar 3 Mexico and the USA renew diplomatic relations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 US President Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated for a second term

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 7 1st jazz record record released on a 78 by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company ("Dixie Jazz Band One Step," one side "Livery Stable Blues" other)
  • Mar 7 Russian February Revolution breaks out [OS=Feb 24] with strike at Putilov factory in Petrograd
  • Mar 8 Russian 'February Revolution' begins; riots in St Petersburg over food rations and conduct of the war.
  • Mar 10 Batangas was formally founded as one of the Philippines's earliest encomiendas.
  • Mar 11 1st NHL championship game ever played, Toronto Arenas beats Montreal Canadiens 7-3 in 1st of 2 game set (second game on March 13)
  • Mar 11 British forces occupy Baghdad, the capital of Mesopotamia, after Turkish forces evacuated
  • Mar 12 [OS Feb 27] Russian Duma sets up the Provisional Committee; Soviets form Executive Committee
  • Mar 12 Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrives in Petrograd/St Petersburg
  • Mar 12 A German submarine sinks an unamred US merchant ship, the 'Algonquin' on the same day that US President Wilson gives executive order to arm US merchant ships
  • Mar 15 Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates & nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him [OS Mar 2]
  • Mar 16 [OS Mar 3] Russian Grand Duke Michael, brother of Tsar Nicholas II declines the Russian throne
  • Mar 17 1st exclusively women's bowling tournament begins in St Louis
  • Mar 17 Delta Phi Epsilon is founded at New York University Law School.

MurderMurder of Interest

Mar 17 Albert Anastasia is convicted of murdering longshoreman George Turino

  • Mar 19 US Supreme Court upheld 8-hr work day for railroad employees
  • Mar 20 After the sinking of 3 more American merchant ships, US President Wilson meets with cabinet, who agree that war is inevitable
  • Mar 21 Loretta Walsh becomes US Navy's 1st female Petty Officer
  • Mar 22 The USA is the first nation to recognize the new government of Russia
  • Mar 23 Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 Canadian ace Billy Bishop claims his first victory, shooting down and mortally wounding German Leutnant Theiller

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • Mar 26 Stanley Cup: Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 3 games to 1 - Seattle is 1st US team to win Stanley Cup
  • Mar 26 British win a battle against Turks at Gaza
  • Mar 28 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities
  • Mar 28 Puccini's "La Rondine" premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Mar 31 US purchases Danish West Indies for $25M & renames them Virgin Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Mont) begins her term as 1st woman member of US House of Reps

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin
  • Apr 2 US President Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 Lenin arrives in Petrograd from Switzerland [NS=April 16]

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Apr 4 US Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WW I
  • Apr 6 US declares war on Germany, enters World War I
  • Apr 7 De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos" premieres in Madrid
  • Apr 7 James Barries' "Old Lady Shows Her" premieres in London
  • Apr 9 Battle of Arras begins
  • Apr 9 Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops
  • Apr 10 Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 Babe Ruth beats NY Yanks, pitching 3-hit 10-3 win for Red Sox

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Apr 12 Bijou Theater opens at 222 W 45th St NYC (Demolished 1982)
  • Apr 12 Domenico Scarlatti & Jeab Cocteaus ballet premieres in Rome
  • Apr 14 Chicago White Sox Ed Cicotte no-hits St Louis Browns, 11-0
  • Apr 16 [OS Apr 3] Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia at Finland Station, Petrograd to join the Russian Revolution
  • Apr 16 [OS Apr 4] Lenin issues his radical "April Theses" calling for Soviets to take power during Russian Revolution
  • Apr 19 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of NY in 2:28:37.2
  • Apr 24 Yankee lefty George Mogridge no-hits Red Sox 2-1 at Fenway
  • Apr 24 US Congress passes the Liberty Loan Act, authorizing the Treasury to issue a public subscription for 2 billion in bonds for the war
  • May 2 Cin Fred Tooney & Chic's Hippo Vaughn pitch duel no-hitter, Vaughn gives up 2 hits & a run in 10th, so Cin wins 1-0
  • May 3 1st performance of Ernest Bloch's symphony "Israel"
  • May 4 A flotilla of US destroyer ships arrive in Queenstown, Ireland, to aid in convoying ships to England
  • May 5 St Louis Brown Ernie Koob no-hits Chicago White Sox, 1-0
  • May 6 St Louis Brown Bob Groom no-hits Chicago White Sox, 3-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 Red Sox Babe Ruth beats Wash Senator Walter Johnson, 1-0

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 10 Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 King George V grants Royal Letters Patent to New Zealand

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • May 12 42nd Preakness: E Haynes aboard Kalitan wins in 1:54.4
  • May 12 43rd Kentucky Derby: Charles Borel on Omar Khayyam wins in 2:04.6
  • May 13 1st appearance of Mary to 3 shepherd children in Fatima, Portugal
  • May 13 Ernest Bloch's "Schelomo" premieres
  • May 15 The first officer's training camp is opened in the US, as the country prepares for war
  • May 18 Satie/Massine/Picasso's ballet "Parade" premieres in Paris
  • May 18 US Congress passes Selective Service Act, authorizing the federal government to raise a national army for the American entry into World War I through compulsory enlistment
  • May 18 First units of the American Expeditionary Force, commanded by General John J. Pershing, is ordered to France
  • May 20 Turkish government authorizes Jews to return to Tel Aviv & Jaffa
  • May 21 Leo Pinckney, 1st American drafted during WW I
  • May 21 The Great Fire of Atlanta: at least 10,000 people were displaced, but there was only one fatality
  • May 23 Dutch 2nd Chamber approves 1908 conscription draft
  • May 26 Walt Cruise hit 1st HR out of Braves Field
  • May 27 Race riot in East St Louis Illinois, 1 black killed
  • May 30 Jazz standard "Dark Town Strutters Ball" by Original Dixieland Jass Band first recorded
  • Jun 1 Hank Gowdy is 1st baseball player to enlist during WW I
  • Jun 2 Canadian ace Billy Bishop undertakes a solo mission behind enemy lines, shooting down three aircrafts as they were about to take off and several more on the ground, for which he is awarded the Victoria Cross
  • Jun 4 1st Pulitzer prize awarded to Richards & Elliott (Julia Ward Howe)
  • Jun 4 American men begin registering for the draft
  • Jun 4 Most Excellent Order of British Empire inaugurated by King George V to recognise the efforts of his people in WWI
  • Jun 5 10 million US men begin registering for draft in WW I
  • Jun 7 Melvin Jones and a number of other Chicago businessmen found Lions Clubs International, now the largest service organization in the world
  • Jun 7 The British detonate mines beneath the German-held Messines Ridge, in the Ypres area
  • Jun 8 Walt Disney graduates from Benton High School
  • Jun 10 60,000 people of Petrograd Russia welcome Prince Kropotkin (banned 41 years) returning after February Russian Revolution
  • Jun 10 Limburgse mine workers strike
  • Jun 11 King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.
  • Jun 12 Secret Service extends protection of president to his family
  • Jun 13 World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.
  • Jun 14 1st German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London
  • Jun 14 Gen Pershing & his HQ staff arrived in Paris during WW I
  • Jun 15 In order to calm troubled relations with Ireland, the British grant amnesty to the Prisoners taken during the Easter Rising of 1916
  • Jun 16 1st All Russian Congress of the Soviets convenes in Petrograd, Russia [OS Jun 3]
  • Jun 16 49th Belmont: James Butwell aboard Hourless wins in 2:17.8
  • Jun 19 The British Royal Family, which has had strong German ties since George I, renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name of Windsor
  • Jun 21 Hawaiian Red Cross forms
  • Jun 23 Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000
  • Jun 23 Ernie Shore replaces Red Sox pitcher Babe Ruth with a runner on, he throws him out & retires all 26 he faces for a perfect game
  • Jun 23 31st U.S. Women's National Championship: Molla Bjurstedt beats Marion Vanderhoef (4-6, 6-0, 6-2)
  • Jun 24 Russian Black Sea fleet mutinies at Sebastopol
  • Jun 26 1st US Expeditionary Force arrive in France during WW I
  • Jun 27 1st baseball player (Hank Gowdy) to enter WW I military service
  • Jun 27 Venizelos takes over as Prime Minister of Greece and severs relations with Central Powers, bringing Greece onside with the Allies in WWI
  • Jun 28 Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam
  • Jul 1 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
  • Jul 1 Race riots in East St Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
  • Jul 1 Reds' Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates
  • Jul 1 Robins (Dodgers) play their 1st Sunday game in Brooklyn
  • Jul 2 Riots in East St Louis Mo
  • Jul 3 Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride-palace Petrograd
  • Jul 6 T. E. Lawrence captures port of Aqaba from Turks

CommunicationHMS Vanguard Disaster

Jul 9 British battleship Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804

  • Jul 10 Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
  • Jul 12 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • Jul 13 Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal
  • Jul 17 Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor
  • Jul 20 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • Jul 20 WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
  • Jul 21 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • Jul 22 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • Jul 23 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
  • Jul 25 Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 J. Edgar Hoover gets job in US Department of Justice

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jul 27 The Allies reach the Yser Canal at the Battle of Passchendaele (WWI)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-American march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting against lynching

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • Jul 30 Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • Jul 31 3rd battle of Ypres begins
  • Aug 1 Frank Little, IWW organizer, lynched in Butte, MT
  • Aug 4 Pravda calls for the killing of all capitalists, priests & officers
  • Aug 5 British troops attack canal of Ypres in Boesinghe, Belgium
  • Aug 5 The entire US National Guard is taken into national service, subject to presidential rather than state control
  • Aug 6 World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins.
  • Aug 9 Canadian Parliament passes the Compulsory Military Act which is oppossed by many French-Canadians from Québec
  • Aug 13 Phillies steal 5 bases in an inning against Braves
  • Aug 13 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent.
  • Aug 14 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • Aug 14 Leeuwen soccer team forms
  • Aug 17 Italy declares war on Turkey
  • Aug 18 Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)
  • Aug 18 A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
  • Aug 19 Sunday benefit baseball game at Polo Grounds results in John McGraw & Christy Mathewson's arrest for violating Blue laws
  • Aug 22 Pittsburgh Pirates play 4th straight extra inning game, Carson Bigbee sets record of 11 at-bats, they lose in 22 innings to Dodgers
  • Aug 23 Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks & 11 whites killed)
  • Aug 25 37th U.S. Men's National Championship: Robert Lindley Murray beats Nathaniel W. Niles (5-7, 8-6, 6-3, 6-3)
  • Aug 27 Indians set club record by stealing eight bases in a game
  • Aug 28 Ten suffragists arrested as they picket the White House
  • Aug 31 In China, Sun Yat-sen and his supporters' 'rump' parliament establishes a military government and elects Sun Yat-sen as commander-in-Chief
  • Sep 2 Deutsche Vaterlands Partei formed by admiral Tirpitz
  • Sep 3 1st night bombing of London by German aircraft
  • Sep 3 German troops overrun Riga, Latvia
  • Sep 3 Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
  • Sep 3 Utrecht soccer team Holland forms
  • Sep 6 French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft
  • Sep 15 Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government
  • Sep 20 British assault on Polygon Forest, France
  • Sep 20 Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Sep 26 British assault on Menin-street, France
  • Sep 27 Broadhurst Theater opens at 235 W 44th St NYC
  • Sep 27 EHC soccer team forms in Hoensbroek Neth
  • Oct 4 British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • Oct 6 Battle of Passchendaele: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres, after 250,000 casualties on both sides

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 10 Giants' Rube Benton is 1st lefty to pitch a World Series no hitter
  • Oct 10 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • Oct 12 The First Battle of Passchendaele, now Passendale