Historical Events in October 1917

  • Oct 4 British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • Oct 6 Battle of Passchendaele: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres, after 250,000 casualties on both sides

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 10 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • Oct 13 Soviets accept establishment of Petrograd Military
  • Oct 13 7th College Football Crab Bowl Classic: Navy beats Maryland 62-0 in Annapolis
  • Oct 15 Chicago White Sox beat NY Giants, 4 games to 2 in 14th World Series

BattleExecution

Oct 15 Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany during WWI at Vincennes near Paris

Exotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German spy Mata Hari
Exotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German spy
Mata Hari
  • Oct 17 1st British bombing of Germany
  • Oct 19 Love Field in Dallas, Texas, is opened

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for protesting women's rights in Washington

Suffragist Alice Paul
Suffragist
Alice Paul
  • Oct 21 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WW I: US troops enter front lines at Sommervillier under French command
  • Oct 21 Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee
  • Oct 23 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st US shot in WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 23 Lenin speaks against Kamenev, Kollontai, Stalin & Trotsky

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • Oct 25 Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
  • Oct 26 Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
  • Oct 26 World War I:Brazil declared in state of war with Central Powers.
  • Oct 27 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Oct 31 Eugene O'Neill's "In the Zone" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 31 World War I: Battle of Beersheba in southern Palestine - "last successful cavalry charge in history" performed by the 4th Australian Light Horse