Historical Events in 1918

Events 1 - 200 of 316

  • Jan 1st Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • Jan 1st 4th Rose Bowl: Mare Island - USMC beats Camp Lewis - US Army 19-7
  • Jan 2nd Dodgers trade Casey Stengel & Cutshaw to Pitts for Grimes & Mamaux
  • Jan 2nd NHL Montreal Wanderers disband after Westmount arena burns down
  • Jan 3rd US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor
  • Jan 5th British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
  • Jan 8th Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition of alcohol) of the US Constitution
  • Jan 8th US President Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace after the Great War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12th Montreal Canadien Joe Malone scores 5 goals beating Ottawa 9-4

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Jan 12th Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • Jan 14th Finland & USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • Jan 16th Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • Jan 19th Soviets disallow a Constitution Assembly
  • Jan 19th Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
  • Jan 22nd Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • Jan 25th Russia declared a republic of Soviets

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26th Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 27th "Tarzan of the Apes", 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
  • Jan 27th The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • Jan 28th Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • Jan 28th Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • Jan 29th Ukrainian-Soviet War: Battle of Kruty
  • Jan 31st A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • Feb 1st Franz Lehar's opera "Wo die Lerche singt" premieres in Budapest
  • Feb 1st Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical premieres in NYC
  • Feb 1st Russia adopts Gregorian calender (becomes Feb 14)
  • Feb 3rd Twin Peaks Tunnel longest (11,920 feet) streetcar tunnel begins service
  • Feb 5th 1st US pilot to down an enemy airplane, Stephen W Thompson
  • Feb 5th Separation of church & state begins in USSR
  • Feb 6th Britain grants women (30 & over) vote
  • Feb 8th "Stars & Stripes,", weekly US armed forces newspaper, 1st published
  • Feb 9th US Army chaplain school organizes at Ft Monroe, Va
  • Feb 9th Sacha Guitry's "Deburan" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10th Trotsky declares that Russia is leaving the war

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Feb 10th In Finland, General Carl G. Von Mannerheim gathers an army known as the 'White Guard' to mount a counter revolution against the Bolshevik 'Red Guard'
  • Feb 11th US President Wilson makes another speech before Congress and announces 'the Four Principles' - freedom of navigation, and end to secret diplomacy, and similar items - that supplement his Fourteen Points
  • Feb 14th H Atteridge & S Rombergs musical "Sinbad," premieres in NYC
  • Feb 14th USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
  • Feb 15th US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany off Ireland
  • Feb 15th Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar
  • Feb 16th Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
  • Feb 18th Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
  • Feb 21st Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
  • Feb 21st The last Carolina parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo.
  • Feb 22nd Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • Feb 23rd First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.
  • Feb 24th Estonia declares independence from Russia
  • Feb 26th Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse & burn, killing 604
  • Mar 2nd NY Yankees purchase 1st baseman George Burns from Detroit Tigers & immediately trades him to Philadelphia A's
  • Mar 3rd Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 3rd Facing pressure from internal counterrevolutionary forces and an external German offensive, the Bolsheviks are forced to signs the harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
  • Mar 4th Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
  • Mar 4th First recorded case of Spanish flu at Funston Army Camp, Kanas; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million
  • Mar 6th US naval boat "Cyclops" disappears in Bermuda Triangle
  • Mar 7th H Carroll & J McCarthy's musical "Oh, Look!" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 7th Pres Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal
  • Mar 7th World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
  • Mar 9th Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • Mar 9th Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
  • Mar 9th Wageningen Agricultural College Neth opens
  • Mar 11th Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
  • Mar 11th Save the Redwoods League founded
  • Mar 11th First confirmed cases of the Spanish Flu in the US are reported at Fort Riley, Kansas.
  • Mar 13th Trotsky gains control of the Red Army
  • Mar 13th American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
  • Mar 13th 1st NHL championship: Mont Canadiens beat Toronto Arenas, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set
  • Mar 14th 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF
  • Mar 16th Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published
  • Mar 17th US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
  • Mar 17th US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • Mar 18th Soccer team SON OF Meerssen forms
  • Mar 18th Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
  • Mar 19th US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
  • Mar 19th S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • Mar 21st -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • Mar 23rd Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
  • Mar 23rd CrĂ©py-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • Mar 23rd Lithuania proclaims independence
  • Mar 23rd Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
  • Mar 23rd German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • Mar 25th The Belarusian People's Republic is established.
  • Mar 27th Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania.
  • Mar 30th Stanley Cup: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • Mar 31st 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 1st Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC

Author Henry Miller
Henry Miller
  • Apr 1st United Kingdom: the Royal Air Force is created from the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps.
  • Apr 3rd US House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
  • Apr 4th Food riot in Amsterdam
  • Apr 9th Latvia proclaims independence
  • Apr 13th Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
  • Apr 14th Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
  • Apr 15th Clemenceau publishes secret French/Austrian documents
  • Apr 16th The British House of Commons passes a new Military Service Bill, taking men up to 55 years old and extending to Ireland
  • Apr 18th Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20th Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • Apr 21st World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill
  • Apr 23rd Battle of Zeebrugge ends
  • Apr 23rd Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
  • Apr 23rd National Urban League forms
  • Apr 27th Giants' 9-0 winning start & Dodgers' 0-9 losing streak are stopped
  • Apr 29th Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of 4 unassisted double plays
  • Apr 30th Orange Nassau soccer team forms in Groningen
  • May 2nd General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
  • May 4th Yankees set record with 8 sacrifices, beat Red Sox's Babe Ruth 5-4
  • May 10th HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor
  • May 11th 44th Kentucky Derby: William Knapp on Exterminator wins in 2:10.8
  • May 13th 1st US airmail stamps issued (24 cents)
  • May 14th Sunday baseball is made legal in Washton, DC
  • May 15th 1st airmail postal service (NY, Philadelphia & Wash DC)
  • May 15th 1st regular airmail service (between NY & Wash) inaugurated
  • May 15th 43rd Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard War Cloud wins in 1:53.6
  • May 15th Greeks troops lands at Smyrna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15th Washington Senator Walter Johnson pitches 1-0, 18 inning game

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 15th The Finnish Civil War ends.
  • May 16th The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.
  • May 18th Dutch Indian Volksraad installed in Batavia
  • May 18th TNT explosion in chemical factory in Oakdale, Pennsylvania, kills 200
  • May 19th Wash 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings
  • May 20th 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)
  • May 21st US House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote
  • May 23rd King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
  • May 24th Cleveland Indians Stan Coveleski sets club record for most innings pitched (19)
  • May 24th Cleveland beats Yankees 3-2 in 19th inning
  • May 24th British officer General Poole lands at Murmansk, the Russian port on the Barents Sea
  • May 26th Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
  • May 26th Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat.
  • May 27th Third Battle of Aisne: German offensive overcomes British forces (WWI)
  • May 28th Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic
  • Jun 1st Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
  • Jun 1st White Sox losing 5-4 against NY Yankees, load the bases in 9th with no outs Chick Gandil lines to Frank Baker who turns a triple play

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1st Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircrafts over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • Jun 3rd US Supreme Court in Hammer v. Dagenhart rules child labor laws unconstitutional
  • Jun 4th French troops, with the aid of US troops, stop the Germans at Chateau-Thierry as they attempt to cross the Marne
  • Jun 6th Battle of Belleau Wood, 1st US victory of WW I
  • Jun 8th Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler's nova of 1604, discovered
  • Jun 12th 1st airplane bombing raid by an American unit, France
  • Jun 13th Phillies & Cards tie 8-8 in 19 innings
  • Jun 15th 1" of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
  • Jun 15th 50th Belmont: Frank Robinson aboard Johren wins in 2:20.6
  • Jun 22nd Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68 (Ivanhoe Illinois)
  • Jun 22nd 32nd U.S. Women's National Championship: Molla Bjurstedt beats Eleanor Goss (6-4, 6-3)
  • Jun 23rd Boston Red Sox Dutch Leonard's 2nd no-hitter beats Tigers, 5-0
  • Jun 25th Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • Jun 26th The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed
  • Jun 28th 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands
  • Jun 29th A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russian port on the Sea of Japan
  • Jun 30th Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • Jul 3rd SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
  • Jul 4th Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Wa
  • Jul 4th Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8th Babe Ruth's blast over the fence in Fenway scores Amos Strunk, the Red Sox win 1-0 over Cleve, prevailing rules reduce Babe's HR to a triple

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jul 9th 101 killed & 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tenn
  • Jul 9th US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)
  • Jul 10th Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • Jul 12th Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • Jul 14th Dutch government reclaims South seas
  • Jul 15th World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16th A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family

  • Jul 17th Longest errorless game, Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings
  • Jul 18th World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • Jul 19th World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • Jul 19th Wash catcher Eddie Ainsmith applies for deferment from the draft Sec of War Newton D Baker rules baseball players are not draft exempt
  • Jul 21st U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • Jul 22nd Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • Jul 25th Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, Calif
  • Jul 25th Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • Jul 26th Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Jul 27th Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY
  • Aug 1st British troops enter Vladivostok
  • Aug 1st Pittsburgh Pirates beat Boston Braves, 2-0, in 21 innings
  • Aug 2nd Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
  • Aug 3rd The first allied troops land at Archangel, the Russian port on the White Seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4th Adolf Hitler receives the Iron Cross first class for bravery on the recommendation of his Jewish superior, Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 6th Ferdinand Foch becomes Marshal of France during WWI
  • Aug 6th World War I: Second Battle of the Marne ends
  • Aug 8th WW I: The Battle of Amiens begins - Canada/Australian/British breakthrough with 600 tanks
  • Aug 8th 6 US soldiers are surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York is given command & shoots 20 Germans & captures 132 more
  • Aug 9th Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him "for indifferent play"
  • Aug 12th WW I: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • Aug 13th Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany
  • Aug 15th 1st full length cartoon (Sinking of Lusitania)
  • Aug 16th US troops overrun at Archangelsk by Bolshevik troops
  • Aug 17th British troops attack Baku, Azerbaijan
  • Aug 17th Samuel Riddle buys Man o'War for $5,000
  • Aug 17th Turkish troops overthrow Caukasus
  • Aug 17th Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Aug 19th Irving Berlin's musical "Yip Yip Yaphank" premieres in NYC

Composer and Lyricist Irving Berlin
Composer and Lyricist
Irving Berlin
  • Aug 20th WW I: Britain opens offensive on Western front
  • Aug 24th Chicago Cubs, win earliest pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
  • Aug 24th Sect Baker grants extended exemption to World Series players
  • Aug 26th W Smith & F Bacon's "Lightnin'" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 27th Christy Mathewson resigns as Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of Army
  • Aug 27th Dr Joseph L Johnson named as US minister to Liberia
  • Aug 28th Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly
  • Aug 29th Bapaume taken by Australian Corps and Canadian Corps in the Hundred Days Offensive
  • Aug 30th Czechoslovakia forms independent republic

MurderAssassination Attempt

Aug 30th Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Aug 31st Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
  • Sep 1st Baseball season ends due to WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1st Ty Cobb pitches 2 innings against Browns

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb