Historical Events in 1918

Events 1 - 200 of 316

  • Jan 1 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • Jan 1 4th Rose Bowl: Mare Island - USMC beats Camp Lewis - US Army 19-7
  • Jan 2 Dodgers trade Casey Stengel & Cutshaw to Pitts for Grimes & Mamaux
  • Jan 2 NHL Montreal Wanderers disband after Westmount arena burns down
  • Jan 3 US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor
  • Jan 5 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
  • Jan 8 Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition of alcohol) of the US Constitution
  • Jan 8 US President Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace after the Great War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Montreal Canadien Joe Malone scores 5 goals beating Ottawa 9-4

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Jan 12 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • Jan 14 Finland & USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • Jan 16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • Jan 19 Soviets disallow a Constitution Assembly
  • Jan 19 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
  • Jan 22 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • Jan 25 Russia declared a republic of Soviets

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 27 "Tarzan of the Apes", 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
  • Jan 27 The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • Jan 28 Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • Jan 28 Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • Jan 29 Ukrainian-Soviet War: Battle of Kruty
  • Jan 31 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • Feb 1 Franz Lehar's opera "Wo die Lerche singt" premieres in Budapest
  • Feb 1 Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical premieres in NYC
  • Feb 1 Russia adopts Gregorian calender (becomes Feb 14)
  • Feb 3 Twin Peaks Tunnel longest (11,920 feet) streetcar tunnel begins service
  • Feb 5 1st US pilot to down an enemy airplane, Stephen W Thompson
  • Feb 5 Separation of church & state begins in USSR
  • Feb 6 Britain grants women (30 & over) vote
  • Feb 8 "Stars & Stripes,", weekly US armed forces newspaper, 1st published
  • Feb 9 US Army chaplain school organizes at Ft Monroe, Va
  • Feb 9 Sacha Guitry's "Deburan" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10 Trotsky declares that Russia is leaving the war

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Feb 10 In Finland, General Carl G. Von Mannerheim gathers an army known as the 'White Guard' to mount a counter revolution against the Bolshevik 'Red Guard'
  • Feb 11 US President Wilson makes another speech before Congress and announces 'the Four Principles' - freedom of navigation, and end to secret diplomacy, and similar items - that supplement his Fourteen Points
  • Feb 14 H Atteridge & S Rombergs musical "Sinbad," premieres in NYC
  • Feb 14 USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
  • Feb 15 US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany off Ireland
  • Feb 15 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar
  • Feb 16 Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
  • Feb 18 Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
  • Feb 21 Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
  • Feb 21 The last Carolina parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo.
  • Feb 22 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • Feb 23 First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.
  • Feb 24 Estonia declares independence from Russia
  • Feb 26 Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse & burn, killing 604
  • Mar 2 NY Yankees purchase 1st baseman George Burns from Detroit Tigers & immediately trades him to Philadelphia A's
  • Mar 3 Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 3 Facing pressure from internal counterrevolutionary forces and an external German offensive, the Bolsheviks are forced to signs the harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
  • Mar 4 Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
  • Mar 4 First recorded case of Spanish flu at Funston Army Camp, Kanas; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million
  • Mar 6 US naval boat "Cyclops" disappears in Bermuda Triangle
  • Mar 7 H Carroll & J McCarthy's musical "Oh, Look!" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 7 Pres Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal
  • Mar 7 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
  • Mar 9 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • Mar 9 Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
  • Mar 9 Wageningen Agricultural College Neth opens
  • Mar 11 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
  • Mar 11 Save the Redwoods League founded
  • Mar 11 First confirmed cases of the Spanish Flu in the US are reported at Fort Riley, Kansas.
  • Mar 13 Trotsky gains control of the Red Army
  • Mar 13 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
  • Mar 13 1st NHL championship: Mont Canadiens beat Toronto Arenas, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set
  • Mar 14 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF
  • Mar 16 Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published
  • Mar 17 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
  • Mar 17 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • Mar 18 Soccer team SON OF Meerssen forms
  • Mar 18 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
  • Mar 19 US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
  • Mar 19 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • Mar 21 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • Mar 23 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
  • Mar 23 CrĂ©py-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • Mar 23 Lithuania proclaims independence
  • Mar 23 Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
  • Mar 23 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • Mar 25 The Belarusian People's Republic is established.
  • Mar 27 Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania.
  • Mar 30 Stanley Cup: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • Mar 31 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 1 Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC

Author Henry Miller
Henry Miller
  • Apr 1 United Kingdom: the Royal Air Force is created from the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps.
  • Apr 3 US House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
  • Apr 4 Food riot in Amsterdam
  • Apr 9 Latvia proclaims independence
  • Apr 13 Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
  • Apr 14 Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
  • Apr 15 Clemenceau publishes secret French/Austrian documents
  • Apr 16 The British House of Commons passes a new Military Service Bill, taking men up to 55 years old and extending to Ireland
  • Apr 18 Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • Apr 21 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill
  • Apr 23 Battle of Zeebrugge ends
  • Apr 23 Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
  • Apr 23 National Urban League forms
  • Apr 27 Giants' 9-0 winning start & Dodgers' 0-9 losing streak are stopped
  • Apr 29 Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of 4 unassisted double plays
  • Apr 30 Orange Nassau soccer team forms in Groningen
  • May 2 General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
  • May 4 Yankees set record with 8 sacrifices, beat Red Sox's Babe Ruth 5-4
  • May 10 HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor
  • May 11 44th Kentucky Derby: William Knapp on Exterminator wins in 2:10.8
  • May 13 1st US airmail stamps issued (24 cents)
  • May 14 Sunday baseball is made legal in Washton, DC
  • May 15 1st airmail postal service (NY, Philadelphia & Wash DC)
  • May 15 1st regular airmail service (between NY & Wash) inaugurated
  • May 15 43rd Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard War Cloud wins in 1:53.6
  • May 15 Greeks troops lands at Smyrna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Washington Senator Walter Johnson pitches 1-0, 18 inning game

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 15 The Finnish Civil War ends.
  • May 16 The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.
  • May 18 Dutch Indian Volksraad installed in Batavia
  • May 18 TNT explosion in chemical factory in Oakdale, Pennsylvania, kills 200
  • May 19 Wash 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings
  • May 20 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)
  • May 21 US House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote
  • May 23 King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
  • May 24 Cleveland Indians Stan Coveleski sets club record for most innings pitched (19)
  • May 24 Cleveland beats Yankees 3-2 in 19th inning
  • May 24 British officer General Poole lands at Murmansk, the Russian port on the Barents Sea
  • May 26 Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
  • May 26 Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat.
  • May 27 Third Battle of Aisne: German offensive overcomes British forces (WWI)
  • May 28 Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic
  • Jun 1 Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
  • Jun 1 White Sox losing 5-4 against NY Yankees, load the bases in 9th with no outs Chick Gandil lines to Frank Baker who turns a triple play

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircrafts over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • Jun 3 US Supreme Court in Hammer v. Dagenhart rules child labor laws unconstitutional
  • Jun 4 French troops, with the aid of US troops, stop the Germans at Chateau-Thierry as they attempt to cross the Marne
  • Jun 6 Battle of Belleau Wood, 1st US victory of WW I
  • Jun 8 Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler's nova of 1604, discovered
  • Jun 12 1st airplane bombing raid by an American unit, France
  • Jun 13 Phillies & Cards tie 8-8 in 19 innings
  • Jun 15 1" of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
  • Jun 15 50th Belmont: Frank Robinson aboard Johren wins in 2:20.6
  • Jun 22 Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68 (Ivanhoe Illinois)
  • Jun 22 32nd U.S. Women's National Championship: Molla Bjurstedt beats Eleanor Goss (6-4, 6-3)
  • Jun 23 Boston Red Sox Dutch Leonard's 2nd no-hitter beats Tigers, 5-0
  • Jun 25 Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • Jun 26 The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed
  • Jun 28 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands
  • Jun 29 A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russian port on the Sea of Japan
  • Jun 30 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • Jul 3 SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
  • Jul 4 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Wa
  • Jul 4 Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 Babe Ruth's blast over the fence in Fenway scores Amos Strunk, the Red Sox win 1-0 over Cleve, prevailing rules reduce Babe's HR to a triple

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jul 9 101 killed & 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tenn
  • Jul 9 US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)
  • Jul 10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • Jul 12 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • Jul 14 Dutch government reclaims South seas
  • Jul 15 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family

  • Jul 17 Longest errorless game, Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings
  • Jul 18 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • Jul 19 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • Jul 19 Wash catcher Eddie Ainsmith applies for deferment from the draft Sec of War Newton D Baker rules baseball players are not draft exempt
  • Jul 21 U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • Jul 22 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • Jul 25 Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, Calif
  • Jul 25 Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • Jul 26 Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Jul 27 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY
  • Aug 1 British troops enter Vladivostok
  • Aug 1 Pittsburgh Pirates beat Boston Braves, 2-0, in 21 innings
  • Aug 2 Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
  • Aug 3 The first allied troops land at Archangel, the Russian port on the White Seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Adolf Hitler receives the Iron Cross first class for bravery on the recommendation of his Jewish superior, Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 6 Ferdinand Foch becomes Marshal of France during WWI
  • Aug 6 World War I: Second Battle of the Marne ends
  • Aug 8 WW I: The Battle of Amiens begins - Canada/Australian/British breakthrough with 600 tanks
  • Aug 8 6 US soldiers are surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York is given command & shoots 20 Germans & captures 132 more
  • Aug 9 Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him "for indifferent play"
  • Aug 12 WW I: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • Aug 13 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany
  • Aug 15 1st full length cartoon (Sinking of Lusitania)
  • Aug 16 US troops overrun at Archangelsk by Bolshevik troops
  • Aug 17 British troops attack Baku, Azerbaijan
  • Aug 17 Samuel Riddle buys Man o'War for $5,000
  • Aug 17 Turkish troops overthrow Caukasus
  • Aug 17 Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Aug 19 Irving Berlin's musical "Yip Yip Yaphank" premieres in NYC

Composer and Lyricist Irving Berlin
Composer and Lyricist
Irving Berlin
  • Aug 20 WW I: Britain opens offensive on Western front
  • Aug 24 Chicago Cubs, win earliest pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
  • Aug 24 Sect Baker grants extended exemption to World Series players
  • Aug 26 W Smith & F Bacon's "Lightnin'" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 27 Christy Mathewson resigns as Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of Army
  • Aug 27 Dr Joseph L Johnson named as US minister to Liberia
  • Aug 28 Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly
  • Aug 29 Bapaume taken by Australian Corps and Canadian Corps in the Hundred Days Offensive
  • Aug 30 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic

MurderAssassination Attempt

Aug 30 Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Aug 31 Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
  • Sep 1 Baseball season ends due to WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Ty Cobb pitches 2 innings against Browns

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb