Historical Events in 1919

Events 1 - 200 of 311

  • Jan 1 Belorussian SSR established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jan 1 5th Rose Bowl: Great Lakes - US Navy beats Mare Island - USMC 17-0
  • Jan 2 Anti-British uprising in Ireland
  • Jan 2 Lithuania gains independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 3 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • Jan 5 National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers' Party
  • Jan 5 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • Jan 7 The Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of South Africa is founded, led by Clements Kadalie
  • Jan 7 Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel, but fail to prevent Serbia's annexation of Montenegro
  • Jan 11 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
  • Jan 11 Romania annexes Transylvania
  • Jan 13 Dutch Soccer team OSV forms
  • Jan 14 John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham, & Judge MCQuade buy NY Giants
  • Jan 15 2 million gallons of molasses flood Boston MA, drowning 21
  • Jan 15 Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit" premieres
  • Jan 15 Pianist & statesman Ignace Paderewski becomes first premier of Poland
  • Jan 15 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • Jan 15 W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • Jan 16 Prohibition ratified by 3/4 of US states; Nebraska is 36th
  • Jan 18 Bentley Motors Limited is founded
  • Jan 18 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opened to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WW1)
  • Jan 19 National elections held in Germany to form a National Constituent Assembly and draft a constitution
  • Jan 21 Irish militant nationalist party Sinn Fein creates its own parliament in Dublin and declares Ireland independent of Great Britain, sparking the Irish War of Independence
  • Jan 25 Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
  • Jan 30 Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
  • Jan 31 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising
  • Feb 1 Dodgers trade Jake Daubert to Reds for Tommy Griffith Daubert
  • Feb 2 Monarchist riot in Portugal
  • Feb 3 Herbert/Blossom's musical "Velvet Lady" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3 League of Nations first meeting (Paris)
  • Feb 3 Socialist conference convenes (Berne, Switzerland)
  • Feb 3 The Bolshevik army is defeated in a series of clashes with the White Russians, who are fighting to reclaims the government after the 1917 revolution
  • Feb 4 City of Bremen's Soviet Republic overthrown
  • Feb 5 NL pres John Heydler dismisses charges that Hal Chase bet against his team & threw games in collusion with gamblers
  • Feb 6 1st day of 5-day Seattle general strike
  • Feb 6 The first day of the Weimar Republic which, because of its support of the Treaty of Versailles, does not receive proper allegiance from the German nation
  • Feb 11 Friedrich Ebert (SPD) elected president of Germany
  • Feb 14 United Parcel Service forms
  • Feb 14 The Polish-Soviet War begins.
  • Feb 15 American Legion organizes in Paris

Sports record brokenNHL Record

Feb 18 Cy Denneny of NHL Ottawa Senators scores record 52nd goal

NHL Star Cy Denneny
NHL Star
Cy Denneny

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 19 Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois (Paris)

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Feb 20 French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
  • Feb 21 German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
  • Feb 21 Revolutionary strike in Barcelona

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 23 Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Feb 25 League of Nations set up by Paris Treaty
  • Feb 25 Oregon is 1st state to tax gasoline (1 cent per gallon)
  • Feb 26 Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
  • Feb 26 Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
  • Feb 27 1st public performance of Holst's "Planets"
  • Feb 27 American Association for Hard of Hearing forms (NYC)
  • Mar 1 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • Mar 2 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
  • Mar 3 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
  • Mar 3 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
  • Mar 5 Louis Hirsch & Harold Atteridge's musical premieres in NYC
  • Mar 6 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens beat Ottawa Senators, 3 games to 1 with 1 tie
  • Mar 11 General strike in Germany crushed
  • Mar 12 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 15 American Legion forms (Paris)
  • Mar 16 Frank Wedekind's "Elius Erweckung" premieres in Hamburg
  • Mar 17 Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hr day & minimum wages
  • Mar 18 Order of DeMolay forms in Kansas City
  • Mar 23 Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • Mar 23 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. It's original members were Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky.

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Mar 25 Woodrow Wilson's dream of a League of Nations becomes a reality after the League Covenant is adopted at the Paris Peace Conference

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 28 78th Grand National: Ernie Piggott aboard Poethlyn wins
  • Mar 29 Stanley Cup: Mont (NHL) & Seat (PCHA) win 2 games each with 1 tie, 1919 Stanley Cup not awarded due to flu epidemic
  • Mar 30 Belgian Army occupies Dusseldorf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 30 Paul Claudel's "Tête d'Or" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 31 Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann
  • Apr 3 Austria expels all Habsburgers
  • Apr 5 Eamon de Valera becomes president of Dail Eireann
  • Apr 5 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • Apr 6 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike
  • Apr 7 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks
  • Apr 10 Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
  • Apr 11 The International Labour Organization is founded.
  • Apr 12 British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages
  • Apr 13 British troops open fire on demonstrators in Amritsar, India, killing 350
  • Apr 13 The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • Apr 14 Following Gandhi's nonviolent methods, Muslim and Hindu protest British rule; British troops fire on the crowds, killing 400
  • Apr 19 23rd Boston Marathon won by Carl Linder of Mass in 2:29:13.4
  • Apr 19 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • Apr 19 Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall
  • Apr 19 Opera "Monsieur Beaucaire" is produced (London)
  • Apr 20 Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
  • Apr 20 King Nicholas of Montenegro abdicates under duress
  • Apr 23 Major leagues open a reduced 140-game season
  • Apr 28 1st jump with US Army Air Corps (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
  • Apr 30 Phillies beat Bkln Dodgers 9-0 in 20 innings
  • May 1 Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages
  • May 3 Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
  • May 4 1st legal Sunday baseball game in NYC (Phillies beat Giants 4-3)
  • May 4 Giants play their 1st legal Sunday home game, 35,000 see Phils win 4-3
  • May 4 Demonstrates organised by students erupt in China, after news from the Paris Peace Conference that the Allies intend to give Shangtung to Japan
  • May 6 Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; Ger E Africa is assigned to Britain & France, German SW Africa to South Africa
  • May 7 A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans
  • May 8 1st transatlantic flight take-off by a navy seaplane
  • May 8 Appingedam soccer team forms
  • May 8 Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day.
  • May 10 45th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 2:09.8
  • May 10 Race riot in Charleston SC, 2 blacks killed
  • May 11 Cincinnati Reds Hod Eller no-hits St Louis Cards, 6-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 Yanks' Jack Quinn & Senators' Walter Johnson, 12 inning 0-0 tie

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 12 Yanks & Senators play 2nd straight extra inning tie, 4-4 in 15
  • May 12 The Transvaal British Indian Association calls a mass meeting to organise opposition to the proposed Asiatics (Land and Trading) Amendment Act; in the Act, Transvaal Indians are prohibited from owning shares in limited companies
  • May 14 44th Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 1:53
  • May 14 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical In hac tanta
  • May 15 Brooklyn Dodgers score 10 runs in 13th to beat Reds 10-0
  • May 17 War Department (UK) orders use of National Star Insignia on all airplanes.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 19 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • May 20 Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22 A. E. Douglass establishes the relative dates of two archaeological sites using ancient wood samples, marking a major step forward in the dating of archaeological sites

Archaeologist and astronomer A. E. Douglass
Archaeologist and astronomer
A. E. Douglass
  • May 25 Casey Stengel releases a sparrow from under his baseball cap
  • May 26 The Supreme Council of Allies, meeting at Versailles, decides to recognize two White Russian leaders, Admiral Kolchak and General Denikin, and support them against the Bolsheviks
  • May 27 1st transatlantic flight ends; US Navy flying boat takes 11 days
  • May 28 Armenia declares its Independence
  • May 29 Charles Strite files patent for the pop-up toaster

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Albert Einstein's light-bending prediction confirmed by Arthur Eddington

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • May 29 The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929).
  • May 29 An expedition sponsored by the Royal Society of London observes a total eclipse of the sun in the Gulf of Guinea, off the African continent
  • May 31 NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
  • May 31 Indianapolis 500: Howdy Wilcox wins in 5:40:42.930 (141.703 km/h)
  • Jun 1 Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
  • Jun 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sandburg (Cornhuskers)
  • Jun 3 Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago) organized by blacks
  • Jun 4 US Congress passes the Women's Suffrage Bill, the 19th Amendment
  • Jun 4 US marines invade Costa Rica
  • Jun 6 Assent is given to an Act to amend the Canadian Currency Act, 1910
  • Jun 6 Finland declares war on bolsheviks
  • Jun 6 The Republic of Prekmurje ends.
  • Jun 7 Sette giugno: Riot in Malta; four are killed.
  • Jun 9 General steel strike in France
  • Jun 9 Red Army captures Ufa

Sport awardGolf Major

Jun 11 23rd US Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 301 at Brae Burn CC Mass

Golfer Walter Hagen
Walter Hagen
  • Jun 11 51st Belmont: J Loftus riding Sir Barton wins in 2:17.6 & Trip Crown
  • Jun 12 Dutch 2nd Chamber accord for equal Christian-public education
  • Jun 14 1st nonstop air crossing of Atlantic (Alcock & Brown) leaves Newfoundland
  • Jun 15 1st nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland
  • Jun 17 "Barney Google" cartoon strip, by Billy De Beck, premieres
  • Jun 19 Opposed to dismemberment of Turkey by the Allies, Mustafa Kemal declares his Turkish Nationalist Congress, headquartered in Ankara, independent of Constantinople
  • Jun 20 Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
  • Jun 20 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • Jun 20 Philipp Scheidemann resigns as chancellor of the new German Republic, which he helped establish, refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles
  • Jun 20 33rd U.S. Women's National Championship: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman beats Marion Zinderstein (6-1, 6-2)
  • Jun 21 Bauer forms German government
  • Jun 21 The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands
  • Jun 23 Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) incorporates
  • Jun 23 Nitti government forms in Italy
  • Jun 25 1st advanced monoplane airliner flight (Junkers F13)
  • Jun 25 Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
  • Jun 26 NY Daily News begins publishing
  • Jun 28 Carl Mazes pitches a complete doubleheader against NY Yankees
  • Jun 28 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France
  • Jul 1 US 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
  • Jul 1 Scheveningen soccer team forms in Scheveningen
  • Jul 4 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
  • Jul 4 Cincinnati Reds are 10½ games back in NL, & win World Series

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jul 4 Jack Dempsey KOs Jess Willard in Cuba for heavyweight championship

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Jul 5 32nd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: S Lenglen beats Chambers (10-8 4-6 9-7)

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 5 Red Sox Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a game for his 1st of 72 times

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jul 6 British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)
  • Jul 6 William Veeck, sportswriter, replaces Fred Mitchell as Cubs president
  • Jul 7 Phillies tie major league record of 8 steals in 9 inn game
  • Jul 7 39th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Gerald Patterson beats N Brookes (6-3 7-5 6-2)
  • Jul 8 US President Woodrow Wilson returns to NYC from Versailles Peace Conference
  • Jul 10 Dutch 1st Chamber approves woman suffrage
  • Jul 10 US President Woodrow Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate
  • Jul 11 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day/No Sunday work
  • Jul 13 Race riots in Longview & Gregg counties Texas
  • Jul 13 Chicago White Sox pitcher Carl Mays walks off mound blaming teammates for lack of support afield
  • Jul 17 Finland adopts constitution
  • Jul 17 Yanks 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play
  • Jul 19 Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • Jul 21 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg & Amsterdam
  • Jul 21 Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 (Chicago, Ill)
  • Jul 22 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London
  • Jul 24 Race Riot in Washington, D.C. (6 killed, 100 wounded)
  • Jul 27 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • Jul 27 13th Tour de France won by Firmin Lambot of Belgium
  • Jul 28 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 31 The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted
  • Aug 1 Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam
  • Aug 1 Treffers soccer team forms in Groesbeek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Rodin Museum opens in Paris in The hôtel Biron containing works left to the state by the sculptor Auguste Rodin

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • Aug 4 The Communist Bela Kun comes to power in Hungary
  • Aug 6 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)
  • Aug 6 Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
  • Aug 8 Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognise Afghanistan's independence
  • Aug 10 Ukrainian National Army massacres 25 Jews in Podolia Ukraine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 11 Green Bay Packers football club founded by George Calhoun and Curly Lambeau - named after sponser Indian Packing Company

NFL Head Coach Curly Lambeau
NFL Head Coach
Curly Lambeau
  • Aug 11 Weimar Republic begins in Germany