Historical Events for Year 1919

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Months in Year 1919: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 150 of 311

Jan 1st - Belorussian SSR established
Jan 1st - Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company
Jan 1st - 5th Rose Bowl: Great Lakes - US Navy beats Mare Island - USMC 17-0
Jan 2nd - Anti-British uprising in Ireland
Jan 2nd - Lithuania gains independence
Jan 3rd - Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe
Jan 5th - National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers Party
Jan 5th - Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
Jan 7th - The Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of South Africa is founded, led by Clements Kadalie
Jan 11th - 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
Jan 11th - Romania annexes Transylvania
Jan 13th - Dutch Soccer team OSV forms
Jan 14th - John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham, & Judge MCQuade buy NY Giants
31st US President Herbert Hoover31st US President Herbert Hoover Jan 15th - 2 million gallons of molasses flood Boston MA, drowning 21
Jan 15th - Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit" premieres
Jan 15th - Pianist & statesman Ignace Paderewski becomes first premier of Poland
Jan 15th - Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
Jan 15th - W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC
Jan 15th - Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
Jan 16th - Prohibition ratified by 3/4 of US states; Nebraska is 36th
Jan 18th - WW I Peace Congress opens in Versailles, France
Jan 18th - Bentley Motors Limited is founded
Jan 19th - National elections held in Germany to form a National Constituent Assembly and draft a constitution
Jan 21st - Irish militant nationalist party Sinn Fein creates its own parliament in Dublin and declares Ireland independent of Great Britain, sparking the Irish War of Independence
Jan 25th - Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
Jan 30th - Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
Jan 31st - The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising
Feb 1st - Dodgers trade Jake Daubert to Reds for Tommy Griffith Daubert
Feb 2nd - Monarchist riot in Portugal
Feb 3rd - Herbert/Blossom's musical "Velvet Lady" premieres in NYC
Feb 3rd - League of Nations 1st meeting (Paris)
Feb 3rd - Socialist conference convenes (Berne Switzerland)
Feb 3rd - The Bolshevik army is defeated in a series of clashes with the White Russians, who are fighting to reclaims the government after the 1917 revolution
Feb 4th - City of Bremen's Soviet Republic overthrown
Feb 5th - NL pres John Heydler dismisses charges that Hal Chase bet against his team & threw games in collusion with gamblers
Feb 6th - 1st day of 5-day Seattle general strike
Feb 6th - The first day of the Weimar Republic which, because of its support of the Treaty of Versailles, does not receive proper allegiance from the German nation
Feb 11th - Friedrich Ebert (SPD) elected president of Germany
Feb 14th - United Parcel Service forms
Feb 14th - The Polish-Soviet War begins.
Feb 15th - American Legion organizes in Paris
NHL Star Cy DennenyNHL Star Cy Denneny Feb 18th - Cy Denneny of NHL Ottawa Senators scores record 52nd goals
Feb 19th - Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois (Paris)
Feb 20th - French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
Feb 21st - German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
Feb 21st - Revolutionary strike in Barcelona
Feb 23rd - Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini
Feb 25th - League of Nations set up by Paris Treaty
Feb 25th - Oregon is 1st state to tax gasoline (1 cent per gallon)
Feb 26th - Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
Feb 26th - Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
Feb 27th - 1st public performance of Holst's "Planets"
Feb 27th - American Association for Hard of Hearing forms (NYC)
Mar 1st - The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini Mar 2nd - 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
Mar 3rd - 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
Mar 3rd - Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
Mar 5th - Louis Hirsch & Harold Atteridge's musical premieres in NYC
Mar 6th - NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens beat Ottawa Senators, 3 games to 1 with 1 tie
Mar 11th - General strike in Germany crushed
Mar 12th - Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
Mar 12th - George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC
Mar 15th - American Legion forms (Paris)
Mar 16th - Frank Wedekind's "Elius Erweckung" premieres in Hamburg
Mar 17th - Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hr day & minimum wages
Mar 18th - Order of DeMolay forms in Kansas City
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw Mar 23rd - Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
Mar 23rd - Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy
Mar 23rd - Moscow's Politburo/Central Committee forms
Mar 25th - Woodrow Wilson's dream of a League of Nations becomes a reality after the League Covenant is adopted at the Paris Peace Conference
Mar 28th - 78th Grand National: Ernie Piggott aboard Poethlyn wins
Mar 29th - Stanley Cup: Mont (NHL) & Seat (PCHA) win 2 games each with 1 tie, 1919 Stanley Cup not awarded due to flu epidemic
Mar 30th - Belgian Army occupies Dusseldorf
Mar 30th - Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act
Mar 30th - Paul Claudel's "Tête d'Or" premieres in Paris
Mar 31st - Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann
Apr 3rd - Austria expels all Habsburgers
Apr 5th - Eamon de Valera becomes president of Dail Eireann
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi Apr 5th - Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
Apr 6th - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike
Apr 7th - 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks
Apr 10th - Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
Apr 11th - The International Labour Organization is founded.
Apr 12th - British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages
Apr 13th - The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
Apr 14th - Following Gandhi's nonviolent methods, Muslim and Hindu protest British rule; British troops fire on the crowds, killing 400
Apr 19th - 23rd Boston Marathon won by Carl Linder of Mass in 2:29:13.4
Apr 19th - French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
Apr 19th - Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall
Apr 19th - Opera "Monsieur Beaucaire" is produced (London)
Apr 20th - Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
Apr 20th - King Nicholas of Montenegro abdicates under duress
Apr 23rd - Major leagues open a reduced 140-game season
Apr 28th - 1st jump with Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
Apr 30th - Phillies beat Bkln Dodgers 9-0 in 20 innings
May 1st - Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages
May 3rd - Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
May 4th - Demonstrates organised by students erupt in China, after news from the Paris Peace Conference that the Allies intend to give Shangtung to Japan
May 4th - 1st legal Sunday baseball game in NYC (Phillies beat Giants 4-3)
May 4th - FVC soccer team forms
May 4th - Giants play their 1st legal Sunday home game, 35,000 see Phils win 4-3
May 6th - Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; Ger E Africa is assigned to Britain & France, German SW Africa to South Africa
May 7th - A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans
May 8th - 1st transatlantic flight take-off by a navy seaplane
May 8th - Appingedam soccer team forms
May 8th - Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day.
May 10th - 45th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 2:09.8
May 10th - Race riot in Charleston SC, 2 blacks killed
May 11th - Cincinnati Reds Hod Eller no-hits St Louis Cards, 6-0
MLB Pitcher Walter JohnsonMLB Pitcher Walter Johnson May 11th - Yanks' Jack Quinn & Senators' Walter Johnson, 12 inning 0-0 tie
May 12th - Yanks & Senators play 2nd straight extra inning tie, 4-4 in 15
May 12th - The Transvaal British Indian Association calls a mass meeting to organise opposition to the proposed Asiatics (Land and Trading) Amendment Act; in the Act, Transvaal Indians are prohibited from owning shares in limited companies
May 14th - 44th Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 1:53
May 14th - Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical In hac tanta
May 15th - Brooklyn Dodgers score 10 runs in 13th to beat Reds 10-0
May 17th - War Department (UK) orders use of National Star Insignia on all airplanes.
May 19th - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what was later termed the Turkish War of Independence. The anniversary of this event is the official date of commemoration of the Pontic Greek Genocide in Greece and Cyprus.
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal AtatürkPresident and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk May 20th - Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550
May 22nd - Andrew E. Douglass establishes the relative dates of two archaeological sites using ancient wood samples, marking a major step forward in the dating of archaeological sites
May 25th - Casey Stengel releases a sparrow from under his baseball cap
May 26th - The Supreme Council of Allies, meeting at Versailles, decides to recognize two White Russian leaders, Admiral Kolchak and General Denikin, and support them against the Bolsheviks
May 27th - 1st transatlantic flight ends; US Navy flying boat takes 11 days
May 28th - Armenia declares its Independence
May 29th - Charles Strite files patent for the pop-up toaster
May 29th - Albert Einstein's light-bending prediction confirmed by Arthur Eddington
May 29th - The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929).
Theoretical Physicist Albert EinsteinTheoretical Physicist Albert Einstein May 29th - An expedition sponsored by the Royal Society of London observes a total eclipse of the sun in the Gulf of Guinea, off the African continent
May 31st - NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
May 31st - Indianapolis 500: Howdy Wilcox wins in 5:40:42.930 (141.703 km/h)
Jun 1st - Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
Jun 2nd - Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sandburg (Cornhuskers)
Jun 3rd - Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago) organized by blacks
Jun 4th - Senate passes Women's Suffrage bill
Jun 4th - US marines invade Costa Rica
Jun 6th - Assent is given to an Act to amend the Canadian Currency Act, 1910
Jun 6th - Finland declares war on bolsheviks
Jun 6th - The Republic of Prekmurje ends.
Jun 7th - Sette giugno: Riot in Malta; four are killed.
Jun 9th - General steel strike in France
Jun 9th - Red Army captures Ufa
Golfer Walter HagenGolfer Walter Hagen Jun 11th - 23rd US Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 301 at Brae Burn CC Mass
Jun 11th - 51st Belmont: J Loftus riding Sir Barton wins in 2:17.6 & Trip Crown
Jun 12th - Dutch 2nd Chamber accord for equal Christian-public education
Jun 14th - 1st nonstop air crossing of Atlantic (Alcock & Brown) leaves Newfoundland
Jun 15th - 1st nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland
Jun 17th - "Barney Google" cartoon strip, by Billy De Beck, premieres
Jun 19th - Opposed to dismemberment of Turkey by the Allies, Mustafa Kemal declares his Turkish Nationalist Congress, headquartered in Ankara, independent of Constantinople
Jun 20th - Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
Jun 20th - Philipp Scheidemann resigns as chancellor of the new German Republic, which he helped establish, refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles
Jun 20th - 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.

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