Historical Events in 1919

Events 1 - 200 of 312

  • Jan 1st Belorussian SSR established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1st Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jan 1st 5th Rose Bowl: Great Lakes - US Navy beats Mare Island - USMC 17-0
  • Jan 2nd Anti-British uprising in Ireland
  • Jan 2nd Lithuania gains independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3rd Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 3rd The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • Jan 5th National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers' Party
  • Jan 5th Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • Jan 7th The Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of South Africa is founded, led by Clements Kadalie
  • Jan 7th Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel, but fail to prevent Serbia's annexation of Montenegro
  • Jan 11th 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
  • Jan 11th Romania annexes Transylvania
  • Jan 13th Dutch Soccer team OSV forms
  • Jan 14th John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham, & Judge MCQuade buy NY Giants
  • Jan 15th 2 million gallons of molasses flood Boston MA, drowning 21
  • Jan 15th Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit" premieres
  • Jan 15th Pianist & statesman Ignace Paderewski becomes first premier of Poland
  • Jan 15th Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • Jan 15th W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 15th Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • Jan 16th Prohibition ratified by 3/4 of US states; Nebraska is 36th
  • Jan 18th Bentley Motors Limited is founded
  • Jan 18th The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opened to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WW1)
  • Jan 19th National elections held in Germany to form a National Constituent Assembly and draft a constitution
  • Jan 21st Irish militant nationalist party Sinn Fein creates its own parliament in Dublin and declares Ireland independent of Great Britain, sparking the Irish War of Independence
  • Jan 25th Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
  • Jan 30th Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
  • Jan 31st The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising
  • Feb 1st Dodgers trade Jake Daubert to Reds for Tommy Griffith Daubert
  • Feb 2nd Monarchist riot in Portugal
  • Feb 3rd Herbert/Blossom's musical "Velvet Lady" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3rd League of Nations first meeting (Paris)
  • Feb 3rd Socialist conference convenes (Berne, Switzerland)
  • Feb 3rd The Bolshevik army is defeated in a series of clashes with the White Russians, who are fighting to reclaims the government after the 1917 revolution
  • Feb 4th City of Bremen's Soviet Republic overthrown
  • Feb 5th NL pres John Heydler dismisses charges that Hal Chase bet against his team & threw games in collusion with gamblers
  • Feb 6th 1st day of 5-day Seattle general strike
  • Feb 6th The first day of the Weimar Republic which, because of its support of the Treaty of Versailles, does not receive proper allegiance from the German nation
  • Feb 11th Friedrich Ebert (SPD) elected president of Germany
  • Feb 14th United Parcel Service forms
  • Feb 14th The Polish-Soviet War begins.
  • Feb 15th American Legion organizes in Paris

Sports record brokenNHL Record

Feb 18th Cy Denneny of NHL Ottawa Senators scores record 52nd goal

NHL Star Cy Denneny
NHL Star
Cy Denneny

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 19th Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois (Paris)

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Feb 20th French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
  • Feb 21st German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
  • Feb 21st Revolutionary strike in Barcelona

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 23rd Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Feb 25th League of Nations set up by Paris Treaty
  • Feb 25th Oregon is 1st state to tax gasoline (1 cent per gallon)
  • Feb 26th Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
  • Feb 26th Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
  • Feb 27th 1st public performance of Holst's "Planets"
  • Feb 27th American Association for Hard of Hearing forms (NYC)
  • Mar 1st The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • Mar 2nd 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
  • Mar 3rd 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
  • Mar 3rd Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
  • Mar 5th Louis Hirsch & Harold Atteridge's musical premieres in NYC
  • Mar 6th NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens beat Ottawa Senators, 3 games to 1 with 1 tie
  • Mar 11th General strike in Germany crushed
  • Mar 12th Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12th George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 15th American Legion forms (Paris)
  • Mar 16th Frank Wedekind's "Elius Erweckung" premieres in Hamburg
  • Mar 17th Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hr day & minimum wages
  • Mar 18th Order of DeMolay forms in Kansas City
  • Mar 23rd Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • Mar 23rd Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23rd 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. It's original members were Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky.

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Mar 25th Woodrow Wilson's dream of a League of Nations becomes a reality after the League Covenant is adopted at the Paris Peace Conference

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 28th 78th Grand National: Ernie Piggott aboard Poethlyn wins
  • Mar 29th Stanley Cup: Mont (NHL) & Seat (PCHA) win 2 games each with 1 tie, 1919 Stanley Cup not awarded due to flu epidemic
  • Mar 30th Belgian Army occupies Dusseldorf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30th Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 30th Paul Claudel's "Tête d'Or" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 31st Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann
  • Apr 3rd Austria expels all Habsburgers
  • Apr 5th Eamon de Valera becomes president of Dail Eireann
  • Apr 5th Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • Apr 6th Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike
  • Apr 7th 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks
  • Apr 10th Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
  • Apr 11th The International Labour Organization is founded.
  • Apr 12th British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages
  • Apr 13th The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • Apr 14th Following Gandhi's nonviolent methods, Muslim and Hindu protest British rule; British troops fire on the crowds, killing 400
  • Apr 19th 23rd Boston Marathon won by Carl Linder of Mass in 2:29:13.4
  • Apr 19th French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • Apr 19th Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall
  • Apr 19th Opera "Monsieur Beaucaire" is produced (London)
  • Apr 20th Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
  • Apr 20th King Nicholas of Montenegro abdicates under duress
  • Apr 23rd Major leagues open a reduced 140-game season
  • Apr 28th 1st jump with US Army Air Corps (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
  • Apr 30th Phillies beat Bkln Dodgers 9-0 in 20 innings
  • May 1st Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages
  • May 3rd Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
  • May 4th 1st legal Sunday baseball game in NYC (Phillies beat Giants 4-3)
  • May 4th FVC soccer team forms
  • May 4th Giants play their 1st legal Sunday home game, 35,000 see Phils win 4-3
  • May 4th Demonstrates organised by students erupt in China, after news from the Paris Peace Conference that the Allies intend to give Shangtung to Japan
  • May 6th Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; Ger E Africa is assigned to Britain & France, German SW Africa to South Africa
  • May 7th A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans
  • May 8th 1st transatlantic flight take-off by a navy seaplane
  • May 8th Appingedam soccer team forms
  • May 8th Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day.
  • May 10th 45th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 2:09.8
  • May 10th Race riot in Charleston SC, 2 blacks killed
  • May 11th Cincinnati Reds Hod Eller no-hits St Louis Cards, 6-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11th Yanks' Jack Quinn & Senators' Walter Johnson, 12 inning 0-0 tie

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 12th Yanks & Senators play 2nd straight extra inning tie, 4-4 in 15
  • May 12th The Transvaal British Indian Association calls a mass meeting to organise opposition to the proposed Asiatics (Land and Trading) Amendment Act; in the Act, Transvaal Indians are prohibited from owning shares in limited companies
  • May 14th 44th Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 1:53
  • May 14th Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical In hac tanta
  • May 15th Brooklyn Dodgers score 10 runs in 13th to beat Reds 10-0
  • May 17th War Department (UK) orders use of National Star Insignia on all airplanes.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 19th Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • May 20th Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22nd A. E. Douglass establishes the relative dates of two archaeological sites using ancient wood samples, marking a major step forward in the dating of archaeological sites

Archaeologist and astronomer A. E. Douglass
Archaeologist and astronomer
A. E. Douglass
  • May 25th Casey Stengel releases a sparrow from under his baseball cap
  • May 26th The Supreme Council of Allies, meeting at Versailles, decides to recognize two White Russian leaders, Admiral Kolchak and General Denikin, and support them against the Bolsheviks
  • May 27th 1st transatlantic flight ends; US Navy flying boat takes 11 days
  • May 28th Armenia declares its Independence
  • May 29th Charles Strite files patent for the pop-up toaster

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29th Albert Einstein's light-bending prediction confirmed by Arthur Eddington

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • May 29th The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929).
  • May 29th An expedition sponsored by the Royal Society of London observes a total eclipse of the sun in the Gulf of Guinea, off the African continent
  • May 31st NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
  • May 31st Indianapolis 500: Howdy Wilcox wins in 5:40:42.930 (141.703 km/h)
  • Jun 1st Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
  • Jun 2nd Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sandburg (Cornhuskers)
  • Jun 3rd Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago) organized by blacks
  • Jun 4th US Congress passes the Women's Suffrage Bill, the 19th Amendment
  • Jun 4th US marines invade Costa Rica
  • Jun 6th Assent is given to an Act to amend the Canadian Currency Act, 1910
  • Jun 6th Finland declares war on bolsheviks
  • Jun 6th The Republic of Prekmurje ends.
  • Jun 7th Sette giugno: Riot in Malta; four are killed.
  • Jun 9th General steel strike in France
  • Jun 9th Red Army captures Ufa

Sport awardGolf Major

Jun 11th 23rd US Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 301 at Brae Burn CC Mass

Golfer Walter Hagen
Walter Hagen
  • Jun 11th 51st Belmont: J Loftus riding Sir Barton wins in 2:17.6 & Trip Crown
  • Jun 12th Dutch 2nd Chamber accord for equal Christian-public education
  • Jun 14th 1st nonstop air crossing of Atlantic (Alcock & Brown) leaves Newfoundland
  • Jun 15th 1st nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland
  • Jun 17th "Barney Google" cartoon strip, by Billy De Beck, premieres
  • Jun 19th Opposed to dismemberment of Turkey by the Allies, Mustafa Kemal declares his Turkish Nationalist Congress, headquartered in Ankara, independent of Constantinople
  • Jun 20th Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
  • Jun 20th 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • Jun 20th Philipp Scheidemann resigns as chancellor of the new German Republic, which he helped establish, refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles
  • Jun 20th 33rd U.S. Women's National Championship: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman beats Marion Zinderstein (6-1, 6-2)
  • Jun 21st Bauer forms German government
  • Jun 21st The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands
  • Jun 23rd Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) incorporates
  • Jun 23rd Nitti government forms in Italy
  • Jun 25th 1st advanced monoplane airliner flight (Junkers F13)
  • Jun 25th Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
  • Jun 26th NY Daily News begins publishing
  • Jun 28th Carl Mazes pitches a complete doubleheader against NY Yankees
  • Jun 28th Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France
  • Jul 1st US 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
  • Jul 1st Scheveningen soccer team forms in Scheveningen
  • Jul 4th ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
  • Jul 4th Cincinnati Reds are 10½ games back in NL, & win World Series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4th Jack Dempsey KOs Jess Willard in Cuba for heavyweight championship

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Jul 5th 32nd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: S Lenglen beats Chambers (10-8 4-6 9-7)

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 5th Red Sox Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a game for his 1st of 72 times

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jul 6th British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)
  • Jul 6th William Veeck, sportswriter, replaces Fred Mitchell as Cubs president
  • Jul 7th Phillies tie major league record of 8 steals in 9 inn game
  • Jul 7th 39th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Gerald Patterson beats N Brookes (6-3 7-5 6-2)
  • Jul 8th US President Woodrow Wilson returns to NYC from Versailles Peace Conference
  • Jul 10th Dutch 1st Chamber approves woman suffrage
  • Jul 10th US President Woodrow Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate
  • Jul 11th Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day/No Sunday work
  • Jul 13th Race riots in Longview & Gregg counties Texas
  • Jul 13th Chicago White Sox pitcher Carl Mays walks off mound blaming teammates for lack of support afield
  • Jul 17th Finland adopts constitution
  • Jul 17th Yanks 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play
  • Jul 19th Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • Jul 21st Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg & Amsterdam
  • Jul 21st Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 (Chicago, Ill)
  • Jul 22nd De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London
  • Jul 24th Race Riot in Washington, D.C. (6 killed, 100 wounded)
  • Jul 27th Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • Jul 27th 13th Tour de France won by Firmin Lambot of Belgium
  • Jul 28th Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 31st The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted
  • Aug 1st Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam
  • Aug 1st Treffers soccer team forms in Groesbeek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4th Rodin Museum opens in Paris in The hôtel Biron containing works left to the state by the sculptor Auguste Rodin

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • Aug 4th The Communist Bela Kun comes to power in Hungary
  • Aug 6th 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)
  • Aug 6th Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
  • Aug 8th Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognise Afghanistan's independence
  • Aug 10th Ukrainian National Army massacres 25 Jews in Podolia Ukraine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 11th Green Bay Packers football club founded by George Calhoun and Curly Lambeau - named after sponser Indian Packing Company

NFL Head Coach Curly Lambeau
NFL Head Coach
Curly Lambeau
  • Aug 11th Weimar Republic begins in Germany