Historical Events in 1920

Events 1 - 200 of 317

  • Jan 1st The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • Jan 1st 6th Rose Bowl: Harvard beats Oregon 7-6
  • Jan 2nd Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • Jan 3rd Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
  • Jan 4th 1st Black baseball league, National Negro Baseball League, organizes
  • Jan 4th Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits
  • Jan 7th Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • Jan 10th Mont Canadiens (14) & Tor St Patricks (7) score NHL record 21 goals
  • Jan 10th Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • Jan 10th Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • Jan 11th French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • Jan 12th Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
  • Jan 13th NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • Jan 16th 1st assembly of the League of Nations (Paris)
  • Jan 16th Georgia declares independence
  • Jan 16th Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University
  • Jan 17th Paul Deschanel elected president of France
  • Jan 17th First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment
  • Jan 19th Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • Jan 19th US Senate votes against membership in League of Nations
  • Jan 20th Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • Jan 20th The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
  • Jan 21st 14th Davis Cup: Australasia beats Great Britain in Sydney (4-1)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23rd Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 24th 12th Australasian Championships: Algernon Kingscote beats Eric Pockley (6-4, 6-0, 6-3)
  • Jan 26th Amadeo Modigliani's mistress jumps out of a window
  • Jan 26th Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29th Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Co for $40 a week

Animator Walt Disney
Walt Disney
  • Jan 31st 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication

Sports record brokenNHL Record

Jan 31st Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Jan 31st Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates
  • Feb 1st 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • Feb 1st Soccer team Quick Boys forms
  • Feb 1st Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • Feb 2nd Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • Feb 2nd France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • Feb 2nd Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence
  • Feb 4th 1st flight from London to South Africa takes-off (lasts 1½ months)
  • Feb 6th Saarland administrated by League of Nations
  • Feb 7th Admiral Kolchak surrenders to Bolshevik troops and is executed
  • Feb 8th Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
  • Feb 8th Bolshevik troops capture Odessa, bringing an end to foreign involvement in the resistance against Bolshevik rule
  • Feb 9th International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
  • Feb 9th Joint Rules Com bans foreign substances & alterations to baseballs
  • Feb 10th Baseball outlaws all pitches involving tampering with ball
  • Feb 10th Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea
  • Feb 12th -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
  • Feb 12th NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
  • Feb 13th National Negro Baseball League organizes
  • Feb 13th League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland
  • Feb 13th Switzerland rejoins the League of Nations
  • Feb 14th League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
  • Feb 19th Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • Feb 21st Darius Milhaud & Jean Cocteau's ballet, premieres in Paris
  • Feb 22nd 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California)
  • Feb 24th NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
  • Feb 24th Peace treaty gives Estonia independence
  • Feb 28th Maurice Ravel's "Le tombeau de Couperin" premieres
  • Feb 29th Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • Mar 1st Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
  • Mar 1st Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • Mar 1st Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which has adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • Mar 2nd Karel Capék's "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • Mar 3rd Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
  • Mar 4th Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
  • Mar 8th Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • Mar 10th NHL's Quebec Bulldog Joe Malone scores 6 goals vs Ottawa Senators
  • Mar 10th The Home Rule Act is passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
  • Mar 11th Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • Mar 13th After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • Mar 16th 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
  • Mar 18th Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • Mar 19th US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
  • Mar 20th 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
  • Mar 20th US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 20th US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • Mar 20th 13th Australasian Championships: Pat O'Hara Wood beats Ronald Thomas (6-3, 4-6, 6-8, 6-1, 6-3)
  • Mar 23rd Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • Mar 24th 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)
  • Mar 25th Greek Independence Day
  • Mar 26th 79th Grand National: Mr Jack Anthony aboard Troytown wins
  • Mar 27th Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
  • Mar 28th Thomas Masaryk elected president of Czechoslovakia
  • Mar 28th Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
  • Mar 28th Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks/Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • Mar 31st British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law
  • Apr 1st The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
  • Apr 1st Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • Apr 4th Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
  • Apr 6th To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • Apr 8th LONGA soccer team forms in Tilburg
  • Apr 13th 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • Apr 15th New Canadian small cent coin is released
  • Apr 17th American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)
  • Apr 19th 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
  • Apr 20th 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium
  • Apr 20th Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
  • Apr 20th Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
  • Apr 20th Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • Apr 20th Phillies mgr Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats NY Giants 3-0
  • Apr 21st John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • Apr 23rd Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets, in Ankara
  • Apr 23rd The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
  • Apr 24th British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • Apr 24th Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • Apr 26th Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 27th Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • Apr 28th Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • Apr 30th The British Government ends military conscription

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1st Babe Ruth's 1st Yankee HR & 50th of career, out of Polo Grounds

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • May 1st Belgium-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
  • May 1st Longest major league baseball game by inninngs - Brooklyn Dodgers tie Boston Braves, 1-1, in 26 innings
  • May 2nd 1st game of National Negro Baseball League played in Indianapolis
  • May 5th German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • May 5th Polish troops occupy Kiev
  • May 5th US President Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal
  • May 5th Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are arrested on charges and robbery of a paymaster at a shoe factory in Massachusetts, US - the two men will executed
  • May 7th USSR recognizes Georgia's independence
  • May 8th 46th Kentucky Derby: Ted Rice aboard Paul Jones wins in 2:09

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14th Wash Senator Walter Johnson wins his 300th game vs Detroit

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 14th Giants inform Yankees that the lease allowing them to play in the Polo Grounds will not be renewed at end of 1920 season
  • May 15th Soccer team ADO '20 forms in Heemskerk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16th Joan of Arc (Jeanne D'arc) canonized a saint

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • May 16th Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
  • May 17th 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
  • May 17th 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)
  • May 18th 45th Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 1:51.6
  • May 20th Policemen raid the Cubs' bleachers & arrest 24 fans for gambling
  • May 20th Mexican President Venustiano Carranza, under attack by American petroleum companies, faces an armed rebellion by right-wing Sonoro triumvirate after nationalizing subsoil rights
  • May 21st Mexican President Venustiano Carranza is executed by army generals after fleeing an armed rebellion in Mexico
  • May 23rd Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
  • May 27th Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • May 31st Indianapolis 500: Gaston Chevrolet wins in 5:38:31.901 (142.617 km/h)
  • Jun 1st RKSV Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam
  • Jun 1st Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
  • Jun 2nd Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill (Beyond the Horizon)
  • Jun 4th Peace of Trianon between Allies & Hungary
  • Jun 5th 1st rivet driven on Bank of Italy headquarters at 1 Powell in San Francisco (later Bank of America)
  • Jun 5th A's VP Thomas Shibe denies charges that baseballs are livelier
  • Jun 6th Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel opens White Russian offensive against red Army
  • Jun 8th Reds' Edd Roush falls asleep in center during long infield argument Heinie Groh goes to wake him, but ump ejects Roush for delay of game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11th Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for president

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Jun 12th 52nd Belmont: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 2:14.2
  • Jun 12th Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago)
  • Jun 13th Post Office says children could not be sent by parcel post
  • Jun 15th De Zweef soccer team forms in Nijverdal
  • Jun 15th Duluth lynchings in Minnesota.
  • Jun 17th Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Anti-revolution law
  • Jun 20th Yanks win protest of 1-0 White Sox win & game is replayed
  • Jun 24th Chuvash Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR
  • Jun 25th League of Nations places Internationall Court of Justice in Hague
  • Jul 1st Wash Senator Walter Johnson no-hits Boston Red Sox, 1-0
  • Jul 1st 55th British Golf Open: George Duncan shoots a 303 at Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club
  • Jul 1st Sir Herbert Samuel takes over as high commissioner over Palestine, where Arab resistance to the British mandate continues
  • Jul 3rd 40th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Tilden beats Patterson (2-6 6-3 6-2 6-4)
  • Jul 3rd Java Technical School Bandung opens
  • Jul 3rd Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England
  • Jul 3rd 33rd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats Dorothea Chambers (6-3 6-0)
  • Jul 4th The provisional government of Siberia's Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
  • Jul 6th Yankees score 14 in 5th inning & beat Washington Senators, 17-0
  • Jul 10th Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary
  • Jul 11th East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • Jul 12th Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
  • Jul 15th Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season
  • Jul 16th 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
  • Jul 16th China joins the League of Nations
  • Jul 16th Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief
  • Jul 16th Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54
  • Jul 20th Heerenveen soccer team forms
  • Jul 21st Irish Nationalist and Loyalists engage in street fighting over the issue of Irish independence from Britain, though Loyalist are reinforced by 1500 British Auxiliaries and 5800 British troops
  • Jul 23rd British East Africa renamed Kenya & becomes a British crown colony
  • Jul 25th Red Sox turn triple-play, but Ruth's 35th HR leads Yanks to 8-2 win
  • Jul 27th Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
  • Jul 27th Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America's Cup
  • Jul 27th 14th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 29th 1st transcontinental airmail flight from NY to SF
  • Jul 29th Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders
  • Jul 29th Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project.
  • Aug 1st Papendrecht soccer team forms
  • Aug 1st Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 2nd Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in NYC
  • Aug 8th Tigers beat Yanks 1-0 in shortest AL game, 73 minutes
  • Aug 9th Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • Aug 10th Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • Aug 10th Treaty of Sèvres (Allies & Turkey)
  • Aug 10th Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
  • Aug 11th 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 12th Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • Aug 13th 24th US Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Inverness Club in Ohio
  • Aug 14th Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • Aug 14th Olympic Games open in Antwerp
  • Aug 15th With the strategic help of the French, Polish troops defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)
  • Aug 16th Ray Chapman, of Indians is hit in head by Yankees pitcher Carl Mays; he dies the next day in only major league fatality
  • Aug 17th NY Yankees cancel game with Cleveland Indians in memory of Ray Chapman who died on the same day
  • Aug 18th 1st class cricket debut of Walter Hammond
  • Aug 18th US ratifies the 19th Amendment to the constitution bringing in women's suffrage
  • Aug 20th 1st US commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit begins daily broadcasting
  • Aug 20th Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
  • Aug 20th Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
  • Aug 20th Preliminary meeting in Akron to form American Pro Football League