Historical Events in 1920

Events 1 - 200 of 317

  • Jan 1 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • Jan 1 6th Rose Bowl: Harvard beats Oregon 7-6
  • Jan 2 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • Jan 3 Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
  • Jan 4 1st Black baseball league, National Negro Baseball League, organizes
  • Jan 4 Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits
  • Jan 7 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • Jan 10 Mont Canadiens (14) & Tor St Patricks (7) score NHL record 21 goals
  • Jan 10 Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • Jan 10 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • Jan 11 French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • Jan 12 Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
  • Jan 13 NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • Jan 16 1st assembly of the League of Nations (Paris)
  • Jan 16 Georgia declares independence
  • Jan 16 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University
  • Jan 17 Paul Deschanel elected president of France
  • Jan 17 First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment
  • Jan 19 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • Jan 19 US Senate votes against membership in League of Nations
  • Jan 20 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • Jan 20 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
  • Jan 21 14th Davis Cup: Australasia beats Great Britain in Sydney (4-1)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 24 12th Australasian Championships: Algernon Kingscote beats Eric Pockley (6-4, 6-0, 6-3)
  • Jan 26 Amadeo Modigliani's mistress jumps out of a window
  • Jan 26 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Co for $40 a week

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Jan 31 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication

Sports record brokenNHL Record

Jan 31 Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Jan 31 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates
  • Feb 1 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • Feb 1 Soccer team Quick Boys forms
  • Feb 1 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • Feb 2 Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • Feb 2 France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • Feb 2 Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence
  • Feb 4 1st flight from London to South Africa takes-off (lasts 1½ months)
  • Feb 6 Saarland administrated by League of Nations
  • Feb 7 Admiral Kolchak surrenders to Bolshevik troops and is executed
  • Feb 8 Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
  • Feb 8 Bolshevik troops capture Odessa, bringing an end to foreign involvement in the resistance against Bolshevik rule
  • Feb 9 International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
  • Feb 9 Joint Rules Com bans foreign substances & alterations to baseballs
  • Feb 10 Baseball outlaws all pitches involving tampering with ball
  • Feb 10 Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea
  • Feb 12 -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
  • Feb 12 NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
  • Feb 13 National Negro Baseball League organizes
  • Feb 13 League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland
  • Feb 13 Switzerland rejoins the League of Nations
  • Feb 14 League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
  • Feb 19 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • Feb 21 Darius Milhaud & Jean Cocteau's ballet, premieres in Paris
  • Feb 22 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California)
  • Feb 24 NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
  • Feb 24 Peace treaty gives Estonia independence
  • Feb 28 Maurice Ravel's "Le tombeau de Couperin" premieres
  • Feb 29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • Mar 1 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
  • Mar 1 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • Mar 1 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which has adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • Mar 2 Karel Capék's "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • Mar 3 Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
  • Mar 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
  • Mar 8 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • Mar 10 NHL's Quebec Bulldog Joe Malone scores 6 goals vs Ottawa Senators
  • Mar 10 The Home Rule Act is passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
  • Mar 11 Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • Mar 13 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • Mar 16 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
  • Mar 18 Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • Mar 19 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
  • Mar 20 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
  • Mar 20 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 20 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • Mar 20 13th Australasian Championships: Pat O'Hara Wood beats Ronald Thomas (6-3, 4-6, 6-8, 6-1, 6-3)
  • Mar 23 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • Mar 24 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)
  • Mar 25 Greek Independence Day
  • Mar 26 79th Grand National: Mr Jack Anthony aboard Troytown wins
  • Mar 27 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Mar 28 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
  • Mar 28 Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks/Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • Mar 31 British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law
  • Apr 1 The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
  • Apr 1 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • Apr 4 Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
  • Apr 6 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • Apr 8 LONGA soccer team forms in Tilburg
  • Apr 13 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • Apr 15 New Canadian small cent coin is released
  • Apr 17 American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)
  • Apr 19 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
  • Apr 20 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Apr 20 Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
  • Apr 20 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • Apr 20 Phillies mgr Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats NY Giants 3-0
  • Apr 21 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • Apr 23 Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets, in Ankara
  • Apr 23 The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
  • Apr 24 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • Apr 24 Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • Apr 26 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 27 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • Apr 28 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • Apr 30 The British Government ends military conscription

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Babe Ruth's 1st Yankee HR & 50th of career, out of Polo Grounds

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • May 1 Belgium-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
  • May 1 Longest major league baseball game by inninngs - Brooklyn Dodgers tie Boston Braves, 1-1, in 26 innings
  • May 2 1st game of National Negro Baseball League played in Indianapolis
  • May 5 German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • May 5 Polish troops occupy Kiev
  • May 5 US President Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal
  • May 5 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are arrested on charges and robbery of a paymaster at a shoe factory in Massachusetts, US - the two men will executed
  • May 7 USSR recognizes Georgia's independence
  • May 8 46th Kentucky Derby: Ted Rice aboard Paul Jones wins in 2:09

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Wash Senator Walter Johnson wins his 300th game vs Detroit

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 14 Giants inform Yankees that the lease allowing them to play in the Polo Grounds will not be renewed at end of 1920 season
  • May 15 Soccer team ADO '20 forms in Heemskerk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16 Joan of Arc (Jeanne D'arc) canonized a saint

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • May 16 Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
  • May 17 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
  • May 17 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)
  • May 18 45th Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 1:51.6
  • May 20 Policemen raid the Cubs' bleachers & arrest 24 fans for gambling
  • May 20 Mexican President Venustiano Carranza, under attack by American petroleum companies, faces an armed rebellion by right-wing Sonoro triumvirate after nationalizing subsoil rights
  • May 21 Mexican President Venustiano Carranza is executed by army generals after fleeing an armed rebellion in Mexico
  • May 23 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
  • May 27 Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • May 31 Indianapolis 500: Gaston Chevrolet wins in 5:38:31.901 (142.617 km/h)
  • Jun 1 RKSV Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam
  • Jun 1 Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
  • Jun 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill (Beyond the Horizon)
  • Jun 4 Peace of Trianon between Allies & Hungary
  • Jun 5 1st rivet driven on Bank of Italy headquarters at 1 Powell in San Francisco (later Bank of America)
  • Jun 5 A's VP Thomas Shibe denies charges that baseballs are livelier
  • Jun 6 Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel opens White Russian offensive against red Army
  • Jun 8 Reds' Edd Roush falls asleep in center during long infield argument Heinie Groh goes to wake him, but ump ejects Roush for delay of game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for president

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Jun 12 52nd Belmont: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 2:14.2
  • Jun 12 Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago)
  • Jun 13 Post Office says children could not be sent by parcel post
  • Jun 15 De Zweef soccer team forms in Nijverdal
  • Jun 15 Duluth lynchings in Minnesota.
  • Jun 17 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Anti-revolution law
  • Jun 20 Yanks win protest of 1-0 White Sox win & game is replayed
  • Jun 24 Chuvash Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR
  • Jun 25 League of Nations places Internationall Court of Justice in Hague
  • Jul 1 Wash Senator Walter Johnson no-hits Boston Red Sox, 1-0
  • Jul 1 55th British Golf Open: George Duncan shoots a 303 at Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club
  • Jul 1 Sir Herbert Samuel takes over as high commissioner over Palestine, where Arab resistance to the British mandate continues
  • Jul 3 40th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Tilden beats Patterson (2-6 6-3 6-2 6-4)
  • Jul 3 Java Technical School Bandung opens
  • Jul 3 Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England
  • Jul 3 33rd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats Dorothea Chambers (6-3 6-0)
  • Jul 4 The provisional government of Siberia's Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
  • Jul 6 Yankees score 14 in 5th inning & beat Washington Senators, 17-0
  • Jul 10 Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary
  • Jul 11 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • Jul 12 Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
  • Jul 15 Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season
  • Jul 16 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
  • Jul 16 China joins the League of Nations
  • Jul 16 Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief
  • Jul 16 Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54
  • Jul 20 Heerenveen soccer team forms
  • Jul 21 Irish Nationalist and Loyalists engage in street fighting over the issue of Irish independence from Britain, though Loyalist are reinforced by 1500 British Auxiliaries and 5800 British troops
  • Jul 23 British East Africa renamed Kenya & becomes a British crown colony
  • Jul 25 Red Sox turn triple-play, but Ruth's 35th HR leads Yanks to 8-2 win
  • Jul 27 Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
  • Jul 27 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America's Cup
  • Jul 27 14th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 29 1st transcontinental airmail flight from NY to SF
  • Jul 29 Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders
  • Jul 29 Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project.
  • Aug 1 Papendrecht soccer team forms
  • Aug 1 Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 2 Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in NYC
  • Aug 8 Tigers beat Yanks 1-0 in shortest AL game, 73 minutes
  • Aug 9 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • Aug 10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • Aug 10 Treaty of Sèvres (Allies & Turkey)
  • Aug 10 Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
  • Aug 11 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • Aug 13 24th US Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Inverness Club in Ohio
  • Aug 14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • Aug 14 Olympic Games open in Antwerp
  • Aug 15 With the strategic help of the French, Polish troops defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)
  • Aug 16 Ray Chapman, of Indians is hit in head by Yankees pitcher Carl Mays; he dies the next day in only major league fatality
  • Aug 17 NY Yankees cancel game with Cleveland Indians in memory of Ray Chapman who died on the same day
  • Aug 18 1st class cricket debut of Walter Hammond
  • Aug 18 US ratifies the 19th Amendment to the constitution bringing in women's suffrage
  • Aug 20 1st US commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit begins daily broadcasting
  • Aug 20 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
  • Aug 20 Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
  • Aug 20 Preliminary meeting in Akron to form American Pro Football League