Historical Events in 1920

Events 1 - 200 of 317

  • Jan 1st The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • Jan 1st 6th Rose Bowl: Harvard beats Oregon 7-6
  • Jan 2nd Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • Jan 3rd Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
  • Jan 4th 1st Black baseball league, National Negro Baseball League, organizes
  • Jan 4th Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits
  • Jan 7th Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • Jan 10th Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • Jan 10th Mont Canadiens (14) & Tor St Patricks (7) score NHL record 21 goals
  • Jan 10th Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • Jan 11th French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • Jan 12th Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
  • Jan 13th NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • Jan 16th 1st assembly of the League of Nations (Paris)
  • Jan 16th Georgia declares independence
  • Jan 16th Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University
  • Jan 17th Paul Deschanel elected president of France
  • Jan 17th First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment
  • Jan 19th Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • Jan 19th US Senate votes against membership in League of Nations
  • Jan 20th Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • Jan 20th The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
  • Jan 21st 14th Davis Cup: Australasia beats Great Britain in Sydney (4-1)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 23rd Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 24th 12th Australasian Championships: Algernon Kingscote beats Eric Pockley (6-4, 6-0, 6-3)
  • Jan 26th Amadeo Modigliani's mistress jumps out of a window
  • Jan 26th Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29th Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Co for $40 a week

Animator Walt Disney
Walt Disney
  • Jan 31st 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 31st Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Jan 31st Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates
  • Feb 1st 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • Feb 1st Soccer team Quick Boys forms
  • Feb 1st Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • Feb 2nd Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • Feb 2nd France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • Feb 2nd Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence
  • Feb 4th 1st flight from London to South Africa takes-off (lasts 1½ months)
  • Feb 6th Saarland administrated by League of Nations
  • Feb 7th Admiral Kolchak surrenders to Bolshevik troops and is executed
  • Feb 8th Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
  • Feb 8th Bolshevik troops capture Odessa, bringing an end to foreign involvement in the resistance against Bolshevik rule
  • Feb 9th International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
  • Feb 9th Joint Rules Com bans foreign substances & alterations to baseballs
  • Feb 10th Baseball outlaws all pitches involving tampering with ball
  • Feb 10th Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea
  • Feb 12th -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
  • Feb 12th NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
  • Feb 13th National Negro Baseball League organizes
  • Feb 13th League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland
  • Feb 13th Switzerland rejoins the League of Nations
  • Feb 14th League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
  • Feb 19th Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • Feb 21st Darius Milhaud & Jean Cocteau's ballet, premieres in Paris
  • Feb 22nd 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California)
  • Feb 24th NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
  • Feb 24th Peace treaty gives Estonia independence
  • Feb 28th Maurice Ravel's "Le tombeau de Couperin" premieres
  • Feb 29th Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • Mar 1st Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
  • Mar 1st Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • Mar 1st Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which has adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • Mar 2nd Karel Capék's "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • Mar 3rd Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
  • Mar 4th Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
  • Mar 8th Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • Mar 10th NHL's Quebec Bulldog Joe Malone scores 6 goals vs Ottawa Senators
  • Mar 10th The Home Rule Act is passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
  • Mar 11th Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • Mar 13th After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • Mar 16th 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
  • Mar 18th Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • Mar 19th US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
  • Mar 20th 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
  • Mar 20th US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 20th US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • Mar 20th 13th Australasian Championships: Pat O'Hara Wood beats Ronald Thomas (6-3, 4-6, 6-8, 6-1, 6-3)
  • Mar 23rd Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • Mar 24th 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)
  • Mar 25th Greek Independence Day
  • Mar 26th 79th Grand National: Mr Jack Anthony aboard Troytown wins
  • Mar 27th Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
  • Mar 28th Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks/Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • Mar 28th Thomas Masaryk elected president of Czechoslovakia
  • Mar 28th Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
  • Mar 31st British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law
  • Apr 1st The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
  • Apr 1st Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2
  • Apr 4th Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
  • Apr 6th To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • Apr 8th LONGA soccer team forms in Tilburg
  • Apr 13th 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • Apr 15th New Canadian small cent coin is released
  • Apr 17th American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)
  • Apr 19th 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
  • Apr 20th 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium
  • Apr 20th Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
  • Apr 20th Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
  • Apr 20th Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • Apr 20th Phillies mgr Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats NY Giants 3-0
  • Apr 21st John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • Apr 23rd Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets, in Ankara
  • Apr 23rd The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
  • Apr 24th British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • Apr 24th Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • Apr 26th Harlow Shapley & Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on nature of nebulae, dalaxies and size of universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 27th Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • Apr 28th Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • Apr 30th The British Government ends military conscription

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 1st Babe Ruth's 1st Yankee HR & 50th of career, out of Polo Grounds

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • May 1st Belgium-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
  • May 1st Longest major league baseball game by inninngs - Brooklyn Dodgers tie Boston Braves, 1-1, in 26 innings
  • May 2nd 1st game of National Negro Baseball League played in Indianapolis
  • May 5th German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • May 5th Polish troops occupy Kiev
  • May 5th US Pres Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal
  • May 5th Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are arrested on charges and robbery of a paymaster at a shoe factory in Massachusetts, US - the two men will executed
  • May 7th USSR recognizes Georgia's independence
  • May 8th 46th Kentucky Derby: Ted Rice aboard Paul Jones wins in 2:09

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 14th Wash Senator Walter Johnson wins his 300th game vs Detroit

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 14th Giants inform Yankees that the lease allowing them to play in the Polo Grounds will not be renewed at end of 1920 season
  • May 15th Soccer team ADO '20 forms in Heemskerk

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 16th Joan of Arc (Jeanne D'arc) canonized a saint

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • May 16th Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
  • May 17th 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
  • May 17th 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)
  • May 18th 45th Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 1:51.6
  • May 20th Policemen raid the Cubs' bleachers & arrest 24 fans for gambling
  • May 20th Mexican President Venustiano Carranza, under attack by American petroleum companies, faces an armed rebellion by right-wing Sonoro triumvirate after nationalizing subsoil rights
  • May 21st Mexican President Venustiano Carranza is executed by army generals after fleeing an armed rebellion in Mexico
  • May 23rd Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
  • May 27th Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • May 31st Indianapolis 500: Gaston Chevrolet wins in 5:38:31.901 (142.617 km/h)
  • Jun 1st RKSV Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam
  • Jun 1st Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
  • Jun 2nd Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill (Beyond the Horizon)
  • Jun 4th Peace of Trianon between Allies & Hungary
  • Jun 5th 1st rivet driven on Bank of Italy headquarters at 1 Powell
  • Jun 5th A's VP Thomas Shibe denies charges that baseballs are livelier
  • Jun 6th Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel opens White Russian offensive against red Army
  • Jun 8th Reds' Edd Roush falls asleep in center during long infield argument Heinie Groh goes to wake him, but ump ejects Roush for delay of game

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 11th Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for president

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Jun 12th 52nd Belmont: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 2:14.2
  • Jun 12th Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago)
  • Jun 13th Post Office says children could not be sent by parcel post
  • Jun 15th De Zweef soccer team forms in Nijverdal
  • Jun 15th Duluth lynchings in Minnesota.
  • Jun 17th Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Anti-revolution law
  • Jun 20th Yanks win protest of 1-0 White Sox win & game is replayed
  • Jun 24th Chuvash Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR
  • Jun 25th League of Nations places Internationall Court of Justice in Hague
  • Jul 1st Wash Senator Walter Johnson no-hits Boston Red Sox, 1-0
  • Jul 1st 55th British Golf Open: George Duncan shoots a 303 at Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club
  • Jul 1st Sir Herbert Samuel takes over as high commissioner over Palestine, where Arab resistance to the British mandate continues
  • Jul 3rd 40th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Tilden beats Patterson (2-6 6-3 6-2 6-4)
  • Jul 3rd Java Technical School Bandung opens
  • Jul 3rd Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England
  • Jul 3rd 33rd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats Dorothea Chambers (6-3 6-0)
  • Jul 4th The provisional government of Siberia's Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
  • Jul 6th Yankees score 14 in 5th inning & beat Washington Senators, 17-0
  • Jul 10th Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary
  • Jul 11th East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • Jul 12th Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
  • Jul 15th Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season
  • Jul 16th 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
  • Jul 16th China joins the League of Nations
  • Jul 16th Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief
  • Jul 16th Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54
  • Jul 20th Heerenveen soccer team forms
  • Jul 21st Irish Nationalist and Loyalists engage in street fighting over the issue of Irish independence from Britain, though Loyalist are reinforced by 1500 British Auxiliaries and 5800 British troops
  • Jul 23rd British East Africa renamed Kenya & becomes a British crown colony
  • Jul 25th Red Sox turn triple-play, but Ruth's 35th HR leads Yanks to 8-2 win
  • Jul 27th Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
  • Jul 27th Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America's Cup
  • Jul 27th 14th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 29th 1st transcontinental airmail flight from NY to SF
  • Jul 29th Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders
  • Jul 29th Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project.
  • Aug 1st Papendrecht soccer team forms
  • Aug 1st Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 2nd Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in NYC
  • Aug 8th Tigers beat Yanks 1-0 in shortest AL game, 73 minutes
  • Aug 9th Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • Aug 10th Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • Aug 10th Treaty of Sèvres (Allies & Turkey)
  • Aug 10th Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
  • Aug 11th 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 12th Battle of Warsaw (Vistula) between Poland and Russia begins
  • Aug 13th 24th US Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Inverness Club in Ohio
  • Aug 14th Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • Aug 14th Olympic Games open in Antwerp
  • Aug 15th With the strategic help of the French, Polish troops defeat the Russian/Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Vistula)
  • Aug 16th Ray Chapman, of Indians is hit in head by Yanks' Carl Mays pitch; he dies next day, only major league fatality
  • Aug 17th Yanks cancel game with Indians in memory of Ray Chapman (died Aug 16)
  • Aug 18th 1st class cricket debut of Walter Hammond
  • Aug 18th US ratifies the 19th Amendment to the constitution bringing in women's suffrage
  • Aug 20th 1st US commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit begins daily broadcasting
  • Aug 20th Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
  • Aug 20th Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
  • Aug 20th Preliminary meeting in Akron to form American Pro Football League