Historical Events in 1923

Events 1 - 200 of 317

  • Jan 1st Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • Jan 1st Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
  • Jan 1st 9th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Penn State, 14-3
  • Jan 2nd Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Fla, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
  • Jan 4th 1st broadcast of "Barn Dance Show" (WBAP - Fort Worth Texas)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4th Lenin's "Political Testament" calls for removal of Stalin

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 7th Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan
  • Jan 8th Typography strike in Amsterdam
  • Jan 9th Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • Jan 10th Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
  • Jan 10th Lithuania seizes & annexes country of Memel
  • Jan 11th 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg & Kurt Schwitters)
  • Jan 11th French & Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13th Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 17th Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
  • Jan 17th Origin of Brown lunation numbers
  • Jan 18th 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
  • Jan 19th WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions
  • Jan 23rd Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
  • Jan 24th Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established
  • Jan 25th NVV donates 100,000 guilders to mine workers of Ruhrgebied
  • Jan 28th Demonstration against a Dutch University in Ghent
  • Jan 29th 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • Feb 1st Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1st Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Feb 1st Noel Coward's "Young Idea" premieres in London
  • Feb 2nd Ethyl gasoline 1st marketed, Dayton, Ohio
  • Feb 2nd US signs friendship treaty with Central American countries
  • Feb 3rd The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
  • Feb 5th General mine strike against wage cuts in Saar
  • Feb 5th Mass arrests of socialists & communists in Italy
  • Feb 8th Coal mine explosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 120
  • Feb 8th German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
  • Feb 9th Soviet Aeroflot airlines forms
  • Feb 10th Ink paste manufactured for 1st time by Standard Ink Company
  • Feb 10th Owen Davis' "Icebound" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 10th SDAP speaks out against allied occupation of the Ruhr
  • Feb 13th 1st Black pro Basketball team, "Renaissance", organizes
  • Feb 16th Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 16th Howard Carter opens the inner burial chamber of the Pharaoh Tutankhamen's tomb and finds the sarcophagus

Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun
Howard Carter
  • Feb 16th US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
  • Feb 16th US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17th Ottawa Senator Cy Denneny becomes NHL's all time scorer (143 goals)

NHL Star Cy Denneny
NHL Star
Cy Denneny
  • Feb 18th Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
  • Feb 19th Jean Sibelius' 6th Symphony premieres
  • Feb 19th Philip Barry's "You & I" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 20th Christy Mathewson becomes President of Boston Braves
  • Feb 21st Andre Charlot's musical "Rats" premieres in London
  • Feb 22nd 1st successful chinchilla farm in US (Los Angeles California)
  • Feb 22nd Transcontinental airmail service begins
  • Feb 23rd German Republic day with laws against worker
  • Feb 23rd Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
  • Feb 24th Flying Scotsman goes into service
  • Feb 24th Mass arrests in US of mafia
  • Feb 25th Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 marks
  • Feb 26th Italian nationalist & fascists merge (blue-shirts & black-shirts)
  • Feb 28th Swedish king Gustaaf V begins state visit to Netherlands
  • Mar 1st Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
  • Mar 3rd Time magazine publishes 1st issue featuring Joseph G. Cannon (Speaker of US House of Representatives)
  • Mar 3rd US Senate rejects membership of the International Court of Justice, The Hague
  • Mar 4th Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Soviet bureaucracy)
  • Mar 5th Montana & Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
  • Mar 6th Cards announce their players will wear numbers on their uniforms
  • Mar 9th Amsterdam taxi strike ended
  • Mar 9th Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 9th NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Ottawa Senators, 3-2, in 2
  • Mar 13th Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
  • Mar 14th Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicia in Poland
  • Mar 14th German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14th US President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st president to pay taxes

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Mar 15th Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke
  • Mar 16th Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 20th Bavarian minister of interior refuses to forbid Nazi Sturm Abteilung
  • Mar 20th Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent
  • Mar 21st US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition
  • Mar 22nd The first radio broadcast of ice hockey is made by Foster Hewitt.
  • Mar 23rd Frank Silver & Irving Conn release "Yes, We Have No Bananas"
  • Mar 23rd 82nd Grand National: Capt. Tuppy Bennett aboard Sergeant Murphy wins
  • Mar 25th British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy
  • Mar 26th Stanley Cup: Ott Senators beat Vanc Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 1
  • Mar 30th Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard U in 1920, incorporates
  • Mar 31st 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hrs
  • Mar 31st French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die
  • Mar 31st Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edm Eskimos (WCHL) in 2 games
  • Apr 3rd 2 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5th Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts producing inflatable tires

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • Apr 6th The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
  • Apr 7th 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
  • Apr 7th Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
  • Apr 9th Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman" premieres in Dublin
  • Apr 9th In 'Adkins vs Children's Hospital', the US Supreme Court finds that the minimum wage law for women and children, adopted by the District of Columbia, is unconstitutional
  • Apr 10th Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin
  • Apr 13th US Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
  • Apr 14th Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
  • Apr 15th 1st sound on film public performance shown at Rialto Theater (NYC)
  • Apr 15th Insulin becomes generally available for diabetics
  • Apr 17th Longest NL opening game, Phillies & Dodgers tie 5-5 in 14
  • Apr 18th 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium
  • Apr 18th Poland annexes Central Lithuania
  • Apr 19th 27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:23:37.4
  • Apr 19th New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • Apr 23rd Inauguration ceremonies take place of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter.
  • Apr 24th General harbor strike begins in NYC
  • Apr 28th Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)
  • May 1st Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2nd Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yanks 3-0

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 3rd 1st nonstop transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
  • May 4th Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • May 4th NY state revokes Prohibition law
  • May 7th Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
  • May 8th Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* v Somerset at Bath
  • May 11th 10 HRs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St Louis Cards
  • May 12th 48th Preakness: Benny Marinelli aboard Vigil wins in 1:53.6
  • May 13th Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
  • May 15th Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
  • May 17th Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School (SC)
  • May 19th 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:05.4
  • May 19th KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • May 20th Stanley Baldwin, becomes PM of UK
  • May 22nd Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British premier
  • May 23rd Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
  • May 25th Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
  • May 26th 1st Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance is run
  • May 26th Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • May 28th Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
  • May 28th US unemployment has nearly ended

Music releaseMusic Premiere

May 30th Howard Hanson's 1st Symphony "Nordic" premieres

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • May 30th Indianapolis 500: Tommy Milton wins in 5:31:19.618 (145.718 km/h)
  • May 31st China & USSR exchange diplomats
  • May 31st The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) forms in Durban, South Africa, with Omar Hajee Amod Jhaveri as President.
  • Jun 1st NY Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6th Gangster Albert Anastasia is convicted of illegal possession of a firearm and sentenced to two years in prison

  • Jun 9th 55th Belmont: Earl Sande riding Zev wins in 2:19
  • Jun 9th Brinks unveils 1st armored security vans
  • Jun 9th Bulgarian premier Stamboeliski & King Boris III overthrown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12th Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Jun 14th Recording of 1st country music hit (Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane)
  • Jun 15th Belgium's Theunis government falls because of mine, post & railroad strike
  • Jun 15th 58th British Golf Open: Arthur Havers shoots a 295 at Troon Golf Club
  • Jun 16th Sun Yat Sen founds military academy
  • Jun 19th Comic Strip "Moon Mullins" debuts
  • Jun 19th Baldwin-Mellon-agreement concerning Britain entering the war
  • Jun 21st Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud
  • Jun 24th Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied
  • Jun 27th Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane
  • Jun 28th Dodgers lost 7-0 lead, as Phillies score 8 in bottom of 9th
  • Jun 28th Queen Wilhelmina & Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London
  • Jun 30th New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
  • Jul 1st 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
  • Jul 3rd Dockers' strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jul 4th Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Jul 6th 36th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats K McKane (6-2 6-2)
  • Jul 6th Rail crash on New Zealand's main trunk line; 17 killed and 28 injured
  • Jul 6th The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • Jul 7th 43rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Johnston beats F Hunter (60 63 61)
  • Jul 7th Cleve Indians beat Boston Red Sox 27-3 with 13 runs in 6th inning
  • Jul 7th University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)
  • Jul 8th Harding becomes 1st sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)
  • Jul 8th Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
  • Jul 10th 2-pound hailstones kill 23 & many cattle (Rostov, Russia)
  • Jul 10th All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
  • Jul 11th Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M
  • Jul 13th The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads "Hollywoodland " but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
  • Jul 13th American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia

Sport awardGolf Major

Jul 15th 27th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 296 at Inwood CC in NY

Golfer Bobby Jones
Bobby Jones
  • Jul 15th Italian parliament accepts new constitution
  • Jul 17th Carl Mays gave up 13 runs & 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians
  • Jul 18th British House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • Jul 19th WRC-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • Jul 20th Yanks hit into a triple-play but beat A's 9-2
  • Jul 21st Phillies score 12 in 6th & beat Cubs 17-4
  • Jul 22nd Walter Johnson becomes 1st to strikeout 3,000 (en route to 3,508)
  • Jul 22nd 17th Tour de France won by Henri Pelissier of France
  • Jul 24th Allied Powers & Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne
  • Jul 25th German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29th Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 29th KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany
  • Jul 30th New Zealand claims Ross Dependency
  • Jul 31st Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University
  • Aug 3rd Baseball games cancelled following the death of President Harding

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3rd VP Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th US President upon death of President Warren G. Harding

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • Aug 5th 1st American to swim English Channel (Henry Sullivan)
  • Aug 6th Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany
  • Aug 9th NY State Golf Association formed
  • Aug 11th Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • Aug 12th Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
  • Aug 12th Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
  • Aug 13th Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13th Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as President

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • Aug 13th US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day
  • Aug 15th Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State
  • Aug 15th Mexico & US reaches accord over oil concession of 1917

Sport awardTennis Open

Aug 18th 37th U.S. Women's National Championship: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (6-2, 6-1)

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody
  • Aug 18th 16th Women's Australasian Championships: Margaret Molesworth beats Esna Boyd (6-1, 7-5)
  • Aug 18th 16th Men's Australasian Championships: Pat O'Hara Wood beats Bert St John (6-1, 6-1, 6-3)
  • Aug 20th London dock strike ends

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Aug 22nd Paavo Nurmi runs world record mile (4:10.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • Aug 23rd Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • Aug 24th Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3 mile (14:11.2)
  • Aug 31st League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)