Historical Events in 1923

Events 1 - 200 of 316

  • Jan 1 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • Jan 1 Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
  • Jan 1 9th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Penn State, 14-3
  • Jan 2 Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Fla, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
  • Jan 4 1st broadcast of "Barn Dance Show" (WBAP - Fort Worth Texas)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Lenin's "Political Testament" calls for removal of Stalin

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 7 Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan
  • Jan 8 Typography strike in Amsterdam
  • Jan 9 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • Jan 10 Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
  • Jan 10 Lithuania seizes & annexes country of Memel
  • Jan 11 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg & Kurt Schwitters)
  • Jan 11 French & Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 17 Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
  • Jan 17 Origin of Brown lunation numbers
  • Jan 18 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
  • Jan 19 WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jan 19 Chancellor of the Exchequer Stanley Baldwin and Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon agree to reschedule repayment of Britain's $4.5 billion war debt over 62 years

Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon
Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury
Andrew Mellon
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • Jan 23 Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
  • Jan 24 Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established
  • Jan 25 NVV donates 100,000 guilders to mine workers of Ruhrgebied
  • Jan 28 Demonstration against a Dutch University in Ghent
  • Jan 29 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • Feb 1 Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Feb 1 Noel Coward's "Young Idea" premieres in London
  • Feb 2 Ethyl gasoline 1st marketed, Dayton, Ohio
  • Feb 2 US signs friendship treaty with Central American countries
  • Feb 3 The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
  • Feb 5 General mine strike against wage cuts in Saar
  • Feb 5 Mass arrests of socialists & communists in Italy
  • Feb 8 Coal mine explosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 120
  • Feb 8 German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
  • Feb 9 Soviet Aeroflot airlines forms
  • Feb 10 Ink paste manufactured for 1st time by Standard Ink Company
  • Feb 10 Owen Davis' "Icebound" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 10 SDAP speaks out against allied occupation of the Ruhr
  • Feb 13 1st Black pro Basketball team, "Renaissance", organizes
  • Feb 16 Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 16 Howard Carter opens the inner burial chamber of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb and finds the sarcophagus

Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun
Howard Carter
  • Feb 16 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
  • Feb 16 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Ottawa Senator Cy Denneny becomes NHL's all time scorer (143 goals)

NHL Star Cy Denneny
NHL Star
Cy Denneny
  • Feb 18 Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
  • Feb 19 Jean Sibelius' 6th Symphony premieres
  • Feb 19 Philip Barry's "You & I" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 20 Christy Mathewson becomes President of Boston Braves
  • Feb 21 Andre Charlot's musical "Rats" premieres in London
  • Feb 22 1st successful chinchilla farm in US (Los Angeles California)
  • Feb 22 Transcontinental airmail service begins
  • Feb 23 German Republic day with laws against worker
  • Feb 23 Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
  • Feb 24 Flying Scotsman goes into service
  • Feb 24 Mass arrests in US of mafia
  • Feb 25 Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 marks
  • Feb 26 Italian nationalist & fascists merge (blue-shirts & black-shirts)
  • Feb 28 Swedish king Gustaaf V begins state visit to Netherlands
  • Mar 1 Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
  • Mar 3 Time magazine publishes 1st issue featuring Joseph G. Cannon (Speaker of US House of Representatives)
  • Mar 3 US Senate rejects membership of the International Court of Justice, The Hague
  • Mar 4 Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Soviet bureaucracy)
  • Mar 5 Montana & Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
  • Mar 6 Cards announce their players will wear numbers on their uniforms
  • Mar 9 Amsterdam taxi strike ended
  • Mar 9 Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 9 NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Ottawa Senators, 3-2, in 2
  • Mar 13 Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
  • Mar 14 Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicia in Poland
  • Mar 14 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14 US President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st president to pay taxes

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Mar 15 Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke
  • Mar 16 Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 20 Bavarian minister of interior refuses to forbid Nazi Sturm Abteilung
  • Mar 20 Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent
  • Mar 21 US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition
  • Mar 22 The first radio broadcast of ice hockey is made by Foster Hewitt.
  • Mar 23 Frank Silver & Irving Conn release "Yes, We Have No Bananas"
  • Mar 23 82nd Grand National: Capt. Tuppy Bennett aboard Sergeant Murphy wins
  • Mar 25 British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy
  • Mar 26 Stanley Cup: Ott Senators beat Vanc Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 1
  • Mar 30 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard U in 1920, incorporates
  • Mar 31 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hrs
  • Mar 31 French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die
  • Mar 31 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edm Eskimos (WCHL) in 2 games
  • Apr 3 2 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts producing inflatable tires

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • Apr 6 The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
  • Apr 7 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
  • Apr 7 Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
  • Apr 9 Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman" premieres in Dublin
  • Apr 9 In 'Adkins vs Children's Hospital', the US Supreme Court finds that the minimum wage law for women and children, adopted by the District of Columbia, is unconstitutional
  • Apr 10 Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin
  • Apr 13 US Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
  • Apr 14 Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
  • Apr 15 1st sound on film public performance shown at Rialto Theater (NYC)
  • Apr 15 Insulin becomes generally available for diabetics
  • Apr 17 Longest NL opening game, Phillies & Dodgers tie 5-5 in 14
  • Apr 18 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium
  • Apr 18 Poland annexes Central Lithuania
  • Apr 19 27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:23:37.4
  • Apr 19 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • Apr 23 Inauguration ceremonies take place of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter.
  • Apr 24 General harbor strike begins in NYC
  • Apr 28 Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)
  • May 1 Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yanks 3-0

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 3 1st nonstop transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
  • May 4 Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • May 4 NY state revokes Prohibition law
  • May 7 Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
  • May 8 Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* v Somerset at Bath
  • May 11 10 HRs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St Louis Cards
  • May 12 48th Preakness: Benny Marinelli aboard Vigil wins in 1:53.6
  • May 13 Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
  • May 15 Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
  • May 17 Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School (SC)
  • May 19 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:05.4
  • May 19 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • May 23 Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law
  • May 25 Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
  • May 26 1st Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance is run
  • May 26 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • May 28 Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
  • May 28 US unemployment has nearly ended

Music releaseMusic Premiere

May 30 Howard Hanson's 1st Symphony "Nordic" premieres

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Tommy Milton wins in 5:31:19.618 (145.718 km/h)
  • May 31 China & USSR exchange diplomats
  • May 31 The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) forms in Durban, South Africa, with Omar Hajee Amod Jhaveri as President.
  • Jun 1 NY Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Gangster Albert Anastasia is convicted of illegal possession of a firearm and sentenced to two years in prison

  • Jun 9 55th Belmont: Earl Sande riding Zev wins in 2:19
  • Jun 9 Brinks unveils 1st armored security vans
  • Jun 9 Bulgarian premier Stamboeliski & King Boris III overthrown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Jun 14 Recording of 1st country music hit (Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane)
  • Jun 15 Belgium's Theunis government falls because of mine, post & railroad strike
  • Jun 15 58th British Golf Open: Arthur Havers shoots a 295 at Troon Golf Club
  • Jun 16 Sun Yat Sen founds military academy
  • Jun 19 Comic Strip "Moon Mullins" debuts
  • Jun 21 Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud
  • Jun 24 Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied
  • Jun 27 Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane
  • Jun 28 Dodgers lost 7-0 lead, as Phillies score 8 in bottom of 9th
  • Jun 28 Queen Wilhelmina & Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London
  • Jun 30 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
  • Jul 1 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
  • Jul 3 Dockers' strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jul 4 Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Jul 6 36th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats K McKane (6-2 6-2)
  • Jul 6 Rail crash on New Zealand's main trunk line; 17 killed and 28 injured
  • Jul 6 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • Jul 7 43rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Johnston beats F Hunter (60 63 61)
  • Jul 7 Cleve Indians beat Boston Red Sox 27-3 with 13 runs in 6th inning
  • Jul 7 University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)
  • Jul 8 Harding becomes 1st sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)
  • Jul 8 Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
  • Jul 10 2-pound hailstones kill 23 & many cattle (Rostov, Russia)
  • Jul 10 All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
  • Jul 11 Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M
  • Jul 13 The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads "Hollywoodland " but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
  • Jul 13 American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia

Sport awardGolf Major

Jul 15 27th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 296 at Inwood CC in NY

Golfer Bobby Jones
Golfer
Bobby Jones
  • Jul 15 Italian parliament accepts new constitution
  • Jul 17 Carl Mays gave up 13 runs & 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians
  • Jul 18 British House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • Jul 19 WRC-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • Jul 20 Yanks hit into a triple-play but beat A's 9-2
  • Jul 21 Phillies score 12 in 6th & beat Cubs 17-4
  • Jul 22 Walter Johnson becomes 1st to strikeout 3,000 (en route to 3,508)
  • Jul 22 17th Tour de France won by Henri Pelissier of France
  • Jul 24 Allied Powers & Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne
  • Jul 25 German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 29 KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany
  • Jul 30 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency
  • Jul 31 Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University
  • Aug 3 Baseball games cancelled following the death of President Harding

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3 VP Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th US President upon death of President Warren G. Harding

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • Aug 5 1st American to swim English Channel (Henry Sullivan)
  • Aug 6 Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany
  • Aug 9 NY State Golf Association formed
  • Aug 11 Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • Aug 12 Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
  • Aug 12 Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
  • Aug 13 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as President

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • Aug 13 US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day
  • Aug 15 Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State
  • Aug 15 Mexico & US reaches accord over oil concession of 1917

Sport awardTennis Open

Aug 18 37th U.S. Women's National Championship: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (6-2, 6-1)

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody
  • Aug 18 16th Women's Australasian Championships: Margaret Molesworth beats Esna Boyd (6-1, 7-5)
  • Aug 18 16th Men's Australasian Championships: Pat O'Hara Wood beats Bert St John (6-1, 6-1, 6-3)
  • Aug 20 London dock strike ends

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Aug 22 Paavo Nurmi runs world record mile (4:10.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • Aug 23 Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • Aug 24 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3 mile (14:11.2)
  • Aug 31 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
  • Aug 31 Italian troops occupy Corfu