Historical Events for Year 1923

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Months in Year 1923: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 150 of 317

Jan 1st - Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
Jan 1st - Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
Jan 1st - 9th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Penn State, 14-3
Jan 2nd - Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Fla, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
Jan 4th - 1st broadcast of "Barn Dance Show" (WBAP - Fort Worth Texas)
Jan 4th - Lenin's "Political Testament" calls for removal of Stalin
Jan 7th - Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan
Jan 8th - Typography strike in Amsterdam
Jan 9th - Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro (helicopter) flight, Spain
Jan 10th - Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
Jan 10th - Lithuania seizes & annexes country of Memel
Jan 11th - 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg & Kurt Schwitters)
Jan 11th - French & Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations
Jan 13th - Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler Jan 17th - Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
Jan 17th - Origin of Brown lunation numbers
Jan 18th - 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
Jan 19th - WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions
Jan 23rd - Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
Jan 24th - Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established
Jan 25th - NVV donates 100,000 guilders to mine workers of Ruhrgebied
Jan 28th - Demonstration against a Dutch University in Ghent
Jan 29th - 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
Feb 1st - Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel
Feb 1st - Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini
Feb 1st - Noel Coward's "Young Idea," premieres in London
Feb 2nd - Ethyl gasoline 1st marketed, Dayton, Ohio
Feb 2nd - US signs friendship treaty with Central American countries
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini Feb 3rd - The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
Feb 5th - General mine strike against wage cuts in Saar
Feb 5th - Mass arrests of socialists & communists in Italy
Feb 8th - Coal mine explosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 120
Feb 8th - German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
Feb 9th - Soviet Aeroflot airlines forms
Feb 10th - Ink paste manufactured for 1st time by Standard Ink Company
Feb 10th - Owen Davis' "Icebound" premieres in NYC
Feb 10th - SDAP speaks out against allied occupation of the Ruhr
Feb 13th - 1st Black pro Basketball team, "Renaissance", organizes
Feb 16th - Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory
Feb 16th - Howard Carter opens the inner burial chamber of the Pharaoh Tutankhamen's tomb and finds the sarcophagus
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard CarterArchaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter Feb 16th - US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
Feb 16th - US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
Feb 17th - Ottawa Senator Cy Denneny becomes NHL's all time scorer (143 goals)
Feb 18th - Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
Feb 19th - Jean Sibelius' 6th Symphony premieres
Feb 19th - Philip Barry's "You & I" premieres in NYC
Feb 20th - Christy Mathewson becomes pres of Boston Braves
Feb 21st - Andre Charlot's musical "Rats" premieres in London
Feb 22nd - 1st successful chinchilla farm in US (Los Angeles California)
Feb 22nd - Transcontinental airmail service begins
Feb 23rd - German Republic day with laws against worker
Feb 23rd - Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
Feb 24th - Flying Scotsman goes into service
Feb 24th - Mass arrests in US of mafia
Feb 25th - Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 marks
NHL Left Winger Cy DennenyNHL Left Winger Cy Denneny Feb 26th - Italian nationalist & fascists merge (blue-shirts & black-shirts)
Feb 28th - Swedish king Gustaaf V begins state visit to Netherlands
Mar 1st - Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
Mar 3rd - Time magazine publishes 1st issue featuring Joseph G. Cannon (Speaker of US House of Representatives)
Mar 3rd - US Senate rejects membership of the International Court of Justice, The Hague
Mar 4th - Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Soviet bureaucracy)
Mar 5th - Montana & Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
Mar 6th - Cards announce their players will wear numbers on their uniforms
Mar 9th - Amsterdam taxi strike ended
Mar 9th - Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine" premieres in NYC
Mar 9th - NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Ottawa Senators, 3-2, in 2
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin Mar 13th - Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
Mar 14th - Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicia in Poland
Mar 14th - German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)
Mar 14th - US President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st president to pay taxes
Mar 15th - Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke
Mar 16th - Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche" premieres in Vienna
Mar 20th - Bavarian minister of interior refuses to forbid Nazi Sturm Abteilung
Mar 20th - Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent
Mar 21st - US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition
Mar 22nd - The first radio broadcast of ice hockey is made by Foster Hewitt.
Mar 23rd - Frank Silver & Irving Conn release "Yes, We Have No Bananas"
Mar 23rd - 82nd Grand National: Capt. Tuppy Bennett aboard Sergeant Murphy wins
Mar 25th - British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy
Mar 26th - Stanley Cup: Ott Senators beat Vanc Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 1
Mar 30th - Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard U in 1920, incorporates
Mar 31st - 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hrs
Mar 31st - French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die
Mar 31st - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edm Eskimos (WCHL) in 2 games
Apr 3rd - 2 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary
Tire Industrialist Harvey FirestoneTire Industrialist Harvey Firestone Apr 5th - Firestone Co put their inflatable tires into production
Apr 6th - The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
Apr 7th - 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
Apr 7th - Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
Apr 9th - Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman" premieres in Dublin
Apr 9th - In 'Adkins vs Children's Hospital', the US Supreme Court finds that the minimum wage law for women and children, adopted by the District of Columbia, is unconstitutional
Apr 10th - Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin
Apr 13th - Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
Apr 14th - Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
Apr 15th - 1st sound on film public performance shown at Rialto Theater (NYC)
Apr 15th - Insulin becomes generally available for diabetics
Apr 17th - Longest NL opening game, Phillies & Dodgers tie 5-5 in 14
Apr 18th - 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium
Apr 18th - Poland annexes Central Lithuania
Apr 19th - 27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:23:37.4
Apr 19th - New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
Apr 23rd - Inauguration ceremonies take place of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter.
Apr 24th - General harbor strike begins in NYC
Apr 28th - Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)
May 1st - Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence
MLB Pitcher Walter JohnsonMLB Pitcher Walter Johnson May 2nd - Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yanks 3-0
May 3rd - 1st nonstop transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
May 4th - Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
May 4th - NY state revokes Prohibition law
May 7th - Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
May 8th - Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* v Somerset at Bath
May 11th - 10 HRs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St Louis Cards
May 12th - 48th Preakness: Benny Marinelli aboard Vigil wins in 1:53.6
May 13th - Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
May 15th - Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
May 17th - Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School (SC)
May 19th - 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:05.4
May 19th - KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
May 20th - Stanley Baldwin, becomes PM of UK
May 22nd - Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British premier
May 23rd - Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
May 25th - Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
May 26th - 1st Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance is run
May 26th - Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
May 28th - Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
May 28th - US unemployment has nearly ended
Composer and Conductor Howard HansonComposer and Conductor Howard Hanson May 30th - Howard Hanson's 1st Symphony "Nordic" premieres
May 30th - Indianapolis 500: Tommy Milton wins in 5:31:19.618 (145.718 km/h)
May 31st - China & USSR exchange diplomats
May 31st - The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) forms in Durban, South Africa, with Omar Hajee Amod Jhaveri as President.
Jun 1st - NY Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning
Jun 6th - Gangster Albert Anastasia is convicted of illegal possession of a firearm and sentenced to two years in prison
Jun 9th - 55th Belmont: Earl Sande riding Zev wins in 2:19
Jun 9th - Brinks unveils 1st armored security vans
Jun 9th - Bulgarian premier Stamboeliski & King Boris III overthrown
Jun 12th - Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC
Jun 14th - Recording of 1st country music hit (Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane)
Magician & Escape Artist Harry HoudiniMagician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini Jun 15th - Belgium's Theunis government falls because of mine, post & railroad strike
Jun 15th - 58th British Golf Open: Arthur Havers shoots a 295 at Troon Golf Club
Jun 16th - Sun Yat Sen founds military academy
Jun 19th - Comic Strip "Moon Mullins" debuts
Jun 19th - Baldwin-Mellon-agreement concerning Britain entering the war
Jun 21st - Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud
Jun 24th - Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied
Jun 27th - Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane
Jun 28th - Dodgers lost 7-0 lead, as Phillies score 8 in bottom of 9th
Jun 28th - Queen Wilhelmina & Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London
Jun 30th - New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
Jul 1st - 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
Jul 3rd - Dockers' strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London

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