Historical Events in 1931

Events 1 - 200 of 279

  • Jan 1 17th Rose Bowl: Alabama beats Washington State, 24-0
  • Jan 3 Nels Stewart of Montreal Maroons scores 2 goals in 4 sec (record)
  • Jan 5 1st woman to purchase a baseball team Lucille Thomas purchases Topeka franchise in the Western League

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Thomas Edison submits his last patent application

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 7 Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast.
  • Jan 8 Philadelphia Quakers set then NHL record of 15 straight loses
  • Jan 10 Philadelphia Quakers defeat Montreal, ends NHL-record 15-game losing streak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 Bradman scores 223 Australia v WI, 297 mins, 26 fours

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 22 French government of Steeg falls
  • Jan 22 VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam
  • Jan 22 Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
  • Jan 26 Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • Jan 26 Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 26 "Cimarron" directed by Wesley Ruggles and starring Richard Dix and Irene Dunne premieres in New York. 1st western to win Best Outstanding Production/Picture (1931)
  • Jan 28 Bradman scores 220 NSW v Victoria, 308 mins, 13 fours

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30 Charlie Chaplin's "City Lights" premieres at Los Angeles Theater

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker
Charlie Chaplin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joe Malone scores a record 7 goals

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Jan 31 Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 2 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students
  • Feb 2 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 3 Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • Feb 3 The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258
  • Feb 4 National League adopts a deader baseball
  • Feb 5 Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st US women to earn a glider pilot license
  • Feb 7 US opera "Peter Ibbetson" by Deems Taylor premieres at Met Opera NYC
  • Feb 8 Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000
  • Feb 10 New Delhi becomes capital of India
  • Feb 10 Richard Rodgers/Lorenz Harts premieres in NYC
  • Feb 12 Vatican Radio begins broadcasting with the callsign HVJ
  • Feb 14 Bradman scores 152 Aust v WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives
  • Feb 14 Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls

Film release premierFilm Release

Feb 14 The original "Dracula", starring Bela Lugosi as the titular vampire, is released

  • Feb 15 Spring training site of NY Yankees in St Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team's late manager
  • Feb 16 Extreme right wing Pehr Evind Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland
  • Feb 17 1st telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball)
  • Feb 17 Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
  • Feb 20 Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
  • Feb 21 Alka Seltzer introduced
  • Feb 21 Chicago White Sox & NY Giants play 1st exhibition night game
  • Feb 28 Canadian Rugby Union adopts the forward pass
  • Feb 28 Oswald Mosley founds his New Party
  • Mar 3 "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes US national anthem by congressional resolution
  • Mar 3 Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)
  • Mar 4 Bradman bowled by Herman Griffith for a duck as W I win the Test
  • Mar 4 West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 5 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 8 24th Women's Australian Championships: Coral McInnes Buttsworth beats Marjorie Cox Crawford (1-6, 6-3, 6-4)
  • Mar 8 24th Men's Australian Championships: Jack Crawford beats Harry Hopman (6-4, 6-2, 2-6, 6-1)
  • Mar 10 British Labour party removes fascist sir Oswald Mosley
  • Mar 11 Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • Mar 14 1st theater built for rear movie projection (NYC)
  • Mar 16 Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Neth)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 18 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)
  • Mar 18 Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
  • Mar 19 Nevada legalizes gambling
  • Mar 20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • Mar 21 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
  • Mar 21 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Mar 21 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Mar 25 Hal Kemp & his orchestra record Whistles, with Skinnay Ennis
  • Mar 25 Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama
  • Mar 26 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • Mar 26 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • Mar 26 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
  • Mar 27 Charlie Chaplin receives France's distinguished Legion of Honor
  • Mar 27 John McGraw says night baseball will not catch on
  • Mar 27 90th Grand National: Bob Lyall aboard Grakle wins
  • Apr 1 Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
  • Apr 1 Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth & Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Apr 6 1st Scottsboro (Ala) trial begins - 9 blacks accused of rape
  • Apr 6 1st broadcast of "Little Orphan Annie" on NBC-radio
  • Apr 7 Seals Stadium opens in SF
  • Apr 8 "White Horse Inn" opens in London
  • Apr 8 Dmitri Shostakovitch's ballet "The Arrow" premieres
  • Apr 9 Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Mont Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period
  • Apr 12 Joe McCarthy debuts as NY Yankee manager
  • Apr 12 Spanish voters reject the monarchy
  • Apr 14 Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • Apr 14 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 3 games to 2
  • Apr 15 1st backwards walk across American begins
  • Apr 20 35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Mass in 2:46:45.8
  • Apr 20 British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
  • Apr 22 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • Apr 26 Lou Gehrig hits a HR but is called out for passing a runner, mistake costs him AL home run crown; he & Babe Ruth tie for season
  • Apr 27 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
  • Apr 28 Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track & field
  • Apr 29 Cleve Indian Wes Ferrell no-hits St Louis Browns, 9-0
  • May 1 Empire State Building opens in New York City
  • May 1 Norway claims Peter I Island
  • May 1 Singer Kate Smith begins her long-running radio program on CBS
  • May 4 Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
  • May 8 Operette "Land of Smiles" premieres in London
  • May 9 56th Preakness: George Ellis aboard Mate wins in 1:59
  • May 10 Golf ball size hail falls in Burlington, NJ
  • May 11 Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails, beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
  • May 13 Paul Doumer elected president of France
  • May 14 Ådalen shootings: five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration.
  • May 15 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno
  • May 16 57th Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on Twenty Grand wins 2:01.8
  • May 19 Cruiser Deutschland launched in Kiel
  • May 21 Belgian government of Jaspar falls
  • May 22 Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
  • May 23 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
  • May 24 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
  • May 27 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes, Langley Field Va
  • May 27 Piccard & Knipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon
  • May 30 Phillies Chuck Klein homers off Ben Cantwell (Braves) in both ends DH
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Louis Schneider wins in 5:10:27.948 (155.509 km/h)
  • May 31 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
  • May 31 36th Men's French Championships: Jean Borotra beats Christian Boussus (2-6, 6-4, 7-5, 6-4)

Sport awardTennis Open

May 31 36th Women's French Championships: Cilly Aussem beats Betty Nuthall (8-6, 6-1)

Tennis Player Betty Nuthall
Tennis Player
Betty Nuthall
  • Jun 1 Rozenburg soccer team forms in Rozenburg
  • Jun 5 Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
  • Jun 5 66th British Golf Open: Tommy Armour shoots a 296 at Carnoustie Golf Links
  • Jun 6 "There Ought To Be A Moonlight Saving Time" by Guy Lombardo hits #1
  • Jun 6 Yanks turn triple-play but lose 7-5 to Indians
  • Jun 8 Duke of Kent wed Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
  • Jun 8 Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9 1st rocket-powered aircraft design patented (Robert Goddard)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Jun 9 1st showing of a Donald Duck cartoon
  • Jun 10 Norway occupies East Greenland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition & perjury

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • Jun 13 63rd Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Twenty Grand wins in 2:29.6
  • Jun 14 French "St Philbert" overturns off St Nazaire France, drowns 450
  • Jun 14 Reinhard Heydrich's 1st meeting with Himmler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15 Eddie Collins & Harry Heilmann retire from baseball

Baseball Legend Eddie Collins
Baseball Legend
Eddie Collins
  • Jun 15 Poland & USSR sign friendship & trade treaty
  • Jun 16 Austrian government of Ender falls
  • Jun 19 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct
  • Jun 20 Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • Jun 22 RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
  • Jun 23 Wiley Post & Harold Catty took off for flight around world
  • Jun 24 USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • Jun 27 3rd Ryder Cup: US wins, 9-3 at Scioto Country Club (Columbus, Ohio, US)
  • Jun 29 109°F (43°C), Monticello, Florida (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno (We do not need fascism and Mussolini)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 1 Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
  • Jul 1 Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
  • Jul 1 Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs Chicago Cubs
  • Jul 1 Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)
  • Jul 3 51st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Sid Wood Jr beats F X Shields (walkover)
  • Jul 3 Max Schmeling TKOs Young Stribling in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jul 3 44th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Cilly Aussem beats H Sperling (6-2 7-5)
  • Jul 4 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • Jul 4 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
  • Jul 6 35th US Golf Open: Billy Burke shoots a 292 at Inverness Club Ohio
  • Jul 11 NY Giants beat Phillies 23-8
  • Jul 12 45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game & 21 in 2nd game for 32
  • Jul 18 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • Jul 21 Reno race track, becomes 1st in US to use daily double wagering
  • Jul 23 Ashmore & Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • Jul 23 France announces it can't afford to send a team to 1932 LA olympics
  • Jul 24 George Gunn gets 183 & son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Jul 24 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile (8:59.6)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • Jul 24 A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
  • Jul 26 26th Davis Cup: France beats Great Britain in Paris (3-2)
  • Jul 26 25th Tour de France won by Antonin Magne of France
  • Jul 27 Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • Jul 27 Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebr & SD destroyed thousands of acres of crops
  • Jul 28 White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • Aug 2 Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
  • Aug 5 Det Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • Aug 8 Wash Senator Bob Burke no-hits Boston Red Sox, 5-0
  • Aug 12 Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
  • Aug 13 Cincinnati Red Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6
  • Aug 15 Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
  • Aug 15 Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as asst secretary
  • Aug 15 Spakenburg soccer team forms
  • Aug 18 Lou Gehrig hitless in Detroit, his 1,000th consecutively played game
  • Aug 19 Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game

Sport awardTennis Open

Aug 20 45th U.S. Women's National Championship: Helen Wills Moody beats Eileen Bennett Whittingstall (6-4, 6-1)

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 21 Babe Ruth hits his 600th HR, off George Blaeholder of Browns

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Aug 23 Count Gyula Károlyi becomes premier of Hungary
  • Aug 23 Philadelphia A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight
  • Aug 24 France & USSR sign neutrality/no attack treaty
  • Sep 1 Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days & his 6th HR in consecutive games
  • Sep 10 Lord Cecil of British government says War was never so improbable
  • Sep 10 51st U.S. Men's National Championship: Ellsworth Vines beats George Lott (7-9, 6-3, 9-7, 7-5)

MurderMurder of Interest

Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano's hitmen.

  • Sep 13 Capt G H Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
  • Sep 13 Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria
  • Sep 15 British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • Sep 15 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • Sep 16 Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
  • Sep 16 St Louis Cards repeat as NL champions with a 6-3 win over Phillies
  • Sep 17 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • Sep 17 Operetta "Victoria & Her Husband" premieres in London
  • Sep 17 Red Sox Earl Webb sets record with 65 en route to 67 doubles
  • Sep 18 To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese
  • Sep 19 14th PGA Championship: Tom Creavy at Wannamoisett CC Rumford RI
  • Sep 19 Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
  • Sep 19 Lefty Grove wins his 30th game of season over White Sox, 2-1
  • Sep 20 Lou Gehrig's 4 RBIs break his old RBI mark of 175 en route to 184
  • Sep 21 Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
  • Sep 22 Coalition Government forms in New Zealand to combat the Depression (their lack of success led to the election of the First Labour Government in 1935)
  • Sep 24 Round-robin playoff among NYC's 3 major league teams, to raise money for unemployed, concludes with Brooklyn losing to both Giants & Yanks