Historical Events in 1931

Events 1 - 200 of 280

  • Jan 1st 17th Rose Bowl: Alabama beats Washington State, 24-0
  • Jan 3rd Nels Stewart of Montreal Maroons scores 2 goals in 4 sec (record)
  • Jan 5th 1st woman to purchase a baseball team Lucille Thomas purchases Topeka franchise in the Western League

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 6th Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 7th Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast.
  • Jan 8th Phila Quakers set then NHL record of 15 straight loses
  • Jan 10th Phila Quakers defeat Montreal, ends NHL-record 15-game losing streak

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 16th Bradman scores 223 Australia v WI, 297 mins, 26 fours

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 22nd French government of Steeg falls
  • Jan 22nd VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam
  • Jan 22nd Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
  • Jan 26th Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • Jan 26th Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 26th "Cimarron" directed by Wesley Ruggles and starring Richard Dix and Irene Dunne premieres in New York. 1st western to win Best Outstanding Production/Picture (1931)
  • Jan 28th Bradman scores 220 NSW v Victoria, 308 mins, 13 fours

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 30th Charlie Chaplin's "City Lights" premieres at Los Angeles Theater

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker
Charlie Chaplin

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 31st NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joe Malone scores a record 7 goals

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Jan 31st Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 2nd 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students
  • Feb 2nd 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 3rd Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • Feb 3rd The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258
  • Feb 4th National League adopts a deader baseball
  • Feb 5th Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st US women to earn a glider pilot license
  • Feb 7th US opera "Peter Ibbetson" by Deems Taylor premieres at Met Opera NYC
  • Feb 8th Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000
  • Feb 10th New Delhi becomes capital of India
  • Feb 10th Richard Rodgers/Lorenz Harts premieres in NYC
  • Feb 12th Vatican Radio begins broadcasting with the callsign HVJ
  • Feb 14th Bradman scores 152 Aust v WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives
  • Feb 14th Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls

Film-release-premierFilm Release

Feb 14th The original "Dracula", starring Bela Lugosi as the titular vampire, is released

  • Feb 15th Spring training site of NY Yankees in St Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team's late manager
  • Feb 16th Extreme right wing Pehr Evind Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland
  • Feb 17th 1st telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball)
  • Feb 17th Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
  • Feb 20th Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
  • Feb 21st Alka Seltzer introduced
  • Feb 21st Chicago White Sox & NY Giants play 1st exhibition night game
  • Feb 28th Canadian Rugby Union adopts the forward pass
  • Feb 28th Oswald Mosley founds his New Party
  • Mar 3rd "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes US national anthem by congressional resolution
  • Mar 3rd Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)
  • Mar 4th Bradman bowled by Herman Griffith for a duck as W I win the Test
  • Mar 4th West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 5th Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 8th 24th Women's Australian Championships: Coral McInnes Buttsworth beats Marjorie Cox Crawford (1-6, 6-3, 6-4)
  • Mar 8th 24th Men's Australian Championships: Jack Crawford beats Harry Hopman (6-4, 6-2, 2-6, 6-1)
  • Mar 10th British Labour party removes fascist sir Oswald Mosley
  • Mar 11th Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • Mar 14th 1st theater built for rear movie projection (NYC)
  • Mar 16th Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Neth)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 17th Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 18th 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)
  • Mar 18th Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
  • Mar 19th Nevada legalizes gambling
  • Mar 20th Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • Mar 21st KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
  • Mar 21st US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Mar 21st US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 23rd Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Mar 25th Hal Kemp & his orchestra record Whistles, with Skinnay Ennis
  • Mar 25th Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama
  • Mar 26th Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • Mar 26th Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • Mar 26th New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
  • Mar 27th Charlie Chaplin receives France's distinguished Legion of Honor
  • Mar 27th John McGraw says night baseball will not catch on
  • Mar 27th 90th Grand National: Bob Lyall aboard Grakle wins
  • Apr 1st Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
  • Apr 1st Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 2nd Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth & Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Apr 6th 1st Scottsboro (Ala) trial begins - 9 blacks accused of rape
  • Apr 6th 1st broadcast of "Little Orphan Annie" on NBC-radio
  • Apr 7th Seals Stadium opens in SF
  • Apr 8th "White Horse Inn" opens in London
  • Apr 8th Dmitri Shostakovitch's ballet "The Arrow" premieres
  • Apr 9th Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Mont Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period
  • Apr 12th Joe McCarthy debuts as NY Yankee manager
  • Apr 12th Spanish voters reject the monarchy
  • Apr 14th Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • Apr 14th Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 3 games to 2
  • Apr 15th 1st backwards walk across American begins
  • Apr 20th 35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Mass in 2:46:45.8
  • Apr 20th British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
  • Apr 22nd Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • Apr 26th Lou Gehrig hits a HR but is called out for passing a runner, mistake costs him AL home run crown; he & Babe Ruth tie for season
  • Apr 27th 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
  • Apr 28th Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track & field
  • Apr 29th Cleve Indian Wes Ferrell no-hits St Louis Browns, 9-0
  • May 1st Empire State Building opens in NYC
  • May 1st Norway claims Peter I Island
  • May 1st Singer Kate Smith begins her long-running radio program on CBS
  • May 4th Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
  • May 8th Operette "Land of Smiles" premieres in London
  • May 9th 56th Preakness: George Ellis aboard Mate wins in 1:59
  • May 10th Golf ball size hail falls in Burlington, NJ
  • May 11th Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails, beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
  • May 13th Paul Doumer elected president of France
  • May 14th Ådalen shootings: five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration.
  • May 15th Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno
  • May 16th 57th Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on Twenty Grand wins 2:01.8
  • May 19th Cruiser Deutschland launched in Kiel
  • May 21st Belgian government of Jaspar falls
  • May 22nd Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
  • May 23rd Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
  • May 24th 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
  • May 27th 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes, Langley Field Va
  • May 27th Piccard & Knipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon
  • May 30th Phillies Chuck Klein homers off Ben Cantwell (Braves) in both ends DH
  • May 30th Indianapolis 500: Louis Schneider wins in 5:10:27.948 (155.509 km/h)
  • May 31st 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
  • May 31st 36th Men's French Championships: Jean Borotra beats Christian Boussus (2-6, 6-4, 7-5, 6-4)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 31st 36th Women's French Championships: Cilly Aussem beats Betty Nuthall (8-6, 6-1)

Tennis Player Betty Nuthall
Tennis Player
Betty Nuthall
  • Jun 1st Rozenburg soccer team forms in Rozenburg
  • Jun 5th Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
  • Jun 5th 66th British Golf Open: Tommy Armour shoots a 296 at Carnoustie Golf Links
  • Jun 6th "There Ought To Be A Moonlight Saving Time" by Guy Lombardo hits #1
  • Jun 6th Yanks turn triple-play but lose 7-5 to Indians
  • Jun 8th Duke of Kent wed Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
  • Jun 8th Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 9th 1st rocket-powered aircraft design patented (Robert Goddard)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Jun 9th 1st showing of a Donald Duck cartoon
  • Jun 10th Norway occupies East Greenland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 12th Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition & perjury

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • Jun 13th 63rd Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Twenty Grand wins in 2:29.6
  • Jun 14th French "St Philbert" overturns off St Nazaire France, drowns 450
  • Jun 14th Reinhard Heydrich's 1st meeting with Himmler

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 15th Eddie Collins & Harry Heilmann retire from baseball

Baseball Legend Eddie Collins
Baseball Legend
Eddie Collins
  • Jun 15th Poland & USSR sign friendship & trade treaty
  • Jun 16th Austrian government of Ender falls
  • Jun 19th 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct
  • Jun 20th Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • Jun 22nd RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
  • Jun 23rd Wiley Post & Harold Catty took off for flight around world
  • Jun 24th USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • Jun 27th 3rd Ryder Cup: US wins, 9-3 at Scioto Country Club (Columbus, Ohio, US)
  • Jun 29th 109°F (43°C), Monticello, Florida (state record)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 29th Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno (We do not need fascism and Mussolini)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 1st Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
  • Jul 1st Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
  • Jul 1st Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs Chicago Cubs
  • Jul 1st Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)
  • Jul 3rd 51st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Sid Wood Jr beats F X Shields (walkover)
  • Jul 3rd Max Schmeling TKOs Young Stribling in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jul 3rd 44th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Cilly Aussem beats H Sperling (6-2 7-5)
  • Jul 4th 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • Jul 4th 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
  • Jul 6th 35th US Golf Open: Billy Burke shoots a 292 at Inverness Club Ohio
  • Jul 11th NY Giants beat Phillies 23-8
  • Jul 12th 45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game & 21 in 2nd game for 32
  • Jul 18th 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • Jul 21st Reno race track, becomes 1st in US to use daily double wagering
  • Jul 23rd Ashmore & Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • Jul 23rd France announces it can't afford to send a team to 1932 LA olympics
  • Jul 24th George Gunn gets 183 & son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 24th Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile (8:59.6)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • Jul 24th A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
  • Jul 26th 26th Davis Cup: France beats Great Britain in Paris (3-2)
  • Jul 26th 25th Tour de France won by Antonin Magne of France
  • Jul 27th Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • Jul 27th Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebr & SD destroyed thousands of acres of crops
  • Jul 28th White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 28th Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • Aug 2nd Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
  • Aug 5th Det Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • Aug 8th Wash Senator Bob Burke no-hits Boston Red Sox, 5-0
  • Aug 12th Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
  • Aug 13th Cin Red Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6
  • Aug 15th Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
  • Aug 15th Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as asst secretary
  • Aug 15th Spakenburg soccer team forms
  • Aug 18th Lou Gehrig hitless in Detroit, his 1,000th consecutively played game
  • Aug 19th Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Aug 20th 45th U.S. Women's National Championship: Helen Wills Moody beats Eileen Bennett Whittingstall (6-4, 6-1)

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Aug 21st Babe Ruth hits his 600th HR, off George Blaeholder of Browns

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Aug 23rd Count Gyula Károlyi becomes premier of Hungary
  • Aug 23rd Phila A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight
  • Aug 24th France & USSR sign neutrality/no attack treaty
  • Sep 1st Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days & his 6th HR in consec games
  • Sep 10th Lord Cecil of British government says War was never so improbable
  • Sep 10th 51st U.S. Men's National Championship: Ellsworth Vines beats George Lott (7-9, 6-3, 9-7, 7-5)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Sep 11th Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano's hitmen.

  • Sep 13th Capt G H Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
  • Sep 13th Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria
  • Sep 15th British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • Sep 15th Phila A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • Sep 16th Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
  • Sep 16th St Louis Cards repeat as NL champions with a 6-3 win over Phillies
  • Sep 17th 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • Sep 17th Operetta "Victoria & Her Husband" premieres in London
  • Sep 17th Red Sox Earl Webb sets record with 65 en route to 67 doubles
  • Sep 18th Japan takes Manchuria, renames it Manchukuo
  • Sep 18th To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese.
  • Sep 19th 14th PGA Championship: Tom Creavy at Wannamoisett CC Rumford RI
  • Sep 19th Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
  • Sep 19th Lefty Grove wins his 30th game of season over White Sox, 2-1
  • Sep 20th Lou Gehrig's 4 RBIs break his old RBI mark of 175 en route to 184
  • Sep 21st Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
  • Sep 22nd In New Zealand, the Coalition Government forms to combat the Depression (their lack of success led to the election of the First Labour Government in 1935)