Historical Events in 1931

Events 1 - 200 of 280

  • Jan 1st 17th Rose Bowl: Alabama beats Washington State, 24-0
  • Jan 3rd Nels Stewart of Montreal Maroons scores 2 goals in 4 sec (record)
  • Jan 5th 1st woman to purchase a baseball team Lucille Thomas purchases Topeka franchise in the Western League

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6th Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 7th Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast.
  • Jan 8th Philadelphia Quakers set then NHL record of 15 straight loses
  • Jan 10th Philadelphia Quakers defeat Montreal, ends NHL-record 15-game losing streak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16th Bradman scores 223 Australia v WI, 297 mins, 26 fours

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 22nd French government of Steeg falls
  • Jan 22nd VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam
  • Jan 22nd Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
  • Jan 26th Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • Jan 26th Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 26th "Cimarron" directed by Wesley Ruggles and starring Richard Dix and Irene Dunne premieres in New York. 1st western to win Best Outstanding Production/Picture (1931)
  • Jan 28th Bradman scores 220 NSW v Victoria, 308 mins, 13 fours

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30th Charlie Chaplin's "City Lights" premieres at Los Angeles Theater

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31st NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joe Malone scores a record 7 goals

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • Jan 31st Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 2nd 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students
  • Feb 2nd 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 3rd Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • Feb 3rd The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258
  • Feb 4th National League adopts a deader baseball
  • Feb 5th Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st US women to earn a glider pilot license
  • Feb 7th US opera "Peter Ibbetson" by Deems Taylor premieres at Met Opera NYC
  • Feb 8th Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000
  • Feb 10th New Delhi becomes capital of India
  • Feb 10th Richard Rodgers/Lorenz Harts premieres in NYC
  • Feb 12th Vatican Radio begins broadcasting with the callsign HVJ
  • Feb 14th Bradman scores 152 Aust v WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives
  • Feb 14th Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls

Film release premierFilm Release

Feb 14th The original "Dracula", starring Bela Lugosi as the titular vampire, is released

  • Feb 15th Spring training site of NY Yankees in St Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team's late manager
  • Feb 16th Extreme right wing Pehr Evind Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland
  • Feb 17th 1st telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball)
  • Feb 17th Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
  • Feb 20th Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
  • Feb 21st Alka Seltzer introduced
  • Feb 21st Chicago White Sox & NY Giants play 1st exhibition night game
  • Feb 28th Canadian Rugby Union adopts the forward pass
  • Feb 28th Oswald Mosley founds his New Party
  • Mar 3rd "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes US national anthem by congressional resolution
  • Mar 3rd Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)
  • Mar 4th Bradman bowled by Herman Griffith for a duck as W I win the Test
  • Mar 4th West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 5th Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 8th 24th Women's Australian Championships: Coral McInnes Buttsworth beats Marjorie Cox Crawford (1-6, 6-3, 6-4)
  • Mar 8th 24th Men's Australian Championships: Jack Crawford beats Harry Hopman (6-4, 6-2, 2-6, 6-1)
  • Mar 10th British Labour party removes fascist sir Oswald Mosley
  • Mar 11th Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • Mar 14th 1st theater built for rear movie projection (NYC)
  • Mar 16th Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Neth)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17th Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 18th 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)
  • Mar 18th Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
  • Mar 19th Nevada legalizes gambling
  • Mar 20th Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • Mar 21st KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
  • Mar 21st US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Mar 21st US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23rd Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Mar 25th Hal Kemp & his orchestra record Whistles, with Skinnay Ennis
  • Mar 25th Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama
  • Mar 26th Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • Mar 26th Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • Mar 26th New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
  • Mar 27th Charlie Chaplin receives France's distinguished Legion of Honor
  • Mar 27th John McGraw says night baseball will not catch on
  • Mar 27th 90th Grand National: Bob Lyall aboard Grakle wins
  • Apr 1st Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
  • Apr 1st Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2nd Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth & Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Apr 6th 1st Scottsboro (Ala) trial begins - 9 blacks accused of rape
  • Apr 6th 1st broadcast of "Little Orphan Annie" on NBC-radio
  • Apr 7th Seals Stadium opens in SF
  • Apr 8th "White Horse Inn" opens in London
  • Apr 8th Dmitri Shostakovitch's ballet "The Arrow" premieres
  • Apr 9th Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Mont Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period
  • Apr 12th Joe McCarthy debuts as NY Yankee manager
  • Apr 12th Spanish voters reject the monarchy
  • Apr 14th Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • Apr 14th Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 3 games to 2
  • Apr 15th 1st backwards walk across American begins
  • Apr 20th 35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Mass in 2:46:45.8
  • Apr 20th British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
  • Apr 22nd Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • Apr 26th Lou Gehrig hits a HR but is called out for passing a runner, mistake costs him AL home run crown; he & Babe Ruth tie for season
  • Apr 27th 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
  • Apr 28th Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track & field
  • Apr 29th Cleve Indian Wes Ferrell no-hits St Louis Browns, 9-0
  • May 1st Empire State Building opens in NewYork City
  • May 1st Norway claims Peter I Island
  • May 1st Singer Kate Smith begins her long-running radio program on CBS
  • May 4th Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
  • May 8th Operette "Land of Smiles" premieres in London
  • May 9th 56th Preakness: George Ellis aboard Mate wins in 1:59
  • May 10th Golf ball size hail falls in Burlington, NJ
  • May 11th Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails, beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
  • May 13th Paul Doumer elected president of France
  • May 14th Ådalen shootings: five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration.
  • May 15th Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno
  • May 16th 57th Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on Twenty Grand wins 2:01.8
  • May 19th Cruiser Deutschland launched in Kiel
  • May 21st Belgian government of Jaspar falls
  • May 22nd Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
  • May 23rd Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
  • May 24th 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
  • May 27th 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes, Langley Field Va
  • May 27th Piccard & Knipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon
  • May 30th Phillies Chuck Klein homers off Ben Cantwell (Braves) in both ends DH
  • May 30th Indianapolis 500: Louis Schneider wins in 5:10:27.948 (155.509 km/h)
  • May 31st 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
  • May 31st 36th Men's French Championships: Jean Borotra beats Christian Boussus (2-6, 6-4, 7-5, 6-4)

Sport awardTennis Open

May 31st 36th Women's French Championships: Cilly Aussem beats Betty Nuthall (8-6, 6-1)

Tennis Player Betty Nuthall
Tennis Player
Betty Nuthall
  • Jun 1st Rozenburg soccer team forms in Rozenburg
  • Jun 5th Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
  • Jun 5th 66th British Golf Open: Tommy Armour shoots a 296 at Carnoustie Golf Links
  • Jun 6th "There Ought To Be A Moonlight Saving Time" by Guy Lombardo hits #1
  • Jun 6th Yanks turn triple-play but lose 7-5 to Indians
  • Jun 8th Duke of Kent wed Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
  • Jun 8th Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9th 1st rocket-powered aircraft design patented (Robert Goddard)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Jun 9th 1st showing of a Donald Duck cartoon
  • Jun 10th Norway occupies East Greenland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12th Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition & perjury

Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone
  • Jun 13th 63rd Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Twenty Grand wins in 2:29.6
  • Jun 14th French "St Philbert" overturns off St Nazaire France, drowns 450
  • Jun 14th Reinhard Heydrich's 1st meeting with Himmler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15th Eddie Collins & Harry Heilmann retire from baseball

Baseball Legend Eddie Collins
Baseball Legend
Eddie Collins
  • Jun 15th Poland & USSR sign friendship & trade treaty
  • Jun 16th Austrian government of Ender falls
  • Jun 19th 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct
  • Jun 20th Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • Jun 22nd RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
  • Jun 23rd Wiley Post & Harold Catty took off for flight around world
  • Jun 24th USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • Jun 27th 3rd Ryder Cup: US wins, 9-3 at Scioto Country Club (Columbus, Ohio, US)
  • Jun 29th 109°F (43°C), Monticello, Florida (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29th Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno (We do not need fascism and Mussolini)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 1st Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
  • Jul 1st Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
  • Jul 1st Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs Chicago Cubs
  • Jul 1st Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)
  • Jul 3rd 51st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Sid Wood Jr beats F X Shields (walkover)
  • Jul 3rd Max Schmeling TKOs Young Stribling in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jul 3rd 44th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Cilly Aussem beats H Sperling (6-2 7-5)
  • Jul 4th 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • Jul 4th 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
  • Jul 6th 35th US Golf Open: Billy Burke shoots a 292 at Inverness Club Ohio
  • Jul 11th NY Giants beat Phillies 23-8
  • Jul 12th 45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game & 21 in 2nd game for 32
  • Jul 18th 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • Jul 21st Reno race track, becomes 1st in US to use daily double wagering
  • Jul 23rd Ashmore & Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • Jul 23rd France announces it can't afford to send a team to 1932 LA olympics
  • Jul 24th George Gunn gets 183 & son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Jul 24th Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile (8:59.6)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • Jul 24th A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
  • Jul 26th 26th Davis Cup: France beats Great Britain in Paris (3-2)
  • Jul 26th 25th Tour de France won by Antonin Magne of France
  • Jul 27th Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • Jul 27th Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebr & SD destroyed thousands of acres of crops
  • Jul 28th White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28th Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • Aug 2nd Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
  • Aug 5th Det Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • Aug 8th Wash Senator Bob Burke no-hits Boston Red Sox, 5-0
  • Aug 12th Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
  • Aug 13th Cincinnati Red Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6
  • Aug 15th Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
  • Aug 15th Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as asst secretary
  • Aug 15th Spakenburg soccer team forms
  • Aug 18th Lou Gehrig hitless in Detroit, his 1,000th consecutively played game
  • Aug 19th Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game

Sport awardTennis Open

Aug 20th 45th U.S. Women's National Championship: Helen Wills Moody beats Eileen Bennett Whittingstall (6-4, 6-1)

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 21st Babe Ruth hits his 600th HR, off George Blaeholder of Browns

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Aug 23rd Count Gyula Károlyi becomes premier of Hungary
  • Aug 23rd Philadelphia A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight
  • Aug 24th France & USSR sign neutrality/no attack treaty
  • Sep 1st Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days & his 6th HR in consecutive games
  • Sep 10th Lord Cecil of British government says War was never so improbable
  • Sep 10th 51st U.S. Men's National Championship: Ellsworth Vines beats George Lott (7-9, 6-3, 9-7, 7-5)

MurderMurder of Interest

Sep 11th Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano's hitmen.

  • Sep 13th Capt G H Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
  • Sep 13th Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria
  • Sep 15th British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • Sep 15th Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • Sep 16th Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
  • Sep 16th St Louis Cards repeat as NL champions with a 6-3 win over Phillies
  • Sep 17th 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • Sep 17th Operetta "Victoria & Her Husband" premieres in London
  • Sep 17th Red Sox Earl Webb sets record with 65 en route to 67 doubles
  • Sep 18th Japan takes Manchuria, renames it Manchukuo
  • Sep 18th To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese
  • Sep 19th 14th PGA Championship: Tom Creavy at Wannamoisett CC Rumford RI
  • Sep 19th Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
  • Sep 19th Lefty Grove wins his 30th game of season over White Sox, 2-1
  • Sep 20th Lou Gehrig's 4 RBIs break his old RBI mark of 175 en route to 184
  • Sep 21st Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
  • Sep 22nd Coalition Government forms in New Zealand to combat the Depression (their lack of success led to the election of the First Labour Government in 1935)