Historical Events in 1934

Events 1 - 200 of 340

  • Jan 1 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
  • Jan 1 Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
  • Jan 1 International Telecommunication Union established
  • Jan 1 Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
  • Jan 1 20th Rose Bowl: Columbia beats Stanford, 7-0
  • Jan 2 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Bradman scores 253 NSW v Queensland, 204 mins, 29 fours 4 sixes

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 4 1st Dutch talkie movie, Jan Teunissen's "Willem of Orange" premieres
  • Jan 5 Fenway Park catches fire for 2nd time (May 8th 1926 also)
  • Jan 5 National & American baseball leagues select a uniform ball
  • Jan 7 "Flash Gordon" comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts
  • Jan 8 Jaap Speyers "Bluejackets" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Jan 13 The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
  • Jan 15 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 Babe Ruth signs a 1934 contract for $35,000 ($17,000 cut)

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jan 15 While robbing the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, Dillinger is shot several times by officer William O'Malley, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest.
  • Jan 17 Carl Hubbell, NL MVP winner, gets $18,000 contract by the NY Giants
  • Jan 17 Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated
  • Jan 17 NY Giants reward MVP pitcher Carl Hubbell with $18,000 contract
  • Jan 18 Eugene O'Neill's "Days Without End" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 19 Kenesaw Mountain Landis denies Joe Jackson's appeal for reinstatement
  • Jan 20 Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria
  • Jan 22 Dmitri Shostakovitch's opera "Lady MacBeth" premieres in Leningrad
  • Jan 26 Bradman scores 128 NSW v Victoria, 96 mins, 17 fours 4 sixes
  • Jan 26 Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty
  • Jan 26 The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
  • Jan 27 French government of Chautemps falls (Stavisky Affair)
  • Jan 27 VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe
  • Jan 27 27th Women's Australian Championships: Joan Hartigan Bathurst beats Margaret Molesworth (6-1, 6-4)
  • Jan 27 27th Men's Australian Championships: Fred Perry beats Jack Crawford (6-3, 7-5, 6-1)
  • Jan 28 1st US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock, Vermont)
  • Jan 30 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC
  • Jan 30 Bert Ironmonger ends Sheffield Shield career age 51 yrs 298 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30 Hitler proclamation on German unified states

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 FDR devalues US dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 1 Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
  • Feb 2 Dutch RC Bishops warn against fascism/nazism
  • Feb 6 Reds purchase 43-year-old Dazzy Vance from the Cards for $7,500
  • Feb 6 Far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the French Third Republic, creating a political crisis in France.
  • Feb 7 1st contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Miss
  • Feb 8 Export-Import Bank organizes in Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 8 Gaston Doumergue forms new French government
  • Feb 9 -14.3°F (-25.7°C), coldest day in New York City
  • Feb 9 -51°F (-46°C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record)
  • Feb 9 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
  • Feb 10 1st Jewish immigrant ship to break the English blockade in Palestine
  • Feb 10 Byrd souvenir sheet issued, NYC; 1st unperforated ungummed US stamp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10 Howard Hanson's "Merry Mount" premieres in NYC

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10 Stalin ends 17th CPSU-congress, says "Life becomes merrier"

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Feb 10 Thomson/Gertrude Stein's opera premieres in NYC
  • Feb 12 Export-Import Bank incorporates
  • Feb 12 France hit by a general strike against fascists & royalists
  • Feb 12 The four-day February Uprising, sometimes called the Austrian Civil War, begins.
  • Feb 13 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • Feb 13 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
  • Feb 14 NHL Ace Bailey Benefit Game: Toronto beats All-Stars 7-3 in Toronto
  • Feb 16 Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.
  • Feb 16 Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
  • Feb 17 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
  • Feb 19 US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
  • Feb 20 Virgil Thomson's opera "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens in NYC
  • Feb 21 Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by National Guard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 22 "It Happened One Night" directed by Frank Capra and starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert opens at NY's Radio City Music Hall (Outstanding Production 1935)

Actor Clark Gable
Actor
Clark Gable
Film Director Frank Capra
Film Director
Frank Capra
  • Feb 23 Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
  • Feb 23 Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
  • Mar 1 Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
  • Mar 1 Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Mar 2 Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger
  • Mar 4 Easter Cross on Mt Davidson (SF) dedicated
  • Mar 5 Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Tx)
  • Mar 6 Sidney Howard & Paul de Kruif's "Yellowjacket" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 8 Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • Mar 10 Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history ends - 18 games with 15 wins, 3 ties
  • Mar 10 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Suzanne Davis
  • Mar 10 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • Mar 11 Netherlands beats Belgium 9-3, in soccer
  • Mar 12 Acting Pres Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia
  • Mar 12 Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
  • Mar 12 Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 15 US Information Service opens
  • Mar 16 Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act
  • Mar 16 6th Academy Awards: "Cavalcade", Charles Laughton & Katharine Hepburn wins

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 17 Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Mar 20 Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
  • Mar 20 Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Philadelphia A's in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers
  • Mar 21 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
  • Mar 21 Babe Didrikson pitches an inning in an A's-Dodgers exhibition game Walks 1, hits the next guy, 3rd guy hits into triple-play
  • Mar 22 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan (kills 1,500, injures 1,000)
  • Mar 23 US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
  • Mar 23 93rd Grand National: Gerry Wilson aboard Golden Miller wins
  • Mar 24 U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines independent after a period of 10 years
  • Mar 25 1st Masters Golf Tournament: Horton Smith wins, shooting a 284
  • Mar 26 Driving tests introduced in Britain
  • Mar 29 Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist workers' movement bankrupt
  • Mar 31 Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
  • Apr 1 Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers

MurderMurder of Interest

Apr 1 Clyde Barrow kills two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler, at the intersection of Route 114 near Grapevine, Texas. Bonnie Parker's role in the murders helps turn public perception against the gang for good

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
  • Apr 6 418 Lutheran ministers arrested in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 7 In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Apr 10 Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 3 games to 1
  • Apr 12 Second highest ever wind speed of 372 km/h (231 mph) recorded on Mt Washington
  • Apr 12 The US Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
  • Apr 13 4.7 million US families report receiving welfare payments
  • Apr 13 US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
  • Apr 17 New Fenway Park opens, Washington Senators beat Red Sox 6-5
  • Apr 18 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Tx)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 19 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19 Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, "Stand Up & Cheer"

Actress and Diplomat Shirley Temple
Actress and Diplomat
Shirley Temple
  • Apr 20 Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police
  • Apr 21 Moe Berg, Senators catcher, plays AL record 117th cons errorless game
  • Apr 28 FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act
  • Apr 28 Soccer team Blue White '34 forms
  • Apr 28 Spanish government of Samper forms
  • Apr 28 Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays
  • Apr 29 Pitts is last major league city to play a home game on a Sunday
  • Apr 30 Austria gets "Austrian facist" constitution
  • May 1 Austria signs pact with Vatican
  • May 1 Philippine legislature accepts US proposal for independence
  • May 1 Water state kingdom dismisses NSB-leader Anton Mussert
  • May 2 Nazi-Germany begins People's court
  • May 3 Bradman scores 206 Aust v Worcestershire, 210 mins, 27 fours
  • May 5 60th Kentucky Derby: Mack Garner aboard Cavalcade wins in 2:04
  • May 6 Red Sox score 12 runs in 4th inning including record 4 consecutive triples hit by Carl Reynolds, Moose Solters, Rick Ferrell, & B Walters
  • May 7 Princess Juliana of the Netherlands opens Juliana Canal between Maastricht and Maasbracht.
  • May 7 Part of Khabarovsk becomes a Jewish Autnomous Region
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley (Men in White)
  • May 7 World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines
  • May 9 Bradman out for a Cricket duck against Cambridge University!

Music release#1 in the Charts

May 12 "Cocktails For Two" by Duke Ellington hits #1

Jazz Musician and Composer Duke Ellington
Jazz Musician and Composer
Duke Ellington
  • May 12 59th Preakness: Robert Jones aboard High Quest wins in 1:58.2
  • May 13 Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies
  • May 15 US Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
  • May 15 Karlis Ulmanis names himself fascist dictator of Latvia
  • May 18 Academy Award 1st called Oscar in print (Sidney Skolsky)
  • May 18 Congress approves "Lindbergh Act" making kidnapping a capital offense
  • May 18 Jimmie Foxx hits 1st HR in Comiskey Park center field bleachers
  • May 18 TWA began commercial service
  • May 19 Military coup by Col Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
  • May 19 Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in "Sat Review of Lit" Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars
  • May 21 Oskaloosa, Iowa, becomes first US city to fingerprint its citizens
  • May 23 The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
  • May 24 Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia
  • May 25 Béla Bartòk's "Enchanted Deer" premieres
  • May 26 Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago
  • May 28 Bradman gets 160 Aust v Middlesex, 124 mins, 27 fours, 1x6, 1x5
  • May 28 Hobbs scores his 197th & last FC cricket ton at 51 years 163 days
  • May 28 Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
  • May 28 The Glyndebourne festival in Sussex, England, is inaugurated.
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Bill Cummings wins in 4:46:05.254 (168.761 km/h)
  • Jun 1 AFC '34 soccer team forms in Alkmaar
  • Jun 2 39th Men's French Championships: Gottfried von Cramm beats Jack Crawford (6-4, 7-9, 3-6, 7-5, 6-3)
  • Jun 2 39th Women's French Championships: Margaret Scriven beats Helen Jacobs (7-5, 4-6, 6-1)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 3 Dr Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, is knighted

  • Jun 5 1st formal meeting of Baker Street Irregulars (NYC)
  • Jun 6 Securities & Exchange Commission established
  • Jun 6 Yankee Myrl Hoag hits 6 singles in one game
  • Jun 9 1st Donald Duck cartoon, Wise Little Hen, released
  • Jun 9 38th US Golf Open: Olin Dutra shoots a 293 at Merion Cricket Club PA
  • Jun 9 66th Belmont: Wayne D Wright aboard Peace Chance wins in 2:29.2
  • Jun 10 FIFA World Cup: Italy beats Czechoslovakia 2-1 (OT) in footballs 2nd World Cup in Rome
  • Jun 10 USSR & Romania re-establish diplomatic relations
  • Jun 11 Disarmament conference in Geneva fails
  • Jun 12 Black-McKeller Bill passes causes Bill Boeing empire to break up into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] & United Air Lines
  • Jun 14 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna
  • Jun 14 Max Baer KO's Primo Carnera in 11 for HW box champ in Long Island City
  • Jun 14 WOQ-AM in KC Missouri goes off the air
  • Jun 15 Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated
  • Jun 18 US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • Jun 19 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created
  • Jun 22 John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One
  • Jun 25 Hedley Verity takes 15 wickets v Australia (7-61 & 8-43)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 NY Yankee Lou Gehrig hits for the cycle beating White Sox 11-2

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Jun 25 Yank pitcher John Broaca ties record by striking out 5 times
  • Jun 26 FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
  • Jun 26 Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 W.E.B. Du Bois resigns position at NAACP

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Jun 27 Federal Savings & Loan Association created
  • Jun 28 Hitler flies to Essen (Night of Long Knifes)
  • Jun 29 69th British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 283 at Royal St George's Golf Club
  • Jun 30 "Night of Long Knives" - Hitler stages a bloody purge of the Nazi party
  • Jun 30 French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
  • Jun 30 NFL's Portsmouth Spartans become Detroit Lions
  • Jul 1 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY
  • Jul 2 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
  • Jul 3 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria IL
  • Jul 4 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
  • Jul 4 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.
  • Jul 5 "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
  • Jul 6 47th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothy Little beats H Jacobs (6-2 5-7 6-3)
  • Jul 6 54th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Fred Perry beats J Crawford (6-3 6-0 7-5)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Elizabeth Ryan wins her 12th Wimbledon doubles championship

Tennis Player Elizabeth Ryan
Tennis Player
Elizabeth Ryan
  • Jul 9 SS-Reichsfuehrer Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps
  • Jul 10 1st sitting US president to visit South America, FDR in Colombia
  • Jul 10 2nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-7 at Polo Grounds, New York
  • Jul 10 Carl Hubbell strikes out Ruth, Gehrig & Foxx in All star game
  • Jul 11 FDR became 1st US president to travel through Panama Canal
  • Jul 12 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • Jul 12 Willy de Supervise swims world record 400m (5:16.0)