Historical Events in 1934

Events 1 - 200 of 340

  • Jan 1st Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
  • Jan 1st Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
  • Jan 1st International Telecommunication Union established
  • Jan 1st Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
  • Jan 1st 20th Rose Bowl: Columbia beats Stanford, 7-0
  • Jan 2nd 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2nd Bradman scores 253 NSW v Queensland, 204 mins, 29 fours 4 sixes

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 4th 1st Dutch talkie movie, Jan Teunissen's "Willem of Orange" premieres
  • Jan 5th Fenway Park catches fire for 2nd time (May 8th 1926 also)
  • Jan 5th National & American baseball leagues select a uniform ball
  • Jan 7th "Flash Gordon" comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts
  • Jan 8th Jaap Speyers "Bluejackets" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Jan 13th The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
  • Jan 15th 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15th Babe Ruth signs a 1934 contract for $35,000 ($17,000 cut)

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jan 15th While robbing the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, Dillinger is shot several times by officer William O'Malley, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest.
  • Jan 17th Carl Hubbell, NL MVP winner, gets $18,000 contract by the NY Giants
  • Jan 17th Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated
  • Jan 17th NY Giants reward MVP pitcher Carl Hubbell with $18,000 contract
  • Jan 18th Eugene O'Neill's "Days Without End" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 19th Kenesaw Mountain Landis denies Joe Jackson's appeal for reinstatement
  • Jan 20th Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria
  • Jan 22nd Dmitri Shostakovitch's opera "Lady MacBeth" premieres in Leningrad
  • Jan 26th Bradman scores 128 NSW v Victoria, 96 mins, 17 fours 4 sixes
  • Jan 26th Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty
  • Jan 26th The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
  • Jan 27th French government of Chautemps falls (Stavisky Affair)
  • Jan 27th VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe
  • Jan 27th 27th Women's Australian Championships: Joan Hartigan Bathurst beats Margaret Molesworth (6-1, 6-4)
  • Jan 27th 27th Men's Australian Championships: Fred Perry beats Jack Crawford (6-3, 7-5, 6-1)
  • Jan 28th 1st US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock, Vermont)
  • Jan 30th 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC
  • Jan 30th Bert Ironmonger ends Sheffield Shield career age 51 yrs 298 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30th Hitler proclamation on German unified states

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31st FDR devalues US dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 1st Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
  • Feb 2nd Dutch RC Bishops warn against fascism/nazism
  • Feb 6th Reds purchase 43-year-old Dazzy Vance from the Cards for $7,500
  • Feb 6th Far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the French Third Republic, creating a political crisis in France.
  • Feb 7th 1st contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Miss
  • Feb 8th Export-Import Bank organizes in Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 8th Gaston Doumergue forms new French government
  • Feb 9th -14.3°F (-25.7°C), coldest day in New York City
  • Feb 9th -51°F (-46°C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record)
  • Feb 9th Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
  • Feb 10th 1st Jewish immigrant ship to break the English blockade in Palestine
  • Feb 10th Byrd souvenir sheet issued, NYC; 1st unperforated ungummed US stamp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10th Howard Hanson's "Merry Mount" premieres in NYC

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10th Stalin ends 17th CPSU-congress, says "Life becomes merrier"

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Feb 10th Thomson/Gertrude Stein's opera premieres in NYC
  • Feb 12th Export-Import Bank incorporates
  • Feb 12th France hit by a general strike against fascists & royalists
  • Feb 12th The four-day February Uprising, sometimes called the Austrian Civil War, begins.
  • Feb 13th Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • Feb 13th The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
  • Feb 14th NHL Ace Bailey Benefit Game: Toronto beats All-Stars 7-3 in Toronto
  • Feb 16th Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.
  • Feb 16th Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
  • Feb 17th 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
  • Feb 19th US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
  • Feb 20th Virgil Thomson's opera "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens in NYC
  • Feb 21st Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by National Guard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 22nd "It Happened One Night" directed by Frank Capra and starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert opens at NY's Radio City Music Hall (Outstanding Production 1935)

Actor Clark Gable
Clark Gable
Film Director Frank Capra
Film Director
Frank Capra
  • Feb 23rd Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
  • Feb 23rd Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
  • Mar 1st Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
  • Mar 1st Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Mar 2nd Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3rd John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol

Gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger
  • Mar 4th Easter Cross on Mt Davidson (SF) dedicated
  • Mar 5th Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Tx)
  • Mar 6th Sidney Howard & Paul de Kruif's "Yellowjacket" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 8th Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Edwin Hubble
  • Mar 10th Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history ends - 18 games with 15 wins, 3 ties
  • Mar 10th US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Suzanne Davis
  • Mar 10th US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • Mar 11th Netherlands beats Belgium 9-3, in soccer
  • Mar 12th Acting Pres Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia
  • Mar 12th Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
  • Mar 12th Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 15th US Information Service opens
  • Mar 16th Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act
  • Mar 16th 6th Academy Awards: "Cavalcade", Charles Laughton & Katharine Hepburn wins

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 17th Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Mar 20th Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
  • Mar 20th Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Philadelphia A's in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers
  • Mar 21st Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
  • Mar 21st Babe Didrikson pitches an inning in an A's-Dodgers exhibition game Walks 1, hits the next guy, 3rd guy hits into triple-play
  • Mar 22nd Fire destroys Hakodate Japan (kills 1,500, injures 1,000)
  • Mar 23rd US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
  • Mar 23rd 93rd Grand National: Gerry Wilson aboard Golden Miller wins
  • Mar 24th U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines independent after a period of 10 years
  • Mar 25th 1st Masters Golf Tournament: Horton Smith wins, shooting a 284
  • Mar 26th Driving tests introduced in Britain
  • Mar 29th Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist workers' movement bankrupt
  • Mar 31st Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
  • Apr 1st Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers

MurderMurder of Interest

Apr 1st Clyde Barrow kills two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler, at the intersection of Route 114 and Dove Road near Grapevine, Texas. Bonnie Parker's role in the murders was greatly exaggerated, but helped turn public perception against the gang for good

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
  • Apr 6th 418 Lutheran ministers arrested in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 7th In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Apr 10th Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 3 games to 1
  • Apr 12th Second highest ever wind speed of 372 km/h (231 mph) recorded on Mt Washington
  • Apr 12th The US Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
  • Apr 13th 4.7 million US families report receiving welfare payments
  • Apr 13th US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
  • Apr 17th New Fenway Park opens, Washington Senators beat Red Sox 6-5
  • Apr 18th 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Tx)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18th Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 19th 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19th Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, "Stand Up & Cheer"

Actress and Diplomat Shirley Temple
Actress and Diplomat
Shirley Temple
  • Apr 20th Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police
  • Apr 21st Moe Berg, Senators catcher, plays AL record 117th cons errorless game
  • Apr 28th FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act
  • Apr 28th Soccer team Blue White '34 forms
  • Apr 28th Spanish government of Samper forms
  • Apr 28th Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays
  • Apr 29th Pitts is last major league city to play a home game on a Sunday
  • Apr 30th Austria gets "Austrian facist" constitution
  • May 1st Austria signs pact with Vatican
  • May 1st Philippine legislature accepts US proposal for independence
  • May 1st Water state kingdom dismisses NSB-leader Anton Mussert
  • May 2nd Nazi-Germany begins People's court
  • May 3rd Bradman scores 206 Aust v Worcestershire, 210 mins, 27 fours
  • May 5th 60th Kentucky Derby: Mack Garner aboard Cavalcade wins in 2:04
  • May 6th Red Sox score 12 runs in 4th inning including record 4 consecutive triples hit by Carl Reynolds, Moose Solters, Rick Ferrell, & B Walters
  • May 7th Princess Juliana of the Netherlands opens Juliana Canal between Maastricht and Maasbracht.
  • May 7th Part of Khabarovsk becomes a Jewish Autnomous Region
  • May 7th Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley (Men in White)
  • May 7th World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines
  • May 9th Bradman out for a Cricket duck against Cambridge University!

Music release#1 in the Charts

May 12th "Cocktails For Two" by Duke Ellington hits #1

Jazz Musician and Composer Duke Ellington
Jazz Musician and Composer
Duke Ellington
  • May 12th 59th Preakness: Robert Jones aboard High Quest wins in 1:58.2
  • May 13th Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies
  • May 15th US Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
  • May 15th Karlis Ulmanis names himself fascist dictator of Latvia
  • May 18th Academy Award 1st called Oscar in print (Sidney Skolsky)
  • May 18th Congress approves "Lindbergh Act" making kidnapping a capital offense
  • May 18th Jimmie Foxx hits 1st HR in Comiskey Park center field bleachers
  • May 18th TWA began commercial service
  • May 19th Military coup by Col Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
  • May 19th Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in "Sat Review of Lit" Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars
  • May 21st Oskaloosa, Iowa, becomes first US city to fingerprint its citizens
  • May 23rd The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
  • May 24th Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia
  • May 25th Béla Bartòk's "Enchanted Deer" premieres
  • May 26th Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago
  • May 28th Bradman gets 160 Aust v Middlesex, 124 mins, 27 fours, 1x6, 1x5
  • May 28th Hobbs scores his 197th & last FC cricket ton at 51 years 163 days
  • May 28th Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
  • May 28th The Glyndebourne festival in Sussex, England, is inaugurated.
  • May 30th Indianapolis 500: Bill Cummings wins in 4:46:05.254 (168.761 km/h)
  • Jun 1st AFC '34 soccer team forms in Alkmaar
  • Jun 2nd 39th Men's French Championships: Gottfried von Cramm beats Jack Crawford (6-4, 7-9, 3-6, 7-5, 6-3)
  • Jun 2nd 39th Women's French Championships: Margaret Scriven beats Helen Jacobs (7-5, 4-6, 6-1)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 3rd Dr Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, is knighted

  • Jun 5th 1st formal meeting of Baker Street Irregulars (NYC)
  • Jun 6th Securities & Exchange Commission established
  • Jun 6th Yankee Myrl Hoag hits 6 singles in one game
  • Jun 9th 1st Donald Duck cartoon, Wise Little Hen, released
  • Jun 9th 38th US Golf Open: Olin Dutra shoots a 293 at Merion Cricket Club PA
  • Jun 9th 66th Belmont: Wayne D Wright aboard Peace Chance wins in 2:29.2
  • Jun 10th FIFA World Cup: Italy beats Czechoslovakia 2-1 (OT) in footballs 2nd World Cup in Rome
  • Jun 10th USSR & Romania re-establish diplomatic relations
  • Jun 11th Disarmament conference in Geneva fails
  • Jun 12th Black-McKeller Bill passes causes Bill Boeing empire to break up into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] & United Air Lines
  • Jun 14th Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna
  • Jun 14th Max Baer KO's Primo Carnera in 11 for HW box champ in Long Island City
  • Jun 14th WOQ-AM in KC Missouri goes off the air
  • Jun 15th Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated
  • Jun 18th US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • Jun 19th Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created
  • Jun 22nd John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One
  • Jun 25th Hedley Verity takes 15 wickets v Australia (7-61 & 8-43)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25th NY Yankee Lou Gehrig hits for the cycle beating White Sox 11-2

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Jun 25th Yank pitcher John Broaca ties record by striking out 5 times
  • Jun 26th FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
  • Jun 26th Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26th W.E.B. Du Bois resigns position at NAACP

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Jun 27th Federal Savings & Loan Association created
  • Jun 28th Hitler flies to Essen (Night of Long Knifes)
  • Jun 29th 69th British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 283 at Royal St George's Golf Club
  • Jun 30th "Night of Long Knives" - Hitler stages a bloody purge of the Nazi party
  • Jun 30th French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
  • Jun 30th NFL's Portsmouth Spartans become Detroit Lions
  • Jul 1st 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY
  • Jul 2nd General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
  • Jul 3rd FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria IL
  • Jul 4th Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
  • Jul 4th Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.
  • Jul 5th "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
  • Jul 6th 47th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothy Little beats H Jacobs (6-2 5-7 6-3)
  • Jul 6th 54th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Fred Perry beats J Crawford (6-3 6-0 7-5)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7th Elizabeth Ryan wins her 12th Wimbledon doubles championship

Tennis Player Elizabeth Ryan
Tennis Player
Elizabeth Ryan
  • Jul 9th SS-Reichsfuehrer Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps
  • Jul 10th 1st sitting US president to visit South America, FDR in Colombia
  • Jul 10th 2nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-7 at Polo Grounds, New York
  • Jul 10th Carl Hubbell strikes out Ruth, Gehrig & Foxx in All star game
  • Jul 11th FDR became 1st US president to travel through Panama Canal
  • Jul 12th US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • Jul 12th Willy de Supervise swims world record 400m (5:16.0)