Historical Events for Year 1934

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Months in Year 1934: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 150 of 341

Jan 1st - Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
Jan 1st - Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
Jan 1st - International Telecommunication Union established
Jan 1st - Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
Jan 1st - 20th Rose Bowl: Columbia beats Stanford, 7-0
Jan 2nd - 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania
Jan 2nd - Bradman scores 253 NSW v Queensland, 204 mins, 29 fours 4 sixes
Jan 4th - 1st Dutch talkie movie, Jan Teunissen's "Willem of Orange," premieres
Jan 5th - Fenway Park catches fire for 2nd time (May 8th 1926 also)
Jan 5th - National & American baseball leagues select a uniform ball
Jan 7th - "Flash Gordon" comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts
Jan 8th - Jaap Speyers "Bluejackets" premieres in Amsterdam
Jan 13th - The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
Jan 15th - 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die
Jan 15th - Babe Ruth signs a 1934 contract for $35,000 ($17,000 cut)
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth Jan 15th - While robbing the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, Dillinger is shot several times by officer William O'Malley, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest.
Jan 17th - Carl Hubbell, NL MVP winner, gets $18,000 contract by the NY Giants
Jan 17th - Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated
Jan 17th - NY Giants reward MVP pitcher Carl Hubbell with $18,000 contract
Jan 18th - Eugene O'Neill's "Days Without End," premieres in NYC
Jan 19th - Kenesaw Mountain Landis denies Joe Jackson's appeal for reinstatement
Jan 20th - Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria
Jan 22nd - Dmitri Shostakovitch's opera "Lady MacBeth" premieres in Leningrad
Jan 26th - Bradman scores 128 NSW v Victoria, 96 mins, 17 fours 4 sixes
Jan 26th - Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman Jan 26th - The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
Jan 27th - French government of Chautemps falls (Stavisky Affair)
Jan 27th - VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe
Jan 27th - 27th Women's Australian Championships: Joan Hartigan Bathurst beats Margaret Molesworth (6-1, 6-4)
Jan 27th - 27th Men's Australian Championships: Fred Perry beats Jack Crawford (6-3, 7-5, 6-1)
Jan 28th - 1st US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock, Vermont)
Jan 30th - 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC
Jan 30th - Bert Ironmonger ends Sheffield Shield career age 51 yrs 298 days
Jan 30th - Hitler proclamation on German unified states
Jan 31st - FDR devalues US dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce
Feb 1st - Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
Feb 2nd - Dutch RC Bishops warn against fascism/nazism
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt Feb 6th - Reds purchase 43-year-old Dazzy Vance from the Cards for $7,500
Feb 6th - Far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the French Third Republic, creating a political crisis in France.
Feb 7th - 1st contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Miss
Feb 8th - Export-Import Bank organizes in Washington, D.C.
Feb 8th - Gaston Doumergue forms new French government
Feb 9th - -14.3°F (-25.7°C), coldest day in New York City
Feb 9th - -51°F (-46°C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record)
Feb 9th - Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
Feb 10th - 1st Jewish immigrant ship to break the English blockade in Palestine
Feb 10th - Byrd souvenir sheet issued, NYC; 1st unperforated ungummed US stamp
Feb 10th - Howard Hanson's "Merry Mount" premieres in NYC
Feb 10th - Stalin ends 17th CPSU-congress, says "Life becomes merrier"
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin Feb 10th - Thomson/Gertrude Stein's opera premieres in NYC
Feb 12th - Export-Import Bank incorporates
Feb 12th - France hit by a general strike against fascists & royalists
Feb 12th - The four-day February Uprising, sometimes called the Austrian Civil War, begins.
Feb 13th - Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
Feb 13th - The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
Feb 14th - NHL Ace Bailey Benefit Game: Toronto beats All-Stars 7-3 in Toronto
Feb 16th - Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.
Feb 16th - Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
Feb 17th - 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
Feb 19th - US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
Feb 20th - Virgil Thomson's opera "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens in NYC
Feb 21st - Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by Natl Guard
Actor Clark GableActor Clark Gable Feb 22nd - "It Happened One Night" directed by Frank Capra and starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert opens at NY's Radio City Music Hall (Outstanding Production 1935)
Feb 23rd - Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
Feb 23rd - Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
Mar 1st - Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
Mar 1st - Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
Mar 2nd - Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha
Mar 3rd - John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol
Mar 4th - Easter Cross on Mt Davidson (SF) dedicated
Mar 5th - Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Tx)
Mar 6th - Sidney Howard & Paul de Kruif's "Yellowjacket" premieres in NYC
Mar 8th - Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars
Astronomer Edwin HubbleAstronomer Edwin Hubble Mar 10th - Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (18 games)
Mar 10th - US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Suzanne Davis
Mar 10th - US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
Mar 11th - Netherlands beats Belgium 9-3, in soccer
Mar 12th - Acting Pres Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia
Mar 12th - Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
Mar 12th - Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
Mar 15th - US Information Service opens
Mar 16th - Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act
Mar 16th - 6th Academy Awards - "Cavalcade", Charles Laughton & Katharine Hepburn wins
Mar 17th - Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)
Mar 20th - Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini Mar 20th - Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Phila A's in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers
Mar 21st - Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
Mar 21st - Babe Didrikson pitches an inning in an A's-Dodgers exhibition game Walks 1, hits the next guy, 3rd guy hits into triple-play
Mar 22nd - Fire destroys Hakodate Japan (kills 1,500, injures 1,000)
Mar 23rd - US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
Mar 23rd - 93rd Grand National: Gerry Wilson aboard Golden Miller wins
Mar 24th - U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines independent after a period of 10 years
Mar 25th - 1st Masters Golf Tournament: Horton Smith wins, shooting a 284
Mar 26th - Driving tests introduced in Britain
Mar 29th - Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist workers' movement bankrupt
Mar 31st - Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
Apr 1st - Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers
Bank Robber Clyde BarrowBank Robber Clyde Barrow Apr 1st - Clyde Barrow kills two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler, at the intersection of Route 114 and Dove Road near Grapevine, Texas. Bonnie Parker's role in the murders was greatly exaggerated, but helped turn public perception against the gang for good
Apr 6th - 418 Lutheran ministers arrested in Germany
Apr 7th - In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience
Apr 10th - Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 3 games to 1
Apr 12th - Second highest ever wind spped of 372 km/h (231 mph) recorded on Mt Washington
Apr 12th - The US Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
Apr 13th - 4.7 million US families report receiving welfare payments
Apr 13th - US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi Apr 17th - New Fenway Park opens, Washington Senators beat Red Sox 6-5
Apr 18th - 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Tx)
Apr 18th - Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament
Apr 19th - 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8
Apr 19th - Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, "Stand Up & Cheer"
Apr 20th - Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police
Apr 21st - Moe Berg, Senators catcher, plays AL record 117th cons errorless game
Apr 28th - FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act
Apr 28th - Soccer team Blue White '34 forms
Apr 28th - Spanish government of Samper forms
Apr 28th - Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays
Apr 29th - Pitts is last major league city to play a home game on a Sunday
Apr 30th - Austria gets "Austrian facist" constitution
Actress and Diplomat Shirley TempleActress and Diplomat Shirley Temple May 1st - Austria signs pact with Vatican
May 1st - Philippine legislature accepts US proposal for independence
May 1st - Water state kingdom dismisses NSB-leader Anton Mussert
May 2nd - Nazi-Germany begins People's court
May 3rd - Bradman scores 206 Aust v Worcestershire, 210 mins, 27 fours
May 5th - 60th Kentucky Derby: Mack Garner aboard Cavalcade wins in 2:04
May 6th - Red Sox score 12 runs in 4th inning including record 4 consecutive triples hit by Carl Reynolds, Moose Solters, Rick Ferrell, & B Walters
May 7th - Princess Juliana of the Netherlands opens Juliana Canal between Maastricht and Maasbracht.
May 7th - Part of Khabarovsk becomes a Jewish Autnomous Region
May 7th - Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley (Men in White)
May 7th - World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines
May 9th - Bradman out for a Cricket duck against Cambridge University!
Jazz-orchestra leader, Composer, Pianist Duke EllingtonJazz-orchestra leader, Composer, Pianist Duke Ellington May 12th - "Cocktails For Two" by Duke Ellington hits #1
May 12th - 59th Preakness: Robert Jones aboard High Quest wins in 1:58.2
May 13th - Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies
May 15th - US Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
May 15th - Karlis Ulmanis names himself fascist dictator of Latvia
May 18th - Academy Award 1st called Oscar in print (Sidney Skolsky)
May 18th - Congress approves "Lindbergh Act" making kidnapping a capital offense
May 18th - Jimmie Foxx hits 1st HR in Comiskey Park center field bleachers
May 18th - TWA began commercial service
May 19th - Military coup by Col Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
May 19th - Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in "Sat Review of Lit" Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars
May 21st - Oskaloosa, Iowa, becomes first US city to fingerprint its citizens
May 23rd - The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
May 24th - Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia
May 25th - Béla Bartòk's "Enchanted Deer" premieres
May 26th - Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago
May 28th - Bradman gets 160 Aust v Middlesex, 124 mins, 27 fours, 1x6, 1x5
May 28th - Hobbs scores his 197th & last FC cricket ton at 51 years 163 days
May 28th - Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
May 28th - The Glyndebourne festival in Sussex, England, is inaugurated.

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