Historical Events in 1937

Events 1 - 200 of 283

  • Jan 1st Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua
  • Jan 1st Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
  • Jan 1st US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
  • Jan 1st Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
  • Jan 1st 23rd Rose Bowl: #3 Pittsburgh beats #5 Washington, 21-0
  • Jan 1st 3rd Sugar Bowl: Santa Clara beats LSU, 21-14
  • Jan 1st 3rd Orange Bowl: #14 Duquesne beats Mississippi State, 13-12

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5th Fingleton & Bradman make record stand of 346 for 6th wkt

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 5th Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session in Nebraska
  • Jan 6th Bradman scores 270 Aust v England at the MCG, incl 110 singles
  • Jan 8th -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
  • Jan 9th Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians
  • Jan 9th Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 12th Plow for laying submarine cable patented
  • Jan 15th Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw

Hall of fameHall of Fame

Jan 19th Cy Young, Tris Speaker & Nap Lajorie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • Jan 19th Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h28m25s)
  • Jan 20th -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
  • Jan 20th 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23rd Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 25th 1st broadcast of "Guiding Light" on NBC radio
  • Jan 25th Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
  • Jan 30th 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death
  • Jan 30th 30th Women's Australian Championships: Nancye Wynne beats Emily Hood Westacott (6-3, 5-7, 6-4)
  • Jan 30th 30th Men's Australian Championships: Vivian McGrath beats John Bromwich (6-3, 1-6, 6-0, 2-6, 6-1)
  • Feb 1st Stapleton, Staten Island, becomes a customs-free port
  • Feb 3rd Don Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th cricket test v England
  • Feb 4th Jim Margie, Philadelphia, bowls 900 in 3 (unsanctioned) games

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5th 1st Charlie Chaplin talkie, "Modern Times," released

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5th FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, "court packing" plan failed

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 6th K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-US female lawyer
  • Feb 8th Maxwell Anderson's "Masque of Kings" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 10th Ragnhild Hveger swims world free style record 400m (5:14.2)
  • Feb 11th 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends
  • Feb 12th Cleveland (now Los Angeles) Rams granted an NFL franchise
  • Feb 13th "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
  • Feb 13th Bradman scores 123 SA v Queensland, 165 mins, 10-4s 1-6 in cricket
  • Feb 13th Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship
  • Feb 13th NFL Boston Redskins move to Wash DC
  • Feb 13th US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Feb 16th DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
  • Feb 16th Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 20th 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
  • Feb 21st Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile.
  • Feb 21st The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Feb 24th 1st US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Wash, DC
  • Feb 26th Christopher Isherwood and W. H. Auden's "Ascent of F6" premieres in London
  • Feb 27th Bradman scores 169 in 5th Test Cricket v England in 223 minutes
  • Mar 1st 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • Mar 1st Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • Mar 1st US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • Mar 2nd Mexico nationalizes oil
  • Mar 3rd Australia snatches series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
  • Mar 4th 9th Academy Awards: "The Great Ziegfeld", Paul Muni & Luise Rainer wins
  • Mar 7th Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
  • Mar 14th Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio
  • Mar 14th Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
  • Mar 15th 1st blood bank forms (Chicago IL)
  • Mar 15th 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)
  • Mar 16th All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors & sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
  • Mar 18th Gas explosion in school in New London, Texas: 294 die
  • Mar 18th The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
  • Mar 19th Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
  • Mar 19th Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays
  • Mar 19th 96th Grand National: Evan Williams aboard Royal Mail wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20th Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Mar 21st Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
  • Mar 23rd LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
  • Mar 24th Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
  • Mar 24th National Gallery of Art established by Congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25th It is revealed Quaker Oats pays Babe Ruth $25,000 per year for ads

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Mar 25th Italy & Yugoslavia sign non-aggression treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
  • Mar 25th Lionel Conacher misses on 1st Stanley Cup penalty shot
  • Mar 25th Wash Daily News is 1st US newspaper with perfumed advertising page

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26th Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice & replace his 40 with 36 oz bat

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • Mar 26th Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye
  • Mar 26th William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
  • Mar 27th Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
  • Apr 1st Aden becomes a British crown colony

Sport awardGolf Major

Apr 4th 4th Masters Golf Tournament: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283

Golfer Byron Nelson
Byron Nelson
  • Apr 12th Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England.
  • Apr 15th Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat NY Rangers, 3 games to 2
  • Apr 17th Debut of cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig
  • Apr 19th 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
  • Apr 22nd NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike
  • Apr 26th German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • Apr 27th 1st US social security payment made
  • Apr 28th 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)
  • Apr 28th 1st commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am
  • Apr 30th The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
  • May 1st FDR signs act of neutrality

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3rd Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"

CommunicationHindenburg Disaster

May 6th German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ (36 die)

  • May 8th 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2
  • May 9th Reds beat Phillies 21-10 (Ernie Lombardi goes 6 for 6)
  • May 10th Busmen strike in London
  • May 12th St Louis Cards beat Philadelphia Phillies, 15-3
  • May 12th Coronation of King George VI of Great Britain (and his other realms and territories beyond the sea) at Westminster Abbey.
  • May 15th 62nd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4
  • May 17th Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
  • May 19th John Murray/Allen Boretz's "Room Service" premieres in NYC
  • May 25th 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to NY
  • May 26th Dutch Rail NV at law forms
  • May 26th San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge opens
  • May 27th Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
  • May 27th Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
  • May 28th Golden Gate Bridge in SF opens to vehicular traffic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28th Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain

Sport awardGolf Major

May 30th 20th PGA Championship: Denny Shute at Pittsburgh FC Aspinwall PA

Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner Denny Shute
Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner
Denny Shute
  • May 30th Memorial Day Massacre - Chicago police shoot on union marchers, 10 die
  • May 30th Pitcher Carl Hubbell's 24th consecutive victory
  • May 30th Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago
  • May 30th 61,756, 2nd-largest crowd in Polo Grounds history, sees Dodgers ends Carl Hubbell's consecutive-game winning streak at 24
  • May 30th 42nd Men's French Championships: Henner Henkel beats Bunny Austin (6-1, 6-4, 6-3)
  • May 30th 42nd Women's French Championships: Hilde Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu (6-2, 6-4)
  • May 31st 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
  • May 31st Brooklyn Dodgers snap NY Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak
  • May 31st German battleships bombard Almeria, Spain
  • May 31st Indianapolis 500: Wilbur Shaw wins in 4:24:07.861 (182.789 km/h)
  • Jun 1st Chicago White Sox Bill Dietrich no-hits St Louis Browns, 8-0
  • Jun 1st Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
  • Jun 3rd Josh Gibson HR's just 2 feet below rim of Yankee Stadium (580' drive)
  • Jun 4th Leon Blum becomes premier of People's front government of France
  • Jun 5th 69th Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 2:28.6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5th Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jun 6th Phillies trailing 8-2 to St Louis, forfeit game
  • Jun 8th World's largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
  • Jun 11th Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" released
  • Jun 12th 41st US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills Mich
  • Jun 12th USSR executes 8 army leaders as Stalin's purge continues

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jun 13th Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs against St Louis Browns

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • Jun 13th Stalin executes Russian officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna & Uberevitch
  • Jun 16th Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in LA
  • Jun 17th Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in NY
  • Jun 19th Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
  • Jun 21st French People's front government-Blum falls

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jun 22nd Joe Louis KOs James J Braddock in 18 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Jun 25th Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit HRs in a game
  • Jun 26th Test cricket debut of Len Hutton v NZ at Lord's, scores 0 & 1
  • Jul 1st Britain begins using 999 emergency phone number
  • Jul 1st Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
  • Jul 1st Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists
  • Jul 2nd 57th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (6-3 6-4 6-2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2nd Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean

Aviation Pioneer Amelia Earhart
Aviation Pioneer
Amelia Earhart
  • Jul 2nd 50th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothy Little beats J Jędrzejowska (6-2 2-6 7-5)
  • Jul 5th 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
  • Jul 5th Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game & 2 in 2nd game
  • Jul 5th Joe DiMaggio's 1st grand slammer
  • Jul 5th Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • Jul 5th Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
  • Jul 7th 5th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 8-3 at Griffith Stadium, Wash
  • Jul 7th Japanese & Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War
  • Jul 9th 72nd British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 290 at Carnoustie Golf Links
  • Jul 10th Dutch Django Reinhardts "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"
  • Jul 12th -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
  • Jul 15th Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • Jul 15th Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • Jul 19th Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • Jul 19th Joris Ivens' "Spanish Earth" premieres in Hollywood
  • Jul 22nd Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections
  • Jul 22nd US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court
  • Jul 23rd Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • Jul 24th Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • Jul 25th 31st Tour de France won by Roger Lapebie of France
  • Jul 26th End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 27th 32nd Davis Cup: USA beats Great Britain in Wimbledon (4-1)
  • Jul 28th Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • Jul 28th Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • Jul 29th Japanese troops occupies Peking & Tientsin
  • Jul 29th Tongzhou Incident: East Hopei Army mutinies against Japanese troops and civilians
  • Jul 30th Phillies Dolph Camilli, plays 1st base & registers no put outs
  • Jul 31st Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
  • Aug 2nd Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal
  • Aug 5th Ranger (US) beats Endeavour II (England) in 17th America's Cup
  • Aug 6th Franco's artillery fires on Madrid
  • Aug 6th Indians overturn Yankees' 7-6 win by a protest
  • Aug 6th US & USSR sign trade treaty
  • Aug 8th Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
  • Aug 10th 5th Venice Film Festival opens
  • Aug 11th "The Life of Emile Zola" directed by William Dieterle and starring Paul Muni premieres in New York (Best Picture 1938)
  • Aug 13th Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
  • Aug 14th China declares war on Japan
  • Aug 14th Detroit Tigers score 36 runs in double header vs St Louis Browns
  • Aug 18th 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
  • Aug 24th Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • Aug 24th In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • Aug 25th Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
  • Aug 26th Franco's troops conquer Santander
  • Aug 26th Pumping to build Treasure Island in SF Bay is finished
  • Aug 27th Brooklyn Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
  • Aug 27th George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
  • Aug 28th Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • Aug 29th Philadelphia A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • Aug 30th Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Aug 31st Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
  • Sep 1st 4th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 6, Green Bay 0 (84,560)
  • Sep 1st Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
  • Sep 2nd US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
  • Sep 4th Doris Kopsky, becomes 1st NABA woman cycling champion (4:22.4)
  • Sep 5th Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.