Historical Events in 1937

Events 1 - 200 of 283

  • Jan 1 Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua
  • Jan 1 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
  • Jan 1 US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
  • Jan 1 Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
  • Jan 1 23rd Rose Bowl: #3 Pittsburgh beats #5 Washington, 21-0
  • Jan 1 3rd Sugar Bowl: Santa Clara beats LSU, 21-14
  • Jan 1 3rd Orange Bowl: #14 Duquesne beats Mississippi State, 13-12

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 Fingleton & Bradman make record stand of 346 for 6th wkt

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 5 Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session in Nebraska
  • Jan 6 Bradman scores 270 Aust v England at the MCG, incl 110 singles
  • Jan 8 -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
  • Jan 9 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians
  • Jan 9 Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 12 Plow for laying submarine cable patented
  • Jan 15 Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw

Hall of fameHall of Fame

Jan 19 Cy Young, Tris Speaker & Nap Lajorie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • Jan 19 Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h28m25s)
  • Jan 20 -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
  • Jan 20 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 25 1st broadcast of "Guiding Light" on NBC radio
  • Jan 25 Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
  • Jan 30 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death
  • Jan 30 30th Women's Australian Championships: Nancye Wynne beats Emily Hood Westacott (6-3, 5-7, 6-4)
  • Jan 30 30th Men's Australian Championships: Vivian McGrath beats John Bromwich (6-3, 1-6, 6-0, 2-6, 6-1)
  • Feb 1 Stapleton, Staten Island, becomes a customs-free port
  • Feb 3 Don Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th cricket test v England
  • Feb 4 Jim Margie, Philadelphia, bowls 900 in 3 (unsanctioned) games

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5 1st Charlie Chaplin talkie, "Modern Times," released

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5 FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, "court packing" plan failed

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 6 K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-US female lawyer
  • Feb 8 Maxwell Anderson's "Masque of Kings" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 10 Ragnhild Hveger swims world free style record 400m (5:14.2)
  • Feb 11 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends
  • Feb 12 Cleveland (now Los Angeles) Rams granted an NFL franchise
  • Feb 13 "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
  • Feb 13 Bradman scores 123 SA v Queensland, 165 mins, 10-4s 1-6 in cricket
  • Feb 13 Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship
  • Feb 13 NFL Boston Redskins move to Wash DC
  • Feb 13 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Feb 16 DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
  • Feb 16 Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 20 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
  • Feb 21 Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile.
  • Feb 21 The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Feb 24 1st US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Wash, DC
  • Feb 26 Christopher Isherwood and W. H. Auden's "Ascent of F6" premieres in London
  • Feb 27 Bradman scores 169 in 5th Test Cricket v England in 223 minutes
  • Mar 1 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • Mar 1 Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • Mar 1 US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • Mar 2 Mexico nationalizes oil
  • Mar 3 Australia snatches series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
  • Mar 4 9th Academy Awards: "The Great Ziegfeld", Paul Muni & Luise Rainer wins
  • Mar 7 Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
  • Mar 14 Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio
  • Mar 14 Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
  • Mar 15 1st blood bank forms (Chicago IL)
  • Mar 15 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)
  • Mar 16 All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors & sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
  • Mar 18 Gas explosion in school in New London, Texas: 294 die
  • Mar 18 The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
  • Mar 19 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
  • Mar 19 Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays
  • Mar 19 96th Grand National: Evan Williams aboard Royal Mail wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Mar 21 Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
  • Mar 23 LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
  • Mar 24 Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
  • Mar 24 National Gallery of Art established by Congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 It is revealed Quaker Oats pays Babe Ruth $25,000 per year for ads

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Mar 25 Italy & Yugoslavia sign non-aggression treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
  • Mar 25 Lionel Conacher misses on 1st Stanley Cup penalty shot
  • Mar 25 Wash Daily News is 1st US newspaper with perfumed advertising page

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice & replace his 40 with 36 oz bat

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • Mar 26 Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye
  • Mar 26 William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
  • Mar 27 Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
  • Apr 1 Aden becomes a British crown colony

Sport awardGolf Major

Apr 4 4th Masters Golf Tournament: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283

Golfer Byron Nelson
Byron Nelson
  • Apr 12 Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England.
  • Apr 15 Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat NY Rangers, 3 games to 2
  • Apr 17 Debut of cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig
  • Apr 19 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
  • Apr 22 NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike
  • Apr 26 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • Apr 27 1st US social security payment made
  • Apr 28 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)
  • Apr 28 1st commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am
  • Apr 30 The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
  • May 1 FDR signs act of neutrality

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"

CommunicationHindenburg Disaster

May 6 German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ (36 die)

  • May 8 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2
  • May 9 Reds beat Phillies 21-10 (Ernie Lombardi goes 6 for 6)
  • May 10 Busmen strike in London
  • May 12 St Louis Cards beat Philadelphia Phillies, 15-3
  • May 12 Coronation of King George VI of Great Britain (and his other realms and territories beyond the sea) at Westminster Abbey.
  • May 15 62nd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4
  • May 17 Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
  • May 19 John Murray/Allen Boretz's "Room Service" premieres in NYC
  • May 25 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to NY
  • May 26 Dutch Rail NV at law forms
  • May 26 San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge opens
  • May 27 Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
  • May 27 Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
  • May 28 Golden Gate Bridge in SF opens to vehicular traffic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28 Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain

Sport awardGolf Major

May 30 20th PGA Championship: Denny Shute at Pittsburgh FC Aspinwall PA

Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner Denny Shute
Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner
Denny Shute
  • May 30 Memorial Day Massacre - Chicago police shoot on union marchers, 10 die
  • May 30 Pitcher Carl Hubbell's 24th consecutive victory
  • May 30 Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago
  • May 30 61,756, 2nd-largest crowd in Polo Grounds history, sees Dodgers ends Carl Hubbell's consecutive-game winning streak at 24
  • May 30 42nd Men's French Championships: Henner Henkel beats Bunny Austin (6-1, 6-4, 6-3)
  • May 30 42nd Women's French Championships: Hilde Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu (6-2, 6-4)
  • May 31 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
  • May 31 Brooklyn Dodgers snap NY Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak
  • May 31 German battleships bombard Almeria, Spain
  • May 31 Indianapolis 500: Wilbur Shaw wins in 4:24:07.861 (182.789 km/h)
  • Jun 1 Chicago White Sox Bill Dietrich no-hits St Louis Browns, 8-0
  • Jun 1 Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
  • Jun 3 Josh Gibson HR's just 2 feet below rim of Yankee Stadium (580' drive)
  • Jun 4 Leon Blum becomes premier of People's front government of France
  • Jun 5 69th Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 2:28.6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jun 6 Phillies trailing 8-2 to St Louis, forfeit game
  • Jun 8 World's largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
  • Jun 11 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" released
  • Jun 12 41st US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills Mich
  • Jun 12 USSR executes 8 army leaders as Stalin's purge continues

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jun 13 Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs against St Louis Browns

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • Jun 13 Stalin executes Russian officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna & Uberevitch
  • Jun 16 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in LA
  • Jun 17 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in NY
  • Jun 19 Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
  • Jun 21 French People's front government-Blum falls

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jun 22 Joe Louis KOs James J Braddock in 18 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Jun 25 Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit HRs in a game
  • Jun 26 Test cricket debut of Len Hutton v NZ at Lord's, scores 0 & 1
  • Jul 1 Britain begins using 999 emergency phone number
  • Jul 1 Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
  • Jul 1 Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists
  • Jul 2 57th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (6-3 6-4 6-2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean

Aviation Pioneer Amelia Earhart
Aviation Pioneer
Amelia Earhart
  • Jul 2 50th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothy Little beats J Jędrzejowska (6-2 2-6 7-5)
  • Jul 5 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
  • Jul 5 Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game & 2 in 2nd game
  • Jul 5 Joe DiMaggio's 1st grand slammer
  • Jul 5 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • Jul 5 Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
  • Jul 7 5th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 8-3 at Griffith Stadium, Wash
  • Jul 7 Japanese & Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War
  • Jul 9 72nd British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 290 at Carnoustie Golf Links
  • Jul 10 Dutch Django Reinhardts "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"
  • Jul 12 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
  • Jul 15 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • Jul 15 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • Jul 19 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • Jul 19 Joris Ivens' "Spanish Earth" premieres in Hollywood
  • Jul 22 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections
  • Jul 22 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court
  • Jul 23 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • Jul 24 Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • Jul 25 31st Tour de France won by Roger Lapebie of France
  • Jul 26 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 27 32nd Davis Cup: USA beats Great Britain in Wimbledon (4-1)
  • Jul 28 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • Jul 28 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • Jul 29 Japanese troops occupies Peking & Tientsin
  • Jul 29 Tongzhou Incident: East Hopei Army mutinies against Japanese troops and civilians
  • Jul 30 Phillies Dolph Camilli, plays 1st base & registers no put outs
  • Jul 31 Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
  • Aug 2 Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal
  • Aug 5 Ranger (US) beats Endeavour II (England) in 17th America's Cup
  • Aug 6 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid
  • Aug 6 Indians overturn Yankees' 7-6 win by a protest
  • Aug 6 US & USSR sign trade treaty
  • Aug 8 Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
  • Aug 10 5th Venice Film Festival opens
  • Aug 11 "The Life of Emile Zola" directed by William Dieterle and starring Paul Muni premieres in New York (Best Picture 1938)
  • Aug 13 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
  • Aug 14 China declares war on Japan
  • Aug 14 Detroit Tigers score 36 runs in double header vs St Louis Browns
  • Aug 18 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
  • Aug 24 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • Aug 24 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • Aug 25 Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
  • Aug 26 Franco's troops conquer Santander
  • Aug 26 Pumping to build Treasure Island in SF Bay is finished
  • Aug 27 Brooklyn Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
  • Aug 27 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
  • Aug 28 Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • Aug 29 Philadelphia A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • Aug 30 Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Aug 31 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
  • Sep 1 4th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 6, Green Bay 0 (84,560)
  • Sep 1 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
  • Sep 2 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
  • Sep 4 Doris Kopsky, becomes 1st NABA woman cycling champion (4:22.4)
  • Sep 5 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.