Historical Events in 1937

Events 1 - 200 of 283

  • Jan 1st Anastasio Somoza becomes president of Nicaragua
  • Jan 1st Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
  • Jan 1st US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
  • Jan 1st Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
  • Jan 1st 23rd Rose Bowl: #3 Pittsburgh beats #5 Washington, 21-0
  • Jan 1st 3rd Sugar Bowl: Santa Clara beats LSU, 21-14
  • Jan 1st 3rd Orange Bowl: #14 Duquesne beats Mississippi State, 13-12

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 5th Fingleton & Bradman make record stand of 346 for 6th wkt

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 5th Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session in Nebraska
  • Jan 6th Bradman scores 270 Aust v England at the MCG, incl 110 singles
  • Jan 8th -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
  • Jan 9th Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians
  • Jan 9th Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 12th Plow for laying submarine cable patented
  • Jan 15th Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw

Hall-of-fameHall of Fame

Jan 19th Cy Young, Tris Speaker & Nap Lajorie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • Jan 19th Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h28m25s)
  • Jan 20th -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
  • Jan 20th 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 23rd Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 25th 1st broadcast of "Guiding Light" on NBC radio
  • Jan 25th Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
  • Jan 30th 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death
  • Jan 30th 30th Women's Australian Championships: Nancye Wynne beats Emily Hood Westacott (6-3, 5-7, 6-4)
  • Jan 30th 30th Men's Australian Championships: Vivian McGrath beats John Bromwich (6-3, 1-6, 6-0, 2-6, 6-1)
  • Feb 1st Stapleton, Staten Island, becomes a customs-free port
  • Feb 3rd Don Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th cricket test v England
  • Feb 4th Jim Margie, Philadelphia, bowls 900 in 3 (unsanctioned) games

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 5th 1st Charlie Chaplin talkie, "Modern Times," released

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker
Charlie Chaplin

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 5th FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, "court packing" plan failed

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 6th K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-US female lawyer
  • Feb 8th Maxwell Anderson's "Masque of Kings" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 10th Ragnhild Hveger swims world free style record 400m (5:14.2)
  • Feb 11th 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends
  • Feb 12th Cleveland (now Los Angeles) Rams granted an NFL franchise
  • Feb 13th "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
  • Feb 13th Bradman scores 123 SA v Queensland, 165 mins, 10-4s 1-6 in cricket
  • Feb 13th Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship
  • Feb 13th NFL Boston Redskins move to Wash DC
  • Feb 13th US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Feb 16th DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
  • Feb 16th Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 20th 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
  • Feb 21st Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile.
  • Feb 21st The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Feb 24th 1st US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Wash, DC
  • Feb 26th C Isherwood/WH Auden's "Ascent of F6" premieres in London
  • Feb 27th Bradman scores 169 in 5th Test Cricket v England in 223 minutes
  • Mar 1st 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • Mar 1st Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • Mar 1st US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • Mar 2nd Mexico nationalizes oil
  • Mar 3rd Australia snatches series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
  • Mar 4th 9th Academy Awards - "The Great Ziegfeld", Paul Muni & Luise Rainer wins
  • Mar 7th Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
  • Mar 14th Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio
  • Mar 14th Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
  • Mar 15th 1st blood bank forms (Chicago IL)
  • Mar 15th 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)
  • Mar 16th All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors & sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
  • Mar 18th Gas explosion in school in New London, Texas: 294 die
  • Mar 18th The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
  • Mar 19th Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
  • Mar 19th Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays
  • Mar 19th 96th Grand National: Evan Williams aboard Royal Mail wins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 20th Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Mar 21st Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
  • Mar 23rd LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
  • Mar 24th Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
  • Mar 24th National Gallery of Art established by Congress

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 25th It is revealed Quaker Oats pays Babe Ruth $25,000 per year for ads

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Mar 25th Italy & Yugoslavia sign non-aggression treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
  • Mar 25th Lionel Conacher misses on 1st Stanley Cup penalty shot
  • Mar 25th Wash Daily News is 1st US newspaper with perfumed advertising page

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26th Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice & replace his 40 with 36 oz bat

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • Mar 26th Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye
  • Mar 26th William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
  • Mar 27th Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
  • Apr 1st Aden becomes a British crown colony

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 4th 4th Masters Golf Tournament: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • Apr 12th Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England.
  • Apr 15th Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat NY Rangers, 3 games to 2
  • Apr 17th Debut of cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig
  • Apr 19th 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
  • Apr 22nd NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike
  • Apr 26th German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • Apr 27th 1st US social security payment made
  • Apr 28th 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)
  • Apr 28th 1st commercial flight across Pacific, Pan Am
  • Apr 30th The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
  • May 1st FDR signs act of neutrality

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 3rd Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"

Person-of-interestHindenburg Disaster

May 6th German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ (36 die)

  • May 8th 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2
  • May 9th Reds beat Phillies 21-10 (Ernie Lombardi goes 6 for 6)
  • May 10th Busmen strike in London
  • May 12th St Louis Cards beat Philadelphia Phillies, 15-3
  • May 12th Coronation of King George VI of Great Britain (and his other realms and territories beyond the sea) at Westminster Abbey.
  • May 15th 62nd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4
  • May 17th Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
  • May 19th John Murray/Allen Boretz's "Room Service" premieres in NYC
  • May 25th 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to NY
  • May 26th Dutch Rail NV at law forms
  • May 26th San Francisco Bay's Golden Gate Bridge opens
  • May 27th Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
  • May 27th Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
  • May 28th Golden Gate Bridge in SF opens to vehicular traffic

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 28th Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 30th 20th PGA Championship: Denny Shute at Pittsburgh FC Aspinwall PA

Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner Denny Shute
Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner
Denny Shute
  • May 30th Memorial Day Massacre - Chicago police shoot on union marchers, 10 die
  • May 30th Pitcher Carl Hubbell's 24th consecutive victory
  • May 30th Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago
  • May 30th 61,756, 2nd-largest crowd in Polo Grounds history, sees Dodgers ends Carl Hubbell's consecutive-game winning streak at 24
  • May 30th 42nd Men's French Championships: Henner Henkel beats Bunny Austin (6-1, 6-4, 6-3)
  • May 30th 42nd Women's French Championships: Hilde Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu (6-2, 6-4)
  • May 31st 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
  • May 31st Brooklyn Dodgers snap NY Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak
  • May 31st German battleships bombard Almeria, Spain
  • May 31st Indianapolis 500: Wilbur Shaw wins in 4:24:07.861 (182.789 km/h)
  • Jun 1st Chicago White Sox Bill Dietrich no-hits St Louis Browns, 8-0
  • Jun 1st Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
  • Jun 3rd Josh Gibson HR's just 2 feet below rim of Yankee Stadium (580' drive)
  • Jun 4th Leon Blum becomes premier of People's front government of France
  • Jun 5th 69th Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 2:28.6

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 5th Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jun 6th Phillies trailing 8-2 to St Louis, forfeit game
  • Jun 8th World's largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
  • Jun 11th Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" released
  • Jun 12th 41st US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills Mich
  • Jun 12th USSR executes 8 army leaders as Stalin's purge continues

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 13th Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs against St Louis Browns

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • Jun 13th Stalin executes Russian officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna & Uberevitch
  • Jun 16th Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in LA
  • Jun 17th Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in NY
  • Jun 19th Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
  • Jun 21st French People's front government-Blum falls

Sport-defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jun 22nd Joe Louis KOs James J Braddock in 18 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Jun 25th Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit HRs in a game
  • Jun 26th Test cricket debut of Len Hutton v NZ at Lord's, scores 0 & 1
  • Jul 1st Britain begins using 999 emergency phone number
  • Jul 1st Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
  • Jul 1st Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists
  • Jul 2nd 57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (6-3 6-4 6-2)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 2nd Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean

Aviation Pioneer Amelia Earhart
Aviation Pioneer
Amelia Earhart
  • Jul 2nd 50th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Dorothy Little beats J Jędrzejowska (6-2 2-6 7-5)
  • Jul 5th 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
  • Jul 5th Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game & 2 in 2nd game
  • Jul 5th Joe DiMaggio's 1st grand slammer
  • Jul 5th Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • Jul 5th Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
  • Jul 7th 5th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 8-3 at Griffith Stadium, Wash
  • Jul 7th Japanese & Chinese troops clash, (Marco Polo Bridge), beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War
  • Jul 9th 72nd British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 290 at Carnoustie Golf Links
  • Jul 10th Dutch Django Reinhardts "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"
  • Jul 12th -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
  • Jul 15th Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • Jul 15th Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • Jul 19th Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • Jul 19th Joris Ivens' "Spanish Earth" premieres in Hollywood
  • Jul 22nd Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections
  • Jul 22nd Senate rejects FDR proposal to enlarge Supreme Court
  • Jul 23rd Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • Jul 24th Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • Jul 25th 31st Tour de France won by Roger Lapebie of France
  • Jul 26th End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 27th 32nd Davis Cup: USA beats Great Britain in Wimbledon (4-1)
  • Jul 28th Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • Jul 28th Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • Jul 29th Japanese troops occupies Peking & Tientsin
  • Jul 29th Tongzhou Incident
  • Jul 30th Phillies Dolph Camilli, plays 1st base & registers no put outs
  • Jul 31st Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
  • Aug 2nd The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
  • Aug 5th Ranger (US) beats Endeavour II (England) in 17th America's Cup
  • Aug 6th Franco's artillery fires on Madrid
  • Aug 6th Indians overturn Yankees' 7-6 win by a protest
  • Aug 6th US & USSR sign trade treaty
  • Aug 8th Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
  • Aug 10th 5th Venice Film Festival opens
  • Aug 11th "The Life of Emile Zola" directed by William Dieterle and starring Paul Muni premieres in New York (Best Picture 1938)
  • Aug 13th Japanese attack at the beinnging of the Battle of Shanghai during Second Sino-Japanese War. Involves nearly 1 million troops
  • Aug 14th China declares war on Japan
  • Aug 14th Detroit Tigers score 36 runs in double header vs St Louis Browns
  • Aug 18th 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
  • Aug 24th Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • Aug 24th In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • Aug 25th Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
  • Aug 26th Franco's troops conquer Santander
  • Aug 26th Pumping to build Treasure Island in SF Bay is finished
  • Aug 27th Brooklyn Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
  • Aug 27th George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
  • Aug 28th Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • Aug 29th Phila A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • Aug 30th Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Aug 31st Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
  • Sep 1st 4th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 6, Green Bay 0 (84,560)
  • Sep 1st Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
  • Sep 2nd US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
  • Sep 4th Doris Kopsky, becomes 1st NABA woman cycling champion (4:22.4)
  • Sep 5th Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.