Historical Events in 1938

Events 1 - 200 of 345

  • Jan 1st 24th Rose Bowl: #2 California beats #4 Alabama, 13-0
  • Jan 1st 4th Sugar Bowl: Santa Clara beats LSU, 6-0
  • Jan 1st 4th Orange Bowl: Auburn beats Michigan State, 6-0
  • Jan 2nd Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded
  • Jan 3rd March of Dimes established to fight polio

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 6th Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in Bronx

Explorer Henry Hudson
Explorer
Henry Hudson

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 8th Bradman scores 107 for South Australia v Qld (1st innings)

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 10th Eduard van Beinum becomes world's 1st conductor at Concert Hall
  • Jan 10th Jean Anouilh's "La Sauvage," premieres in Paris
  • Jan 10th Paul Vincent Carroll's "White Seed," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 11th Bradman scores a second innings 113 v Qld after a ton in the 1st
  • Jan 11th Frances Moulton elected 1st woman president of a US national bank
  • Jan 13th The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.
  • Jan 14th National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
  • Jan 14th Norway claims Queen Maud Land
  • Jan 16th 1st jazz concert held at Carnegie Hall (Benny Goodman)
  • Jan 17th Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 17th Joseph P. Kennedy becomes the 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom

Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • Jan 18th Bradman scores 104* for South Australia v NSW at the SCG
  • Jan 18th Pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander is elected to Hall of Fame
  • Jan 19th General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines
  • Jan 21st Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance
  • Jan 22nd "Our Town", Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners, NH, premieres (NJ)
  • Jan 25th Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 31st 31st Women's Australian Championships: Dorothy Bundy Cheney beats Dorothy Stevenson (6-3, 6-2)
  • Jan 31st 31st Men's Australian Championships: Don Budge beats John Bromwich (6-4, 6-2, 6-1)
  • Feb 3rd Paul Osborn's "On Borrowed Time" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 4th "Our Town" by Thornton Wilder opens on Broadway

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 4th Hitler seizes control of German army & puts Nazis in key posts

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 4th Disney's "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" is officially released
  • Feb 5th Hans Engnestangen skates world record 500m (41.8 sec)
  • Feb 5th 3rd British Empire Games open in Sydney, Australia
  • Feb 10th King Carol II of Romania drives out dictator Goga
  • Feb 11th Steve Casey beats Lou Thesz in Boston, to win National Wrestling Ass. World Heavyweight title
  • Feb 12th Austrian chancellor Schuschnigg visits Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • Feb 12th German troops entered Austria
  • Feb 12th The first 'Kindertransport' carrying Jewish refugee children from Nazi Germany arrives in Britain.
  • Feb 12th 3rd British Empire Games close in Sydney, Australia
  • Feb 16th US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized
  • Feb 17th 1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London)
  • Feb 19th Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 20th UK Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden resigns, says PM Chamberlain appeased Germany

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain

Sport-defeatBoxing Title Fight

Feb 23rd Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Feb 24th Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles
  • Feb 25th Lord Halifax becomes British Foreign Secretary
  • Feb 26th 1st passenger ship equipped with radar
  • Feb 26th Rie Van Veen swims world record 200m free style (2:24.6)
  • Feb 26th US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
  • Feb 26th US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 27th Britain & France recognize Franco government in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Mar 2nd Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (Los Angeles California)
  • Mar 2nd Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union
  • Mar 3rd American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 10th 10th Academy Awards - "The Life of Emile Zola", Spencer Tracy & Luise Rainer win

  • Mar 11th Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • Mar 12th Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • Mar 13th Anschluss - Austria annexed by Nazi Germany
  • Mar 13th World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
  • Mar 16th Noel Coward's musical "Operette" premieres in London
  • Mar 16th Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT
  • Mar 18th Mexico takes control of foreign-owned oil properties
  • Mar 18th NY 1st requires serological blood tests of pregnant women
  • Mar 18th Pres Cardena of Mexico nationalizes US & British oil companies
  • Mar 19th Toronto Maple Leafs score 8 goals in 5 minutes
  • Mar 23rd Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St L Cardinals minor leaguers
  • Mar 25th 97th Grand National: Bruce Hobbs aboard Battleship wins (1st US bred and owned horse to win)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26th NBC radio performance of Howard Hanson's 3rd Symphony

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • Mar 27th The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.
  • Apr 1st Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Apr 4th 5th Masters Golf Tournament: Henry Picard wins, shooting a 285
  • Apr 5th Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa Poland
  • Apr 6th Teflon invented by Roy J Plunkett
  • Apr 10th 2nd government of Blum replaced by Daladier government in France
  • Apr 10th Austria becomes a state of Germany
  • Apr 10th NY makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license
  • Apr 12th 1st US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY)
  • Apr 12th Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3 games to 1
  • Apr 12th US began requiring medical tests for marriage licenses
  • Apr 13th Clifford Goldsmith' "What a Life" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 16th Great Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia
  • Apr 18th Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland
  • Apr 19th 42nd Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:35:34.8
  • Apr 19th Phil Emmett Mueller & Dodger Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st at bat
  • Apr 23rd Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government
  • Apr 24th Lindenheuvel soccer team forms
  • Apr 26th Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
  • Apr 30th Bradman scores 258 Aust v Worcs, 293 mins, 33 fours 1 five
  • Apr 30th The first televised FA Cup Final takes place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 2nd Ella Fitzgerald records "A-Tisket, A-Tasket"

Jazz Musician Ella Fitzgerald
Jazz Musician
Ella Fitzgerald
  • May 2nd Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder (Our Town)
  • May 3rd Concentration camp at Flossenburg goes into use
  • May 3rd Lefty Grove defeats Tigers 4-3 for 1st of record 20 consecutive wins at his home field Fenway Park; he doesn't lose there until May 12 1941
  • May 3rd Vatican recognizes Franco-Spain
  • May 4th Douglas Hyde (a protestant) becomes 1st president of Eire
  • May 5th Phillies Harold Kelleher faces 16 batters in 6th, as Cubs score 12 runs, both marks are NL records off one hurler in a single inning
  • May 6th Dutch writer Maurits Dekker sentenced to 50 days for "offending a friendly head of state" (Hitler)
  • May 7th 64th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Lawrin wins in 2:04.8
  • May 7th Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of Nazi-Germany "undesired strangers"
  • May 8th Stravinsky's "Dumbarton Oaks" premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • May 10th Banning speech on anti-fascism demonstration in Amsterdam
  • May 12th Sandoz Labs manufactures LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
  • May 14th 63rd Preakness: Maurice Peters aboard Dauber wins in 1:59.8
  • May 14th England soccer team beats Nazi-Germany, 6-3
  • May 14th "The Adventures of Robin Hood", directed by Michael Curtiz, William Keighley and starring Errol Flynn and Olivia de Havilland is released
  • May 15th Paul-Henri Spak forms red coalition of Belgium
  • May 16th 1st animal breeding society forms (NJ)
  • May 16th 38 die in Terminal Hotel fire (Atlanta Ga)
  • May 16th In cricket Bradman scores 278 Aust v MCC, 349 mins, 35 fours 1 six
  • May 17th US Congress approves Vinson Naval Act, which funds a two-ocean navy
  • May 17th Radio quiz show "Information Please!" debuts on NBC Blue Network
  • May 21st Don Bradman scores 143 Austalia v Surrey, 198 mins, 11 fours
  • May 22nd Dodgers announce contracts to install lights at Ebbets Field
  • May 25th Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
  • May 26th US House of Representatives Committee on un-American Activities forms
  • May 27th Bradman scores his 1000th cricket run of English season, earliest to do so
  • May 28th Foundation for Tel Aviv harbor laid
  • May 28th Hindemiths opera "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Zurich
  • May 30th Yanks sweep Red Sox 10-0 & 5-4 in front of 83,533 at Yankee Stadium
  • May 30th Indianapolis 500: Floyd Roberts wins in 4:15:58.362 (188.615 km/h)
  • May 31st Bill Edrich scores his 1,000th run of cricket season, all at Lord's
  • Jun 1st Protective baseball helmets 1st worn by batters
  • Jun 3rd German law on "Entartete Art" legalizes art robbery
  • Jun 4th 10th Walker Cup: Britain-Ireland wins 7½-4½ at the Old Course at St Andrews
  • Jun 4th 70th Belmont: James Stout aboard Pasteurized wins in 2:29.6

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 6th Sigmund Freud arrives in London

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • Jun 7th 1st play telecast with original Broadway cast, "Susan & God"
  • Jun 7th Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat 1st flown (Eddie Allen)
  • Jun 7th The Douglas DC-4E makes its first test flight.
  • Jun 8th Gert Terblanche, a local school boy, discovers fossils of an unknown 'robust-type' human ancestor, later named Paranthropus robustus by Robert Broom, at Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley in South Africa
  • Jun 10th Charlie Barnett makes 98 by lunch v Australia at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 11th 42nd US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 284 at Cherry Hills Denver
  • Jun 11th Cin Red Johnny Vander Meer no-hits Boston Braves, 3-0
  • Jun 11th Compton scores 1st Test Cricket ton (102 v Aust) aged 20 yrs 19 days
  • Jun 11th Earthquake in Belgium
  • Jun 11th England declare at 8 for 658 v Australia at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 11th 43rd Men's French Championships: Don Budge beats Roderich Menzel (6-3, 6-2, 6-4)
  • Jun 11th 43rd Women's French Championships: Simonne Mathieu beats Nelly Adamson (6-0, 6-3)
  • Jun 13th Great Cricket innings of 232 by Stan McCabe v England at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 13th Jews injured & property destroyed in Przemyal, Poland
  • Jun 14th Bradman scores 144* in 1st Test Cricket at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 14th Chlorophyll patented by Benjamin Grushkin
  • Jun 14th Dorothy Lathrop wins 1st Caldecott Medal (kid books author)
  • Jun 15th 1st night game at Brooklyn Ebbets Field (Reds 6, Dodgers 0) as Cin Red Johnny Vander Meer hurls unprecedented 2nd consecutive no-hitter
  • Jun 16th Boston Red Sox Jimmie Foxx is walked a record 6 consecutive times by St Louis Browns
  • Jun 17th Japan declares war on China

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 18th Babe Ruth is signed as a Dodgers coach for the rest of the season

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jun 19th "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47
  • Jun 19th FIFA World Cup: Italy beats Hungary 4-1 in soccer's 3rd World Cup in Paris
  • Jun 19th Paul Waner (Pirates) homers off Pete Sivess (Phillies) in DH
  • Jun 19th Reds Johnny Vander Meer extends his string of hitless baseball innings to 21 2/3 before Debs Garms singles for Boston in 4th
  • Jun 21st Baseball's Pinky Higgins gets 12th straight hit
  • Jun 21st Bradman scores 101* in 77 minutes, Australia v Lancashire
  • Jun 22nd Joe Louis KOs Max Schmeling at 2:04 of 1st round at Yankee Stadium
  • Jun 23rd Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
  • Jun 23rd Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium
  • Jun 23rd NYC Mayor LaGuardia assigns 21 cops to patrol subway
  • Jun 24th 500 ton meteorite lands near Pittsburgh Pennsylvania
  • Jun 25th "A Tisket A Tasket" by Ella Fitzgerald with Chick Webb hits #1
  • Jun 25th Federal minimum wage law guarantees workers 25 cents per hour (rising to 40 cents by 1945) and a maximum 44 hour working week
  • Jun 26th Cin Red Lonny Frey hits 8 doubles in a doubleheader
  • Jun 28th Bradman scores 102* in drawn 2nd Test cricket at Lord's
  • Jun 30th Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1
  • Jun 30th Final game at Phila's Baker Bowl, Giants beat Phils 14-1
  • Jul 1st 58th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats Henry Austin (61 60 63)
  • Jul 1st The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international
  • Jul 2nd 51st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (6-4 6-0)

BattleBattle of Interest

Jul 3rd President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 4th 1st game at Shribe Park, Phila; Braves beat Phillies 10-5
  • Jul 4th France-Turkish friendship treaty
  • Jul 5th Herb Caen's 1st column in SF Chronicle
  • Jul 6th 6th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
  • Jul 8th Would be start of England v Australia Test Cricket at Old Trafford Washout
  • Jul 8th 73rd British Golf Open: Reg Whitcombe shoots a 295 at Royal St George's Golf Club
  • Jul 10th "Yankee Clipper" completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic
  • Jul 10th Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours
  • Jul 13th Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 14th Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifesto

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 15th Arthur Fagg completes 244 & 202 in the same cricket game for Kent
  • Jul 16th 21st PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Shawnee CC Shawnee-on-Del Pa
  • Jul 17th Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan leaves NY for LA, wound up in Ireland
  • Jul 18th Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left NY for Calif
  • Jul 20th Finland awarded 1940 Olympic games after Japan withdraws
  • Jul 21st Paul Hindemith & Leonide Massines ballet premieres in London
  • Jul 23rd Bradman scores 103 in 178 mins on a Headingley sticky, 3rd Test
  • Jul 24th Instant coffee invented
  • Jul 25th Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • Jul 25th Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • Jul 26th 1st radio broadcast of "Young Widder Brown" on NBC
  • Jul 28th 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • Jul 28th Bradman scores 202 Aust v Somerset, 225 mins, 32 fours
  • Jul 29th Comic strip "Dennis the Menace," 1st appears
  • Jul 29th Olympic National Park forms
  • Jul 30th Gen Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • Jul 31st NY Yanks suspend Jake Powell, after he said on Chicago radio he'd "hit every colored person in Chicago over head with a club"
  • Jul 31st Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
  • Jul 31st 32nd Tour de France won by Gino Bartali of Italy
  • Aug 2nd 1st test of a yellow baseball (Dodgers vs Cardinals)
  • Aug 5th 33rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Philadelphia (3-2)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Aug 7th Leo Durocher, hits 2,000th Dodger home run

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • Aug 7th Nazis close theologic department of Innsbruck university