Historical Events in 1938

Events 1 - 200 of 343

  • Jan 1 24th Rose Bowl: #2 California beats #4 Alabama, 13-0
  • Jan 1 4th Sugar Bowl: Santa Clara beats LSU, 6-0
  • Jan 1 4th Orange Bowl: Auburn beats Michigan State, 6-0
  • Jan 2 Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded
  • Jan 3 March of Dimes established to fight polio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in Bronx

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 Bradman scores 107 for South Australia v Qld (1st innings)

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 10 Eduard van Beinum becomes world's 1st conductor at Concert Hall
  • Jan 10 Jean Anouilh's "La Sauvage," premieres in Paris
  • Jan 10 Paul Vincent Carroll's "White Seed," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 11 Bradman scores a second innings 113 v Qld after a ton in the 1st
  • Jan 11 Frances Moulton elected 1st woman president of a US national bank
  • Jan 13 The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.
  • Jan 14 National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
  • Jan 14 Norway claims Queen Maud Land
  • Jan 16 1st jazz concert held at Carnegie Hall (Benny Goodman)
  • Jan 17 Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 Joseph P. Kennedy becomes the 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom

Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • Jan 18 Bradman scores 104* for South Australia v NSW at the SCG
  • Jan 18 Pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander is elected to Hall of Fame
  • Jan 19 General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines
  • Jan 21 Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance
  • Jan 22 "Our Town", Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners, NH, premieres (NJ)
  • Jan 25 Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 31 31st Women's Australian Championships: Dorothy Bundy Cheney beats Dorothy Stevenson (6-3, 6-2)
  • Jan 31 31st Men's Australian Championships: Don Budge beats John Bromwich (6-4, 6-2, 6-1)
  • Feb 3 Paul Osborn's "On Borrowed Time" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 4 "Our Town" by Thornton Wilder opens on Broadway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 4 Hitler seizes control of German army & puts Nazis in key posts

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 4 Disney's "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" is officially released
  • Feb 5 Hans Engnestangen skates world record 500m (41.8 sec)
  • Feb 5 3rd British Empire Games open in Sydney, Australia
  • Feb 10 King Carol II of Romania drives out dictator Goga
  • Feb 11 Steve Casey beats Lou Thesz in Boston, to win National Boxing Association world heavyweight title
  • Feb 12 Austrian chancellor Schuschnigg visits Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • Feb 12 German troops entered Austria
  • Feb 12 The first 'Kindertransport' carrying Jewish refugee children from Nazi Germany arrives in Britain.
  • Feb 12 3rd British Empire Games close in Sydney, Australia
  • Feb 16 US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized
  • Feb 17 1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London)
  • Feb 19 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 20 UK Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden resigns, says PM Chamberlain appeased Germany

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Feb 23 Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Feb 24 Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles
  • Feb 25 Lord Halifax becomes British Foreign Secretary
  • Feb 26 1st passenger ship equipped with radar
  • Feb 26 Rie Van Veen swims world record 200m free style (2:24.6)
  • Feb 26 US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
  • Feb 26 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 27 Britain & France recognize Franco government in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Mar 2 Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (Los Angeles California)
  • Mar 2 Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union
  • Mar 3 American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Mar 10 10th Academy Awards: "The Life of Emile Zola", Spencer Tracy & Luise Rainer win

  • Mar 11 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • Mar 12 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • Mar 13 Anschluss - Austria annexed by Nazi Germany
  • Mar 13 World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
  • Mar 16 Noel Coward's musical "Operette" premieres in London
  • Mar 16 Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT
  • Mar 18 Mexico takes control of foreign-owned oil properties
  • Mar 18 NY 1st requires serological blood tests of pregnant women
  • Mar 18 Pres Cardena of Mexico nationalizes US & British oil companies
  • Mar 19 Toronto Maple Leafs score 8 goals in 5 minutes
  • Mar 23 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St L Cardinals minor leaguers
  • Mar 25 97th Grand National: Bruce Hobbs aboard Battleship wins (1st US bred and owned horse to win)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 NBC radio performance of Howard Hanson's 3rd Symphony

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • Mar 27 The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.
  • Apr 1 Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Apr 4 5th Masters Golf Tournament: Henry Picard wins, shooting a 285
  • Apr 5 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa Poland
  • Apr 6 Teflon invented by Roy J. Plunkett
  • Apr 10 2nd government of Blum replaced by Daladier government in France
  • Apr 10 Austria becomes a state of Germany
  • Apr 10 NY makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license
  • Apr 12 1st US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY)
  • Apr 12 Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3 games to 1
  • Apr 13 Clifford Goldsmith' "What a Life" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 16 Great Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia
  • Apr 18 Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland
  • Apr 19 42nd Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:35:34.8
  • Apr 19 Phil Emmett Mueller & Dodger Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st at bat
  • Apr 23 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government
  • Apr 24 Lindenheuvel soccer team forms
  • Apr 26 Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
  • Apr 30 Bradman scores 258 Aust v Worcs, 293 mins, 33 fours 1 five
  • Apr 30 The first televised FA Cup Final takes place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End.

Music releaseMusic Recording

May 2 Ella Fitzgerald records "A-Tisket, A-Tasket"

Jazz Musician Ella Fitzgerald
Jazz Musician
Ella Fitzgerald
  • May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for his play "Our Town"
  • May 3 Concentration camp at Flossenburg goes into use
  • May 3 Lefty Grove defeats Tigers 4-3 for 1st of record 20 consecutive wins at his home field Fenway Park; he doesn't lose there until May 12 1941
  • May 3 Vatican recognizes Franco-Spain
  • May 4 Douglas Hyde (a protestant) becomes 1st president of Eire
  • May 5 Phillies Harold Kelleher faces 16 batters in 6th, as Cubs score 12 runs, both marks are NL records off one hurler in a single inning
  • May 6 Dutch writer Maurits Dekker sentenced to 50 days for "offending a friendly head of state" (Hitler)
  • May 7 64th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Lawrin wins in 2:04.8
  • May 7 Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of Nazi-Germany "undesired strangers"
  • May 8 Stravinsky's "Dumbarton Oaks" premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • May 10 Banning speech on anti-fascism demonstration in Amsterdam
  • May 12 Sandoz Labs manufactures LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
  • May 14 63rd Preakness: Maurice Peters aboard Dauber wins in 1:59.8
  • May 14 England soccer team beats Nazi-Germany, 6-3
  • May 14 "The Adventures of Robin Hood", directed by Michael Curtiz, William Keighley and starring Errol Flynn and Olivia de Havilland is released
  • May 15 Paul-Henri Spak forms red coalition of Belgium
  • May 16 1st animal breeding society forms (NJ)
  • May 16 38 die in Terminal Hotel fire (Atlanta Ga)
  • May 16 In cricket Bradman scores 278 Aust v MCC, 349 mins, 35 fours 1 six
  • May 17 US Congress approves Vinson Naval Act, which funds a two-ocean navy
  • May 17 Radio quiz show "Information Please!" debuts on NBC Blue Network
  • May 21 Don Bradman scores 143 Austalia v Surrey, 198 mins, 11 fours
  • May 22 Dodgers announce contracts to install lights at Ebbets Field
  • May 25 Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
  • May 26 US House of Representatives Committee on un-American Activities forms
  • May 27 Bradman scores his 1000th cricket run of English season, earliest to do so
  • May 28 Foundation for Tel Aviv harbor laid
  • May 28 Hindemiths opera "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Zurich
  • May 30 Yanks sweep Red Sox 10-0 & 5-4 in front of 83,533 at Yankee Stadium
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Floyd Roberts wins in 4:15:58.362 (188.615 km/h)
  • May 31 Bill Edrich scores his 1,000th run of cricket season, all at Lord's
  • Jun 1 Protective baseball helmets 1st worn by batters
  • Jun 3 German law on "Entartete Art" legalizes art robbery
  • Jun 4 10th Walker Cup: Britain-Ireland wins 7½-4½ at the Old Course at St Andrews
  • Jun 4 70th Belmont: James Stout aboard Pasteurized wins in 2:29.6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Sigmund Freud arrives in London

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • Jun 7 1st play telecast with original Broadway cast, "Susan & God"
  • Jun 7 Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat 1st flown (Eddie Allen)
  • Jun 7 The Douglas DC-4E makes its first test flight.
  • Jun 8 Gert Terblanche, a local school boy, discovers fossils of an unknown 'robust-type' human ancestor, later named Paranthropus robustus by Robert Broom, at Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley in South Africa
  • Jun 10 Charlie Barnett makes 98 by lunch v Australia at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 11 42nd US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 284 at Cherry Hills Denver
  • Jun 11 Cincinnati Red Johnny Vander Meer no-hits Boston Braves, 3-0
  • Jun 11 Compton scores 1st Test Cricket ton (102 v Aust) aged 20 yrs 19 days
  • Jun 11 5.0 Earthquake in Belgium kills 2, strongest in 45 years
  • Jun 11 England declare at 8 for 658 v Australia at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 11 43rd Men's French Championships: Don Budge beats Roderich Menzel (6-3, 6-2, 6-4)
  • Jun 11 43rd Women's French Championships: Simonne Mathieu beats Nelly Adamson (6-0, 6-3)
  • Jun 13 Great Cricket innings of 232 by Stan McCabe v England at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 13 Jews injured & property destroyed in Przemyal, Poland
  • Jun 14 Bradman scores 144* in 1st Test Cricket at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 14 Chlorophyll patented by Benjamin Grushkin
  • Jun 14 Dorothy Lathrop wins 1st Caldecott Medal (kid books author)
  • Jun 15 1st night game at Brooklyn Ebbets Field (Reds 6, Dodgers 0) as Cincinnati Red Johnny Vander Meer hurls unprecedented 2nd consecutive no-hitter
  • Jun 16 Boston Red Sox Jimmie Foxx is walked a record 6 consecutive times by St Louis Browns
  • Jun 17 Japan declares war on China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 18 Babe Ruth is signed as a Dodgers coach for the rest of the season

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jun 19 "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47
  • Jun 19 FIFA World Cup: Italy beats Hungary 4-1 in soccer's 3rd World Cup in Paris
  • Jun 19 Paul Waner (Pirates) homers off Pete Sivess (Phillies) in DH
  • Jun 19 Reds Johnny Vander Meer extends his string of hitless baseball innings to 21 2/3 before Debs Garms singles for Boston in 4th
  • Jun 21 Baseball's Pinky Higgins gets 12th straight hit
  • Jun 21 Bradman scores 101* in 77 minutes, Australia v Lancashire
  • Jun 22 Joe Louis KOs Max Schmeling at 2:04 of 1st round at Yankee Stadium
  • Jun 23 Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
  • Jun 23 Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium
  • Jun 23 NYC Mayor LaGuardia assigns 21 cops to patrol subway
  • Jun 24 500 ton meteorite lands near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 25 "A Tisket A Tasket" by Ella Fitzgerald with Chick Webb hits #1
  • Jun 25 Federal minimum wage law guarantees workers 25 cents per hour (rising to 40 cents by 1945) and a maximum 44 hour working week
  • Jun 26 Cincinnati Red Lonny Frey hits 8 doubles in a doubleheader
  • Jun 28 Bradman scores 102* in drawn 2nd Test cricket at Lord's
  • Jun 30 Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1
  • Jun 30 Final game at Phila's Baker Bowl, Giants beat Phils 14-1
  • Jul 1 58th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Don Budge beats Henry Austin (61 60 63)
  • Jul 1 The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international
  • Jul 2 51st Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (6-4 6-0)

BattleBattle of Interest

Jul 3 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 4 1st game at Shribe Park, Phila; Braves beat Phillies 10-5
  • Jul 4 France-Turkish friendship treaty
  • Jul 5 Herb Caen's 1st column in SF Chronicle
  • Jul 6 6th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
  • Jul 8 Would be start of England v Australia Test Cricket at Old Trafford Washout
  • Jul 8 73rd British Golf Open: Reg Whitcombe shoots a 295 at Royal St George's Golf Club
  • Jul 10 "Yankee Clipper" completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic
  • Jul 10 Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours
  • Jul 13 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifesto

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 15 Arthur Fagg completes 244 & 202 in the same cricket game for Kent
  • Jul 16 21st PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Shawnee CC Shawnee-on-Del Pa
  • Jul 17 Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan leaves NY for LA, wound up in Ireland
  • Jul 18 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left NY for Calif
  • Jul 20 Finland awarded 1940 Olympic games after Japan withdraws
  • Jul 21 Paul Hindemith & Leonide Massines ballet premieres in London
  • Jul 23 Bradman scores 103 in 178 mins on a Headingley sticky, 3rd Test
  • Jul 24 Instant coffee invented
  • Jul 25 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • Jul 25 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • Jul 26 1st radio broadcast of "Young Widder Brown" on NBC
  • Jul 28 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • Jul 28 Bradman scores 202 Aust v Somerset, 225 mins, 32 fours
  • Jul 29 Comic strip "Dennis the Menace," 1st appears
  • Jul 29 Olympic National Park forms
  • Jul 30 Gen Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • Jul 31 NY Yanks suspend Jake Powell, after he said on Chicago radio he'd "hit every colored person in Chicago over head with a club"
  • Jul 31 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
  • Jul 31 32nd Tour de France won by Gino Bartali of Italy
  • Aug 2 1st test of a yellow baseball (Dodgers vs Cardinals)
  • Aug 5 33rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Philadelphia (3-2)

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 7 Leo Durocher, hits 2,000th Dodger home run

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • Aug 7 Nazis close theologic department of Innsbruck university
  • Aug 8 Great Trek Centenary Celebrations commence; the Great Trek was a migration involving Boers leaving the Cape Colony and settling in the interior of South Africa