Historical Events in 1942

Events 1 - 200 of 644

  • Jan 1 US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
  • Jan 1 28th Rose Bowl: #12 Oregon State beats #2 Duke, 20-16 (played in North Carolina due to Japanese threat)
  • Jan 1 8th Sugar Bowl: #6 Fordham beats #7 Missouri, 2-0
  • Jan 1 8th Orange Bowl: #14 Georgia beats TCU, 40-26
  • Jan 2 WWII: 28 nations at war with Axis powers, pledge no separate peace deals
  • Jan 2 German troops in Bardia surrender
  • Jan 2 Japanese troops occupy Manila Philippines
  • Jan 2 The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
  • Jan 3 American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
  • Jan 4 NFL Pro Bowl: Chicago Bears beats NFL All-Stars 35-24
  • Jan 4 Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly to Florida
  • Jan 4 Rogers Hornsby is 14th player selected to the Hall of Fame
  • Jan 5 55 German tanks reach North-Africa
  • Jan 6 Bob Feller, enlists in Navy & reports for duty to Norfolk Virginia
  • Jan 6 Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world ("Pacific Clipper").
  • Jan 7 WW II siege of Bataan starts
  • Jan 8 British Air Marshal Richard Peirse replaced as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jan 9 Joe Louis KOs Buddy Baer in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Jan 9 US Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • Jan 10 Japan invades North-Celebes, Neth Indies
  • Jan 11 -23°F (-31°C), Kingston, Rhode Island (state record)
  • Jan 11 Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya
  • Jan 12 British troops reconquer Sollum
  • Jan 12 Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
  • Jan 12 National War Labor Board created
  • Jan 13 Allied Conference on war trials
  • Jan 13 German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jan 13 Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
  • Jan 13 World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
  • Jan 14 Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
  • Jan 15 Cubs drop plans to install lights at Wrigley due to WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 FDR asks commissioner to continue baseball during WW II

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 16 William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in US army
  • Jan 18 Nazis arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman
  • Jan 19 Japanese forces invade Burma
  • Jan 19 Titus Brandsma arrested by German occupiers
  • Jan 20 Japanese invade Burma
  • Jan 20 Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin to organise the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews
  • Jan 21 Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
  • Jan 21 Count Basie records "One O'Clock Jump"
  • Jan 21 Tito's partisans occupy Foca
  • Jan 22 Sietze de Groot wins 8th Dutch 11 city skate (8:44:06)
  • Jan 23 Battle of Rabaul - Japanese attack Australian air base in Rabaul, New Britain
  • Jan 23 Japanese troops occupy Rabaul New Britain
  • Jan 23 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army
  • Jan 24 Musical "Star & Garter" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Jan 26 1st US force in Europe during WW II go ashore in Northern Ireland
  • Jan 26 Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
  • Jan 27 -19°F (-27.4°C), Netherland's coldest day since 1850
  • Jan 28 Soviet troops under General Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine
  • Jan 28 German troops occupy Benghazi Libya
  • Jan 28 WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
  • Jan 29 1st broadcast of Roy Plomley's "Desert Island Discs" on BBC radio
  • Jan 29 German & Italian troops occupy Benghazi, Libya
  • Jan 29 Peru & Ecuador sign Protocol of Rio (boundary determiniation)
  • Jan 30 Japanese troops land on Ambon
  • Jan 31 62 U-boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)
  • Feb 1 2nd Norwegian government of Quisling forms
  • Feb 2 LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans
  • Feb 2 US auto factories switch from commercial to war production
  • Feb 3 1st Japanese air raid on Java
  • Feb 3 Baseball owners agree to permit each club up to 14 night games in 1942
  • Feb 4 Clinton Pierce becomes 1st US general wounded in action in WW II
  • Feb 5 "Woman of the Year" starring Hepburn & Tracy opens at Radio City
  • Feb 5 Braves get Tommy Holmes from Yanks for Buddy Hassett & Gene Moore
  • Feb 7 1st indoor 15' pole vault (Cornelius Warmerdam 15' 3/8")
  • Feb 8 Japanese armored barges cross Strait of Johore to attack Singapore (WWII)
  • Feb 8 Stravinsky's "Danses Concertantes" premieres in Los Angeles
  • Feb 8 Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort
  • Feb 9 Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US
  • Feb 9 Japanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes
  • Feb 9 Philadelphia "Phillies" change nickname (temporarily) to "Phils"
  • Feb 10 Glenn Miller awarded 1st ever gold record for selling 1 million copies of "Chattanooga Choo Choo"
  • Feb 11 "Archie" comic book debuts
  • Feb 12 German battle cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen escape from Brest to Germany in a dash up the English Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Hitler's Operation Sealion (invasion of England) cancelled

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 14 Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang, Sumatra
  • Feb 14 Rotterdam's Maas tunnel opens
  • Feb 14 WWII: Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
  • Feb 15 German U-boat shells Antillian oil refinery
  • Feb 15 Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
  • Feb 15 WWII: British ruled Singapore surrenders to the Japanese
  • Feb 16 German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery
  • Feb 18 Japanese troop land on Bali
  • Feb 19 About 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin
  • Feb 19 Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ
  • Feb 19 Dutch actors protest obligatory membership of Culture Chamber
  • Feb 19 FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans
  • Feb 19 Japanese troops land on Timor
  • Feb 19 Tommy Dorsey & his orchestra recorded "I'll Take Tallulah"
  • Feb 19 NY Yankees annouce 5,000 uniformed soldiers admitted free at each of their upcoming home games
  • Feb 20 Lt E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers, becomes America's first World War II flying ace
  • Feb 21 US female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn
  • Feb 21 US male Figure Skating championship won by Bobby Specht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 22 World War II: President Franklin Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapse

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 23 Japanese submarine fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, Calif
  • Feb 24 Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German)
  • Feb 24 The "Battle of Los Angeles" takes place, lasting until the next day.
  • Feb 26 German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
  • Feb 26 Radio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in Dutch Indies
  • Feb 26 Werner Heisenberger informs nazis about uranium project "Wunderwaffen"
  • Feb 27 1st transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Feb 27 Battle of Java Sea began: 13 US warships sunk-2 Japanese
  • Feb 27 J S Hey discovers radio emissions from Sun
  • Feb 28 1st weapon drop on Netherlands
  • Feb 28 Japanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies
  • Feb 28 Race riot, Sojourner Truth Homes, Detroit
  • Mar 1 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • Mar 1 Baseball decides that players in military can't play when on furlough
  • Mar 1 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • Mar 1 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
  • Mar 1 Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
  • Mar 1 Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Mar 2 14th Academy Awards: "How Green was My Valley", Gary Cooper & Joan Fontaine win

Actress Joan Fontaine
Joan Fontaine
  • Mar 2 Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
  • Mar 3 1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber
  • Mar 5 Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • Mar 5 Dmitri Shostakovitch' 7th Symphony premieres in Siberia
  • Mar 5 Japanese troop march into Batavia
  • Mar 7 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
  • Mar 7 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee
  • Mar 8 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • Mar 8 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • Mar 9 Construction of the Alaska Highway began
  • Mar 11 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • Mar 11 Gen MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia
  • Mar 11 Japanese troop land on North Sumatra
  • Mar 12 British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • Mar 13 Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
  • Mar 17 Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews
  • Mar 17 Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
  • Mar 18 Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 2 black players, Jackie Robinson & Nate Moreland, request a tryout with the Chicago White Sox, they are allowed to work out

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • Mar 19 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty
  • Mar 19 Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago
  • Mar 20 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
  • Mar 20 Gen MacArthur vows, "I shall return"
  • Mar 20 Major German assault on Malta
  • Mar 20 Beginning of a period of heavy German air assault on Malta
  • Mar 21 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • Mar 23 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • Mar 23 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • Mar 23 US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
  • Mar 25 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp
  • Mar 26 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
  • Mar 26 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pa, kills 21
  • Mar 26 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel
  • Mar 27 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • Mar 27 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
  • Mar 27 Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 6 to retain heavyweight boxing title (NYC)
  • Mar 28 -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
  • Mar 28 4th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Dartmouth 53-38
  • Mar 28 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • Mar 29 British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • Mar 29 British destroyer HMS Campbeltown explodes in St Nazaire: 400 Germans die
  • Mar 29 German submarine U-585 sinks
  • Mar 29 The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
  • Mar 30 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • Mar 30 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp
  • Apr 1 Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
  • Apr 1 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from San Francisco

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 Arnold Schoenberg & Tudor's ballet "Pillar of Fire" premieres in NYC

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Apr 9 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • Apr 10 Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
  • Apr 11 Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines authorized

Sport awardGolf Major

Apr 12 9th Masters Golf Tournament: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 280

Golfer Byron Nelson
Byron Nelson
  • Apr 12 Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan
  • Apr 14 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast
  • Apr 15 George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta
  • Apr 16 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • Apr 17 12 Lancasters bomb MAN factory in Augsburg
  • Apr 17 Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
  • Apr 17 POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.
  • Apr 18 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts
  • Apr 18 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities
  • Apr 18 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
  • Apr 19 46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith of Mass in 2:26:51.2
  • Apr 20 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • Apr 23 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • Apr 23 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 24 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 25 Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
  • Apr 26 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko Manchuria
  • Apr 27 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • Apr 27 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • Apr 28 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • Apr 28 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • Apr 28 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • Apr 29 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cut off Burma Road
  • Apr 29 Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
  • Apr 30 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi
  • May 1 Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
  • May 2 68th Kentucky Derby: Wayne D Wright aboard Shut Out wins in 2:04.4
  • May 2 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • May 3 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • May 3 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • May 3 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands