Historical Events in 1942

Events 1 - 200 of 644

  • Jan 1st US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
  • Jan 1st 28th Rose Bowl: #12 Oregon State beats #2 Duke, 20-16 (played in North Carolina due to Japanese threat)
  • Jan 1st 8th Sugar Bowl: #6 Fordham beats #7 Missouri, 2-0
  • Jan 1st 8th Orange Bowl: #14 Georgia beats TCU, 40-26
  • Jan 2nd WWII: 28 nations at war with Axis powers, pledge no separate peace deals
  • Jan 2nd German troops in Bardia surrender
  • Jan 2nd Japanese troops occupy Manila Philippines
  • Jan 2nd The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
  • Jan 3rd American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
  • Jan 4th NFL Pro Bowl: Chicago Bears beats NFL All-Stars 35-24
  • Jan 4th Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly to Florida
  • Jan 4th Rogers Hornsby is 14th player selected to the Hall of Fame
  • Jan 5th 55 German tanks reach North-Africa
  • Jan 6th Bob Feller, enlists in Navy & reports for duty to Norfolk Virginia
  • Jan 6th Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world ("Pacific Clipper").
  • Jan 7th WW II siege of Bataan starts
  • Jan 8th British Air Marshal Richard Peirse replaced as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jan 9th Joe Louis KOs Buddy Baer in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Jan 9th US Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • Jan 10th Japan invades North-Celebes, Neth Indies
  • Jan 11th -23°F (-31°C), Kingston, Rhode Island (state record)
  • Jan 11th Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya
  • Jan 12th British troops reconquer Sollum
  • Jan 12th Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
  • Jan 12th National War Labor Board created
  • Jan 13th Allied Conference on war trials
  • Jan 13th German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13th Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jan 13th Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
  • Jan 13th World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
  • Jan 14th Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
  • Jan 15th Cubs drop plans to install lights at Wrigley due to WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15th FDR asks commissioner to continue baseball during WW II

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 16th William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in US army
  • Jan 18th Nazis arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman
  • Jan 19th Japanese forces invade Burma
  • Jan 19th Titus Brandsma arrested by German occupiers
  • Jan 20th Japanese invade Burma
  • Jan 20th Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin to organise the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews
  • Jan 21st Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
  • Jan 21st Count Basie records "One O'Clock Jump"
  • Jan 21st Tito's partisans occupy Foca
  • Jan 22nd Sietze de Groot wins 8th Dutch 11 city skate (8:44:06)
  • Jan 23rd Battle of Rabaul - Japanese attack Australian air base in Rabaul, New Britain
  • Jan 23rd Japanese troops occupy Rabaul New Britain
  • Jan 23rd Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army
  • Jan 24th Musical "Star & Garter" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25th Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Jan 26th 1st US force in Europe during WW II go ashore in Northern Ireland
  • Jan 26th Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
  • Jan 27th -19°F (-27.4°C), Netherland's coldest day since 1850
  • Jan 28th Soviet troops under General Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine
  • Jan 28th German troops occupy Benghazi Libya
  • Jan 28th WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
  • Jan 29th 1st broadcast of Roy Plomley's "Desert Island Discs" on BBC radio
  • Jan 29th German & Italian troops occupy Benghazi, Libya
  • Jan 29th Peru & Ecuador sign Protocol of Rio (boundary determiniation)
  • Jan 30th Japanese troops land on Ambon
  • Jan 31st 62 U-boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)
  • Feb 1st 2nd Norwegian government of Quisling forms
  • Feb 2nd LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans
  • Feb 2nd US auto factories switch from commercial to war production
  • Feb 3rd 1st Japanese air raid on Java
  • Feb 3rd Baseball owners agree to permit each club up to 14 night games in 1942
  • Feb 4th Clinton Pierce becomes 1st US general wounded in action in WW II
  • Feb 5th "Woman of the Year" starring Hepburn & Tracy opens at Radio City
  • Feb 5th Braves get Tommy Holmes from Yanks for Buddy Hassett & Gene Moore
  • Feb 7th 1st indoor 15' pole vault (Cornelius Warmerdam 15' 3/8")
  • Feb 8th Japanese armored barges cross Strait of Johore to attack Singapore (WWII)
  • Feb 8th Stravinsky's "Danses Concertantes" premieres in Los Angeles
  • Feb 8th Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort
  • Feb 9th Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US
  • Feb 9th Japanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes
  • Feb 9th Philadelphia "Phillies" change nickname (temporarily) to "Phils"
  • Feb 10th Glenn Miller awarded 1st ever gold record for selling 1 million copies of "Chattanooga Choo Choo"
  • Feb 11th "Archie" comic book debuts
  • Feb 12th German battle cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen escape from Brest to Germany in a dash up the English Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13th Hitler's Operation Sealion (invasion of England) cancelled

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 14th Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang, Sumatra
  • Feb 14th Rotterdam's Maas tunnel opens
  • Feb 14th WWII: Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
  • Feb 15th German U-boat shells Antillian oil refinery
  • Feb 15th Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
  • Feb 15th WWII: British ruled Singapore surrenders to the Japanese
  • Feb 16th German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery
  • Feb 18th Japanese troop land on Bali
  • Feb 19th About 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin
  • Feb 19th Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ
  • Feb 19th Dutch actors protest obligatory membership of Culture Chamber
  • Feb 19th FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans
  • Feb 19th Japanese troops land on Timor
  • Feb 19th Tommy Dorsey & his orchestra recorded "I'll Take Tallulah"
  • Feb 19th NY Yankees annouce 5,000 uniformed soldiers admitted free at each of their upcoming home games
  • Feb 20th Lt E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers, becomes America's first World War II flying ace
  • Feb 21st US female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn
  • Feb 21st US male Figure Skating championship won by Bobby Specht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 22nd World War II: President Franklin Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapse

WW2 General Douglas MacArthur
WW2 General
Douglas MacArthur
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 23rd Japanese submarine fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, Calif
  • Feb 24th Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German)
  • Feb 24th The "Battle of Los Angeles" takes place, lasting until the next day.
  • Feb 26th German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
  • Feb 26th Radio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in Dutch Indies
  • Feb 26th Werner Heisenberger informs nazis about uranium project "Wunderwaffen"
  • Feb 27th 1st transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Feb 27th Battle of Java Sea began: 13 US warships sunk-2 Japanese
  • Feb 27th J S Hey discovers radio emissions from Sun
  • Feb 28th 1st weapon drop on Netherlands
  • Feb 28th Japanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies
  • Feb 28th Race riot, Sojourner Truth Homes, Detroit
  • Mar 1st 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • Mar 1st Baseball decides that players in military can't play when on furlough
  • Mar 1st J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • Mar 1st Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
  • Mar 1st Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
  • Mar 1st Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Mar 2nd 14th Academy Awards: "How Green was My Valley", Gary Cooper & Joan Fontaine win

Actress Joan Fontaine
Joan Fontaine
  • Mar 2nd Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
  • Mar 3rd 1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber
  • Mar 5th Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • Mar 5th Dmitri Shostakovitch' 7th Symphony premieres in Siberia
  • Mar 5th Japanese troop march into Batavia
  • Mar 7th 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
  • Mar 7th 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee
  • Mar 8th Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • Mar 8th KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • Mar 9th Construction of the Alaska Highway began
  • Mar 11th 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • Mar 11th Gen MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia
  • Mar 11th Japanese troop land on North Sumatra
  • Mar 12th British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • Mar 13th Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
  • Mar 17th Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews
  • Mar 17th Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
  • Mar 18th Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18th 2 black players, Jackie Robinson & Nate Moreland, request a tryout with the Chicago White Sox, they are allowed to work out

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • Mar 19th FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty
  • Mar 19th Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago
  • Mar 20th Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
  • Mar 20th Gen MacArthur vows, "I shall return"
  • Mar 20th Major German assault on Malta
  • Mar 20th Beginning of a period of heavy German air assault on Malta
  • Mar 21st Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • Mar 23rd 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • Mar 23rd Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • Mar 23rd US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
  • Mar 25th 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp
  • Mar 26th First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
  • Mar 26th Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pa, kills 21
  • Mar 26th German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel
  • Mar 27th -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • Mar 27th Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
  • Mar 27th Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 6 to retain heavyweight boxing title (NYC)
  • Mar 28th -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
  • Mar 28th 4th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Dartmouth 53-38
  • Mar 28th British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • Mar 29th British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • Mar 29th British destroyer HMS Campbeltown explodes in St Nazaire: 400 Germans die
  • Mar 29th German submarine U-585 sinks
  • Mar 29th The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
  • Mar 30th 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • Mar 30th SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp
  • Apr 1st Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
  • Apr 1st Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2nd USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from San Francisco

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8th Arnold Schoenberg & Tudor's ballet "Pillar of Fire" premieres in NYC

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Apr 9th Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • Apr 10th Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
  • Apr 11th Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines authorized

Sport awardGolf Major

Apr 12th 9th Masters Golf Tournament: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 280

Golfer Byron Nelson
Byron Nelson
  • Apr 12th Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan
  • Apr 14th Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast
  • Apr 15th George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta
  • Apr 16th Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • Apr 17th 12 Lancasters bomb MAN factory in Augsburg
  • Apr 17th Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
  • Apr 17th POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.
  • Apr 18th "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts
  • Apr 18th James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities
  • Apr 18th Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
  • Apr 19th 46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith of Mass in 2:26:51.2
  • Apr 20th German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • Apr 23rd 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • Apr 23rd 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 24th 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 25th Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
  • Apr 26th Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko Manchuria
  • Apr 27th Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • Apr 27th Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • Apr 28th German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • Apr 28th "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • Apr 28th Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • Apr 29th Japanese troop march into Lashio, cut off Burma Road
  • Apr 29th Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
  • Apr 30th 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi
  • May 1st Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
  • May 2nd 68th Kentucky Derby: Wayne D Wright aboard Shut Out wins in 2:04.4
  • May 2nd Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • May 3rd Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • May 3rd German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • May 3rd Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands