Historical Events in 1942 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 644

  • May 3 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
  • May 4 Battle of Coral Sea begins in the Pacific (1st sea battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • May 4 Food 1st rationed in US
  • May 4 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • May 5 British assault on Diego Suarez Madagascar
  • May 5 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • May 6 Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
  • May 7 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • May 7 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • May 8 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • May 8 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • May 8 1st twilight game in 24 years, the Dodgers top Giants 7-6 raising $60,000 for Navy Relief Fund
  • May 9 67th Preakness: Basil James aboard Alsab wins in 1:57
  • May 10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign.
  • May 11 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 William Faulkner's collections of short stories, Go Down, Moses, is published.

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • May 12 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • May 12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • May 12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • May 13 Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight
  • May 13 Pitcher Jim Tobin belts 3 HRs in a game
  • May 14 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms
  • May 15 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • May 16 1st transport of British/Dutch prisoners to South Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 18 NYC ends night baseball games for rest of WW II
  • May 19 Braves Paul Waner is 3rd NLer to get 3,000 hits (Anson & Wagner)
  • May 20 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
  • May 21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • May 22 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • May 22 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed.
  • May 26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • May 26 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • May 26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • May 27 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor
  • May 27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered
  • May 27 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim
  • May 27 Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi "Deputy Reich Protector of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia" is shot & mortally wounded in Prague in in Operation Anthropoid
  • May 28 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich

Music releaseMusic Recording

May 29 Bing Crosby records "White Christmas", greatest selling record to date

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • May 30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II
  • May 30 Reichsfuehrer Herman Himmler arrives in Prague
  • May 30 Satchel Paige pitches 5 innings to defeat Dizzy Dean All-Stars 8-1
  • May 30 US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor

Sport awardGolf Major

May 31 25th PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Seaview CC Atlantic City NJ

Golfer Sam Snead
Sam Snead
  • May 31 Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Red Sox star Ted Williams enlists as a US Navy aviator

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Jun 4 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
  • Jun 4 Capitol Record Co opens for business
  • Jun 4 "Mrs Miniver" based on the novel by Jan Struther, directed by William Wyler and starring Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon is released in the US (Best Picture 1943)
  • Jun 5 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • Jun 5 Elwood Ordnance Plant near Joliet Illinois kills 54
  • Jun 5 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • Jun 6 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)
  • Jun 6 74th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Shut Out wins in 2:29.2
  • Jun 6 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
  • Jun 6 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians
  • Jun 7 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 7 Battle of Midway ends: Adm Nimitz wins 1st WW II naval defeat of Japan

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • Jun 7 Germany Armys march into Sebastopol
  • Jun 7 Japanese troops lands on Attu, Aleutian Islands
  • Jun 8 Bing Crosby records "Silent Night"
  • Jun 9 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
  • Jun 9 German-Neth press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe
  • Jun 9 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”.
  • Jun 11 German army defeated at El-Alamein North Africa
  • Jun 11 US & USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Jun 12 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples
  • Jun 12 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City
  • Jun 13 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 13 FDR creates Office of War with Elmer Davis as head

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 13 Germany puts 4 saboteurs on Long Island
  • Jun 13 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed
  • Jun 13 The United States opens its Office of War Information.
  • Jun 14 1st bazooka rocket gun produced Bridgeport Ct
  • Jun 14 Anne Frank begins her diary
  • Jun 14 French government of Reynaud resigns
  • Jun 14 Walt Disney's animated movie "Bambi", based on the book by Felix Salten, is released
  • Jun 18 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st black ensign in US Navy
  • Jun 18 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • Jun 19 Paul Waner is 7th to get 3,000 baseball hits
  • Jun 20 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews
  • Jun 20 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
  • Jun 21 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)
  • Jun 21 President Roosevelt/premier Churchill arrives in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Rommel takes Tobruk in North Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Jun 21 Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
  • Jun 22 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • Jun 22 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms
  • Jun 23 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.
  • Jun 24 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • Jun 24 Africa Korps invades Egypt
  • Jun 25 British RAF staged a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen Germany (WW II)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Maj Gen Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 26 German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
  • Jun 27 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • Jun 27 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • Jun 28 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • Jun 28 Dumont TV network begins (WABD NY)
  • Jun 29 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 7th Symphony premieres
  • Jun 30 144 U boats (700,000 ton) sunk this month
  • Jun 30 Col-gen Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • Jun 30 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • Jun 30 US bombs Celebes & Timor
  • Jul 1 German troops conquer Sebastopol
  • Jul 3 German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea
  • Jul 3 Hitler visits Field Marshal Von Bock's headquarters in Ukraine
  • Jul 4 1st American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (WW II)
  • Jul 4 US air offensive against nazi-Germany begins
  • Jul 5 1st performance of Heitor Villa-Lobos' Choros 6/9/11
  • Jul 5 Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
  • Jul 6 10th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Polo Grounds, New York
  • Jul 6 Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam
  • Jul 6 Von Hoth' IV Pantser army fights with Voronezj
  • Jul 7 Germany troop march into Woronezj
  • Jul 7 Milt all star team (including Bob Feller) losts to AL all stars 5-0
  • Jul 10 Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish woman in Ravensbruck Camp
  • Jul 10 Netherland's government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • Jul 13 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by nazis
  • Jul 13 German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • Jul 13 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
  • Jul 14 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
  • Jul 14 Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jul 15 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • Jul 15 Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
  • Jul 16 French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
  • Jul 16 Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
  • Jul 17 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15
  • Jul 17 Estimated 34.5" (87.5 cm) of rainfall, Smethport, Pa (state record)
  • Jul 17 Transport #6 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Jul 18 1st legal New Jersey horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens
  • Jul 18 Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time.
  • Jul 19 Dmitri Shostakovitch' 7th Symphony premieres in USA
  • Jul 19 German occupiers confiscate bicycles in Rotterdam & Hague
  • Jul 20 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training
  • Jul 20 Barbados dismiss Trinidad for 16 in 69 minutes, Derek Sealy 8-8
  • Jul 20 Legion of Merit Medal authorized by US congress
  • Jul 20 Time puts Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovitch on its cover
  • Jul 21 8 die as coal waste heap slides in river valley near Oakwood, Va
  • Jul 22 4th Russian army forms with 80 tanks
  • Jul 22 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins
  • Jul 22 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp
  • Jul 23 German troops conquer Rostow
  • Jul 23 Hitler's Directive number 45: order to occupy Stalingrad
  • Jul 23 World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jul 24 Irving Berlin's musical "This is the Army" premieres in NYC

Composer and Lyricist Irving Berlin
Composer and Lyricist
Irving Berlin
  • Jul 24 German troops occupy Rostov-on- Don in Southern Russia for the 2nd time
  • Jul 25 German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
  • Jul 26 RC churches protest, Dutch bishops stand against spread of Judaism
  • Jul 28 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • Jul 28 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland
  • Jul 29 Eastern Blvd in the Bronx renamed Bruckner Blvd
  • Jul 30 FDR signs bill creating women's Navy auxiliary agency (WAVES)
  • Jul 30 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • Jul 30 German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
  • Jul 31 German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • Jul 31 U-boats sank 96 allied ships this month: 476,000 ton
  • Aug 1 Deurne soccer team forms
  • Aug 1 German occupier demands listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
  • Aug 1 Race riots in Harlem, New York
  • Aug 2 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • Aug 2 Col-Gen Hoth' Panzer army reaches Kotelnikovo
  • Aug 4 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz
  • Aug 4 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Col-gen Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad/welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev

Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Aug 4 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • Aug 5 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • Aug 5 German troops cross Kuban River
  • Aug 6 -8] Riots by Dutch Jews
  • Aug 6 Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine sinks U-210
  • Aug 6 Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Aug 7 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Is
  • Aug 7 Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
  • Aug 7 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 8 "Monty" appointed commander of British 8th Army at Alamein
  • Aug 8 6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Washngton, DC
  • Aug 8 British Flower class corvette HMS Dianthus sinks U-379
  • Aug 8 Russian anti-offensive of Voronezh under marshal Timosjenko
  • Aug 9 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland
  • Aug 9 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 7th Symphony performed in Leningrad
  • Aug 9 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9 Mahatma Gandhi & 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Aug 9 CBS radio broadcasts the debut of "Our Secret Weapon."

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10 General Bernard Montgomery appointed commander British 8th Army in North Africa

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery