Historical Events in 1943

Events 1 - 200 of 633

  • Jan 1 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel
  • Jan 1 Negro League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown
  • Jan 1 29th Rose Bowl: #2 Georgia beats #13 UCLA, 9-0
  • Jan 1 9th Sugar Bowl: #7 Tennessee beats #4 Tulsa, 14-7
  • Jan 1 9th Orange Bowl: #10 Alabama beats #8 Boston College, 37-21
  • Jan 3 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)
  • Jan 3 Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, "Joseph & His Brothers"

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • Jan 5 Teams agrees to start season later due to WW II
  • Jan 5 William H Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces
  • Jan 9 Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars
  • Jan 10 Russian offensive against German 6th/4th Armies near Stalingrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10 1st US president to visit a foreign country in wartime - FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 11 US & Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China
  • Jan 12 Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Hitler declares "Total War"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 13 Russian offensive at Don under general Golikov
  • Jan 13 US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal
  • Jan 14 Alex Smart (Mont) is 1st NHLer to score hat trick in his 1st game
  • Jan 14 FDR & Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II
  • Jan 14 Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw
  • Jan 14 World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke
  • Jan 14 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel by airplane
  • Jan 14 World War II: Casablanca Conference begins (Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt)
  • Jan 15 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
  • Jan 15 World's largest office building, the Pentagon is completed
  • Jan 15 1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon
  • Jan 15 World War II: The Soviets begin a counter-offensive at Voronezh
  • Jan 16 -60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)
  • Jan 16 1st US air raid on Ambon
  • Jan 16 German 2nd SS-Panzer division evacuates Charkow
  • Jan 16 Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad
  • Jan 17 Tin Can Drive Day in the US, salvage collected for the war effort
  • Jan 18 Soviets announce they broke long Nazi siege of Leningrad
  • Jan 18 US rations bread & metal - banning presliced bread reduce bakery demand for metal parts
  • Jan 18 The first Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • Jan 19 Uprising in Warsaw ghetto
  • Jan 19 Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily
  • Jan 20 Lead, South Dakota, temp is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16°F
  • Jan 20 Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans
  • Jan 21 Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
  • Jan 21 Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
  • Jan 21 Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Royal Navy, promoted to Admiral of the Fleet
  • Jan 22 66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • Jan 22 Battle of Anzio: Italy; Allies stopped on beach[1944]-
  • Jan 22 Allied Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th
  • Jan 22 Temperature rises 49°F (9°C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, SD
  • Jan 23 66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • Jan 23 British 8th army marches into Tripoli
  • Jan 23 Detroit Red Wings scores NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
  • Jan 23 Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

Jazz Musician and Composer Duke Ellington
Jazz Musician and Composer
Duke Ellington
  • Jan 24 Adolf Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death
  • Jan 24 Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Jan 27 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
  • Jan 28 Chic Blackhawks beats NY Rangers 10-1, Max Bentley scores 4 goals
  • Jan 28 Forward Doug Bentley sets NHL record with 5 points in a game
  • Jan 29 New Zealand cruiser Kiwi collides with Japanese submarine I-1 at Guadalcanal
  • Jan 29 Sidney Kingsley's "Patriots" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 29 U.S. cruiser "Chicago" is heavily damaged by Japanese bombers on the first day of the Battle of Rennell Island
  • Jan 30 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight
  • Jan 30 German assault on French in Tunisia
  • Jan 30 German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
  • Jan 30 Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to Field Marshal
  • Jan 30 Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
  • Jan 30 USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
  • Jan 31 39 U-boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)
  • Jan 31 Chile breaks off relations with Germany & Japan
  • Jan 31 Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad
  • Feb 1 German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
  • Feb 1 Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
  • Feb 2 Cubs return to original uniform after experimenting with a vest
  • Feb 2 German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad, turning point in Europe during WW II
  • Feb 3 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
  • Feb 4 Bertolt Brecht's play "The Good Person of Szechwan" premieres in Zurich
  • Feb 5 Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt
  • Feb 5 Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission
  • Feb 6 1st Spitfire in action above Darwin, Australia, Mu Ki-46 shot down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 6 Singer Frank Sinatra debuts on radio's "Your Hit Parade"

Singer and Actor Frank Sinatra
Singer and Actor
Frank Sinatra
  • Feb 7 Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)
  • Feb 8 Red Army recaptures Kursk
  • Feb 9 FDR orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry
  • Feb 9 German riots at "plutocratenzoontjes", 1,200 in Vught Camp
  • Feb 9 Japanese troops evacuate Guadalcanal, ends epic WWII battle on the Solomon Islands in the Pacific
  • Feb 9 NL seeks buyer for Phillies as owner Gerry Nugent falls in arrears
  • Feb 9 Nazis arrest Dutch sons of rich parents
  • Feb 10 "Manifesto of Algerian People" calls for equality & self-determination
  • Feb 10 British 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia
  • Feb 10 Van der Veen Resistance starts fire in Amsterdam employment bureau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11 US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased.

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Feb 11 Transport #47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Feb 12 General Eisenhower departs Algiers for Tebessa
  • Feb 13 German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, Gen Eisenhower visits front
  • Feb 13 Women's Marine Corps created
  • Feb 14 German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia
  • Feb 14 Soviets recapture Rostov
  • Feb 14 World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.
  • Feb 15 Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid
  • Feb 16 -32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)
  • Feb 16 British premier Winston Churchill contracts pneumonia
  • Feb 16 Withdrawing Afrika Korps reaches Mareth-line in North Africa
  • Feb 16 Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
  • Feb 16 World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.
  • Feb 17 Adolf Hitler visits field marshal Erich von Manstein's headquarters in Zaporozje, Ukraine and stays until the 19th
  • Feb 17 Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews
  • Feb 17 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 17 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio enlists into the US army
  • Feb 18 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw"
  • Feb 18 Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
  • Feb 18 William D Cox buys Philadelphia Phillies
  • Feb 19 German tanks under brig gen Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass Tunesia
  • Feb 20 Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
  • Feb 20 New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn field (Mexico)
  • Feb 20 Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
  • Feb 20 American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
  • Feb 21 Dutch RC bishops protest against persecution of Jews
  • Feb 21 German offensive at Western Dorsalgebergte Tunisia
  • Feb 22 Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
  • Feb 23 Gen-Maj Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
  • Feb 23 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
  • Feb 24 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Algiers
  • Feb 24 Texas League announces it will quit for the duration of WW II
  • Feb 25 Vietminh forms Indo Chinese Democratic Front
  • Feb 26 German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia
  • Feb 27 The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men.
  • Feb 27 The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
  • Feb 28 "Porgy & Bess" opens on Broadway with Anne Brown & Todd Duncan
  • Feb 28 63 U Boats (359,300 ton) sinks this month
  • Mar 1 Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
  • Mar 2 1st transport from Westerbork Neth to Sobibor concentration camp
  • Mar 3 Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
  • Mar 3 F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 3 Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy
  • Mar 4 Transport #50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Mar 4 15th Academy Awards: "Mrs. Miniver", James Cagney & Greer Garson win

  • Mar 5 Anti-fascist strikes in Italy
  • Mar 5 RAF bombs Essen Germany

BattleBattle of Interest

Mar 6 Battle at Medenine, North Africa: Rommel's counterattack

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Sukarno asks for cooperation with Japanese occupiers

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Major General George Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 8 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • Mar 8 Limited gambling legalized in Mexico
  • Mar 8 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 8 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Arthur Vaughn
  • Mar 9 Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
  • Mar 9 Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
  • Mar 11 Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands
  • Mar 12 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
  • Mar 13 Baseball approves official ball (with cork & balata)
  • Mar 13 Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
  • Mar 13 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)
  • Mar 14 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"
  • Mar 15 Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
  • Mar 15 Red Army evacuates Kharkov
  • Mar 16 Elin K (No) & Zaanland (Neth) torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 17 Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 17 F Hugh Herbert's "Kiss & Tell" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 17 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the world's first 'hemodialysis' using his artificial kidney machine, however the treatment is unsuccessful and the patient dies, the Netherlands
  • Mar 18 James Oglethorpe (US) & Terkolei (Neth), torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 18 Red Army evacuates Belgorod

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 Agnes Moorehead appears in "Sorry, Wrong Number" on the radio program "Suspense", her most successful appearance

  • Mar 19 Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 19 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • Mar 19 Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 In their third match, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by knocking him out in the sixth round

World Middleweight Boxing Champion Jake LaMotta
World Middleweight Boxing Champion
Jake LaMotta
  • Mar 20 German U-384 bombed & sinks
  • Mar 21 Assassination attempt on Hitler fails
  • Mar 21 Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.
  • Mar 22 Dutch work week extended to 54 hour
  • Mar 22 Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium
  • Mar 22 SS police chief Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children
  • Mar 23 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • Mar 25 97% of all Dutch physicians strike againt nazi registration
  • Mar 25 Jimmy Durante & Garry Moore premiere on radio
  • Mar 26 Battle of Komandorski Islands, Pacific Ocean
  • Mar 26 Elsie S Ott becomes 1st woman awarded US Air Force Medal
  • Mar 27 Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio

Comedian Groucho Marx
Comedian
Groucho Marx
  • Mar 27 US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia
  • Mar 29 Meat( 784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's), butter & cheese rationed in US during WW II
  • Mar 30 5th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: U of Wyoming beat Georgetown 46-34
  • Mar 30 British 1st army recaptures Sejenane
  • Mar 31 Rodgers & Hammerstein's "Oklahoma!" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 31 US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326
  • Apr 3 Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested
  • Apr 5 Allies bomb Mortsel, Belgium's worse lose of life during WWII (936 civilians)
  • Apr 5 Japanese troops conquer Indin
  • Apr 5 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil after being adrift 133 days
  • Apr 6 British & US armies link up in Africa during WW II
  • Apr 6 British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South Tunisia
  • Apr 6 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested
  • Apr 7 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg
  • Apr 7 British/US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
  • Apr 7 Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid
  • Apr 7 NFL adopts free substitution rule
  • Apr 8 Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma
  • Apr 8 Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings sweep Boston Bruins in 4 games
  • Apr 8 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.
  • Apr 8 1943 NFL Draft: Frank Sinkwich from University of Georgia first pick by Detroit Lions