Historical Events in 1943

Events 1 - 200 of 634

  • Jan 1st Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel
  • Jan 1st Negro League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown
  • Jan 1st 29th Rose Bowl: #2 Georgia beats #13 UCLA, 9-0
  • Jan 1st 9th Sugar Bowl: #7 Tennessee beats #4 Tulsa, 14-7
  • Jan 1st 9th Orange Bowl: #10 Alabama beats #8 Boston College, 37-21
  • Jan 3rd 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)
  • Jan 3rd Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4th Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, "Joseph & His Brothers"

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • Jan 5th Teams agrees to start season later due to WW II
  • Jan 5th William H Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces
  • Jan 9th Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars
  • Jan 10th Russian offensive against German 6th/4th Armies near Stalingrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10th 1st US president to visit a foreign country in wartime - FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 11th US & Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China
  • Jan 12th Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13th British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13th Hitler declares "Total War"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 13th Russian offensive at Don under general Golikov
  • Jan 13th US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal
  • Jan 14th Alex Smart (Mont) is 1st NHLer to score hat trick in his 1st game
  • Jan 14th FDR & Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II
  • Jan 14th Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw
  • Jan 14th World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke
  • Jan 14th World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel by airplane
  • Jan 14th World War II: Casablanca Conference begins (Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt)
  • Jan 15th 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
  • Jan 15th World's largest office building, the Pentagon is completed
  • Jan 15th 1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon
  • Jan 15th World War II: The Soviets begin a counter-offensive at Voronezh
  • Jan 16th -60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)
  • Jan 16th 1st US air raid on Ambon
  • Jan 16th German 2nd SS-Panzer division evacuates Charkow
  • Jan 16th Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad
  • Jan 17th Tin Can Drive Day in the US, salvage collected for the war effort
  • Jan 18th Soviets announce they broke long Nazi siege of Leningrad
  • Jan 18th US rations bread & metal - banning presliced bread reduce bakery demand for metal parts
  • Jan 18th The first Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • Jan 19th Uprising in Warsaw ghetto
  • Jan 19th Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily
  • Jan 20th Lead, South Dakota, temp is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16°F
  • Jan 20th Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans
  • Jan 21st Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
  • Jan 21st Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
  • Jan 21st Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Royal Navy, promoted to Admiral of the Fleet
  • Jan 22nd 66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • Jan 22nd Battle of Anzio: Italy; Allies stopped on beach[1944]-
  • Jan 22nd Allied Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th
  • Jan 22nd Temperature rises 49°F (9°C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, SD
  • Jan 23rd 66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • Jan 23rd British 8th army marches into Tripoli
  • Jan 23rd Detroit Red Wings scores NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
  • Jan 23rd Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23rd Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

Jazz-orchestra leader, Composer, Pianist Duke Ellington
Jazz-orchestra leader, Composer, Pianist
Duke Ellington
  • Jan 24th Adolf Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death
  • Jan 24th Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Jan 27th 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
  • Jan 28th Chic Blackhawks beats NY Rangers 10-1, Max Bentley scores 4 goals
  • Jan 28th Forward Doug Bentley sets NHL record with 5 points in a game
  • Jan 29th New Zealand cruiser Kiwi collides with Japanese submarine I-1 at Guadalcanal
  • Jan 29th Sidney Kingsley's "Patriots" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 29th U.S. cruiser "Chicago" is heavily damaged by Japanese bombers on the first day of the Battle of Rennell Island
  • Jan 30th 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight
  • Jan 30th German assault on French in Tunisia
  • Jan 30th German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
  • Jan 30th Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to Field Marshal
  • Jan 30th Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
  • Jan 30th USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
  • Jan 31st 39 U-boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)
  • Jan 31st Chile breaks off relations with Germany & Japan
  • Jan 31st Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad
  • Feb 1st German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
  • Feb 1st Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
  • Feb 2nd Cubs return to original uniform after experimenting with a vest
  • Feb 2nd German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad, turning point in Europe during WW II
  • Feb 3rd 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
  • Feb 4th Bertolt Brecht's play "The Good Person of Szechwan" premieres in Zurich
  • Feb 5th Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt
  • Feb 5th Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission
  • Feb 6th 1st Spitfire in action above Darwin, Australia, Mu Ki-46 shot down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 6th Singer Frank Sinatra debuts on radio's "Your Hit Parade"

Singer/Actor Frank Sinatra
Singer/Actor
Frank Sinatra
  • Feb 7th Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)
  • Feb 8th Red Army recaptures Kursk
  • Feb 9th FDR orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry
  • Feb 9th German riots at "plutocratenzoontjes", 1,200 in Vught Camp
  • Feb 9th Japanese troops evacuate Guadalcanal, ends epic WWII battle on the Solomon Islands in the Pacific
  • Feb 9th NL seeks buyer for Phillies as owner Gerry Nugent falls in arrears
  • Feb 9th Nazis arrest Dutch sons of rich parents
  • Feb 10th "Manifesto of Algerian People" calls for equality & self-determination
  • Feb 10th British 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia
  • Feb 10th Van der Veen Resistance starts fire in Amsterdam employment bureau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11th US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased.

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Feb 11th Transport nr 47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Feb 12th General Eisenhower departs Algiers for Tebessa
  • Feb 13th German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, Gen Eisenhower visits front
  • Feb 13th Women's Marine Corps created
  • Feb 14th German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia
  • Feb 14th Soviets recapture Rostov
  • Feb 14th World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.
  • Feb 15th Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid
  • Feb 16th -32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)
  • Feb 16th British premier Winston Churchill contracts pneumonia
  • Feb 16th Withdrawing Afrika Korps reaches Mareth-line in North Africa
  • Feb 16th Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
  • Feb 16th World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.
  • Feb 17th Adolf Hitler visits field marshal Erich von Manstein's headquarters in Zaporozje, Ukraine and stays until the 19th
  • Feb 17th Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews
  • Feb 17th Major General Omar Bradley flies to Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 17th NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio enlists into the US army
  • Feb 18th 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw"
  • Feb 18th Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
  • Feb 18th William D Cox buys Philadelphia Phillies
  • Feb 19th German tanks under brig gen Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass Tunesia
  • Feb 20th Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
  • Feb 20th New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn field (Mexico)
  • Feb 20th Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
  • Feb 20th American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
  • Feb 21st Dutch RC bishops protest against persecution of Jews
  • Feb 21st German offensive at Western Dorsalgebergte Tunisia
  • Feb 22nd Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
  • Feb 23rd Gen-Maj Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
  • Feb 23rd German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
  • Feb 24th Major General Omar Bradley flies to Algiers
  • Feb 24th Texas League announces it will quit for the duration of WW II
  • Feb 25th Vietminh forms Indo Chinese Democratic Front
  • Feb 26th German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia
  • Feb 27th The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men.
  • Feb 27th The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
  • Feb 28th "Porgy & Bess" opens on Broadway with Anne Brown & Todd Duncan
  • Feb 28th 63 U Boats (359,300 ton) sinks this month
  • Mar 1st Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
  • Mar 2nd 1st transport from Westerbork Neth to Sobibor concentration camp
  • Mar 3rd Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
  • Mar 3rd F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 3rd Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy
  • Mar 4th Transport nr 50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Mar 4th 15th Academy Awards - "Mrs. Miniver", James Cagney & Greer Garson win

  • Mar 5th Anti-fascist strikes in Italy
  • Mar 5th RAF bombs Essen Germany

BattleBattle of Interest

Mar 6th Battle at Medenine, North Africa: Rommel's counterattack

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6th Sukarno asks for cooperation with Japanese occupiers

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7th Major General George Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia

US General George S. Patton
US General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 8th 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • Mar 8th Limited gambling legalized in Mexico
  • Mar 8th US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 8th US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Arthur Vaughn
  • Mar 9th Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
  • Mar 9th Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
  • Mar 11th Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands
  • Mar 12th Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
  • Mar 13th Baseball approves official ball (with cork & balata)
  • Mar 13th Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
  • Mar 13th Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)
  • Mar 14th World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"
  • Mar 15th Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
  • Mar 15th Red Army evacuates Kharkov
  • Mar 16th Elin K (No) & Zaanland (Neth) torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 17th Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 17th F Hugh Herbert's "Kiss & Tell" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 17th Physician Willem J Kolff performs the world's first 'hemodialysis' using his artificial kidney machine, however the treatment is unsuccessful and the patient dies, the Netherlands
  • Mar 18th James Oglethorpe (US) & Terkolei (Neth), torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 18th Red Army evacuates Belgorod

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18th Agnes Moorehead appears in "Sorry, Wrong Number" on the radio program "Suspense", her most successful appearance

  • Mar 19th Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 19th British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • Mar 19th Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19th In their third match, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by knocking him out in the sixth round

World Middleweight Boxing Champion Jake LaMotta
World Middleweight Boxing Champion
Jake LaMotta
  • Mar 20th German U-384 bombed & sinks
  • Mar 21st Assassination attempt on Hitler fails
  • Mar 21st Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.
  • Mar 22nd Dutch work week extended to 54 hour
  • Mar 22nd Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium
  • Mar 22nd SS police chief Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children
  • Mar 23rd German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • Mar 25th 97% of all Dutch physicians strike againt nazi registration
  • Mar 25th Jimmy Durante & Garry Moore premiere on radio
  • Mar 26th Battle of Komandorski Islands, Pacific Ocean
  • Mar 26th Elsie S Ott becomes 1st woman awarded US Air Force Medal
  • Mar 27th Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27th Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio

Comedian Groucho Marx
Comedian
Groucho Marx
  • Mar 27th US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia
  • Mar 29th Meat( 784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's), butter & cheese rationed in US during WW II
  • Mar 30th 5th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: U of Wyoming beat Georgetown 46-34
  • Mar 30th British 1st army recaptures Sejenane
  • Mar 31st Rodgers & Hammerstein's "Oklahoma!" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 31st US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326
  • Apr 3rd Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested
  • Apr 5th Allies bomb Mortsel, Belgium's worse lose of life during WWII (936 civilians)
  • Apr 5th Japanese troops conquer Indin
  • Apr 5th Poon Lim found after being adrift 133 days
  • Apr 6th British & US armies link up in Africa during WW II
  • Apr 6th British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South Tunisia
  • Apr 6th Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested
  • Apr 7th Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg
  • Apr 7th British/US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
  • Apr 7th Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid
  • Apr 7th NFL adopts free substitution rule
  • Apr 8th Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma
  • Apr 8th Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings sweep Boston Bruins in 4 games
  • Apr 8th U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.
  • Apr 8th 1943 NFL Draft: Frank Sinkwich from University of Georgia first pick by Detroit Lions