Historical Events in 1943 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 632

  • Apr 10 General Montgomery occupies Sfax Tunisia
  • Apr 11 Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft
  • Apr 12 Allies conquer Soussa, North-Africa
  • Apr 12 Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed
  • Apr 13 Catholic University Nijegen closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13 FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 13 Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 Gen Alexander/Eisenhower/Anderson/Bradley discuss assault on Tunis

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Apr 14 James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 14 A JN-25 decrypt by American intelligence detailing a forthcoming visit by Marshal Admiral Yamamoto to Balalae Island results in his plane shot down 4 days later
  • Apr 15 Metropolitan Life Insurances issues a $225 million check to Chase
  • Apr 16 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem, Netherlands (85 killed)
  • Apr 16 Swiss scientist Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
  • Apr 17 Marshal Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul
  • Apr 17 SS-Gruppenführer (Lt Gen) Jurgen Stoop arrives in Warsaw
  • Apr 19 47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8
  • Apr 19 SS-lt-gen Jurgen Stoop leads destruction of ghetto of Warsaw
  • Apr 19 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • Apr 20 Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg
  • Apr 22 German counter attack in North-Tunisia
  • Apr 22 RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
  • Apr 23 British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta
  • Apr 25 The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket is instituted.
  • Apr 27 Lou Jansen & Jan Dieters, leaders of the illegal CPN party in Holland, arrested
  • Apr 27 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
  • Apr 28 1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning"
  • Apr 28 German-Italian counter offensive in North-Africa
  • Apr 28 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara North Tunisia
  • Apr 29 Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by nazis
  • Apr 29 Noel Coward's "Present Laughter" premieres in London
  • Apr 29 US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
  • Apr 30 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
  • Apr 30 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
  • Apr 30 Noel Coward's "This Happy Breed" premieres in London
  • May 1 1st edition of illegal "The Free Artist" appears in Amsterdam
  • May 1 69th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:04
  • May 1 Food rationing begins in US
  • May 1 German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
  • May 1 German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta
  • May 1 Rauter signs unofficial death sentence
  • May 2 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

  • May 3 Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
  • May 3 US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
  • May 4 NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier
  • May 5 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System
  • May 6 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
  • May 7 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • May 7 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps
  • May 7 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched
  • May 7 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • May 7 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia
  • May 8 68th Preakness: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 1:57.4
  • May 8 Admiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"
  • May 9 5th German Pantser army surrenders in Tunisia
  • May 9 Rotschild-Haddassh University Hospital opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • May 11 US 7th div lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st US territory recaptured)
  • May 12 Axis forces in North Africa surrender

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • May 12 German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender
  • May 13 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • May 13 German occupiers confiscate all radios
  • May 14 Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine.
  • May 15 Halifax bombers sinks U-463
  • May 15 Warsaw ghetto uprising ends in its destruction

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International).

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • May 16 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs
  • May 16 German troops destroy synagogue of Warsaw
  • May 16 Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting
  • May 17 The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer).
  • May 17 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams.
  • May 18 Allied bombers attack Pantelleria, an Italian island 100 km southwest of Sicily
  • May 19 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
  • May 19 Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan
  • May 20 French, British & US victory parade in Tunis Tunisia
  • May 21 Fastest 9 inning AL baseball game (89 mins), White Sox beat Senators
  • May 22 1st jet fighter is tested
  • May 22 RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
  • May 22 Stalin disbands Komintern
  • May 23 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • May 24 U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
  • May 25 Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
  • May 25 Trident conference in Washington, D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)
  • May 26 Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US
  • May 26 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
  • May 26 Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa
  • May 27 French resistance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
  • May 27 US forbids racial discrimination in war industry
  • May 28 British miliitary reaches Tito
  • May 29 Confederacy of Algiers (Churchill-Marshall-Eisenhower)
  • May 29 Meat & cheese rationed in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 French general Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • May 30 US troops reconquer Attu Aleutians
  • May 31 "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
  • May 31 Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
  • Jun 1 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
  • Jun 1 Pirates Rip Sewell 1st throws his dew-drop (eephus) ball in a game
  • Jun 2 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
  • Jun 2 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins
  • Jun 3 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms
  • Jun 3 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots.
  • Jun 4 Argentina taken over by Gen Rawson & Col Juan Peron
  • Jun 4 St Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter
  • Jun 5 75th Belmont: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:28.2
  • Jun 5 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • Jun 5 President Laurel was shot around 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at the Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong
  • Jun 9 "Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized
  • Jun 10 FDR becomes 1st US president to visit a foreign country during wartime
  • Jun 10 FDR signs withholding tax bill into law
  • Jun 11 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • Jun 11 Heinrich Himmler orders liquidation of Nazi ghettos in occupied Poland
  • Jun 12 Himmler orders the extermination of all Nazi ghettos in occupied Poland
  • Jun 15 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • Jun 16 Race riot in Beaumont Texas (2 die)
  • Jun 17 Player-manager Joe Cronin of Red Sox hits two 3-run pinch home runs
  • Jun 18 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
  • Jun 19 "Shiekh Of Araby" Spike Jones & City Slickers peaks at #19
  • Jun 19 NFL's Philadelphia Eagles & Pittsburgh Steelers merge, (dissolves on Dec 5)
  • Jun 19 Race riot in Beaumont Texas
  • Jun 20 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chacago
  • Jun 20 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • Jun 20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jun 20 New Quebec (Chubb) Crater discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km dia)
  • Jun 20 Sweden's Gunther Hagg beats favorite Greg Rice by 35 yards in 5,000m at national AAU track & field championship in NY
  • Jun 21 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit 30 dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Jun 23 Dutch artsens protest against nazis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 RAF discovers Werner von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

Rocket Scientist Werner von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Werner von Braun
  • Jun 24 Allies begin 10-day bombing on Hamburg
  • Jun 25 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • Jun 25 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • Jun 25 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • Jun 27 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • Jun 27 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)
  • Jun 29 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)
  • Jun 29 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea
  • Jun 29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 Gen MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Jul 1 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • Jul 2 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • Jul 2 Indians score 12 runs in 4th inning & beat Yankees 12-0
  • Jul 2 Lt Charles Hall becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • Jul 3 Liberator bombers sinks U-628
  • Jul 5 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • Jul 5 Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)
  • Jul 5 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • Jul 5 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • Jul 6 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed
  • Jul 6 US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • Jul 7 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova
  • Jul 7 Erich Hartmann shoots 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk
  • Jul 7 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
  • Jul 7 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • Jul 8 4th day of battle at Kursk: Gen Model uses last tank reserve
  • Jul 8 British air raid sinks U-232
  • Jul 8 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler
  • Jul 8 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia
  • Jul 9 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • Jul 9 British air raid sinks U-435
  • Jul 10 6th day of battle at Kursk
  • Jul 10 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • Jul 11 7th day of battle at Kursk
  • Jul 11 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily
  • Jul 11 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • Jul 11 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • Jul 11 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • Jul 12 Battle of Kolombangara (2nd battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • Jul 12 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
  • Jul 12 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
  • Jul 12 Russian offensive at Orel
  • Jul 12 WWII: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • Jul 13 11th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • Jul 13 Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 lost by Germany
  • Jul 17 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • Jul 18 British assault on Catania Sicily
  • Jul 18 Giants & Phillies strand record 30 baserunners, NY wins, 10-6
  • Jul 19 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 20 US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 US forces led by Gen George Patton liberate Palermo Sicily

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Jul 23 Battle of Koersk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
  • Jul 23 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini
  • Jul 24 Operation Gomorrah begins - RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating firestorm and killing 42,600
  • Jul 25 1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 25 Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl
  • Jul 25 RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
  • Jul 26 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
  • Jul 26 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • Jul 27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • Jul 28 Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns
  • Jul 28 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US
  • Jul 28 World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians
  • Jul 29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • Jul 29 Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 30 Last Judy Garland-Mickey Rooney movie released (Girl Crazy)

Actress Judy Garland
Judy Garland
  • Jul 30 US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano