Historical Events in 1944

Events 1 - 200 of 822

  • Jan 1st 1st feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, NYC
  • Jan 1st Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • Jan 1st Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
  • Jan 1st 30th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats #12 Washington, 29-0
  • Jan 1st 10th Sugar Bowl: Georgia Tech beats Tulsa, 20-18
  • Jan 1st 10th Orange Bowl: LSU beats Texas A&M, 19-14
  • Jan 2nd 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • Jan 3rd World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 4th Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • Jan 4th Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)
  • Jan 5th The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • Jan 7th US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59
  • Jan 10th 1st mobile electric power plant delivered, Phila
  • Jan 10th British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • Jan 11th Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
  • Jan 12th Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
  • Jan 12th Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterd
  • Jan 14th Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • Jan 15th European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 15th General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 15th Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • Jan 16th Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • Jan 17th British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • Jan 18th 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 18th The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong
  • Jan 20th RAF drops 2,300 ton bombs on Berlin
  • Jan 21st 447 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 21st 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • Jan 22nd Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 23rd Arnold Schoenberg's "Ode to Napoleon" premieres in NYC

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Jan 23rd Det Red Wings score 15 goals against NY Rangers & NHL record 37 points, also most consecutive goals & most lopsided game 15-0
  • Jan 24th Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy
  • Jan 27th Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days at the loss of 600,000 killed
  • Jan 27th Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, & Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves
  • Jan 28th 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Jan 28th Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh
  • Jan 28th U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 29th 285 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 29th USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched.
  • Jan 29th World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • Jan 29th World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.
  • Jan 30th US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • Jan 30th World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.
  • Jan 30th The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • Jan 31st Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
  • Jan 31st U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 31st US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
  • Feb 1st Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • Feb 1st US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • Feb 2nd 4th US marine division conquerors Roi, Marshall Islands
  • Feb 2nd Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
  • Feb 2nd Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action
  • Feb 2nd Edward Chodorov's "Decision" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3rd World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • Feb 4th Jean Anouilh's "Antigone" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 4th US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein
  • Feb 5th 358 RAF bombers attack Stettin

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 7th Bing Crosby records "Swinging on a Star" for Decca Records

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • Feb 7th Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio Italy
  • Feb 8th 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • Feb 8th U-762 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 9th U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 10th Belgian resistance fighter and author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
  • Feb 10th U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
  • Feb 11th German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • Feb 11th U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 12th Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
  • Feb 14th Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
  • Feb 14th Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing
  • Feb 15th 891 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 15th Attack begins at Monte Cassino monastery, Italy
  • Feb 17th Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22
  • Feb 17th US begins night bombing of Truk
  • Feb 18th Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • Feb 18th Youngest baseball player, Cin Reds sign 15 year old Joe Nuxhall
  • Feb 19th 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 19th U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • Feb 20th Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
  • Feb 20th US takes Eniwetok Island
  • Feb 20th World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
  • Feb 21st "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
  • Feb 22nd US 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem & Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die
  • Feb 23rd Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
  • Feb 24th Argentina coup by minister of war Juan Peron
  • Feb 25th US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • Feb 26th 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • Feb 28th Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews
  • Feb 29th 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • Feb 29th US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 29th Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • Mar 1st Massive strikes in Northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1st U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • Mar 2nd 16th Academy Awards - "Casablanca", Jennifer Jones & Paul Lukas win
  • Mar 2nd Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 3rd 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony

Composer Samuel Barber
Composer
Samuel Barber
  • Mar 4th 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4th Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • Mar 5th 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony
  • Mar 6th USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7th Japans begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8th US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10th U-575 sinks HMS Asphodel
  • Mar 11th Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • Mar 13th USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government
  • Mar 15th Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16th Vichy Internal minister Pucheu sentenced to death
  • Mar 18th Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 18th 2,500 women trample guards & floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois dept store
  • Mar 19th Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • Mar 20th Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
  • Mar 20th Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes
  • Mar 21st Gen Eisenhower postpones S France invasion until after Normandy
  • Mar 22nd 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 22nd American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin

  • Mar 23rd Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • Mar 23rd Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives
  • Mar 24th 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24th 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 24th In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians
  • Mar 25th Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 25th RAF Flight Sgt Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall was broken by pine trees and soft snow, and he suffered only a sprained leg.
  • Mar 26th 705 British bombers attack Essen
  • Mar 27th 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Mar 27th 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27th 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27th Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28th 6th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Utah defeats Dartmouth 42-40
  • Mar 28th Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing Pippi Longstocking
  • Mar 30th 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31st Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
  • Apr 1st Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • Apr 2nd CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy
  • Apr 2nd Dmitri Shostakovitch's 8th Symphony premieres in NY
  • Apr 2nd Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3rd British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • Apr 3rd US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4th British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • Apr 4th De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • Apr 4th Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 5th 140 Lancasters bomb airplane manufacturer in Toulouse
  • Apr 5th World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • Apr 6th Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain France overrun by Nazis
  • Apr 7th General Montgomery speaks to generals about invastion plan
  • Apr 9th Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
  • Apr 10th "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10th Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
  • Apr 11th RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
  • Apr 12th Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 13th South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13th Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games
  • Apr 13th Transport nr 71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Apr 13th The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established.
  • Apr 14th 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14th Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • Apr 14th Gen Eisenhower becomes head commander of allied air fleet
  • Apr 14th Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 18th 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4
  • Apr 18th Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
  • Apr 19th Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 19th 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • Apr 20th Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 20th NFL legalizes coaching from bench
  • Apr 21st NFL Chic Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
  • Apr 22nd Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 22nd Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 24th 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"

Film-release-premierFilm Release

Apr 24th "Double Indemnity" directed by Billy Wilder and starring Fred MacMurray and Barbara Stanwyck is released

Filmmaker Billy Wilder
Filmmaker
Billy Wilder
  • Apr 25th United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26th 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26th Papandreou government in Greece forms
  • Apr 27th Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0

Conference-meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 28th Stalin meets Polish/US priest S Orlemanski

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 28th Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats
  • Apr 29th Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30th NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • Apr 30th NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time
  • May 1st Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1st Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1st Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 2nd WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM/MET/FOX) 1st broadcast
  • May 3rd "Meet Me in St Louis" opens on Broadway
  • May 3rd Meat rationing ends in US
  • May 3rd "Going My Way", directed by Leo McCary and starring Bing Crosby premieres in New York (Best Picture 1945)

Film-release-premierFilm Release

May 4th "Gaslight", starring an 18-year-old Angela Lansbury in her film debut, is released

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 5th Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • May 5th Russian offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6th 70th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 2:04.2
  • May 6th KJR-AM in Seattle Wash swaps calls with KOMO
  • May 7th German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia
  • May 8th 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9th 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9th Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes governor of Louisiana
  • May 9th Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9th Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness
  • May 9th Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10th Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10th Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11th Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 11th Slomp Resistance fighter (Frits de Zwerver) freed from Arnhem prison
  • May 12th 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux