Historical Events in 1944

Events 1 - 200 of 815

  • Jan 1st 1st feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, NYC
  • Jan 1st Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • Jan 1st Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
  • Jan 1st 30th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats #12 Washington, 29-0
  • Jan 1st 10th Sugar Bowl: Georgia Tech beats Tulsa, 20-18
  • Jan 1st 10th Orange Bowl: LSU beats Texas A&M, 19-14
  • Jan 2nd 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • Jan 3rd World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4th Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • Jan 4th Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)
  • Jan 5th The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • Jan 7th US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59
  • Jan 10th 1st mobile electric power plant delivered, Phila
  • Jan 10th British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • Jan 11th Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
  • Jan 12th Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
  • Jan 12th Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterd
  • Jan 14th Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • Jan 15th European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15th General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 15th Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • Jan 16th Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • Jan 17th British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • Jan 18th 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts

Music concertMusic Concert

Jan 18th The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong
  • Jan 20th RAF drops 2,300 ton bombs on Berlin
  • Jan 21st 447 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 21st 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • Jan 22nd Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23rd Arnold Schoenberg's "Ode to Napoleon" premieres in NYC

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Jan 23rd Det Red Wings score 15 goals against NY Rangers & NHL record 37 points, also most consecutive goals & most lopsided game 15-0
  • Jan 24th Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy
  • Jan 27th Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days at the loss of 600,000 killed
  • Jan 27th Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, & Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves
  • Jan 28th 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Jan 28th Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh
  • Jan 28th U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 29th 285 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 29th USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched.
  • Jan 29th World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • Jan 29th World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.
  • Jan 30th US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • Jan 30th World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.
  • Jan 30th The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • Jan 31st Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
  • Jan 31st U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 31st US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
  • Feb 1st Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • Feb 1st US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • Feb 2nd 4th US marine division conquerors Roi, Marshall Islands
  • Feb 2nd Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
  • Feb 2nd Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action
  • Feb 2nd Edward Chodorov's "Decision" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3rd World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • Feb 4th Jean Anouilh's "Antigone" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 4th US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein
  • Feb 5th 358 RAF bombers attack Stettin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7th Bing Crosby records "Swinging on a Star" for Decca Records

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • Feb 7th Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio Italy
  • Feb 8th 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • Feb 8th U-762 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 9th U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 10th Belgian resistance fighter and author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
  • Feb 10th U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
  • Feb 11th German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • Feb 11th U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 12th Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
  • Feb 14th Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
  • Feb 14th Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing
  • Feb 15th 891 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 15th Attack begins at Monte Cassino monastery, Italy
  • Feb 17th Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22
  • Feb 17th US begins night bombing of Truk
  • Feb 18th Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • Feb 18th Youngest baseball player, Cincinnati Reds sign 15 year old Joe Nuxhall
  • Feb 19th 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 19th U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • Feb 20th Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
  • Feb 20th US takes Eniwetok Island
  • Feb 20th World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
  • Feb 21st "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
  • Feb 22nd US 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem & Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die
  • Feb 23rd Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
  • Feb 24th Argentina coup by minister of war Juan Peron
  • Feb 25th US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • Feb 26th 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • Feb 28th Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews
  • Feb 29th 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • Feb 29th US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29th Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • Mar 1st Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1st U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • Mar 2nd 16th Academy Awards: "Casablanca", Jennifer Jones & Paul Lukas win
  • Mar 2nd Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3rd 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony

Composer Samuel Barber
Composer
Samuel Barber
  • Mar 4th 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4th Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • Mar 5th 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony
  • Mar 6th USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7th Japans begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8th US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10th U-575 sinks HMS Asphodel
  • Mar 11th Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • Mar 13th USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government
  • Mar 15th Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16th Vichy Internal minister Pucheu sentenced to death
  • Mar 18th Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 18th 2,500 women trample guards & floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois dept store
  • Mar 19th Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • Mar 20th Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
  • Mar 20th Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes
  • Mar 21st Gen Eisenhower postpones invasion of the soth of France until after Normandy
  • Mar 22nd 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 22nd American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin

  • Mar 23rd Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • Mar 23rd Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives
  • Mar 24th 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24th 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 24th In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians
  • Mar 25th Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 25th RAF Flight Sgt Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall was broken by pine trees and soft snow, and he suffered only a sprained leg.
  • Mar 26th 705 British bombers attack Essen
  • Mar 27th 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Mar 27th 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27th 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27th Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28th 6th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Utah defeats Dartmouth 42-40
  • Mar 28th Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing Pippi Longstocking
  • Mar 30th 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31st Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
  • Apr 1st Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • Apr 2nd CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy
  • Apr 2nd Dmitri Shostakovitch's 8th Symphony premieres in NY
  • Apr 2nd Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3rd British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • Apr 3rd US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4th British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • Apr 4th De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • Apr 4th Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 5th 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5th World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • Apr 6th Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis
  • Apr 7th General Montgomery speaks to generals about invastion plan
  • Apr 9th Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
  • Apr 10th "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10th Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
  • Apr 11th RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
  • Apr 12th Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 13th South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13th Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games
  • Apr 13th Transport nr 71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Apr 13th Diplomatic relations are established between New Zealand and the Soviet Union.
  • Apr 14th 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14th Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • Apr 14th Gen Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force
  • Apr 14th Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 18th 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4
  • Apr 18th Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
  • Apr 19th Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 19th 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • Apr 20th Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 20th NFL legalizes coaching from bench
  • Apr 21st NFL Chic Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
  • Apr 22nd Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22nd Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 24th 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"

Film release premierFilm Release

Apr 24th "Double Indemnity" directed by Billy Wilder and starring Fred MacMurray and Barbara Stanwyck is released

Filmmaker Billy Wilder
Filmmaker
Billy Wilder
  • Apr 25th United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26th 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26th Papandreou government in Greece forms
  • Apr 27th Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 28th Stalin meets Polish/US priest S Orlemanski

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 28th Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • Apr 29th Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30th NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • Apr 30th NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time
  • May 1st Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1st Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1st Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 2nd WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM/MET/FOX) 1st broadcast
  • May 3rd "Meet Me in St Louis" opens on Broadway
  • May 3rd Meat rationing ends in US
  • May 3rd "Going My Way", directed by Leo McCary and starring Bing Crosby premieres in New York (Best Picture 1945)

Film release premierFilm Release

May 4th "Gaslight", starring an 18-year-old Angela Lansbury in her film debut, is released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5th Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • May 5th Russian offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6th 70th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 2:04.2
  • May 6th KJR-AM in Seattle Wash swaps calls with KOMO
  • May 7th German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia
  • May 8th 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9th 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9th Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes governor of Louisiana
  • May 9th Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9th Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness
  • May 9th Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10th Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10th Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11th Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 11th Slomp Resistance fighter (Frits de Zwerver) freed from Arnhem prison
  • May 12th 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux