Historical Events in 1944

Events 1 - 200 of 815

  • Jan 1 1st feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, NYC
  • Jan 1 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • Jan 1 Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
  • Jan 1 30th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats #12 Washington, 29-0
  • Jan 1 10th Sugar Bowl: Georgia Tech beats Tulsa, 20-18
  • Jan 1 10th Orange Bowl: LSU beats Texas A&M, 19-14
  • Jan 2 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • Jan 3 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • Jan 4 Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)
  • Jan 5 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • Jan 7 US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59
  • Jan 10 1st mobile electric power plant delivered, Phila
  • Jan 10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • Jan 11 Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
  • Jan 12 Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
  • Jan 12 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterd
  • Jan 14 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • Jan 15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 15 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • Jan 16 Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • Jan 17 British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • Jan 18 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts

Music concertMusic Concert

Jan 18 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong
  • Jan 20 RAF drops 2,300 ton bombs on Berlin
  • Jan 21 447 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • Jan 22 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Arnold Schoenberg's "Ode to Napoleon" premieres in NYC

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Jan 23 Det Red Wings score 15 goals against NY Rangers & NHL record 37 points, also most consecutive goals & most lopsided game 15-0
  • Jan 24 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy
  • Jan 27 Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days at the loss of 600,000 killed
  • Jan 27 Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, & Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves
  • Jan 28 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Jan 28 Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh
  • Jan 28 U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 29 285 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 29 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched.
  • Jan 29 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • Jan 29 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.
  • Jan 30 US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • Jan 30 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.
  • Jan 30 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • Jan 31 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
  • Jan 31 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 31 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
  • Feb 1 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • Feb 1 US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • Feb 2 4th US marine division conquerors Roi, Marshall Islands
  • Feb 2 Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
  • Feb 2 Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action
  • Feb 2 Edward Chodorov's "Decision" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • Feb 4 Jean Anouilh's "Antigone" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 4 US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein
  • Feb 5 358 RAF bombers attack Stettin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7 Bing Crosby records "Swinging on a Star" for Decca Records

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • Feb 7 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio Italy
  • Feb 8 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • Feb 8 U-762 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 9 U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 10 Belgian resistance fighter and author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
  • Feb 10 U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
  • Feb 11 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • Feb 11 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 12 Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
  • Feb 14 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
  • Feb 14 Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing
  • Feb 15 891 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 15 Attack begins at Monte Cassino monastery, Italy
  • Feb 17 Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22
  • Feb 17 US begins night bombing of Truk
  • Feb 18 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • Feb 18 Youngest baseball player, Cincinnati Reds sign 15 year old Joe Nuxhall
  • Feb 19 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 19 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • Feb 20 Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
  • Feb 20 US takes Eniwetok Island
  • Feb 20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
  • Feb 21 "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
  • Feb 22 US 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem & Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die
  • Feb 23 Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
  • Feb 24 Argentina coup by minister of war Juan Peron
  • Feb 25 US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • Feb 26 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • Feb 28 Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews
  • Feb 29 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • Feb 29 US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • Mar 1 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • Mar 2 16th Academy Awards: "Casablanca", Jennifer Jones & Paul Lukas win
  • Mar 2 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony

Composer Samuel Barber
Samuel Barber
  • Mar 4 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • Mar 5 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony
  • Mar 6 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7 Japans begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10 U-575 sinks HMS Asphodel
  • Mar 11 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • Mar 13 USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government
  • Mar 15 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16 Vichy Internal minister Pucheu sentenced to death
  • Mar 18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 18 2,500 women trample guards & floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois dept store
  • Mar 19 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • Mar 20 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
  • Mar 20 Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes
  • Mar 21 Gen Eisenhower postpones invasion of the soth of France until after Normandy
  • Mar 22 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 22 American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin

  • Mar 23 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • Mar 23 Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives
  • Mar 24 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 24 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians
  • Mar 25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 25 RAF Flight Sgt Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall was broken by pine trees and soft snow, and he suffered only a sprained leg.
  • Mar 26 705 British bombers attack Essen
  • Mar 27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Mar 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28 6th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Utah defeats Dartmouth 42-40
  • Mar 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing Pippi Longstocking
  • Mar 30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
  • Apr 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • Apr 2 CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy
  • Apr 2 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 8th Symphony premieres in NY
  • Apr 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • Apr 3 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • Apr 4 De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • Apr 4 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 5 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • Apr 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis
  • Apr 7 General Montgomery speaks to generals about invastion plan
  • Apr 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
  • Apr 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
  • Apr 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
  • Apr 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games
  • Apr 13 Transport #71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Apr 13 Diplomatic relations are established between New Zealand and the Soviet Union.
  • Apr 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • Apr 14 Gen Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force
  • Apr 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 18 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4
  • Apr 18 Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
  • Apr 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 19 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • Apr 20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 20 NFL legalizes coaching from bench
  • Apr 21 NFL Chic Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
  • Apr 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"

Film release premierFilm Release

Apr 24 "Double Indemnity" directed by Billy Wilder and starring Fred MacMurray and Barbara Stanwyck is released

Filmmaker Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
  • Apr 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms
  • Apr 27 Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 28 Stalin meets Polish/US priest S Orlemanski

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • Apr 29 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • Apr 30 NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time
  • May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 2 WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM/MET/FOX) 1st broadcast
  • May 3 "Meet Me in St Louis" opens on Broadway
  • May 3 Meat rationing ends in US
  • May 3 "Going My Way", directed by Leo McCary and starring Bing Crosby premieres in New York (Best Picture 1945)

Film release premierFilm Release

May 4 "Gaslight", starring an 18-year-old Angela Lansbury in her film debut, is released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • May 5 Russian offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6 70th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 2:04.2
  • May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Wash swaps calls with KOMO
  • May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia
  • May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9 Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes governor of Louisiana
  • May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9 Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness
  • May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 11 Slomp Resistance fighter (Frits de Zwerver) freed from Arnhem prison
  • May 12 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux