Historical Events in August 1944

  • Aug 1 Adam Clayton Powell elected 1st black congressman from East

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she is arrested

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Aug 1 General Montgomery takes command of 12th & 21st army
  • Aug 1 US 90th division occupies St Hilaire-du-Harcourt
  • Aug 1 US troops enter Tessy-sur-Vir
  • Aug 1 Uprising in Warsaw by the Polish resistance Home Army begins
  • Aug 2 Amsterdam soccer team "The Volewijckers" plays in orange shirts
  • Aug 2 Jewish survivors of Kovono Ghetto emerge from their bunker
  • Aug 2 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with nazi-Germany
  • Aug 3 Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies
  • Aug 3 General Montgomery visits general Dempsey's headquarter
  • Aug 3 Allied troops under Lt-Gen Joseph Stilwell take Myitkyina, Burma
  • Aug 3 Tommy Brown, just 16 years & 8 months old, plays shortstop for Dodgers
  • Aug 4 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified
  • Aug 4 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy
  • Aug 5 US 79th/90th division occupy Laval/Mayenne
  • Aug 5 US troops occupy Vannes, Brittany
  • Aug 6 All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
  • Aug 6 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails
  • Aug 6 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
  • Aug 6 US 20th Army corp under general Walker occupies Nantes
  • Aug 7 Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter
  • Aug 7 Canada/Polish offensive direction Falaise: Total Cooperation
  • Aug 7 German counter attack at Avranches fails
  • Aug 7 July 20th Plot trial under Roland Freis in Berlin begins
  • Aug 7 US 3rd Army reaches suburbs of Brest, Brittany
  • Aug 7 IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
  • Aug 8 Canada/Polish troops occupy Cramesnil/Secqueville/Cintheaux/St-Aignan
  • Aug 8 US 15th Army corps occupies Le Mans
  • Aug 9 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught
  • Aug 9 Smokey Bear debuts as spokeman for fire prevention
  • Aug 9 US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans
  • Aug 10 Braves Red Barrett throws only 58 pitches to shut out Cincinnati Reds 2-0
  • Aug 10 Race riots in Athens, Alabama
  • Aug 10 Battle for Guam ends, US troops recapture Guam from the Japanese
  • Aug 10 US/French offensive at Alencon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 11 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Aug 11 French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées
  • Aug 11 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz
  • Aug 11 US air raid on Palembang
  • Aug 12 Churchill & Tito meet in Naples
  • Aug 12 Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
  • Aug 12 Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.
  • Aug 13 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • Aug 13 Generals Montgomery/Dempsey/Bradley discuss a future breakthrough
  • Aug 13 Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio
  • Aug 14 British premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
  • Aug 14 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
  • Aug 14 Russian offensive at Weichsel
  • Aug 15 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
  • Aug 15 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 15 Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
  • Aug 15 Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
  • Aug 15 US 12 Army corps enters Le Mans through Orleans
  • Aug 15 US 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
  • Aug 16 2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise, Normandy
  • Aug 16 Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London
  • Aug 16 US 15th Army corp reaches Eure, surrounds Dreux
  • Aug 16 First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
  • Aug 17 4th Canadian Armoured division occupiers Trun, Normandy
  • Aug 17 Canadian 2nd division conquerors Falaise, Normandy
  • Aug 17 German field marshal Walter Model replaces Günther von Kluge in Normandy
  • Aug 17 Russian troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
  • Aug 17 US 12 Army Corps occupies Orleans
  • Aug 17 US 320th regiment infantry occupies Châteaudun
  • Aug 17 Yanks Johnny Lindell ties record with 4 consecutive doubles in a game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 Chartres freed by US 3rd Army forces during WWII led by General George S. Patton

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Aug 18 Paris rail workers strike against Nazi occupiers
  • Aug 18 US 15th Army Corps reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris
  • Aug 19 Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed
  • Aug 19 Gen Bradley visits Montgomery
  • Aug 19 Last Japanese troops driven out of India
  • Aug 19 Nazis give parts of Paris to Resistance
  • Aug 19 Paris police strike against nazi occupiers
  • Aug 19 Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy
  • Aug 19 US 15th Army Corps occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris
  • Aug 19 US 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois, Normandy
  • Aug 20 "Anna Lucasta" opens on Broadway
  • Aug 20 26th PGA Championship: Bob Hamilton at Manito G & CC Spokane Wash
  • Aug 20 Gen de Gaulle returns to France
  • Aug 20 Russian offensive at Jassy & Kisjinev
  • Aug 20 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • Aug 21 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • Aug 21 Grieg/Work/Forest's musical "Song of Norway" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 21 Raid on Jewish childrens house in Secrétan/St-Mandé
  • Aug 21 US 12nd Army Corps occupies Sens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 Adolf Hitler orders Paris to be destroyed [or 23rd]

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 22 Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 23 94.5°F (34.7°C) in De Bilt Netherlands & 101.5°F (38.6°C) in Warnsvelt
  • Aug 23 Allied troops capture Marseille, France
  • Aug 23 General George Leclerc's troops advance towards Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 23 General Montgomery consults with Generals Bradley and Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Aug 23 Romanian Royal coup: King Michael orders forces to cease fire against Allies and dismisses pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
  • Aug 23 Sammellager Drancy freed
  • Aug 23 US 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine
  • Aug 23 US B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed
  • Aug 24 General LeClerc's troops open assault on Paris
  • Aug 25 France 2nd Tank division under General Leclerc reaches Notre Dame
  • Aug 25 General De Gaulle walks the Champs Elysees in Paris after the liberation of the city from Nazi occupation
  • Aug 25 Paris liberated from Nazi occupation (Freedom Tuesday)
  • Aug 25 US 12nd Army Corps reaches Troyes
  • Aug 26 Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 26 Charles de Gaulle marches along the Champs-Elysees, despite coming under fire.

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Aug 26 US 12nd Army Corps crosses river Seine East of Paris
  • Aug 27 200 RAF Halifax bombers attack oil installations in Hamburg
  • Aug 28 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared
  • Aug 28 US air raid on Ambon Island, Dutch East Indies
  • Aug 29 15,000 American troops liberating Paris march down Champs Elysees
  • Aug 29 Anti-German rebellion in Slovakia
  • Aug 30 11th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 24, All-Stars 21 (48,769)
  • Aug 30 Philip Yordan's "Anna Lucasta" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 30 Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania
  • Aug 31 Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie" Italy
  • Aug 31 French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris
  • Aug 31 French troops liberate Bordeaux
  • Aug 31 Russian & Romanian troops march into Bucharest