Historical Events in October 1944

  • Oct 1 Newspaper editor Alejandro C√≥rdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • Oct 1 St Louis Browns win their only AL pennant
  • Oct 2 Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
  • Oct 2 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • Oct 3 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • Oct 3 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • Oct 4 British troops land on Greek continent
  • Oct 4 1st All St Louis World Series, all games played at Sportsman's Park
  • Oct 4 St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance
  • Oct 5 Harold Arlen/ET Harburgs musical premieres in NYC
  • Oct 5 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • Oct 5 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • Oct 6 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • Oct 6 Canadians free Austria
  • Oct 6 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • Oct 6 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 7 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 7 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
  • Oct 7 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums
  • Oct 8 "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres

Composer Samuel Barber
Composer
Samuel Barber

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 9 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • Oct 9 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • Oct 9 St Louis Cards beat St Louis Browns, 4 games to 2 in 41st World Series
  • Oct 10 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • Oct 11 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • Oct 11 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Film release premierFilm Release

Oct 11 "Laura", starring Gene Tierney, is released

Actress Gene Tierney
Actress
Gene Tierney
  • Oct 12 German army retreats from Athens
  • Oct 13 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • Oct 13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • Oct 14 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • Oct 14 British troops march into Athens
  • Oct 15 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • Oct 16 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Eisenhower, Bradley & Montgomery confer in Brussels

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Oct 18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • Oct 19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • Oct 19 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg
  • Oct 19 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 19 US Navy says black women can join WAVES
  • Oct 19 US forces land in Philippines
  • Oct 20 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • Oct 20 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • Oct 20 Russian/Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • Oct 20 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Oct 21 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • Oct 21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • Oct 21 Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 22 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • Oct 23 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 23 Gulf of Leyte battle begin
  • Oct 23 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • Oct 23 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • Oct 24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • Oct 24 US air raid on Japanese battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • Oct 24 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • Oct 24 US capt David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Jap planes in Gulf of Leyte
  • Oct 25 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • Oct 25 Battle at Samar-island
  • Oct 25 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • Oct 25 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
  • Oct 27 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • Oct 27 Tito reaches free Belgrade
  • Oct 28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Oct 29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Aaron Copland's "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washinton DC

Composer Aaron Copland
Composer
Aaron Copland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Oct 30 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • Oct 30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • Oct 30 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • Oct 30 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • Oct 31 Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission