Historical Events in October 1944

  • 1st Newspaper editor Alejandro C√≥rdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • 1st St Louis Browns win their only AL pennant
  • 2nd Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
  • 2nd US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • 3rd 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • 3rd RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • 4th British troops land on Greek continent
  • 4th 1st All St Louis World Series, all games played at Sportsman's Park
  • 4th St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance
  • 5th Harold Arlen/ET Harburgs musical premieres in NYC
  • 5th Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • 5th Suffrage is extended to women in France.
  • 6th Allied aircrafts bombard per accident Fishing, Overijssel
  • 6th Canadians free Austria
  • 6th Royal Ducth Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks U168 at Java
  • 6th Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • 7th Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

7th Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 7th Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
  • 7th Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums
  • 8th "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

8th Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres

Composer Samuel Barber
Samuel Barber

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

9th British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 9th Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • 9th German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • 9th St Louis Cards beat St Louis Browns, 4 games to 2 in 41st World Series
  • 10th Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • 10th US takes Okinawa
  • 11th Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • 11th Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Film-release-premierFilm Release

11th "Laura", starring Gene Tierney, is released

Actress Gene Tierney
Gene Tierney
  • 12th German army retreats from Athens
  • 13th Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • 13th US 1st army begins battle of Aachen
  • 14th Allied troops land in Corfu
  • 14th British troops march into Athens
  • 15th The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • 16th Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

18th Eisenhower, Bradley & Montgomery confer in Brussels

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 18th Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • 19th British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • 19th Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg
  • 19th John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC
  • 19th US Navy says black women can join WAVES
  • 19th US forces land in Philippines
  • 20th Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • 20th Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • 20th Russian/Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • 20th US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

20th US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

WW2 General Douglas MacArthur
WW2 General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 21st Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • 21st During WW II, US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • 21st Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC
  • 22nd Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • 23rd First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • 23rd Gulf of Leyte battle begin
  • 23rd Soviet army invades Hungary
  • 23rd Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • 24th Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • 24th US air raid on Japanese battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • 24th US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • 24th US capt David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Jap planes in Gulf of Leyte
  • 25th Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • 25th Battle at Samar-island
  • 25th Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • 25th Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
  • 27th Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • 27th Tito reaches free Belgrade
  • 28th Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • 29th 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • 29th Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

30th Aaron Copland's "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washinton DC

Composer Aaron Copland
Aaron Copland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

30th Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 30th Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • 30th Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • 30th Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • 30th Tholen Island freed
  • 31st Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission