Historical Events in 1944 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 815

  • May 12 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • May 12 Secret Police arrest Gerrit Van de Peat
  • May 13 69th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2
  • May 14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • May 14 British troops occupy Kohima

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 14 Gen Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz
  • May 15 Cincinnati Red Clyde Shoun no-hits Boston Braves, 1-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill & George VI discuss D-Day plan

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 15 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne
  • May 16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • May 17 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • May 17 Chinese/US arm forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
  • May 17 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th
  • May 17 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • May 18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
  • May 18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • May 19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands
  • May 19 German defense line in Italy collapsed
  • May 20 US Communist Party dissolves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 Hitler begins attack on British/US "terror pilots"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • May 23 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • May 23 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead
  • May 23 Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
  • May 24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists
  • May 24 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • May 25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • May 27 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • May 27 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • May 29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
  • May 30 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • May 31 Allied breakthrough in Italy
  • Jun 1 Gen Montgomery/Patton/Bradley/Dempsey/Crerar meet in Portsmouth
  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
  • Jun 2 Generals Eisenhower & Montgomery dine in Portsmouth
  • Jun 2 Judendurchgangslager Vught disbands
  • Jun 3 76th Belmont: G L Smith riding Bounding Home wins in 2:32.2
  • Jun 3 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • Jun 3 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • Jun 4 1st British gliders touch down on French soil for D-Day
  • Jun 4 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured & boarded on high seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 5th Army enters & liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jun 4 French general De Gaulle arrives in London
  • Jun 5 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
  • Jun 5 1st British gliders touched down on French soil for D-Day invasion
  • Jun 5 Allies march into Rome
  • Jun 5 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies
  • Jun 5 General Eisenhower decides invasion set for June 6
  • Jun 6 82nd Airborne division WWII D-day-landing at Ste Mere Eglise
  • Jun 6 Baseball cancels all games honoring D-Day invasion
  • Jun 6 Operation Neptune, D-Day: 150,000 Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France in WWII
  • Jun 6 Nazi troops executed 96 prisoners by firing squad
  • Jun 6 Theodore Roosevelt Jr receives congressional medal of honor
  • Jun 6 U-955, U-970, U-629, U-373 sink in Gulf of Biskaje
  • Jun 6 Alaska Airlines commences operations.
  • Jun 7 Achilles Veen soccer team forms in Veen
  • Jun 7 Canadian 50th division occupies Bayeux
  • Jun 7 Claus von Stauffenberg meets Hitler
  • Jun 8 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • Jun 8 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • Jun 8 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • Jun 8 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 9 Russian offensive in Carelia
  • Jun 10 Joe Nuxhall, 15, of Cincinnati Reds is youngest player in major league
  • Jun 10 Nazi murders in Oradour-sur-Glane, France
  • Jun 10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops.
  • Jun 11 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • Jun 11 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • Jun 11 KP gang surprise attack on Dome Arnhem jail
  • Jun 12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • Jun 12 British 12th airborne batallion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • Jun 12 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 12 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • Jun 13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • Jun 13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • Jun 14 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Jun 15 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific
  • Jun 16 Iceland adopts constitution
  • Jun 16 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy
  • Jun 16 US bombs Kyushu Japan
  • Jun 17 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba
  • Jun 17 Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons
  • Jun 17 Iceland declares independence from Denmark
  • Jun 17 Republic of Iceland proclaimed at Thingvallir, Iceland
  • Jun 17 Resistance fighter/poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • Jun 18 Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • Jun 18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • Jun 19 French troops free Elba
  • Jun 19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • Jun 19 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • Jun 19 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • Jun 20 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jun 20 Heavy storm hits the Channel
  • Jun 20 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
  • Jun 20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • Jun 20 US attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea
  • Jun 21 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • Jun 22 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • Jun 22 British 14th Army frees Imphal Assam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 22 Longest shut out in Phillies history, Phils beat Braves 1-0 in 15 inn
  • Jun 22 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • Jun 22 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre.
  • Jun 23 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • Jun 23 Russian offensive in central front sector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
  • Jun 25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • Jun 26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • Jun 26 Yanks, Dodgers & Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yanks-1 & Giants-0
  • Jun 27 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • Jun 29 German counter attack at Caen
  • Jun 29 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead
  • Jun 29 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden
  • Jun 29 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • Jun 29 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • Jun 30 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • Jun 30 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • Jun 30 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • Jun 30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.
  • Jul 1 2,500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs
  • Jul 1 Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing IMF & World Bank
  • Jul 1 Graf (Count) Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel
  • Jul 1 General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy
  • Jul 1 US headquarter moves to Colombières Normandy
  • Jul 1 Von Rundstedt against Keitel: "Sign peace, idiots!"
  • Jul 2 Field Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
  • Jul 3 Oriole Park (minor league baseball stadium) burns down in Baltimore
  • Jul 3 US V-III-E Army corp opens assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • Jul 4 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Jul 4 1st Japanese kamikaze attack, US fleet near Iwo Jima

  • Jul 4 Allied assault on Carpiquet airport at Caen
  • Jul 4 Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
  • Jul 5 Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight
  • Jul 6 170 die in a fire at Ringling Bros Circus in Hartford Conn
  • Jul 6 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 US General Patton lands in France

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Jul 6 World's largest circus tent catches fire at Ringling Brother's - Barnum & Bailey 2nd performance, 168 die (Hartford Conn)
  • Jul 7 RAF Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France
  • Jul 7 Heavy Japanese counter offensive on Saipan
  • Jul 8 British troops march into Caen, Normandy
  • Jul 8 Japanese kamikaze attacks on US lines at Saipan
  • Jul 9 In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan fell
  • Jul 9 U-740 sunk by depth charges from a British Liberator aircraft
  • Jul 10 German submarine U-821 sunk by RAF

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 "Father of Medicare" Tommy Douglas becomes the 7th Premier of Saskatchewan

Father of Medicare Tommy Douglas
Father of Medicare
Tommy Douglas
  • Jul 11 12th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
  • Jul 11 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States
  • Jul 12 Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
  • Jul 12 US government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
  • Jul 13 Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated
  • Jul 14 Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
  • Jul 14 US assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • Jul 15 Greenwich Observatory damaged by WW II flying bomb
  • Jul 16 Dodgers score 8 unearned runs against Braves to win 8-5 & break their 16-game losing streak, they will lose another 5 in a row
  • Jul 17 2 ammunition ships explodes at Port Chicago, California kills 322
  • Jul 17 Russian troops cross river Bug/march into Poland
  • Jul 18 7:45 Operation Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • Jul 18 Allies air raid railways at Vaires, Paris
  • Jul 18 Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6)
  • Jul 18 RAF Mosquitos attack Cologne & Berlin
  • Jul 18 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland
  • Jul 18 British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range, Normandy
  • Jul 18 Polish troops under Gen Anders occupy Ancona Italy
  • Jul 18 US troop march into St Lo
  • Jul 19 1,200+ 8th US Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany
  • Jul 19 500 15th US Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich vicinity
  • Jul 19 Allied troops occupy Faubourg de Vaucelles, at Caen
  • Jul 19 Danish resistance fails in assault on Taarbaek Fort near Copenhagen
  • Jul 19 Democratic convention opens in Chicago, goes on to nominate President Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 19 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg visits RC church in Berlin-Dahlem
  • Jul 19 General Bradley flies to England
  • Jul 19 Japanese aircraft carriers Taiho/Shokaku sinks in Marianas
  • Jul 19 NY archbishop Spellman flies to Europe
  • Jul 19 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg 1st meets Eichmann
  • Jul 20 British and Canadian troops occupy Hill 67/Ifs/Bras/Frenouville, Normandy
  • Jul 20 Browns Nelson Potter is 1st pitcher suspended for throwing spitballs
  • Jul 20 Canadian Cameron Highlanders conquer St Andre
  • Jul 20 Death March of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani Moldavia begins
  • Jul 20 Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen
  • Jul 20 Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau
  • Jul 20 General Eisenhower visits Montgomery's headquarter in Normandy
  • Jul 20 Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen
  • Jul 20 Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sunk by US air attack
  • Jul 20 Liberators of US 8th Air Force attack Gotha Russelsheim/Eisenach
  • Jul 20 US President FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Democratic convention
  • Jul 20 US 15th Air Force attacks Friedrichshaven Memmingen
  • Jul 20 US 9th Air Force bombs railroad at Chaulnes Sable-sur-Sarthe/Dreux
  • Jul 20 US invades Japanese-occupied Guam
  • Jul 20 Violent battles in Verrieres-hill (Normandy)
  • Jul 20 Fifty are hurt in rioting in front of the presidential palace in Mexico City.
  • Jul 20 Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jul 21 British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jul 21 General Koiso becomes premier of Japan
  • Jul 21 US forces land on Guam during its recapture from the Japanese (Operation Forager)
  • Jul 21 Field Marshal Günther von Kluge warns Hitler of impending collapse of front in Normandy
  • Jul 22 Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation
  • Jul 23 Chicago Cubs Bill Nicholson hits 4 HRs in a doubleheader