Historical Events in 1944 (Part 4)

Events 601 - 800 of 815

  • Sep 17 Operation Market Garden: British airborne division lands Arnhem Neth
  • Sep 18 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied PoWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
  • Sep 18 Eindhoven free (Lightly Day)
  • Sep 18 US 266th division occupiers Brest Bretagne
  • Sep 19 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • Sep 19 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War).
  • Sep 20 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • Sep 20 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • Sep 21 Last British paratroopers at bridge of Arnhem surrender
  • Sep 22 Boulogne reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 22 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel
  • Sep 22 US troops land on Ulithi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22 President Jose P. Laurel declared the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Sep 23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • Sep 26 British & Polish paratroopers evacuate Oosterbeek (Arnhem)
  • Sep 26 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • Sep 27 Helmond & Oss Neth liberated
  • Sep 28 1st TV Musical comedy (The Boys from Boise)
  • Sep 28 Battle of Arnhem, Germans defeat British airborne in Netherlands
  • Sep 28 Nazi murders in Marzabotto, Italy (SS-major Reder)
  • Sep 29 Browns last in AL attendance, only 6,172 watch them sweep Yanks in DH
  • Sep 29 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
  • Sep 30 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth
  • Sep 30 Calais reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 30 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms
  • Oct 1 Newspaper editor Alejandro Córdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • Oct 1 St Louis Browns win their only AL pennant
  • Oct 2 Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
  • Oct 2 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • Oct 3 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • Oct 3 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • Oct 4 British troops land on Greek continent
  • Oct 4 1st All St Louis World Series, all games played at Sportsman's Park
  • Oct 4 St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance
  • Oct 5 Harold Arlen/ET Harburgs musical premieres in NYC
  • Oct 5 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • Oct 5 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • Oct 6 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • Oct 6 Canadians free Austria
  • Oct 6 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • Oct 6 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 7 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 7 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
  • Oct 7 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums
  • Oct 8 "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres

Composer Samuel Barber
Samuel Barber

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 9 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • Oct 9 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • Oct 9 St Louis Cards beat St Louis Browns, 4 games to 2 in 41st World Series
  • Oct 10 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • Oct 11 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • Oct 11 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Film release premierFilm Release

Oct 11 "Laura", starring Gene Tierney, is released

Actress Gene Tierney
Gene Tierney
  • Oct 12 German army retreats from Athens
  • Oct 13 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • Oct 13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • Oct 14 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • Oct 14 British troops march into Athens
  • Oct 15 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • Oct 16 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Eisenhower, Bradley & Montgomery confer in Brussels

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Oct 18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • Oct 19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • Oct 19 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg
  • Oct 19 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 19 US Navy says black women can join WAVES
  • Oct 19 US forces land in Philippines
  • Oct 20 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • Oct 20 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • Oct 20 Russian/Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • Oct 20 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Oct 21 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • Oct 21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • Oct 21 Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 22 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • Oct 23 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 23 Gulf of Leyte battle begin
  • Oct 23 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • Oct 23 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • Oct 24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • Oct 24 US air raid on Japanese battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • Oct 24 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • Oct 24 US capt David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Jap planes in Gulf of Leyte
  • Oct 25 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • Oct 25 Battle at Samar-island
  • Oct 25 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • Oct 25 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
  • Oct 27 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • Oct 27 Tito reaches free Belgrade
  • Oct 28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Oct 29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Aaron Copland's "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washinton DC

Composer Aaron Copland
Aaron Copland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Oct 30 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • Oct 30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • Oct 30 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • Oct 30 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • Oct 31 Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission
  • Nov 1 Mary Coyle Chase's "Harvey" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 Zeeuws & Flanders liberated
  • Nov 1 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • Nov 2 Auschwitz begins gassing inmates
  • Nov 2 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
  • Nov 2 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 3 Allied commandos lands at Westkapelle Walcheren
  • Nov 3 German troops in Vlissingen surrenders
  • Nov 3 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
  • Nov 3 US 28th Infantry division occupies Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 RAF bombs Dinteloord, 54 killed
  • Nov 5 Allied troops reach Zoutelande Walcheren
  • Nov 5 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • Nov 5 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 FDR wins 4th term in office, defeating Thomas E. Dewey (R)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • Nov 7 Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
  • Nov 8 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor
  • Nov 8 Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
  • Nov 9 Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize
  • Nov 9 Walcheren purged of Nazi troops
  • Nov 10 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • Nov 10 US 9th Army takes Margraten cemetery
  • Nov 10 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11) exploded at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands
  • Nov 11 NY Rangers set NHL record of 25 games without a win (0-21-4)
  • Nov 12 RAF sinks German battleship "Tirpitz" at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • Nov 15 Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank
  • Nov 16 US 9th division & 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
  • Nov 17 -Nov 19] Nazi raids in Dutch NE Polder
  • Nov 19 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • Nov 20 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • Nov 20 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
  • Nov 20 Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda
  • Nov 21 Personnel & executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
  • Nov 22 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen
  • Nov 23 US 7th army under Gen Patch conquers Straatsburg
  • Nov 24 US bombers based on Saipan begin 1st attack on Tokyo
  • Nov 25 32nd CFL Grey Cup: Montreal HMCS defeat Hamilton Flying Wildcats, 7-6
  • Nov 25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • Nov 26 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor
  • Nov 26 Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz & Birkenau crematoria
  • Nov 27 4,000 shells detonate in RAF arms depot at Fauld, near Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire; village of Hanbury destroyed, at least 70 people killed
  • Nov 27 US 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen
  • Nov 28 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp
  • Nov 28 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse
  • Nov 28 Hal Newhouser is named AL MVP
  • Nov 28 In reprisal 40 Dutch men are executed by Nazis
  • Nov 28 US 121st Infantry regiment occupies Hurtgen
  • Nov 29 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • Nov 29 John Hopkins hospital performs 1st open heart surgery
  • Nov 29 The first surgery (on a human) to correct blue baby syndrome is performed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas.
  • Nov 30 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched
  • Dec 1 Béla Bartòk's Concerto for orchestra, premieres
  • Dec 1 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
  • Dec 1 Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres
  • Dec 2 10th Heisman Trophy Award: Les Horvath, Ohio State (QB)
  • Dec 2 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • Dec 2 German troops seize Betuwse dikes
  • Dec 2 US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar
  • Dec 3 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • Dec 3 Hungarian death march of Jews ends
  • Dec 3 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • Dec 3 NFL Cardinals-Pitts merger disolves
  • Dec 3 US 5th Armoured division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
  • Dec 3 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists.
  • Dec 3 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • Dec 4 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
  • Dec 5 German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
  • Dec 6 US 95th Infantry division reaches Westwall
  • Dec 7 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
  • Dec 7 General Radescu forms Romanian government
  • Dec 10 9 Dutch citizens hanged by nazis
  • Dec 10 German counter attack at Dillingen bridgehead on the Saar
  • Dec 11 Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed
  • Dec 13 Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138
  • Dec 13 Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 14 Begin(ning) Liese-Aktion: werving of labor force for Germany
  • Dec 14 Congress establshes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
  • Dec 14 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
  • Dec 15 Bandleader, Major Glenn Miller, lost over English Channel
  • Dec 15 Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms
  • Dec 15 US Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star
  • Dec 15 US troops lands on Mindoro
  • Dec 16 Ardennes campaign ('Battle of the Bulge') begins in Belgium
  • Dec 16 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
  • Dec 16 US 2nd Inf division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid
  • Dec 17 Green Bay Packers win NFL championship with an 8–2 record
  • Dec 17 M-Ocean View streetcar resumes service & is extended to Market St
  • Dec 17 US Army announces end of excluding Japanese-Americans from West Coast, detainees released.
  • Dec 17 US destroyers sink in storm off Philippines, 790 killed
  • Dec 18 US Destroyers Hull, Spence & Monaghan sink in typhoon (Philippines)
  • Dec 18 Nazi occupiers of Amsterdam destroy electricity plants
  • Dec 20 Archbishop De Young & bishop Huibers condemn black market
  • Dec 20 Battle of Bastogne: Nazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!)
  • Dec 20 Bishop forbids membership of non Catholic unions
  • Dec 20 Terence Rattigan's "O Mistress Mine" premieres in London
  • Dec 21 Cards' Marty Marion wins NL MVP
  • Dec 22 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium