Historical Events in 1945

Events 1 - 200 of 661

  • Jan 1st German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • Jan 1st 31st Rose Bowl: #7 Southern California beats #12 Tennessee, 25-0
  • Jan 1st 11th Sugar Bowl: #11 Duke beats Alabama, 29-26
  • Jan 1st 11th Orange Bowl: Tulsa beats #13 Georgia Tech, 26-12
  • Jan 2nd Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • Jan 2nd Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
  • Jan 2nd Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • Jan 3rd Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3rd British Premier Winston Churchill visits France

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jan 3rd Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
  • Jan 3rd Greek General Plastiras forms government
  • Jan 3rd John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 3rd US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Jan 3rd Admiral Chester W. Nimitz begins planning assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan

  • Jan 4th Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
  • Jan 4th US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack
  • Jan 5th Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
  • Jan 5th Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
  • Jan 7th Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes
  • Jan 7th The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
  • Jan 8th "Youth for Christ" organizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9th US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

WW2 General Douglas MacArthur
WW2 General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Jan 10th LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
  • Jan 10th No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
  • Jan 12th German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • Jan 12th US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • Jan 12th The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • Jan 13th Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
  • Jan 14th In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • Jan 15th "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 429 performances
  • Jan 15th Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • Jan 15th Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
  • Jan 15th The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory
  • Jan 16th Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • Jan 16th US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16th Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 17th Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
  • Jan 17th Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
  • Jan 17th Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears the German resistance
  • Jan 17th Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary
  • Jan 18th Soviet troops capture Krakow, Poland
  • Jan 18th Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow and push Germans out only to eventually occupy entire country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20th Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 20th The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • Jan 21st British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • Jan 22nd Burma highway reopens
  • Jan 22nd Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
  • Jan 23rd Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23rd World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • Jan 24th Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • Jan 25th Dan Topping, Del Webb & Larry MacPhail purchase NY Yanks for $2.8 mil
  • Jan 25th Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
  • Jan 25th Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
  • Jan 25th NY Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail for $2.8 million
  • Jan 25th West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • Jan 26th Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Jan 27th Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
  • Jan 27th Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • Jan 27th S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
  • Jan 27th Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
  • Jan 28th Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
  • Jan 28th Gen "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • Jan 28th Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
  • Jan 30th "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • Jan 30th American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • Jan 31st US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
  • Jan 31st Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
  • Feb 1st US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
  • Feb 2nd Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
  • Feb 3rd Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
  • Feb 3rd Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released

Conference meetingYalta Conference

Feb 4th Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war

  • Feb 5th Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)
  • Feb 5th British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Crimea
  • Feb 5th US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla
  • Feb 6th US 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
  • Feb 6th Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
  • Feb 7th General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
  • Feb 7th Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
  • Feb 7th US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
  • Feb 7th London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • Feb 8th Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Feb 8th Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach

American Football Coach Paul Brown
American Football Coach
Paul Brown
  • Feb 9th -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
  • Feb 9th WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
  • Feb 9th The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
  • Feb 10th "Rum & Coca Cola" by Andrews Sisters hits #1
  • Feb 11th 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
  • Feb 11th Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin
  • Feb 12th SF selected for site of UN Conference
  • Feb 13th Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
  • Feb 13th Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
  • Feb 13th USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
  • Feb 14th Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allies air forces
  • Feb 14th Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • Feb 14th World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • Feb 14th World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • Feb 16th US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
  • Feb 16th Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • Feb 19th 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • Feb 19th Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated
  • Feb 19th US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines
  • Feb 21st Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties
  • Feb 21st British Army captures Goch
  • Feb 21st US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
  • Feb 22nd Arab League forms (Cairo)
  • Feb 22nd British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
  • Feb 22nd Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
  • Feb 23rd 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • Feb 23rd Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
  • Feb 23rd Operation Grenade: Gen Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr
  • Feb 23rd US Marines raise the flag on Iwo Jima, later a famous photo and Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture
  • Feb 24th Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
  • Feb 24th Manila freed from Japanese
  • Feb 24th Nazi occupiers begin state of siege
  • Feb 24th Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
  • Feb 25th US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
  • Feb 25th World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • Feb 26th Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
  • Feb 27th Battle of US 94 Infantry
  • Mar 1st British 43rd Division under Gen Hubert Essame occupies Xanten
  • Mar 1st Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
  • Mar 1st FDR announces success of Yalta Conference
  • Mar 1st US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
  • Mar 2nd US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • Mar 2nd King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
  • Mar 3rd Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters
  • Mar 3rd RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
  • Mar 3rd Roermond & Venlo, Netherlands, liberated
  • Mar 3rd US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
  • Mar 3rd US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
  • Mar 4th Finland declares war on nazi-Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Mar 5th Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5th Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US General George S. Patton
US General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 5th US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • Mar 5th US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 5th World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
  • Mar 6th 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm
  • Mar 6th Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
  • Mar 6th Erich Honnecker & Erich Hanke flee nazis
  • Mar 6th Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa" premieres in Buenos Aires
  • Mar 7th Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
  • Mar 7th Cologne taken by allied armies
  • Mar 7th US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine
  • Mar 7th Yugoslavia government of Tito forms
  • Mar 8th "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • Mar 8th 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • Mar 8th International Women's Day is 1st observed
  • Mar 8th Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn-in as US Navy ensign

BattleFirebombing of Tokyo

Mar 9th 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bombs

  • Mar 9th Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
  • Mar 10th Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West
  • Mar 10th Germany blows-up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
  • Mar 10th Japan declares Vietnam Independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10th Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army

US General George S. Patton
US General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 10th Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombings, more than 100,000 people die, mostly civilians.
  • Mar 10th US troops lands on Mindanao
  • Mar 11th 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs
  • Mar 11th Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death
  • Mar 12th 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • Mar 12th Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
  • Mar 12th NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment
  • Mar 12th USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
  • Mar 13th Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
  • Mar 13th Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
  • Mar 14th RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Mar 15th 17th Academy Awards - "Going My Way", Bing Crosby & Ingrid Bergman win

Actress Ingrid Bergman
Actress
Ingrid Bergman
Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • Mar 15th Bert Shepard (1 legged WW II vet) tries out as a pitcher for Senators
  • Mar 15th Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1)
  • Mar 15th Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
  • Mar 15th Dodgers open spring training at Bear Mountain NY
  • Mar 16th Allies secure Iwo Jima
  • Mar 16th Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers.
  • Mar 17th Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
  • Mar 18th 1,250 US bombers attacks Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18th Maurice "Rocket" Richard becomes the 1st NHLer to score 50 goals

Ice Hockey Player Maurice Richard
Ice Hockey Player
Maurice Richard
  • Mar 18th US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu
  • Mar 19th 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan
  • Mar 19th Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories
  • Mar 19th British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • Mar 19th US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
  • Mar 20th US 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar
  • Mar 21st 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
  • Mar 21st During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • Mar 21st Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
  • Mar 22nd Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo Egypt
  • Mar 22nd US 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein
  • Mar 23rd British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
  • Mar 23rd Largest operation in WWII's Pacific War, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa
  • Mar 23rd Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
  • Mar 24th Generals Eisenhower, Montgomery & Bradley discuss advance in Germany
  • Mar 24th Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports & 1300 gliders
  • Mar 24th Operation Varsity: British, US & Canadian airborne landings east of the Rhine
  • Mar 24th US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
  • Mar 25th US 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen
  • Mar 25th US 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg
  • Mar 25th US Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa
  • Mar 26th British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26th De Paul wins NIT basketball championship, George Mikan scores 34

NBA Center George Mikan
NBA Center
George Mikan