Historical Events in 1945

Events 1 - 200 of 660

  • Jan 1 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • Jan 1 31st Rose Bowl: #7 Southern California beats #12 Tennessee, 25-0
  • Jan 1 11th Sugar Bowl: #11 Duke beats Alabama, 29-26
  • Jan 1 11th Orange Bowl: Tulsa beats #13 Georgia Tech, 26-12
  • Jan 2 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • Jan 2 Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
  • Jan 2 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • Jan 3 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 British Premier Winston Churchill visits France

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jan 3 Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
  • Jan 3 Greek General Plastiras forms government
  • Jan 3 John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 3 US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Jan 3 Admiral Chester W. Nimitz begins planning assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan

  • Jan 4 Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
  • Jan 4 US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack
  • Jan 5 Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
  • Jan 5 Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
  • Jan 7 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes
  • Jan 7 The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
  • Jan 8 "Youth for Christ" organizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Jan 10 LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
  • Jan 10 No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
  • Jan 12 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • Jan 12 US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • Jan 12 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • Jan 13 Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
  • Jan 14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • Jan 15 "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 429 performances
  • Jan 15 Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • Jan 15 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
  • Jan 15 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory
  • Jan 16 Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • Jan 16 US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 17 Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
  • Jan 17 Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
  • Jan 17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears the German resistance
  • Jan 17 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary
  • Jan 18 Soviet troops capture Krakow, Poland
  • Jan 18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow and push Germans out only to eventually occupy entire country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • Jan 21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • Jan 22 Burma highway reopens
  • Jan 22 Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
  • Jan 23 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • Jan 24 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • Jan 25 Dan Topping, Del Webb & Larry MacPhail purchase NY Yanks for $2.8 mil
  • Jan 25 Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
  • Jan 25 Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
  • Jan 25 NY Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail for $2.8 million
  • Jan 25 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • Jan 26 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Jan 27 Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
  • Jan 27 Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • Jan 27 S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
  • Jan 27 Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
  • Jan 28 Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
  • Jan 28 Gen "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • Jan 28 Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
  • Jan 30 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • Jan 30 American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • Jan 31 US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
  • Jan 31 Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
  • Feb 1 US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
  • Feb 2 Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
  • Feb 3 Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
  • Feb 3 Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released

Conference meetingYalta Conference

Feb 4 Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war

  • Feb 5 Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)
  • Feb 5 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Crimea
  • Feb 5 US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla
  • Feb 6 US 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
  • Feb 6 Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
  • Feb 7 General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
  • Feb 7 Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
  • Feb 7 US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
  • Feb 7 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • Feb 8 Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Feb 8 Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach

American Football Coach Paul Brown
American Football Coach
Paul Brown
  • Feb 9 -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
  • Feb 9 WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
  • Feb 9 The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
  • Feb 10 "Rum & Coca Cola" by Andrews Sisters hits #1
  • Feb 11 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
  • Feb 11 Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin
  • Feb 12 SF selected for site of UN Conference
  • Feb 13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
  • Feb 13 Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
  • Feb 13 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
  • Feb 14 Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allies air forces
  • Feb 14 Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • Feb 14 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • Feb 14 World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • Feb 16 US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
  • Feb 16 Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • Feb 19 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • Feb 19 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated
  • Feb 19 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines
  • Feb 21 Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties
  • Feb 21 British Army captures Goch
  • Feb 21 US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
  • Feb 22 Arab League forms (Cairo)
  • Feb 22 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
  • Feb 22 Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
  • Feb 23 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • Feb 23 Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
  • Feb 23 Operation Grenade: Gen Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr
  • Feb 23 US Marines raise the flag on Iwo Jima, later a famous photo and Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture
  • Feb 24 Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
  • Feb 24 Manila freed from Japanese
  • Feb 24 Nazi occupiers begin state of siege
  • Feb 24 Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
  • Feb 25 US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
  • Feb 25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • Feb 26 Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
  • Feb 27 Battle of US 94 Infantry
  • Mar 1 British 43rd Division under Gen Hubert Essame occupies Xanten
  • Mar 1 Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
  • Mar 1 FDR announces success of Yalta Conference
  • Mar 1 US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
  • Mar 2 US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • Mar 2 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
  • Mar 3 Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters
  • Mar 3 RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
  • Mar 3 Roermond & Venlo, Netherlands, liberated
  • Mar 3 US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
  • Mar 3 US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
  • Mar 4 Finland declares war on nazi-Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Mar 5 Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 5 US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • Mar 5 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 5 World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
  • Mar 6 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm
  • Mar 6 Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
  • Mar 6 Erich Honnecker & Erich Hanke flee nazis
  • Mar 6 Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa" premieres in Buenos Aires
  • Mar 7 Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
  • Mar 7 Cologne taken by allied armies
  • Mar 7 US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine
  • Mar 7 Yugoslavia government of Tito forms
  • Mar 8 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • Mar 8 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • Mar 8 International Women's Day is 1st observed
  • Mar 8 Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn-in as US Navy ensign

BattleFirebombing of Tokyo

Mar 9 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bombs

  • Mar 9 Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
  • Mar 10 Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West
  • Mar 10 Germany blows-up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
  • Mar 10 Japan declares Vietnam Independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 10 Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombings, more than 100,000 people die, mostly civilians.
  • Mar 10 US troops lands on Mindanao
  • Mar 11 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs
  • Mar 11 Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death
  • Mar 12 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • Mar 12 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
  • Mar 12 NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment
  • Mar 12 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
  • Mar 13 Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
  • Mar 13 Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
  • Mar 14 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Mar 15 17th Academy Awards: "Going My Way", Bing Crosby & Ingrid Bergman win

Actress Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • Mar 15 Bert Shepard (1 legged WW II vet) tries out as a pitcher for Senators
  • Mar 15 Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1)
  • Mar 15 Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
  • Mar 15 Dodgers open spring training at Bear Mountain NY
  • Mar 16 Allies secure Iwo Jima
  • Mar 16 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers.
  • Mar 17 Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
  • Mar 18 1,250 US bombers attacks Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 Maurice "Rocket" Richard becomes the 1st NHLer to score 50 goals

Ice Hockey Player Maurice Richard
Ice Hockey Player
Maurice Richard
  • Mar 18 US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu
  • Mar 19 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan
  • Mar 19 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories
  • Mar 19 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • Mar 19 US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
  • Mar 20 US 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar
  • Mar 21 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
  • Mar 21 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • Mar 21 Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
  • Mar 22 Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo Egypt
  • Mar 22 US 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein
  • Mar 23 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
  • Mar 23 Largest operation in WWII's Pacific War, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa
  • Mar 23 Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
  • Mar 24 Generals Eisenhower, Montgomery & Bradley discuss advance in Germany
  • Mar 24 Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports & 1300 gliders
  • Mar 24 Operation Varsity: British, US & Canadian airborne landings east of the Rhine
  • Mar 24 US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
  • Mar 25 US 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen
  • Mar 25 US 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg
  • Mar 25 US Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa
  • Mar 26 British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 De Paul wins NIT basketball championship, George Mikan scores 34

NBA Center George Mikan
NBA Center
George Mikan