Historical Events for Year 1945

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Months in Year 1945: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 150 of 660

Jan 1st - France joins the UN
Jan 1st - German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
Jan 1st - 31st Rose Bowl: #7 Southern California beats #12 Tennessee, 25-0
Jan 1st - 11th Sugar Bowl: #11 Duke beats Alabama, 29-26
Jan 1st - 11th Orange Bowl: Tulsa beats #13 Georgia Tech, 26-12
Jan 2nd - Allied air raid on Nuremberg
Jan 2nd - Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
Jan 2nd - Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
Jan 3rd - Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab
Jan 3rd - British Premier Winston Churchill visits France
Jan 3rd - Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
Jan 3rd - Greek General Plastiras forms government
Jan 3rd - John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
Jan 3rd - US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa
Jan 4th - Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
Jan 4th - US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill Jan 5th - Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
Jan 5th - Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
Jan 7th - Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes
Jan 7th - The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
Jan 8th - "Youth for Christ" organizes
Jan 9th - US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines
Jan 10th - LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
Jan 10th - No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
Jan 12th - German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
Jan 12th - US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
Jan 12th - The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
Jan 13th - Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
WW2 General Douglas MacArthurWW2 General Douglas MacArthur Jan 14th - In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
Jan 15th - "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 429 perfs
Jan 15th - Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
Jan 15th - Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
Jan 15th - The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory
Jan 16th - Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
Jan 16th - US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise
Jan 17th - Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
Jan 17th - Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
Jan 17th - Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears the German resistance
Jan 17th - Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary
Jan 18th - Soviet troops capture Krakow, Poland
Jan 18th - Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow and push Germans out only to eventually occupy entire country
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt Jan 20th - Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President
Jan 20th - The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
Jan 21st - British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
Jan 22nd - Burma highway reopens
Jan 22nd - Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
Jan 23rd - Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation
Jan 23rd - World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.
Jan 24th - Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
Jan 25th - Dan Topping, Del Webb & Larry MacPhail purchase NY Yanks for $2.8 mil
Jan 25th - Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
Admiral and Navy Commander Karl DönitzAdmiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz Jan 25th - Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
Jan 25th - NY Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail for $2.8 million
Jan 25th - West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
Jan 26th - Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
Jan 27th - Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
Jan 27th - Russia liberates Auschwitz & Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)
Jan 27th - S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
Jan 27th - Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
Jan 28th - Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
Jan 28th - Gen "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
Jan 28th - Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
Jan 30th - "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
Jan 31st - US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
Jan 31st - Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
Feb 1st - US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
Feb 2nd - Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
Feb 3rd - Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
Feb 3rd - Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released
Conference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph StalinConference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin

Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin Feb 4th - Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war
Feb 5th - Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)
Feb 5th - British premier Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Crimea
Feb 5th - US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla
Feb 6th - US 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
Feb 6th - Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
Feb 7th - General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
Feb 7th - Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
Feb 7th - US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
Feb 7th - London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
Feb 8th - Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald
Feb 8th - Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach
American Football Coach Paul BrownAmerican Football Coach Paul Brown Feb 9th - -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
Feb 9th - WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
Feb 9th - The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
Feb 10th - "Rum & Coca Cola" by Andrews Sisters hits #1
Feb 11th - 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
Feb 11th - Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin
Feb 12th - SF selected for site of UN Conference
Feb 13th - Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
Feb 13th - Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
Feb 13th - USSR captures Budapest, after 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
Feb 14th - Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allies air forces
Feb 14th - Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
Feb 14th - World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
Feb 14th - World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
Feb 16th - US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
Feb 16th - Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
Feb 19th - 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
Feb 19th - Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo JimaUnited States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
Feb 19th - US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines
Feb 21st - Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties
Feb 21st - British Army captures Goch
Feb 21st - US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
Feb 22nd - Arab League forms (Cairo)
Feb 22nd - British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
Feb 22nd - Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
Feb 23rd - 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
Feb 23rd - Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
Feb 23rd - Operation Grenade: Gen Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr
Feb 23rd - US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo and later a statue in the Marine Corps War Memorial
Feb 24th - Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
Feb 24th - Manila freed from Japanese
Feb 24th - Nazi occupiers begin state of siege
Feb 24th - Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
Feb 25th - US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
Feb 25th - World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
Feb 26th - Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
Feb 27th - Battle of US 94 Infantry
Mar 1st - British 43rd Division under Gen Essame occupies Xanten
Mar 1st - Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
Mar 1st - FDR announces success of Yalta Conference
Mar 1st - US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
Mar 2nd - US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
Mar 2nd - King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
Mar 3rd - Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters
Mar 3rd - RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
Mar 3rd - Roermond & Venlo, Netherlands, liberated
Mar 3rd - US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
Mar 3rd - US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
Mar 4th - Finland declares war on nazi-Germany
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth IIQueen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II Mar 4th - In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.
Mar 5th - Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands
Mar 5th - Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville
Mar 5th - US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
Mar 5th - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
Mar 5th - World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
Mar 6th - 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm
Mar 6th - Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
Mar 6th - Erich Honnecker & Erich Hanke flee nazis
Mar 6th - Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa" premieres in Buenos Aires
Mar 7th - Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
Mar 7th - Cologne taken by allied armies
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower Mar 7th - US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine
Mar 7th - Yugoslavia government of Tito forms
Mar 8th - "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
Mar 8th - 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
Mar 8th - International Women's Day is 1st observed
Mar 8th - Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn-in as US Navy ensign
The aftermath of the single deadliest air raid of World War II, the firebombing of TokyoThe aftermath of the single deadliest air raid of World War II, the firebombing of Tokyo
Mar 9th - 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bombs
Mar 9th - Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China

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