Historical Events in July 1945

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 1 1st MLB superstar to return from WW II, Hank Greenberg hits a homer in his 1st game

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg
  • Jul 1 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • Jul 1 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jul 5 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Jul 6 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations

  • Jul 6 US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
  • Jul 6 Wash Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 6 Abbott and Costello's film "The Naughty Nineties" released featuring longest version of their "Who's on First" routine

Comedian and Actor Lou Costello
Comedian and Actor
Lou Costello
  • Jul 10 Adm Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • Jul 12 Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
  • Jul 14 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

Sport awardGolf Major

Jul 15 27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton Ohio

Golfer Byron Nelson
Byron Nelson
  • Jul 16 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
  • Jul 16 Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
  • Jul 16 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb
  • Jul 19 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
  • Jul 21 Detroit Tigers & Philadelphia A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie
  • Jul 23 Marshal Henri P├ętain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial
  • Jul 24 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • Jul 26 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister
  • Jul 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender during WWII
  • Jul 26 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum
  • Jul 26 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 26 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Jul 26 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

  • Jul 27 Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from NY Yankees
  • Jul 27 US Communist Party forms
  • Jul 28 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • Jul 28 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
  • Jul 28 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Raemer Schreiber
  • Jul 29 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed & sunk by a Japanese submarine
  • Jul 30 Philippines Sea: US cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die
  • Jul 31 Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.