Historical Events in May 1945

  • May 1 About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army
  • May 1 Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
  • May 1 Australian & Dutch troops land on Tarakan
  • May 1 General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms
  • May 1 Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
  • May 1 Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg
  • May 1 Soviet army reaches Rostock
  • May 2 Allies occupy Wismar, Northern Germany
  • May 2 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina & Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen
  • May 2 German Army in Italy surrenders

Victory in battleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

May 2 WWII: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders

  • May 2 Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste
  • May 3 1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen
  • May 3 Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg
  • May 3 British troop join in Rangoon
  • May 3 WWII: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life
  • May 4 German troops in Netherlands, Denmark & Norway surrender
  • May 5 Mauthausen Concentration camp in Austria liberated by US forces from 41st Reconnaissance Squadron.
  • May 5 Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control
  • May 5 Uprising against occupying SS troops in Prague
  • May 5 Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • May 6 Gen J Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands
  • May 6 World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
  • May 7 Branch Rickey announces formation of the US Negro Baseball League
  • May 7 WWII: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands
  • May 7 WWII: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims
  • May 7 Princess Irene Brigade moves into the Hague Neth
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
  • May 7 SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
  • May 8 Canadian troops move into Amsterdam
  • May 8 Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet
  • May 8 German General Von Keitel formally surrenders to Marshal Georgy Zhukov and the Soviets in Berlin
  • May 8 V-E Day; WWII ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
  • May 9 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • May 9 Nazi propagandist Max Blokzijl arrested
  • May 9 New balata ball used in baseball, 50% livilier
  • May 9 Norwegian nazi collaborators Vidkun Quisling arrested
  • May 9 Victory celebration at Red Square
  • May 9 World War II: Partisans liberate Ljubljana.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 9 World War II: Hermann Goering is captured by the United States Army.

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • May 9 World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day
  • May 9 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British.
  • May 10 Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese
  • May 10 Russian troops occupied Prague
  • May 11 US Marines conquer Awatsha Draw, Okinawa
  • May 13 US troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa
  • May 14 Kamikaze Zero strikes US aircraft carrier Enterprise
  • May 14 US offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Physician Joseph Hamilton injects misdiagnosed cancer patient Albert Stevens (CAL-1) with 131 kBq (3.55 µCi) of plutonium without his knowledge or informed consent. Stevens lived another 20 years, surviving the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens
Physician Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
  • May 15 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.
  • May 16 Violent battles around Sugar Loaf/Half Moon, Okinawa
  • May 17 2 US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu
  • May 18 Tigers & A's both have 7 straight games postponed due to rain
  • May 19 Start of the 1st Victory Test Cricket between England & Aust Services
  • May 20 Keith Miller scores 105 in the 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
  • May 21 Australian Services win 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's by 6 wickets
  • May 21 Nazi SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler captured
  • May 22 6th US Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa
  • May 22 NSB-Fuhrer Rost van Tonningen makes failed suicide attempt
  • May 23 British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
  • May 23 German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
  • May 23 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44
  • May 23 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary
  • May 25 Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
  • May 26 US drop fire bombs on Tokyo
  • May 29 US 1st Marine division conquerors Shuri Castle, Okinawa