Historical Events in 1945 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 660

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Mar 26 Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
  • Mar 26 US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms
  • Mar 26 Venray soccer team forms

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Mar 26 Iwo Jima occupied, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed

  • Mar 27 7th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NYU 49-44

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 British premier Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Mar 27 DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 Ella Fitzgerald & Delta Rhythm Boys record "It's Only a Paper Moon"

Jazz Musician Ella Fitzgerald
Jazz Musician
Ella Fitzgerald

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Mar 27 US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
  • Mar 27 World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
  • Mar 28 Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London
  • Mar 29 World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29 Movie star Jimmy Stewart is promoted to full colonel, one of the few Americans to rise from private to colonel in four years

  • Mar 30 289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund
  • Mar 30 USSR invades Austria
  • Mar 30 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.
  • Mar 31 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
  • Mar 31 Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 31 US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa
  • Apr 1 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
  • Apr 1 Canadian troops free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen
  • Apr 1 Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st & 9th army
  • Apr 1 Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg
  • Apr 1 US forces invade Okinawa during WW II
  • Apr 2 1st US units reach east coast of Okinawa
  • Apr 2 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established.
  • Apr 3 Hengelo freed from Nazi control by Canadian army
  • Apr 3 Nazis begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
  • Apr 3 US 1st army conquers Hofgeismar
  • Apr 4 Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • Apr 4 US forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany
  • Apr 4 US tanks/infantry conquer Bielefeld
  • Apr 5 Almelo Netherlands freed
  • Apr 5 Kuniaki Koiso resigns as PM of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
  • Apr 6 Coevorden freed from Nazis
  • Apr 6 Giant Japanese battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa
  • Apr 6 Massive kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Okinawa
  • Apr 6 US marines explore Tsugen Shima near Okinawa
  • Apr 7 1st & last assault of German Rammkommando on US bombers
  • Apr 7 US B-17s bombs range at Luneburg
  • Apr 7 US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide superbattleship Yamato & four destroyers were sunk
  • Apr 8 Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands
  • Apr 8 1945 NFL Draft: Charley Trippi from University of Georgia first pick by Chicago Cardinals
  • Apr 9 Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel
  • Apr 9 Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
  • Apr 9 NFL requires players to wear long stockings
  • Apr 9 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • Apr 10 Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald (Czech)
  • Apr 10 Canadian troops conquer Deventer
  • Apr 10 General Blaskowitz becomes nazi leader of "Fort Holland"
  • Apr 10 German troops attack Ijsselbrug
  • Apr 10 NFL's Boston Yanks & Brooklyn Tigers merge
  • Apr 10 US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa
  • Apr 10 William Schuman & Antony Tudors ballet premieres in NYC
  • Apr 11 Allied troops liberate Basket-Compascuum
  • Apr 11 SS burns & shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen
  • Apr 11 US captures Tsugen Shima
  • Apr 11 US soldiers liberate Nazi concentration camp "Buchenwald"
  • Apr 11 US troops conquers Mulheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen
  • Apr 12 Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 US President Franklin Roosevelt dies in office and Vice-President Harry Truman is sworn in as 33rd US President

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Apr 12 Richard Strauss completes his "Metamorphosis"
  • Apr 13 Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen Neth from Nazis
  • Apr 13 Red Army occupies Vienna
  • Apr 13 US Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
  • Apr 14 American planes bomb Tokyo & damage the Imperial Palace
  • Apr 14 Arnhem/Zwolle freed from Nazis
  • Apr 14 WWII: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • Apr 14 US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • Apr 14 US Marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa
  • Apr 15 British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen
  • Apr 15 FDR buried in grounds of Hyde Park home
  • Apr 15 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Communium interpretes dolorum
  • Apr 15 US troops occupy concentration camp Colditz
  • Apr 16 German troops in Groningen surrender
  • Apr 16 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • Apr 16 US troops land on He Shima, Okinawa
  • Apr 16 Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops.
  • Apr 17 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • Apr 17 German occupiers flood Wieringermeer, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 17 US troops lands in Mindanao
  • Apr 18 1 armed outfielder, St L Brown Pete Gray, 1st game he goes 1 for 4
  • Apr 18 Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
  • Apr 18 Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
  • Apr 18 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia are established.
  • Apr 19 49th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:30:40.2
  • Apr 19 Rodgers & Hammerstein musical "Carousel" opens on Broadway
  • Apr 19 US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
  • Apr 19 US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
  • Apr 19 The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established.
  • Apr 20 Cleveland Browns organization formed by Arthur "Mickey" McBride
  • Apr 20 German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
  • Apr 20 Soviet artillery begins shelling Berlin
  • Apr 20 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • Apr 20 US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • Apr 21 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
  • Apr 21 He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
  • Apr 21 Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London
  • Apr 21 Russian army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
  • Apr 21 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg
  • Apr 22 Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated
  • Apr 22 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
  • Apr 23 Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated
  • Apr 23 US troops in Italy cross river Po
  • Apr 24 Albert B "Happy" Chandler is named 2nd baseball commissioner
  • Apr 24 Delegates of 46 countries gather in SF (to discuss UN)
  • Apr 25 45 countries convene UN Conference on Intl Organization in SF
  • Apr 25 Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • Apr 25 British troops reach Grebbe line Neth
  • Apr 25 Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
  • Apr 25 Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
  • Apr 25 Red army completely surrounds Berlin
  • Apr 25 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII
  • Apr 26 Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason
  • Apr 26 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.
  • Apr 27 2nd Republic of Austria forms
  • Apr 27 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)
  • Apr 27 US 5th army enters Genoa
  • Apr 27 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication.
  • Apr 28 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
  • Apr 28 US 5th army reaches Swiss border
  • Apr 29 First food drop by RAF above Nazi-occupied Holland (operation Manna)
  • Apr 29 Japanese army evacuates Rangoon
  • Apr 29 Terms of surrender of German armies in Italy signed
  • Apr 29 US Army liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau, Germany
  • Apr 29 Venice & Mestre were captured by the Allies
  • Apr 30 "Arthur Godfrey Time" begins a 27 year run on CBS radio
  • Apr 30 Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed
  • Apr 30 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) calls for crusade against the Bolsheviks
  • Apr 30 Red Army occupies Demmin
  • Apr 30 Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
  • Apr 30 Russian Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
  • Apr 30 US troops attack the Elbe
  • May 1 About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army
  • May 1 Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
  • May 1 Australian & Dutch troops land on Tarakan
  • May 1 General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms
  • May 1 Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
  • May 1 Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg
  • May 1 Soviet army reaches Rostock
  • May 2 Allies occupy Wismar, Northern Germany
  • May 2 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina & Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen
  • May 2 German Army in Italy surrenders
  • May 2 WWII: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders
  • May 2 Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste
  • May 3 1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen
  • May 3 Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg
  • May 3 British troop join in Rangoon
  • May 3 WWII: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life
  • May 4 German troops in Netherlands, Denmark & Norway surrender
  • May 5 Mauthausen Concentration camp in Austria liberated by US forces from 41st Reconnaissance Squadron.
  • May 5 Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control
  • May 5 Uprising against occupying SS troops in Prague
  • May 5 Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • May 6 Gen J Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands
  • May 6 World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
  • May 7 Branch Rickey announces formation of the US Negro Baseball League
  • May 7 WWII: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands
  • May 7 WWII: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims
  • May 7 Princess Irene Brigade moves into the Hague Neth
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
  • May 7 SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
  • May 8 Canadian troops move into Amsterdam
  • May 8 Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet
  • May 8 German General Von Keitel formally surrenders to Marshal Georgy Zhukov and the Soviets in Berlin
  • May 8 V-E Day; WWII ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
  • May 9 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • May 9 Nazi propagandist Max Blokzijl arrested
  • May 9 New balata ball used in baseball, 50% livilier
  • May 9 Norwegian nazi collaborators Vidkun Quisling arrested
  • May 9 Victory celebration at Red Square
  • May 9 World War II: Partisans liberate Ljubljana.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 9 World War II: Hermann Goering is captured by the United States Army.

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • May 9 World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day
  • May 9 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British.
  • May 10 Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese
  • May 10 Russian troops occupied Prague
  • May 11 US Marines conquer Awatsha Draw, Okinawa
  • May 13 US troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa
  • May 14 Kamikaze Zero strikes US aircraft carrier Enterprise
  • May 14 US offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Physician Joseph Hamilton injects misdiagnosed cancer patient Albert Stevens (CAL-1) with 131 kBq (3.55 µCi) of plutonium without his knowledge or informed consent. Stevens lived another 20 years, surviving the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens
Physician Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
  • May 15 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.
  • May 16 Violent battles around Sugar Loaf/Half Moon, Okinawa
  • May 17 2 US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu
  • May 18 Tigers & A's both have 7 straight games postponed due to rain
  • May 19 Start of the 1st Victory Test Cricket between England & Aust Services
  • May 20 Keith Miller scores 105 in the 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
  • May 21 Australian Services win 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's by 6 wickets
  • May 21 Nazi SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler captured
  • May 22 6th US Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa
  • May 22 NSB-Fuhrer Rost van Tonningen makes failed suicide attempt
  • May 23 British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
  • May 23 German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British