Historical Events in 1945 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 662

  • May 23 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary
  • May 25 Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
  • May 26 US drop fire bombs on Tokyo
  • May 29 US 1st Marine division conquers Shuri Castle, Okinawa
  • Jun 1 WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
  • Jun 4 6th US Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa
  • Jun 4 US, Soviet Union, Britain and France agree to divide up occupied Germany
  • Jun 5 Benjamin Britten's opera "Peter Grimes" premieres in London
  • Jun 5 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • Jun 6 "Free People" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Jun 9 "Gruesome Twosome" premieres in USA
  • Jun 9 -10] Australian troops land in Brunei Bay, North Borneo
  • Jun 9 71st Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hoop Jr wins in 2:07

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9 Following an 8-7 win over the Phils, Brooklyn manager Leo Durocher is arrested on a complaint by a fan that Durocher slugged him

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • Jun 10 US destroyer William D Porter ("Willie Dee") sunk by kamikaze
  • Jun 12 US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
  • Jun 13 Heerjansdam soccer team forms
  • Jun 13 Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead
  • Jun 15 Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
  • Jun 16 70th Preakness: Wayne D Wright aboard Polynesian wins in 1:58.8
  • Jun 16 Boo Ferriss loses to Yanks 3-2 after starting his career with 8 wins
  • Jun 17 Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)
  • Jun 18 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason
  • Jun 21 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa
  • Jun 23 77th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2
  • Jun 23 Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
  • Jun 24 Schermerhorn government forms
  • Jun 24 The Moscow Victory Parade takes place
  • Jun 25 Allied landing at Ternate Molukkas
  • Jun 25 Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa
  • Jun 26 England win the second Victory test cricket at Bramall Lane by 41 runs

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Jun 26 United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco

  • Jun 27 Foundation 1940-45 established
  • Jun 28 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • Jun 29 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
  • Jun 29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • Jun 30 17-day newspaper strike in NY begins

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 1 1st MLB superstar to return from WW II, Hank Greenberg hits a homer in his 1st game

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg
  • Jul 1 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • Jul 1 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 3 James F. Byrnes becomes 49th US Secretary of State, succeeding Edward Stettinius

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • Jul 4 Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson gives Britain's agreement to use the atomic bomb against Japan at the Combined Policy Committee in Washington D. C.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jul 5 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.
  • Jul 6 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations
  • Jul 6 US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
  • Jul 6 Washington Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 6 Abbott and Costello's film "The Naughty Nineties" released featuring longest version of their "Who's on First" routine

Comedian and Actor Lou Costello
Comedian and Actor
Lou Costello
  • Jul 10 Adm Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • Jul 12 Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
  • Jul 14 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

Sport awardGolf Major

Jul 15 27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton Ohio

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • Jul 16 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
  • Jul 16 Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
  • Jul 16 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb
  • Jul 19 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
  • Jul 21 Detroit Tigers & Philadelphia A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie
  • Jul 23 Marshal Henri Pétain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial
  • Jul 24 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • Jul 26 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister
  • Jul 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender during WWII
  • Jul 26 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum
  • Jul 26 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 26 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Jul 26 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

  • Jul 27 Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from NY Yankees
  • Jul 27 US Communist Party forms
  • Jul 28 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • Jul 28 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
  • Jul 28 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Physicist
Raemer Schreiber
  • Jul 29 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed & sunk by a Japanese submarine
  • Jul 30 Philippines Sea: US cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Aug 1 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • Aug 1 Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th HR (joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx)
  • Aug 1 SVBO soccer team forms in Barger-Oosterveld

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Aug 2 Potsdam Conference between Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman and Winston Churchill ends

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Aug 4 Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season
  • Aug 4 Red Sox Tom McBride is 3rd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th)

BattleAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

Aug 6 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • Aug 6 Keith Miller scores 110 in the 4 Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
  • Aug 8 England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 President Harry Truman signs the United Nations Charter

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Aug 8 US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • Aug 8 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • Aug 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
  • Aug 9 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
  • Aug 10 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
  • Aug 11 Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito

Victory in battleVictory over Japan Day

Aug 14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 14 Ho Chi Minh's Viet Minh movement launch a coordinated uprising against French rule across Vietnam following the Japanese surrender

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • Aug 15 A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
  • Aug 15 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • Aug 15 Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
  • Aug 15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • Aug 15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • Aug 16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • Aug 17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • Aug 18 Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
  • Aug 18 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)
  • Aug 19 Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins
  • Aug 20 Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a HR
  • Aug 20 Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament
  • Aug 20 Soviet troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • Aug 21 US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • Aug 22 Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford
  • Aug 22 Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London
  • Aug 22 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup
  • Aug 24 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
  • Aug 25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • Aug 26 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • Aug 27 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • Aug 29 British liberate Hong Kong from Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 29 Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Aug 30 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)
  • Aug 30 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 9th Symphony
  • Aug 30 General Douglas MacArthur lands in Japan
  • Aug 30 Hong Kong liberated from Japanese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies

Victory in battleSurrender of Japan

Sep 1 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of WW II (US date, 2nd September in Japan)

  • Sep 1 Phillies Vince DiMaggio ties NL record with 4th grand slam of season
  • Sep 2 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independent from France (National Day)
  • Sep 2 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of WW II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)
  • Sep 3 World War II: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies
  • Sep 3 65th U.S. Men's National Tennis Championship: Frank Parker beats William Talbert (14-12, 6-1, 6-2)
  • Sep 3 59th U.S. Women's National Championship: Sarah Palfrey Cooke beats Pauline Betz Addie (3-6, 8-6, 6-4)
  • Sep 4 Ruben Fine wins 4 simultaneous rapid chess games blindfolded
  • Sep 4 US regains possession of Wake Island from Japan
  • Sep 6 A's catcher George George punches umpire Joe Rue gets suspended
  • Sep 7 Japanese at Rioekioe-islands surrender
  • Sep 7 Joe Kuhel hits inside-the-park HR, only HR hit by a Senator all season at Washington's Griffith Stadium
  • Sep 8 US invades Japanese-held Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 8 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of WW II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal attempt fails, later he is hanged

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • Sep 9 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
  • Sep 9 Jimmie Foxx hits his 534th & final HR
  • Sep 9 Philadelphia A's Dick Fowler no-hits St Louis Brown, 1-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 9 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweezers from a relay & taped into the log

Computer Scientist and Admiral Grace Hopper
Computer Scientist and Admiral
Grace Hopper
  • Sep 10 KLS-AM in Oakland Ca changes call letters to KWBR (now KDIA)
  • Sep 10 Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaborating with Nazis
  • Sep 10 Mike the Headless Chicken is decapitated in Fruita, Colorado; he survives for another 18 months before choking to death.
  • Sep 11 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine, the Netherlands
  • Sep 15 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.
  • Sep 16 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
  • Sep 18 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana, schools to protest integration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 19 Kim Il-sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea

North Korean founder and dictator Kim Il-sung
North Korean founder and dictator
Kim Il-sung
  • Sep 19 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London
  • Sep 20 German rocket engineers begin work in US
  • Sep 26 All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 28 "Mildred Price" starring Joan Crawford opens at Strand

Actress Joan Crawford
Actress
Joan Crawford
  • Sep 28 Canadian football's Calgary Bronks changes its name to Stampeders
  • Sep 28 Robert T Duncan appears as Tonio in "I Pagliacci"
  • Sep 29 Chicago Cubs clinch NL pennant with record of 98–56
  • Sep 30 Hank Greenberg's final day HR wins pennant for Tigers
  • Sep 30 Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from army

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Oct 1 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor to the CIA, disbands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Elvis Presley's 1st public appearance at the age of 10

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Oct 3 Tigers & Cubs meet in World Series for 4th time
  • Oct 3 World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
  • Oct 5 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
  • Oct 5 Indonesian army forms
  • Oct 5 Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam
  • Oct 5 Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers' studios.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 US General Eisenhower welcomed in Hague (on Hitler's train)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Oct 6 Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
  • Oct 6 Tavern owner "Billy Goat" Sianis buys seat for his goat for Game 4 of Baseball World Series, is escorted out and casts goat curse on Chicago Cubs
  • Oct 7 Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
  • Oct 8 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada
  • Oct 8 Microwave oven patented
  • Oct 9 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • Oct 10 Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 3 in 42nd World Series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Oct 11 JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
  • Oct 14 Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
  • Oct 15 Baseball Attendance hits record 10.28 million (Tigers 1.28 is highest)
  • Oct 16 UN's Food & Agriculture Organization comes into existence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Oct 18 Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing & acting achievements
  • Oct 20 US Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens the Nuremberg Nazi war crime trials
  • Oct 21 Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 23 Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • Oct 24 Charter of United Nations comes into effect
  • Oct 24 France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Japanese surrender Taiwan to Gen Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Oct 27 "Carib Song" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • Oct 27 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
  • Oct 29 First ballpoint pen goes on sale, manufactured by Biro
  • Oct 29 Happy Chandler resigns as US Senator, remains as baseball commish

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns.

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Oct 30 Branch Rickey signs Jackie Robinson to a Montreal Royals
  • Oct 30 US government announces end of shoe rationing
  • Nov 1 First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
  • Nov 3 Lindsay Hassett scores 187 & 124* for Aust Services at Delhi
  • Nov 5 Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • Nov 6 House Committee on Un-American Activities begins investigation of 7 radio commentators
  • Nov 6 The first landing of a jet on a carrier takes place on USS Wake Island when an FR-1 Fireball touches down
  • Nov 8 "Girl from Nantucket" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 12 performances