Historical Events in 1948

Events 1 - 200 of 502

  • Jan 1 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Bradman scores 132 in the 1st innings of the 3rd Test v India

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 1 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • Jan 1 Italy adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 Orissa province accedes to India
  • Jan 1 British railways are nationalised to form British Rail.
  • Jan 1 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • Jan 1 The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
  • Jan 1 34th Rose Bowl: #2 Michigan beats #8 Southern California, 49-0
  • Jan 1 14th Sugar Bowl: #5 Texas beats #6 Alabama, 27-7
  • Jan 1 14th Orange Bowl: #10 Georgia Tech beats #12 Kansas, 20-14
  • Jan 2 WNDT (now WNET) TV channel 13 in New York-Newark, NY (PBS) begins
  • Jan 3 Bradman completes dual Test tons (132 & 127*) v India MCG
  • Jan 4 Burma declares independence from UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US president Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Jan 7 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO
  • Jan 8 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason
  • Jan 9 Walter Piston's 3rd Symphony in E, premieres in Boston
  • Jan 10 "Call Me Mister" closes at National Theater NYC after 734 performances
  • Jan 12 1st Supermarket in UK opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 12 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • Jan 13 1st country music TV show, Midwestern Hayride, premieres on WLW Cin
  • Jan 16 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • Jan 17 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease fire
  • Jan 17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Jan 18 Ted Mack's "Original Amateur Hour" begins, DuMont (later NBC/ABC/CBS)
  • Jan 21 W Indies v England, Test debut Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
  • Jan 22 Jim Laker takes 7-103 in his 1st Test Cricket innings v WI Barbados
  • Jan 23 Bradman scores 201 in 272 mins v India, 21 fours 1 six
  • Jan 23 Huston's "Treasure of Sierra Madre" starring Humphrey Bogart opens
  • Jan 23 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • Jan 24 "Music in My Heart" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 124 performances
  • Jan 24 Australia all out 674 v India (Bradman 201, Hassett 198*)
  • Jan 24 Dutch Liberal Party forms-People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
  • Jan 26 Executive Order 9981 ending racial segregation in US Armed Forces signed
  • Jan 26 36th Women's Australian Championships: Nancye Wynne Bolton beats Marie Toomey (6-3, 6-1)
  • Jan 26 36th Men's Australian Championships: Adrian Quist beats John Bromwich (6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-3)
  • Jan 27 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • Jan 27 1st tape recorder sold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators.

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • Jan 29 "Look Ma, I'm Dancin'" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 188 performances
  • Jan 29 Commissioner Happy Chandler fines the Yankees, Cubs, & Phillies $500 each for signing high school players
  • Jan 29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • Jan 30 5th Winter Olympic games open in St Moritz, Switzerland
  • Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
  • Jan 31 J D Salinger's "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in NY
  • Jan 31 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 Nine Malay sultanates and two British Straits Settlements (Penang and Malacca) form the Federation of Malaya

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • Feb 1 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed
  • Feb 2 President Harry Truman urges congress to adopt a civil rights program
  • Feb 3 Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US
  • Feb 4 Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) declares independence from UK
  • Feb 5 "Nature of Things" science show premieres on NBC prime time
  • Feb 5 Dick Button becomes 1st US figure skating Olympic champion
  • Feb 5 Gretchen Fraser becomes 1st US woman Olympic slalom champion
  • Feb 6 1st radio-controlled airplane flown
  • Feb 6 Bradman retires hurt, 57 in his last Test Cricket innings in Australia
  • Feb 6 KNXT (now KCBS) TV channel 2 in Los Angeles, CA (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Feb 7 "Cradle Will Rock" closes at Mansfield Theater NYC after 34 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7 Omar Bradley succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as Army Chief of Staff

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Feb 8 5th Winter Olympic games close at St Moritz, Switzerland
  • Feb 9 WLWT TV channel 5 in Cincinnati, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 10 Greek Gen Markos' guerrilla army bombs Saloniki
  • Feb 11 Billy Griffith scores cricket century on debut Eng v WI, out for 140
  • Feb 11 John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
  • Feb 11 Test cricket debut of Frank Worrell for the West Indies vs. England at Port-of-Spain
  • Feb 12 1st Lt Nancy Leftenant becomes 1st black in army nursing corps
  • Feb 13 West Indian batsman Andy Ganteaume scores 112 for W Indies in his only Test Cricket innings
  • Feb 13 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Lannoy & Baugniet of BEL
  • Feb 13 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA
  • Feb 13 Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 15 Mao Zedong's army occupies Yenan

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Feb 16 1st newsreel telecast, "20th Century Fox-Movietone News" shown on NBC
  • Feb 16 Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time
  • Feb 20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
  • Feb 21 NASCAR is incorporated.
  • Feb 22 Arabs bomb attack in Jerusalem, 50 die
  • Feb 24 Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
  • Feb 25 Communists seize Czechoslovakia/C Gottwald becomes premier
  • Feb 29 Stern-group bomb Cairo-Haifa train, 27 British soldiers died
  • Mar 5 US rocket flies record 4800 kph to 126km height
  • Mar 7 The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending the Italian rule.
  • Mar 8 US Supreme Court rules in McCollum v. Board of Education that religious instruction in public schools is unconstitutional
  • Mar 9 Provisionary Indonesian government installed in Batavia
  • Mar 10 1st civilian to exceed speed of sound-Herb H Hoover, Edwards AFB Ca
  • Mar 10 5th Golden Globes: Gentleman's Agreement, Ronald Colman, & Rosalind Russell win
  • Mar 11 Jewish Agency of Jerusalem bombed
  • Mar 11 WBAL TV channel 11 in Baltimore, MD (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 12 -5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
  • Mar 13 10th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Baylor 58-42
  • Mar 14 Freedom Train arrives in SF
  • Mar 15 Bradman scores 115 for the Australian cricket team v Western Australia
  • Mar 15 Sir Laurence Olivier on the cover of LIFE magazine
  • Mar 15 WCAU TV channel 10 in Philadelphia, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16 Billie Holiday is released from prison early because of good behaviour

Jazz Musician Billie Holiday
Jazz Musician
Billie Holiday
  • Mar 18 France & Great Britain & Benelux sign Treaty of Brussels
  • Mar 18 Philips begin experimental TV broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 Soviet consultants have left Yugoslavia in first sign of Tito-Stalin split.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 19 Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Mar 20 1st live televised musical Eugene Ormandy on CBS followed in 90
  • Mar 20 20th Academy Awards: "Gentleman's Agreement", L Young, R Colman win minutes by 2nd live televised musical Arturo Toscvanni on NBC
  • Mar 20 102nd Grand National: Arthur Thompson aboard Sheila's Cottage wins
  • Mar 21 "Stop the Music" with Bert Parks premieres on ABC radio
  • Mar 23 John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m))
  • Mar 27 The Second Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea is convened.
  • Mar 27 Just 11 days after being released from prison, Billie Holiday plays in front of a sold-out crowd at Carnegie Hall
  • Mar 28 2nd Tony Awards: Mister Roberts win
  • Mar 29 Drachtster Boys soccer team forms in Drachten
  • Mar 29 Yanks & Red Sox tie at 2-2 in 17, spring training game
  • Mar 31 Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe
  • Apr 1 H H H Johnson's debut as a bowler for West Indies to win v England 10-96
  • Apr 1 Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark.
  • Apr 3 1st US figure skating championships held
  • Apr 3 US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)
  • Apr 3 US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Apr 3 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 4 84-year-old Connie Mack challenges 78-year-old Clark Griffith to a race from home to 1st base; it ends in a tie

Baseball Legend Connie Mack
Baseball Legend
Connie Mack
  • Apr 5 WGN TV channel 9 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 7 World Health Organization formed by the United Nations
  • Apr 7 A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead.
  • Apr 8 Soen Nakagawa & Nyogen Senzaki (Zen teachers) meet in SF
  • Apr 9 Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • Apr 10 Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek
  • Apr 11 12th Masters Golf Tournament: Claude Harmon wins, shooting a 279
  • Apr 13 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus
  • Apr 14 A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
  • Apr 14 NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • Apr 14 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games
  • Apr 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • Apr 15 1st Jewish-Arab military battle, arabs defeated
  • Apr 15 Indian territory of Himachal Pradesh created
  • Apr 15 KCPX (now KTVX) TV channel 4 in Salt Lake City, UT (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Apr 16 Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Elpidio Quirino assumes the Presidency of the Philippines, taking his oath of office two days after the death of President Manuel Roxas

6th President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino
6th President of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino
  • Apr 18 International Court of Justice opens at Hague Netherlands
  • Apr 19 52nd Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:02
  • Apr 19 American Broadcasting Company (ABC) TV network debuts

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Apr 19 Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Apr 20 NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • Apr 20 Walter P Reuther UAW pres shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
  • Apr 21 2nd NBA Championship: Balt Bullets beat Philadelphia Warriors, 4 games to 2
  • Apr 22 WTVR TV channel 6 in Richmond, VA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 23 KSTP TV channel 5 in St Paul-Minneapolis, MN (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Apr 27 Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
  • Apr 29 Don Bradman scores 107 Aust v Worcs, 152 mins, 15 fours
  • Apr 30 "Inside USA" opens at Century Theater NYC for 339 performances
  • Apr 30 Org of American States charter signed at Bogota, Colombia
  • Apr 30 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 1 74th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Citation wins in 2:05.4
  • May 1 North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • May 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Auspicia quaedam
  • May 1 Glenn Taylor, Idaho Senator, arrested in Birmingham, Alabama, for trying to enter a meeting through a door marked "for Negroes"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to James Michener & Tennessee Williams

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • May 3 1st broadcast of "CBS Evening News" - longest running network news show in the US
  • May 4 The Hague Court of Justice convicts Nazi SS officer in the Netherlands Hans Rauter of Crimes against Humanity (executed 24 March 1949)
  • May 5 1st squadron of jet aircraft aboard a carrier
  • May 6 "Sally" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
  • May 7 Nazi collaborator V-Mann Antonius van de Waals sentence to death
  • May 8 Bradman scores 146 Aust v Surrey, 174 mins, 15 fours
  • May 10 1st attack by Egyptian irregular forces at Kfar Darom Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 Winston Churchill visits The Hague

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • May 11 Haganah takes control of Safed & port of Haifa
  • May 11 Luigi Einaudi elected president of Italy
  • May 12 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates
  • May 14 Israel declares independence from under British administration
  • May 14 Israeli Radio Station Kol Yisrael's 1st broadcast
  • May 14 Jordan's Arab League captures Atarot, north of Jerusalem
  • May 14 US grants Israel de facto recognition
  • May 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 14 WBEN (now WIVB) TV channel 4 in Buffalo, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 15 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends
  • May 15 73rd Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Citation wins in 2:02.4
  • May 15 Australia scores 721 runs in one day v Essex, world record
  • May 15 Bradman scores 187 Aust v Essex, 124 minutes, 33 fours 1 five
  • May 15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • May 16 Mikhail Botvinnik wins 5-player tournament to determine world chess champion
  • May 16 CBS news correspondent George Polk's body is found in Greece
  • May 16 Chaim Weizmann elected 1st president of Israel
  • May 16 Egyptians enter the Gaza
  • May 16 Israel issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 17 Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi
  • May 17 Soviet Union recognized Israel
  • May 18 "Ballet Ballads" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 62 performances
  • May 18 Arab Legion captures fort on Mt Scopus during Arab-Israeli war.
  • May 18 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel
  • May 18 The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking.
  • May 20 1st use of Israeli Air Force & 1st war victory, defeating Syrian army
  • May 20 Cleve Indians tie AL record of 18 walks (beat Red Sox 13-4)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 NY Yank Joe DiMaggio hits for cycle (single, double, triple, HR)

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • May 23 Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs
  • May 23 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
  • May 24 Benjamin Britten's "Beggar's Opera" premieres in Cambridge

Sport awardGolf Major

May 25 30th PGA Championship: Ben Hogan at Norwood Hills CC St Louis

Golfer Ben Hogan
Golfer
Ben Hogan
  • May 25 SF receives its 1st telecast
  • May 26 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers
  • May 26 South Africa elects a nationalist government under D. F. Malan with an apartheid policy
  • May 27 Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Hank Greenberg buys an interest in the Cleveland Indians

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg