Historical Events in 1953

Events 1 - 200 of 610

  • Jan 1st Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres
  • Jan 1st WBRE TV channel 28 in Wilkes-Barre Scranton, PA (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Jan 1st The Bantu Education Act (later renamed the Black Education Act) commenced, providing the legal underpinning of several aspects of the apartheid system, most importantly in education
  • Jan 1st The first TV detector van, used to track down users of unlicensed television sets, begins operation in the UK
  • Jan 1st 39th Rose Bowl: #5 Southern California beats #11 Wisconsin, 7-0
  • Jan 1st 19th Sugar Bowl: #2 Georgia Tech beats #7 Mississippi, 24-7
  • Jan 1st 19th Orange Bowl: #9 Alabama beats #14 Syracuse, 61-6
  • Jan 2nd NBA Baltimore Bullets begin a 32 game road losing streak
  • Jan 3rd Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • Jan 4th KTSM TV channel 9 in El Paso, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 5th -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 5th Samuel Beckett's "En Attendant Godot" premieres in Paris

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • Jan 6th WKBN TV channel 27 in Youngstown, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 6th The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 7th US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jan 8th Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
  • Jan 8th René Mayer forms French government
  • Jan 9th Bevo Francis, Rio Grande College, scores 116 pts in basketball game
  • Jan 9th Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • Jan 10th "My Darlin' Aida" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 89 performances
  • Jan 10th Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish
  • Jan 10th NFL Pro Bowl: National Conference beats American Conference 27-7

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 11th J. Edgar Hoover declines 6 figure offer to become president of International Boxing Club

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jan 12th 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • Jan 13th Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
  • Jan 13th KOLD TV channel 13 in Tucson, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 13th Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia
  • Jan 13th 3rd NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 79-75 at Fort Wayne, Indiana
  • Jan 14th Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • Jan 14th WALA TV channel 10 in Mobile, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 14th Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
  • Jan 15th 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • Jan 15th GDR Min of Foreign affairs Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage"
  • Jan 15th East Germany purges senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • Jan 16th Egyptian Premier Gen Naguib disbands all political parties
  • Jan 16th KXLY TV channel 4 in Spokane, WA (ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 17th 41st Women's Australian Championships: Maureen Connolly beats Julia Sampson (6-3, 6-2)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 17th 41st Men's Australian Championships: Ken Rosewall beats Mervyn Rose (6-0, 6-3, 6-4)

Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ken Rosewall
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion
Ken Rosewall

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 18th Louise Suggs wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Jan 19th Jesse Owens named Illinois Athletic Commission secretary
  • Jan 20th 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada-from Buffalo NY

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 20th 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 21st John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 22nd Arthur Miller's "Crucible" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
  • Jan 22nd 1953 NFL Draft: Harry Babcock from University of Georgia first pick by San Francisco 49ers
  • Jan 23rd Bobby Simpson makes 1st-class debut for NSW 16 yrs 357 days
  • Jan 23rd NFL Dallas Texans become Baltimore Colts (now Indianapolis Colts)
  • Jan 23rd NFL's National & American conference become Eastern & Western conf
  • Jan 25th WABI TV channel 5 in Bangor, ME (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 25th Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec
  • Jan 27th Netherlands end Marshall aid
  • Jan 28th J Fred Muggs (the chimp) joins NBC's "Today Show"
  • Jan 28th WJTV TV channel 12 in Jackson, MS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 28th 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, London, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned on 30th July 1998.
  • Jan 29th 1st movie in Cinemascope "The Robe" based on the book by Lloyd C. Douglas, directed by Henry Koster and starring Richard Burton and Jean Simmons premieres
  • Jan 31st "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • Jan 31st Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
  • Jan 31st NY, Cleveland, & Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues
  • Feb 1st "General Electric Theater" premieres on CBS TV; Ronald Reagan later hosts

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 1st "You Are There" with Walter Cronkite premieres on CBS television

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
  • Feb 1st Dr A de Waal appointed as Netherlands' first female assistant secretary of state
  • Feb 1st Flooding in Netherlands kills 1,835
  • Feb 1st WEEK TV channel 25 in Peoria, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 3rd J Fred Muggs, a chimp, becomes a regular on NBC's Today Show
  • Feb 5th "Peter Pan" by Walt Disney opens at Roxy Theater, NYC
  • Feb 5th 5th Emmy Awards: I Love Lucy, Thomas Mitchell & Helen Hayes win
  • Feb 5th Sweet rationing imposed in WWII ends in Britain
  • Feb 6th Ian Craig makes Test Cricket debut at 17 yrs 239 days, youngest Aussie
  • Feb 6th US controls on wages & some consumer goods lifted
  • Feb 8th Betty Jameson wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
  • Feb 8th WLVA (now WSET) TV channel 13 in Lynchburg-Roanoke, VA (ABC) begins
  • Feb 9th "Adventures of Superman" TV series premieres in syndication
  • Feb 9th WNEP TV channel 16 in Scranton Wilkes-Barre, PA (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Feb 9th General Walter Bedell Smith, USA, ends term as 4th director of CIA Allen W Dulles, becomes acting director of CIA
  • Feb 10th Ice Dance Championship at Davos won by Westwood & Demmy GRB
  • Feb 10th Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Jennifer & John Nicks of GRB
  • Feb 10th Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Tenley Albright USA
  • Feb 10th Men's Figure Skating Champion in Davos won by Hayes Alan Jenkins USA
  • Feb 11th J Styne/B Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 190 performances
  • Feb 11th President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
  • Feb 11th USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
  • Feb 12th USSR breaks relations with Israel
  • Feb 13th A's change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 16th Ted Williams safely crash-lands his damaged Panther jet, later awarded the Air medal

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Feb 17th DSB soccer team forms in Eindhoven
  • Feb 18th "Maggie" opens at National Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • Feb 18th KOLN TV channel 10 in Lincoln, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 18th Premiere of 1st 3-D feature film,"Bwana Devil" (NYC)
  • Feb 19th Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • Feb 19th William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 20th August A Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million
  • Feb 20th US Court of Appeals rules that Organized Baseball is a sport & not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling
  • Feb 21st "Maggie" closes at National Theater NYC after 5 performances

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 21st Francis Crick and James Watson discover structure of DNA-molecule

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular biologist James Watson
Molecular biologist
James Watson
  • Feb 21st Longest collegiate basketball game (6 OTs) Niagara beats Siena 88-81
  • Feb 25th "Wonderful Town" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 559 performances
  • Feb 26th Allen W Dulles, promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA
  • Feb 26th 10th Golden Globes: The Greatest Show on Earth, Gary Cooper, & Shirley Booth win

Conference-meetingMeeting of Interest

Feb 28th Stalin meets with Beria, Bulganin, Khrushchev & Malenkov

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Mar 1st Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
  • Mar 1st KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 1st KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
  • Mar 1st WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
  • Mar 1st WFBG TV (later WTAJ) channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 1st Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.
  • Mar 3rd Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
  • Mar 3rd Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee
  • Mar 5th 6th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The Sound Barrier" Best Film
  • Mar 6th Malenkov becomes chairman of the USSR
  • Mar 7th Jackie McGlew scores 255* v NZ at Wellington
  • Mar 8th "Two's Company" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 90 performances
  • Mar 8th Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years
  • Mar 8th KSWO TV channel 7 in Lawton, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 8th Patty Berg wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
  • Mar 8th WFMJ TV channel 21 in Youngstown, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 9th Josef Stalin buried in Moscow
  • Mar 11th 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)
  • Mar 11th American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb 15,000 feet on Mars Bluff, South Carolina; it created a crater 75 feet acrosss, but the nuclear core did not detonate, due to 6 safety catches
  • Mar 14th KOLR TV channel 10 in Springfield, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 15th Patty Berg wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
  • Mar 15th West Germany loses in soccer to Netherlands, 2-1
  • Mar 16th AL rejects Bill Veeck's request to move St Louis Browns to Baltimore
  • Mar 17th Bill Veeck says he will sell his 80% of St Louis Browns for $2,475M
  • Mar 17th US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 17th WBAY TV channel 2 in Green Bay, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 17th WWLP TV channel 22 in Springfield, MA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18th 15th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Kansas 69-68
  • Mar 18th Boston Braves move to Milwaukee
  • Mar 18th Earthquake strikes West Turkey, 250 die
  • Mar 18th KGNC (now KAMR) TV channel 4 in Amarillo, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18th NL approves Boston Braves move to Milwaukee (1st shift since 1903)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 19th Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 19th 25th Academy Awards - "Greatest Show on Earth", Gary Cooper & Shirley Booth win (1st time televised)
  • Mar 20th Senator Edwin C Johnson offers a bill to give clubs the sole
  • Mar 21st NBA record 106 fouls & 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse)
  • Mar 22nd AntonínZápotockýchosen as president of Czechoslovakia
  • Mar 22nd Louise Suggs wins LPGA Betsy Rawls Golf Open
  • Mar 24th US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26th Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Mar 27th 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • Mar 28th "New Faces (of 1952)" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 365 performances
  • Mar 28th "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • Mar 28th 7th Tony Awards: Crucible & Wonderful Town win
  • Mar 28th KCAU TV channel 9 in Sioux City, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 28th US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 28th US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 28th 107th Grand National: Bryan Marshall aboard Early Mist wins
  • Mar 29th Patty Berg wins LPGA New Orleans Women's Golf Open

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 30th Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Mar 31st US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
  • Mar 31st UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjoeld secretary-general
  • Apr 1st J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea
  • Apr 1st KXMC TV channel 13 in Minot, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 1st Walcott Worrell & Weekes all make centuries in innings v India
  • Apr 2nd Raab forms his 1st government in Austria
  • Apr 4th KFDA TV channel 10 in Amarillo, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 5th Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • Apr 5th WEYI TV channel 25 in Saginaw, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 7th 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight
  • Apr 7th Dag Hammarskjoeld of Sweden elected 2nd UN general-secretary
  • Apr 8th Dag Hammarskjoeld chosen as secretary-general of UN

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 8th Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with Mau Mau and sentenced to 7 years in Kenya

Kenyan Prime Minister and President Jomo Kenyatta
Kenyan Prime Minister and President
Jomo Kenyatta
  • Apr 9th "TV Guide" publishes 1st issue
  • Apr 9th Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax.
  • Apr 10th "House of Wax", 1st 3-D movie, released (NYC)
  • Apr 10th 7th NBA Championship: Minneapolis Lakers beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 1
  • Apr 11th Oveta Culp Hobby becomes 1st at Health, Education, & Welfare

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 12th 17th Masters Golf Tournament: Ben Hogan wins, shooting a 274

Golfer Ben Hogan
Ben Hogan
  • Apr 12th KFDX TV channel 3 in Wichita Falls, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 12th Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston
  • Apr 13th 1st game of Milwaukee Braves, they beat Cin Reds 2-0
  • Apr 14th Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
  • Apr 14th WHYN (now WGGB) TV channel 40 in Springfield-Holyoke, MA (ABC) begins
  • Apr 15th Malans National Party wins South African elections
  • Apr 15th WHP TV channel 21 in Harrisburg, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 16th British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Apr 16th Jackie Pung wins LPGA Palm Springs Golf Open
  • Apr 16th Phillie's Connie Ryan gets 6 hits in a game
  • Apr 16th Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
  • Apr 16th WAND TV channel 17 in Decatur, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 17th Mickey Mantle hits a 565' (172 m) HR in Wash DC's Griffith Stadium

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • Apr 18th "Pal Joey" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 542 performances
  • Apr 19th Louise Suggs wins LPGA San Diego Golf Open
  • Apr 19th WAFB TV channel 9 in Baton Rouge, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 20th 57th Boston Marathon won by Keizo Yamada of Japan in 2:18:51
  • Apr 23rd General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • Apr 23rd KTAR (now KPNX) TV channel 12 in Phoenix, AZ (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 23rd WCOV TV channel 20 in Montgomery, AL (IND/CBS) begins broadcasting

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 24th Winston Churchill knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Apr 25th Francis Crick and James Watson's discovery of the double helix structure of DNA is published in "Nature" magazine
  • Apr 27th 1st general elections in British Guyana, won by Jagans PPP
  • Apr 27th Wrestler Freddie Blassie coins term "Pencil neck geek"
  • Apr 29th Joe Adcock is 1st to homer into Polo Grounds' center field bleachers
  • Apr 29th The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.
  • Apr 29th 6th Cannes Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • Apr 30th Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League
  • May 2nd 79th Kentucky Derby: Hank Moreno aboard Dark Star wins in 2:02
  • May 2nd Feisal II installed as king of Iraq
  • May 2nd Hussein I installed as king of Jordan
  • May 3rd WTVO TV channel 17 in Rockford, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting