Historical Events in 1953

Events 1 - 200 of 609

  • Jan 1 Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres
  • Jan 1 WBRE TV channel 28 in Wilkes-Barre Scranton, PA (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Jan 1 The Bantu Education Act (later renamed the Black Education Act) commenced, providing the legal underpinning of several aspects of the apartheid system, most importantly in education
  • Jan 1 The first TV detector van, used to track down users of unlicensed television sets, begins operation in the UK
  • Jan 1 39th Rose Bowl: #5 Southern California beats #11 Wisconsin, 7-0
  • Jan 1 19th Sugar Bowl: #2 Georgia Tech beats #7 Mississippi, 24-7
  • Jan 1 19th Orange Bowl: #9 Alabama beats #14 Syracuse, 61-6
  • Jan 2 NBA Baltimore Bullets begin a 32 game road losing streak
  • Jan 3 Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • Jan 4 KTSM TV channel 9 in El Paso, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 5 -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 Samuel Beckett's "En Attendant Godot" premieres in Paris

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • Jan 6 WKBN TV channel 27 in Youngstown, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 6 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jan 8 Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
  • Jan 8 René Mayer forms French government
  • Jan 9 Bevo Francis, Rio Grande College, scores 116 pts in basketball game
  • Jan 9 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • Jan 10 "My Darlin' Aida" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 89 performances
  • Jan 10 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish
  • Jan 10 NFL Pro Bowl: National Conference beats American Conference 27-7

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 11 J. Edgar Hoover declines 6 figure offer to become president of International Boxing Club

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jan 12 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • Jan 13 Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
  • Jan 13 KOLD TV channel 13 in Tucson, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 13 Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia
  • Jan 13 3rd NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 79-75 at Fort Wayne, Indiana
  • Jan 14 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • Jan 14 WALA TV channel 10 in Mobile, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 14 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
  • Jan 15 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • Jan 15 GDR Min of Foreign affairs Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage"
  • Jan 15 East Germany purges senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • Jan 16 Egyptian Premier Gen Naguib disbands all political parties
  • Jan 16 KXLY TV channel 4 in Spokane, WA (ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 17 41st Women's Australian Championships: Maureen Connolly beats Julia Sampson (6-3, 6-2)

Sport awardTennis Open

Jan 17 41st Men's Australian Championships: Ken Rosewall beats Mervyn Rose (6-0, 6-3, 6-4)

Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ken Rosewall
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion
Ken Rosewall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 19 Jesse Owens named Illinois Athletic Commission secretary

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens
  • Jan 20 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada-from Buffalo NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 21 John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 22 Arthur Miller's "Crucible" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • Jan 22 1953 NFL Draft: Harry Babcock from University of Georgia first pick by San Francisco 49ers
  • Jan 23 Bobby Simpson makes 1st-class debut for NSW 16 yrs 357 days
  • Jan 23 NFL Dallas Texans become Baltimore Colts (now Indianapolis Colts)
  • Jan 23 NFL's National & American conference become Eastern & Western conf
  • Jan 25 WABI TV channel 5 in Bangor, ME (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 25 Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec
  • Jan 27 Netherlands end Marshall aid
  • Jan 28 J Fred Muggs (the chimp) joins NBC's "Today Show"
  • Jan 28 WJTV TV channel 12 in Jackson, MS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 28 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, London, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned on 30th July 1998.
  • Jan 31 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • Jan 31 Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
  • Jan 31 NY, Cleveland, & Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues
  • Feb 1 "General Electric Theater" premieres on CBS TV; Ronald Reagan later hosts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 "You Are There" with Walter Cronkite premieres on CBS television

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
  • Feb 1 Dr A de Waal appointed as Netherlands' first female assistant secretary of state
  • Feb 1 Flooding in Netherlands kills 1,835
  • Feb 1 WEEK TV channel 25 in Peoria, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 3 J Fred Muggs, a chimp, becomes a regular on NBC's Today Show
  • Feb 5 "Peter Pan" by Walt Disney opens at Roxy Theater, NYC
  • Feb 5 5th Emmy Awards: I Love Lucy, Thomas Mitchell & Helen Hayes win
  • Feb 5 Sweet rationing imposed in WWII ends in Britain
  • Feb 6 Ian Craig makes Test Cricket debut at 17 yrs 239 days, youngest Aussie
  • Feb 6 US controls on wages & some consumer goods lifted
  • Feb 8 Betty Jameson wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
  • Feb 8 WLVA (now WSET) TV channel 13 in Lynchburg-Roanoke, VA (ABC) begins
  • Feb 9 "Adventures of Superman" TV series premieres in syndication
  • Feb 9 WNEP TV channel 16 in Scranton Wilkes-Barre, PA (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Feb 9 General Walter Bedell Smith, USA, ends term as 4th director of CIA Allen W Dulles, becomes acting director of CIA
  • Feb 10 Ice Dance Championship at Davos won by Westwood & Demmy GRB
  • Feb 10 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Jennifer & John Nicks of GRB
  • Feb 10 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Tenley Albright USA
  • Feb 10 Men's Figure Skating Champion in Davos won by Hayes Alan Jenkins USA
  • Feb 11 J Styne/B Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 190 performances
  • Feb 11 President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
  • Feb 11 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
  • Feb 12 USSR breaks relations with Israel
  • Feb 13 A's change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 16 Ted Williams safely crash-lands his damaged Panther jet, later awarded the Air medal

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Feb 17 DSB soccer team forms in Eindhoven
  • Feb 18 "Maggie" opens at National Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • Feb 18 KOLN TV channel 10 in Lincoln, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 18 Premiere of 1st 3-D feature film,"Bwana Devil" (NYC)
  • Feb 19 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • Feb 19 William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 20 August A Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million
  • Feb 20 US Court of Appeals rules that Organized Baseball is a sport & not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling
  • Feb 21 "Maggie" closes at National Theater NYC after 5 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21 Francis Crick and James Watson discover structure of DNA-molecule

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular biologist James Watson
Molecular biologist
James Watson
  • Feb 21 Longest collegiate basketball game (6 OTs) Niagara beats Siena 88-81
  • Feb 25 "Wonderful Town" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 559 performances
  • Feb 26 Allen W Dulles, promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA
  • Feb 26 10th Golden Globes: The Greatest Show on Earth, Gary Cooper, & Shirley Booth win

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Feb 28 Stalin meets with Beria, Bulganin, Khrushchev & Malenkov

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Mar 1 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
  • Mar 1 KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 1 KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
  • Mar 1 WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
  • Mar 1 WFBG TV (later WTAJ) channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 1 Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.
  • Mar 3 Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
  • Mar 3 Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee
  • Mar 5 6th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The Sound Barrier" Best Film
  • Mar 6 Malenkov becomes chairman of the USSR
  • Mar 7 Jackie McGlew scores 255* v NZ at Wellington
  • Mar 8 "Two's Company" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 90 performances
  • Mar 8 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years
  • Mar 8 KSWO TV channel 7 in Lawton, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 8 Patty Berg wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
  • Mar 8 WFMJ TV channel 21 in Youngstown, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 9 Josef Stalin buried in Moscow
  • Mar 11 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)
  • Mar 11 American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb 15,000 feet on Mars Bluff, South Carolina; it created a crater 75 feet acrosss, but the nuclear core did not detonate, due to 6 safety catches
  • Mar 14 KOLR TV channel 10 in Springfield, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 15 Patty Berg wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
  • Mar 15 West Germany loses in soccer to Netherlands, 2-1
  • Mar 16 AL rejects Bill Veeck's request to move St Louis Browns to Baltimore
  • Mar 17 Bill Veeck says he will sell his 80% of St Louis Browns for $2,475M
  • Mar 17 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 17 WBAY TV channel 2 in Green Bay, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 17 WWLP TV channel 22 in Springfield, MA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18 15th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Kansas 69-68
  • Mar 18 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee
  • Mar 18 Earthquake strikes West Turkey, 250 die
  • Mar 18 KGNC (now KAMR) TV channel 4 in Amarillo, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18 NL approves Boston Braves move to Milwaukee (1st shift since 1903)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 19 25th Academy Awards: "Greatest Show on Earth", Gary Cooper & Shirley Booth win (1st time televised)
  • Mar 20 Senator Edwin C Johnson offers a bill to give clubs the sole
  • Mar 21 NBA record 106 fouls & 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse)
  • Mar 22 AntonínZápotockýchosen as president of Czechoslovakia
  • Mar 22 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Betsy Rawls Golf Open
  • Mar 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Mar 27 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • Mar 28 "New Faces (of 1952)" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 365 performances
  • Mar 28 "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • Mar 28 7th Tony Awards: Crucible & Wonderful Town win
  • Mar 28 KCAU TV channel 9 in Sioux City, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 28 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 28 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 28 107th Grand National: Bryan Marshall aboard Early Mist wins
  • Mar 29 Patty Berg wins LPGA New Orleans Women's Golf Open

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Mar 31 US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
  • Mar 31 UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld for Secretary-General
  • Apr 1 J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea
  • Apr 1 KXMC TV channel 13 in Minot, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 1 Walcott Worrell & Weekes all make centuries in innings v India
  • Apr 2 Raab forms his 1st government in Austria
  • Apr 4 KFDA TV channel 10 in Amarillo, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 5 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • Apr 5 WEYI TV channel 25 in Saginaw, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 7 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight
  • Apr 7 UN General Assembly begins session that will elect Dag Hammarskjöld of Sweden as Secretary-General

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with the Mau Mau rebellion and sentenced to 7 years jail in Kenya

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • Apr 9 "TV Guide" publishes 1st issue
  • Apr 9 Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax.
  • Apr 10 Dag Hammarskjöld becomes the 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • Apr 10 "House of Wax", 1st 3-D movie, released (NYC)
  • Apr 10 7th NBA Championship: Minneapolis Lakers beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 1
  • Apr 11 Oveta Culp Hobby becomes 1st at Health, Education, & Welfare
  • Apr 11 US Department of Health, Education and Welfare created

Sport awardGolf Major

Apr 12 17th Masters Golf Tournament: Ben Hogan wins, shooting a 274

Golfer Ben Hogan
Golfer
Ben Hogan
  • Apr 12 KFDX TV channel 3 in Wichita Falls, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 12 Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston
  • Apr 13 1st game of Milwaukee Braves, they beat Cincinnati Reds 2-0
  • Apr 14 Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
  • Apr 14 WHYN (now WGGB) TV channel 40 in Springfield-Holyoke, MA (ABC) begins
  • Apr 15 Malans National Party wins South African elections
  • Apr 15 WHP TV channel 21 in Harrisburg, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 16 British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Apr 16 Jackie Pung wins LPGA Palm Springs Golf Open
  • Apr 16 Phillie's Connie Ryan gets 6 hits in a game
  • Apr 16 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
  • Apr 16 WAND TV channel 17 in Decatur, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Mickey Mantle hits a 565' (172 m) HR in Washington, D.C.'s Griffith Stadium

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • Apr 18 "Pal Joey" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 542 performances
  • Apr 19 Louise Suggs wins LPGA San Diego Golf Open
  • Apr 19 WAFB TV channel 9 in Baton Rouge, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 20 57th Boston Marathon won by Keizo Yamada of Japan in 2:18:51
  • Apr 23 General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • Apr 23 KTAR (now KPNX) TV channel 12 in Phoenix, AZ (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 23 WCOV TV channel 20 in Montgomery, AL (IND/CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 24 Winston Churchill knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Apr 25 Francis Crick and James Watson's discovery of the double helix structure of DNA is published in "Nature" magazine
  • Apr 27 1st general elections in British Guyana, won by Jagans PPP
  • Apr 27 Wrestler Freddie Blassie coins term "Pencil neck geek"
  • Apr 29 Joe Adcock is 1st to homer into Polo Grounds' center field bleachers
  • Apr 29 The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.
  • Apr 29 6th Cannes Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • Apr 30 Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League
  • May 2 79th Kentucky Derby: Hank Moreno aboard Dark Star wins in 2:02
  • May 2 Feisal II installed as king of Iraq
  • May 2 Hussein I installed as king of Jordan
  • May 3 WTVO TV channel 17 in Rockford, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting