Historical Events in 1955

Events 1 - 200 of 540

  • Jan 1st Bhutan issues its 1st postage stamps
  • Jan 1st WEAT (now WPEC) TV channel 12 in West Palm Beach, FL (CBS) begins
  • Jan 1st 41st Rose Bowl: #1 Ohio State beats #17 Southern California, 20-7
  • Jan 1st 21st Sugar Bowl: #5 Navy beats #6 Mississippi, 21-0
  • Jan 1st 21st Orange Bowl: #14 Duke beats Nebraska, 34-7
  • Jan 2nd 1st "Bob Cummings Show" premieres on NBC (later on CBS)
  • Jan 2nd Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
  • Jan 3rd Jose Ramon Guizado becomes president of Panama
  • Jan 5th KMSP TV channel 9 in Minneapolis-St Paul, MN (IND) 1st broadcast
  • Jan 7th Marian Anderson becomes 1st black singer to perform at Met (NYC)
  • Jan 7th WCIQ TV channel 7 in Mt Cheaha, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 8th Furman sets NCAA basketball single-game scoring record with 154 pt
  • Jan 8th Georgia Tech ends Kentucky's 130-game home basketball win streak
  • Jan 8th Louise Sugg wins LPGA LA Golf Open
  • Jan 8th WUNC TV channel 4 in Chapel Hill, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 14th Heitor Villa-Lobos' 8th Symphony premieres in Philadelphia
  • Jan 15th 1st official act of Princess Beatrice, launches tanker Vasum
  • Jan 15th Dmitri Shostakovitch's "From Jewish Folk Poetry" premieres in Leningrad
  • Jan 15th USSR ends state of war with German Federal Republic
  • Jan 16th Jackie Pung wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open
  • Jan 16th NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-19
  • Jan 17th Submarine Nautilus begins 1st nuclear-powered test voyage
  • Jan 18th Battle of Yijiangshan Islands between Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the People's Liberation Army
  • Jan 18th 5th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 100-91 at New York City
  • Jan 19th "Millionaire" TV program premieres on CBS
  • Jan 19th "Scrabble" debuts on board game market

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Jan 19th 1st presidential news conference filmed for TV (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 20th The first nuclear powered submarine, USS Nautilus, launched at Groton, Connecticut
  • Jan 22nd Norwegian government of Einar Gerhardsen forms
  • Jan 23rd Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
  • Jan 23rd KORK (now KVBC) TV channel 3 in Las Vegas, NV (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Jan 23rd Express train travelling from York to Bristol derails, killing 14 and injuring many other passengers
  • Jan 25th Jill Kinmont hits a tree & breaks her back in Snow Cup Ski Race
  • Jan 25th Russia ends state of war with Germany
  • Jan 25th US & Panama sign canal treaty
  • Jan 25th Columbia University scientists develope an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years
  • Jan 27th "Plain & Fancy" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 476 performances
  • Jan 27th 1955 NFL Draft: George Shaw from University of Oregon first pick by Baltimore Colts
  • Jan 29th John Williams Cox buys Yankee Stadium, sells grounds to Knights of Columbus, later leaves structure to Rice University (1962)
  • Jan 31st RCA demonstrates 1st music synthesizer
  • Jan 31st 43rd Women's Australian Championships: Beryl Penrose beats Thelma Coyne Long (6-4, 6-3)

Sport awardTennis Open

Jan 31st 43rd Men's Australian Championships: Ken Rosewall beats Lew Hoad (9-7, 6-4, 6-4)

Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ken Rosewall
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion
Ken Rosewall
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Lew Hoad
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Lew Hoad
  • Feb 1st HC Hansen appointed premier of Denmark
  • Feb 2nd 1st presidential news conference on network TV-Eisenhower on ABC
  • Feb 8th Malenkov resigns as USSR premier, Bulganin replaces him
  • Feb 8th The Government of Sindh abolished Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 kmĀ²) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.
  • Feb 9th Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts crematory law
  • Feb 9th US federations of trade unions merge into AFL/CIO
  • Feb 10th The US Navy evacuate 1000s from Tachen Islands in the Pacific
  • Feb 12th McGuire Sisters' "Sincerely" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 10 weeks
  • Feb 12th President Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to South Vietnam
  • Feb 12th Soviets decides space center built in Baikonur, Kazachstan
  • Feb 12th WTVY TV channel 4 in Dothan, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 13th Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls
  • Feb 13th KRCG TV channel 13 in Jefferson City, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 13th Patty Berg wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
  • Feb 14th WFLA (now WXFL) TV channel 8 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (NBC) begins
  • Feb 15th 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced
  • Feb 17th Ice Dance Championship at Vienna Austria won by J Westwood/Demmy GRB
  • Feb 17th Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Frances Dafoe and Norris Bowden of Canada
  • Feb 17th KTVF TV channel 11 in Fairbanks, AK (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 17th Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Vienna won by Tenley Albright US
  • Feb 17th Mike Souchak sets PGA 72-hole record of 257
  • Feb 18th Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
  • Feb 19th South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect
  • Feb 20th Fay Crocker wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
  • Feb 22nd British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sets sail
  • Feb 23rd Edgar Faure forms French government
  • Feb 24th "Silk Stockings" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 461 performances
  • Feb 24th Pact of Baghdad between Iraq & Turkey signed

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

Feb 24th 12th Golden Globes: On The Waterfront, Marlon Brando, & Judy Garland win

  • Feb 26th "Peter Pan" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 149 performances
  • Feb 26th 1st aviator to bail out at supersonic speed-GF Smith
  • Feb 27th Betty Jameson wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
  • Mar 1st Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48
  • Mar 1st KFAR (now KATN) TV channel 2 in Fairbanks, AK (ABC/NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Mar 1st Pakistan v India 5 Test Cricket series ends in a 0-0 draw
  • Mar 2nd King Norodom Sihanukh of Cambodia succeeded by his father
  • Mar 2nd William Inge's "Bus Stop" premieres in NYC

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

Mar 3rd Elvis Presley makes his 1st TV appearance on a broadcast of radio show "Louisiana Hayride"

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Mar 4th 1st radio facsimile transmission sent across the continent
  • Mar 5th WBBJ TV channel 7 in Jackson, TN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 5th 2nd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats Duke, 87-77

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6th Dutch premiere of Samuel Becketts' "Waiting for Godot"

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • Mar 6th Jackie Pung wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
  • Mar 7th 7th Emmy Awards: Make Room for Daddy, Danny Thomas & Loretta Young win
  • Mar 7th Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick says he favors legalization of spitter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7th Mary Martin as "Peter Pan" televised

Actress Mary Martin
Mary Martin
  • Mar 13th Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal
  • Mar 13th Patty Berg wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
  • Mar 14th Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal
  • Mar 15th Dutch 2nd Chamber requires TV licenses
  • Mar 15th US Air Force unveils self-guided missile
  • Mar 15th WLEX TV channel 18 in Lexington, KY (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 16th Josephine Kroesen appointed as 1st Dutch female judge
  • Mar 16th President Eisenhower upheld the use of atomic weapons in case of war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17th After Maurice Richard is suspended for the remainder of the season, riots break out in Montreal. 37 people are injured and over 100 are arrested. The following morning, Richard goes on the radio to ask citizens to stop vandalizing the city.

Ice Hockey Player Maurice Richard
Ice Hockey Player
Maurice Richard
  • Mar 18th I Hatojama recognized as premier of Japan
  • Mar 19th 17th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: SF beats La Salle 77-63
  • Mar 20th KXTV TV channel 10 in Sacramento, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 21st Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desires Cyprus joining Greece
  • Mar 21st Brooklyn Bulletin ask Dodger fans not to call their team "Bums"
  • Mar 24th 1st seagoing oil drill rig placed in service
  • Mar 24th British Army patrols withdraw from Belfast after 20 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 24th Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opens for 694 performances

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 25th E Germany granted full sovereignty by occupying power, USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25th United States Customs seizes copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem "Howl" as obscene.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Mar 26th "Ballad of Davy Crockett" becomes the #1 record in US
  • Mar 26th 109th Grand National: Pat Taaffe aboard Quare Times wins
  • Mar 27th 9th Tony Awards: Desperate Hours & Pajama Game win

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

Mar 27th Steve McQueen makes his network TV debut (Goodyear Playhouse)

  • Mar 27th WPRI TV channel 12 in Providence, RI (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 28th NZ cricket all out for 26 v England at Eden Park

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Mar 30th 27th Academy Awards: "On the Waterfront", Marlon Brando & Grace Kelly win

  • Mar 31st Collie Smith scores 104 on cricket debut WI v Aust, Kingston
  • Mar 31st US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington closes Chase National (3rd largest bank) & Bank of the Manhattan Company (15th largest bank) merge to form Chase Manhattan
  • Apr 1st Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
  • Apr 1st EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
  • Apr 1st WTVT TV channel 13 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Apr 2nd US female Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Apr 2nd US male Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Apr 2nd Pancho Gonzales retains tennis title by winning a tournament playing under table tennis rules
  • Apr 3rd Balt Orioles pull their 1st triple play (3-6-2 vs KC Athletics)
  • Apr 3rd Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • Apr 3rd Louise Suggs wins LPGA Oklahoma City Golf Open
  • Apr 3rd Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300
  • Apr 3rd The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.
  • Apr 4th British government signs military treaty with Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5th Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as British PM

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Apr 6th "3 for Tonight" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 85 performances
  • Apr 6th US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 6th Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • Apr 9th US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 10th 19th Masters Golf Tournament: Cary Middlecoff wins, shooting a 279
  • Apr 10th 9th NBA Championship: Syrac Nats beat Ft Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10th Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Apr 10th Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely
  • Apr 11th Sobers starts run of 85 Test Cricket appearances for WI uninterrupted

MurderAssassination Attempt

Apr 11th The Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed and crashes in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai
  • Apr 11th "Marty" directed by Delbert Mann and starring Ernest Borgnine and Betsy Blair premieres in New York (Best Picture 1956)
  • Apr 12th 1st game in KC, KC A's beat Detroit Tigers, 6-2
  • Apr 12th Salk polio vaccine safe & effective; 4 billion dimes marched
  • Apr 13th 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • Apr 14th Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform
  • Apr 14th Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3, 2nd year in a row
  • Apr 14th WBRZ TV channel 2 in Baton Rouge, LA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15th Ray Kroc opens first McDonald's Inc. fast food restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois

McDonald's Entrepreneur Ray Kroc
McDonald's Entrepreneur
Ray Kroc
  • Apr 15th US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 17th Betty Jameson wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • Apr 18th "Ankles Aweigh" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 176 performances
  • Apr 18th 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
  • Apr 18th 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
  • Apr 19th 59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22
  • Apr 19th The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • Apr 20th "Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
  • Apr 21st Brooklyn Dodgers win, then record 10th straight game to begin a season
  • Apr 21st J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 21st Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die
  • Apr 22nd KC Athletic's 1st game, beat Tigers 6-2
  • Apr 23rd "Kismet" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances
  • Apr 23rd Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Carrollton Golf Open
  • Apr 24th Conference of Bandung against colonialism/for self determination, ends
  • Apr 24th Gaullists lose elections in France
  • Apr 24th KFDM TV channel 6 in Beaumont, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 24th KMAU (now KGMV) TV channel 3 in Wailuku, HI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 28th WBIQ TV channel 10 in Birmingham, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 29th Giovanni Gronchi elected third president of Italy
  • Apr 30th Element atomic number 101, Mendelevium, announced
  • Apr 30th Imperial Bank of India nationalized
  • Apr 30th Perez Prado's "Cherry Pink & Apple Blossom White" goes #1 for 10 weeks
  • Apr 30th West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & higher wages
  • May 1st Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Tournament
  • May 1st Bob Feller's 15th 1 or less hitter (12 1-hitters, 3 no-hitters)
  • May 2nd India proposal to discrimination against Dalits or "Untouchables" punishable
  • May 2nd Pulitzer prize awarded Tennessee Williams for (Cat on Hot Tin Roof)
  • May 2nd WGBH TV channel 2 in Boston, MA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 5th "Damn Yankees" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 1022 performances
  • May 5th Indian parliament accept Hindu divorce
  • May 5th US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
  • May 5th West Germany is granted full sovereignty by its three occupying powers
  • May 6th West Germany joins NATO
  • May 7th 81st Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Swaps wins in 2:01.8
  • May 7th USSR signs peace treaty with France & Great Britain
  • May 7th West European Union established
  • May 9th German Federal Republic (West Germany) joins NATO
  • May 10th 8th Cannes Film Festival: "Marty" directed by Delbert Mann wins Palme d'Or
  • May 11th Israel attacks Gaza
  • May 12th Chicago Cub Sam Jones is 1st black to pitch no-hitter (Pirates, 4-0)

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

May 13th Mickey Mantle hits 3 consecutive HRs of at least 463'

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • May 14th US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • May 14th Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • May 15th Building of space travel center at Baikonur Kazachstan begins
  • May 15th KPUA (now KGMD) TV channel 9 in Hilo, HI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 15th US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 15th Vienna Treaty: Britain, France, US & USSR restore Austria's independence
  • May 15th The first ascent of Makalu, the world's fifth highest mountain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16th Heavyweight Rocky Marciano KOs Don Cockell in SF

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Rocky Marciano
  • May 16th King Baudouin of Belgium visits Congo
  • May 16th Ray Lindwall scores his 2nd Test Cricket century 118 at Bridgetown
  • May 16th Rocky Marciano TKOs Don Cockell in 9 for heavyweight boxing title