Historical Events in April 1955

  • Apr 1 Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
  • Apr 1 EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
  • Apr 1 WTVT TV channel 13 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Apr 2 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Apr 2 US male Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Apr 2 Pancho Gonzales retains tennis title by winning a tournament playing under table tennis rules
  • Apr 3 Balt Orioles pull their 1st triple play (3-6-2 vs KC Athletics)
  • Apr 3 Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • Apr 3 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Oklahoma City Golf Open
  • Apr 3 Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Apr 4 British government signs military treaty with Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as British PM

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Apr 6 "3 for Tonight" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 85 performances
  • Apr 6 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 6 Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • Apr 9 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 10 19th Masters Golf Tournament: Cary Middlecoff wins, shooting a 279
  • Apr 10 9th NBA Championship: Syrac Nats beat Ft Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10 Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Apr 10 Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely
  • Apr 11 Sobers starts run of 85 Test Cricket appearances for WI uninterrupted

MurderAssassination Attempt

Apr 11 The Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed and crashes in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai
  • Apr 11 "Marty" directed by Delbert Mann and starring Ernest Borgnine and Betsy Blair premieres in New York (Best Picture 1956)
  • Apr 12 1st game in KC, KC A's beat Detroit Tigers, 6-2
  • Apr 12 Salk polio vaccine safe & effective; 4 billion dimes marched
  • Apr 13 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • Apr 14 Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform
  • Apr 14 Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3, 2nd year in a row
  • Apr 14 WBRZ TV channel 2 in Baton Rouge, LA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 Ray Kroc opens first McDonald's Inc. fast food restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois

McDonald's Entrepreneur Ray Kroc
McDonald's Entrepreneur
Ray Kroc
  • Apr 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 17 Betty Jameson wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • Apr 18 "Ankles Aweigh" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 176 performances
  • Apr 18 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
  • Apr 18 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
  • Apr 19 59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22
  • Apr 19 The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • Apr 20 "Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
  • Apr 21 Brooklyn Dodgers win, then record 10th straight game to begin a season
  • Apr 21 J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 21 Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die
  • Apr 22 KC Athletic's 1st game, beat Tigers 6-2
  • Apr 23 "Kismet" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances
  • Apr 23 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Carrollton Golf Open
  • Apr 24 Conference of Bandung against colonialism/for self determination, ends
  • Apr 24 Gaullists lose elections in France
  • Apr 24 KFDM TV channel 6 in Beaumont, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 24 KMAU (now KGMV) TV channel 3 in Wailuku, HI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 28 WBIQ TV channel 10 in Birmingham, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 29 Giovanni Gronchi elected third president of Italy
  • Apr 30 Element atomic number 101, Mendelevium, announced
  • Apr 30 Imperial Bank of India nationalized
  • Apr 30 Perez Prado's "Cherry Pink & Apple Blossom White" goes #1 for 10 weeks
  • Apr 30 West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & higher wages