Historical Events in April 1955

  • 1st Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
  • 1st EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
  • 1st WTVT TV channel 13 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 2nd US female Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • 2nd US male Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • 2nd Pancho Gonzales retains tennis title by winning a tournament playing under table tennis rules
  • 3rd Balt Orioles pull their 1st triple play (3-6-2 vs KC Athletics)
  • 3rd Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • 3rd Louise Suggs wins LPGA Oklahoma City Golf Open
  • 3rd Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

3rd The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 4th British government signs military treaty with Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

5th Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as British PM

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 6th "3 for Tonight" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 85 performances
  • 6th US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 6th Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • 9th US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 10th 19th Masters Golf Tournament: Cary Middlecoff wins, shooting a 279
  • 10th 9th NBA Championship: Syrac Nats beat Ft Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

10th Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 10th Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely
  • 11th Sobers starts run of 85 Test Cricket appearances for WI uninterrupted

MurderAssassination Attempt

11th The Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed and crashes in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai
  • 11th "Marty" directed by Delbert Mann and starring Ernest Borgnine and Betsy Blair premieres in New York (Best Picture 1956)
  • 12th 1st game in KC, KC A's beat Detroit Tigers, 6-2
  • 12th Salk polio vaccine safe & effective; 4 billion dimes marched
  • 13th 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • 14th Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform
  • 14th Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3, 2nd year in a row
  • 14th WBRZ TV channel 2 in Baton Rouge, LA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

15th Ray Kroc opens first McDonald's Inc. fast food restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois

McDonald's Entrepreneur Ray Kroc
McDonald's Entrepreneur
Ray Kroc
  • 15th US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 17th Betty Jameson wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • 18th "Ankles Aweigh" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 176 performances
  • 18th 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
  • 18th 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
  • 19th 59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22
  • 19th The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • 20th "Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
  • 21st Brooklyn Dodgers win, then record 10th straight game to begin a season
  • 21st J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • 21st Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die
  • 22nd KC Athletic's 1st game, beat Tigers 6-2
  • 23rd "Kismet" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances
  • 23rd Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Carrollton Golf Open
  • 24th Conference of Bandung against colonialism/for self determination, ends
  • 24th Gaullists lose elections in France
  • 24th KFDM TV channel 6 in Beaumont, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 24th KMAU (now KGMV) TV channel 3 in Wailuku, HI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 28th WBIQ TV channel 10 in Birmingham, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 29th Giovanni Gronchi elected third president of Italy
  • 30th Element atomic number 101, Mendelevium, announced
  • 30th Imperial Bank of India nationalized
  • 30th Perez Prado's "Cherry Pink & Apple Blossom White" goes #1 for 10 weeks
  • 30th West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & higher wages