Historical Events in 1959

Events 1 - 200 of 545

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Cuban Dictator Fulgencio Batista flees Cuba for the Dominican Republic

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • Jan 1 Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community
  • Jan 1 Rohan Kanhai completes 256 v India at Calcutta
  • Jan 1 45th Rose Bowl: #2 Iowa beats #16 California, 38-12
  • Jan 1 25th Sugar Bowl: #1 LSU beats #12 Clemson, 7-0
  • Jan 1 25th Orange Bowl: #5 Oklahoma beats #9 Syracuse, 21-6
  • Jan 2 USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit
  • Jan 3 Alaska admitted as 49th US state
  • Jan 4 Luna 1 (Mechta) becomes 1st craft to leave Earth's gravity
  • Jan 5 "Bozo the Clown" live children's show premieres on TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 Buddy Holly releases his last record "It Doesn't Matter"; he was killed in a plane crash 29 days later

Singer-songwriter Buddy Holly
Singer-songwriter
Buddy Holly

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US recognizes Fidel Castro's Cuban government

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 American gangster Meyer Lansky flees Cuba for the Bahamas due to the Cuban Revolution and rise of Fidel Castro

Mobster Meyer Lansky
Mobster
Meyer Lansky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 Charles de Gaulle inaugurated as president of France's 5th Republic

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 "Rawhide" with Clint Eastwood premieres on CBS TV

Actor and Director Clint Eastwood
Actor and Director
Clint Eastwood
  • Jan 9 Dam across Tera River collapses after heavy winter rains, 135 die
  • Jan 9 Pat O'Connor beats Dick Hutton in St Louis, to become NWA champ
  • Jan 11 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Theodore Roethke
  • Jan 11 Hanif Mohammad completes 499 runs for Karachi, then 1st class cricket world record
  • Jan 11 Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Mayfair Golf Open
  • Jan 11 NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 28-21
  • Jan 12 KOED TV channel 11 in Tulsa, OK (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 12 Rediscovery of the Caves of Nerja in Spain
  • Jan 13 French President Charles de Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 Algerians sentenced to death
  • Jan 13 King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence
  • Jan 17 "Say, Darling" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 332 performances
  • Jan 18 Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
  • Jan 20 Dmitri Shostakovitch's Moscow-Tsjerjomoesjki premieres in Moscow
  • Jan 22 USAF concludes that less than 1% of UFOs are unknown objects
  • Jan 23 9th NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 124-108 at Detroit
  • Jan 24 "Party with Comden & Green" closes at John Golden NYC after 38 performances
  • Jan 24 Dmitri Shostakovitch's comedy "Cheryomushk" premieres in Moscow
  • Jan 24 WHCT TV channel 18 in Hartford, CT (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 25 1st transcontinental commercial jet flight (American) (LA to NY for $301)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Pope John XXIII proclaims 2nd Vatican council

  • Jan 26 Italy government of Fanfani resigns
  • Jan 26 KOKH TV channel 25 in Oklahoma City, OK (IND/PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 26 47th Women's Australian Championships: Mary Carter Reitano beats Renee Schuurman Haygarth (6-2, 6-3)
  • Jan 26 47th Men's Australian Championships: Alex Olmedo beats Neale Fraser (6-1, 6-2, 3-6, 6-3)
  • Jan 28 Soviet Union wins 62-37 for 1st international basketball loss by US
  • Jan 29 Walt Disney's "Sleeping Beauty" released
  • Jan 29 'The Great Smog' hits London, many die of chest and lung-related illnesses
  • Jan 30 Australia 1-200 1st day 4th Test v England, Adelaide Oval
  • Jan 30 Paul Hindemith's symphony "Pittsburgh" premieres
  • Jan 30 MS Hans Hedtoft sinks, 95 die
  • Jan 31 Joe Cronin signs 7 year pact to become head of AL
  • Feb 1 Swiss men vote against voting rights for women
  • Feb 1 Texas Instruments requests patent of IC (Integrated Circuit)
  • Feb 1 US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss
  • Feb 1 US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins
  • Feb 1 WVUE TV channel 8 in New Orleans, LA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 1 Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Havana Golf Tournament
  • Feb 1 Zack Wheat unanimously elected to baseball Hall of Fame
  • Feb 2 Buddy Holly's last performance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 Vince Lombardi signs a 5 year contract to coach Green Bay Packers

  • Feb 3 American Airlines Electra crashes in NY's East River, killing 65
  • Feb 3 "The Day the Music Died" plane crash kills musicians Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, J. P. Richardson and pilot near Clear Lake Iowa.
  • Feb 4 Israel begins exporting copper ore
  • Feb 5 "Redhead" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 455 performances
  • Feb 5 Australia regain the Ashes with a 10 wicket victory at Adelaide
  • Feb 6 1st successful test-fire of Titan ICBM
  • Feb 6 Fidel Castro is interviewed by Edward R Murrow
  • Feb 7 "Whoop-Up" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 56 performances
  • Feb 7 Castro proclaims new Cuban constitution
  • Feb 7 Cessna lands in Las Vegas after 65 d without landing (refuels in air)
  • Feb 7 Dorothy Rigney sells White Sox to Bill Veeck for a reported $27M
  • Feb 9 Coasters's "Charlie Brown" peaks at #2
  • Feb 10 Dutch Princess Wilhelmina publishes "Lonely, but not alone"
  • Feb 10 Tornado in St Louis kills 19 & injures 265
  • Feb 11 Vinoo Mankad ends his final Test Cricket (v WI at Delhi)
  • Feb 13 Miro Cardon, premier of Cuba, resigns
  • Feb 14 $3.6 million heroin seizure in NYC
  • Feb 15 Antonio Segni forms Italian government
  • Feb 15 Louise Suggs wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Tournament
  • Feb 16 Fidel Castro names himself Cuba's premier after overthrowing Batista
  • Feb 16 Leonard Spigelgass' "Majority of One" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 17 1st weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg
  • Feb 19 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
  • Feb 19 Gabon adopts its constitution
  • Feb 19 USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), NM

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 20 The Avro Arrow program to design and manufacture supersonic jet fighters in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate.

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • Feb 22 1st Daytona 500: Lee Petty wins (135.521 MPH)
  • Feb 23 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
  • Feb 23 KVIE TV channel 6 in Sacramento-Stockton, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 27 Chicago Cards trade running back Ollie Matson to LA Rams for 9 players

Sports record brokenNBA Record

Feb 27 Boston Celtic Bob Cousy sets NBA record with 28 assists Boston Celtics score 173 points against Minneapolis Lakers

NBA Point Guard Bob Cousy
NBA Point Guard
Bob Cousy
  • Feb 28 "Goldilocks" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 161 performances
  • Feb 28 Ice Dance Championship at Colo Springs USA won by Denny & Jones of GRB
  • Feb 28 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul of CAN
  • Feb 28 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Colo Spr won by Carol Heiss USA
  • Feb 28 Launch of Discoverer 1 (WTR)-1st polar orbit
  • Feb 28 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Colo Spr won by David Jenkins USA
  • Feb 28 NFL trade, Chicago Cards trade Ollie Matson to LA Rams for 9 players
  • Mar 1 Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
  • Mar 1 Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Golden Triangle Festival Golf Tournament
  • Mar 3 1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
  • Mar 3 British government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
  • Mar 3 SF Giant's rename their stadium Candlestick Park
  • Mar 4 US Pioneer IV misses Moon & becomes 2nd (US 1st) artificial planet
  • Mar 5 Iran & US sign economic & military treaty
  • Mar 5 16th Golden Globes: The Defiant Ones, David Niven, & Susan Hayward win
  • Mar 6 11th Emmy Awards: Playhouse 90, Jack Benny Show, Raymond Burr win
  • Mar 6 Farthest radio signal heard (Pioneer IV, 400,000 miles)
  • Mar 7 "Bells Are Ringing" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 925 performances
  • Mar 7 1st aviator to fly a million miles (1.61 M km) in a jet (MC Garlow)
  • Mar 7 West Indies all out 76 v Pakistan at Dacca, Fazal Mahmood 6-34
  • Mar 7 6th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats North Carolina, 80-56
  • Mar 8 Groucho, Chico & Harpo's final TV appearance together
  • Mar 8 KUAT TV channel 6 in Tucson, AZ (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 8 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
  • Mar 8 Pro-Egyptian coup fails in Mosul Iraq
  • Mar 9 "Juno" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • Mar 9 1st known radar contact is made with Venus
  • Mar 9 Barbie, the toy doll make her debut at American Toy Fair in New York. Since sold over a billion worldwide
  • Mar 10 Dorothy Comiskey Rigney, sells 54% of White Sox to Bill Veeck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 Tennessee Williams' "Sweet Bird of Youth" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 10 Uprising against Chinese occupation force in Lhasa Tibet
  • Mar 11 "Raisin in the Sun", 1st Broadway play by a black woman, opens
  • Mar 11 4th Eurovision Song Contest: Teddy Scholten for Netherlands wins singing "Een beetje" in Cannes
  • Mar 12 Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections
  • Mar 12 US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
  • Mar 15 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
  • Mar 15 Richard Rogers' "No Strings" opens on Broadway
  • Mar 15 Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s
  • Mar 15 WILX TV channel 10 in Lansing, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 16 Iraq & USSR sign economic/technical treaty
  • Mar 17 Australia & USSR restore diplomatic relations

Sports record brokenNBA Record

Mar 18 Boston Celtic's Bill Sharman begins record of 56 straight free-throws

NBA Guard Bill Sharman
NBA Guard
Bill Sharman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Mar 19 "1st Impressions" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 84 performances
  • Mar 21 "Juno" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • Mar 21 21st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: California beats W Va 71-70
  • Mar 21 113th Grand National: Michael Scudamore aboard Oxo wins
  • Mar 22 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Nehi Golf Tournament
  • Mar 24 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
  • Mar 24 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) is launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
  • Mar 25 Bill White traded to St Louis for pitchers Sam Jones & Don Choate
  • Mar 25 French pres De Gaulle acknowledges Oder-Neisse boundary
  • Mar 26 Test debut for Mushtaq Mohammad v WI age 15 yrs 124 days
  • Mar 28 11 days after Tibet uprising, China dissolves Tibet's government & installs Panchen Lama
  • Mar 29 Wes Hall takes Pakistani cricket hat-trick at Lahore

Film release premierFilm Release

Mar 29 "Some Like It Hot", starring Marilyn Monroe, Tony Curtis, and Jack Lemmon, is released

  • Mar 30 WNED TV channel 17 in Buffalo, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Dalai Lama flees China and is granted political asylum in India

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • Apr 4 Fed of Mali, consisting of Senegal & French Sudan (dissolved 1960)
  • Apr 5 23rd Masters Golf Tournament: Art Wall Jr wins, shooting a 284
  • Apr 6 31st Academy Awards: "Gigi", Susan Hayward & David Niven win
  • Apr 7 Oklahoma ends prohibition, after 51 years
  • Apr 7 Radar 1st bounced off Sun, Stanford Calif
  • Apr 9 Balt Orioles pull their 2nd triple play (3-6-3 vs Wash Senators)
  • Apr 9 Bill Sharman hits a NBA record 56 consecutive foul shot
  • Apr 9 NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury
  • Apr 9 13th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics sweep Minn Lakers in 4 games Boston Celtics wins 8th straight title
  • Apr 11 "Jamaica" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 558 performances
  • Apr 11 Dodger pitcher Don Drysdale hits his 2nd Opening Day HR
  • Apr 11 Dutch prince Bernhard visits Lockheed factory
  • Apr 12 13th Tony Awards: J B & Redhead win
  • Apr 12 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • Apr 12 France Observator reports torture practice by French army in Algeria
  • Apr 13 USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit
  • Apr 13 Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • Apr 13 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists
  • Apr 14 (Robert) Taft Memorial Bell Tower dedicated in Washington DC
  • Apr 14 KDIN TV channel 11 in Des Moines, IA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 15 Fidel Castro begins US goodwill tour
  • Apr 15 US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles resigns
  • Apr 16 "Party with Comden & Green" opens at John Golden NYC for 44 performances
  • Apr 16 Datu Abdul Rozak inaugurated as premier of Malaysia federation
  • Apr 16 NY Yankees unveil their 1st message scoreboard
  • Apr 16 Phils' Dave Philley gets a major league record 9th straight pinch hit
  • Apr 18 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1
  • Apr 19 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
  • Apr 19 Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
  • Apr 20 63rd Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:22:42
  • Apr 21 1211-kg great white shark becomes largest fish ever caught on a rod
  • Apr 21 Alf Dean using a rod & reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16' 10" white shark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Yankee Whitey Ford strikes-out 15, beating Senators, 1-0 in 14 innings

MLB Pitcher Whitey Ford
MLB Pitcher
Whitey Ford
  • Apr 22 Chicago White Sox beat KC Athletics 20-6, in 1 inning Sox score 11 runs on 1 hit, 10 walks, & 3 errors
  • Apr 23 "Destry Rides Again" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 472 performances
  • Apr 23 1st heliport in Britain opens in London
  • Apr 24 Neth Dance Theater opens (Rudi of Dantzig & Cut Flier)
  • Apr 24 WICD TV channel 15 in Champaign, IL (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 25 St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opens to shipping
  • Apr 25 Then-bishop Karol Wojtyla's celebrates newly completed Nowa Huta, Poland's first ever Mass at midnight of Christmas morning
  • Apr 26 Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Betsy Rawls Golf Open
  • Apr 27 "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)
  • Apr 27 Liu Sjau-chi elected president of China People's Republic
  • Apr 27 The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
  • Apr 28 KLOE TV channel 10 in Goodland, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 28 KPLR TV channel 11 in Saint Louis, MO (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 28 6th National Film Awards (India): "Sagar Sangamey" wins the Golden Lotus

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

May 1 Floyd Patterson KOs Brian London in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion
Floyd Patterson
  • May 1 West Germany introduces 5 day work week
  • May 1 White Sox Early Wynn beats Red Sox 1-0 on his own HR
  • May 2 85th Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Tomy Lee wins in 2:02.2
  • May 3 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Land of the Sky Golf Tournament
  • May 3 Tiger's Charlie Maxwell hits 4 consecutive HRs in a doubleheader

Music awardsMusic Awards

May 4 First Grammy Awards: Perry Como & Ella Fitzgerald win

Jazz Musician Ella Fitzgerald
Jazz Musician
Ella Fitzgerald
  • May 4 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (JB)
  • May 6 Iceland gunboats shoot at British fishing vessels