Historical Events in 1960

Events 1 - 200 of 654

  • Jan 1 Bank of France issues new franc, worth 100 times the value of existing francs
  • Jan 1 Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains independence from France

Music concertMusic Concert

Jan 1 Johnny Cash plays first of many free concerts behind bars

Country Singer Johnny Cash
Country Singer
Johnny Cash
  • Jan 1 Montserrat adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 A photograph of a South African boy in a torn vest is published in the Daily Herald; it was illegal to employ a 'native' under 18 in the mines under the Native Labour Regulation Act
  • Jan 1 46th Rose Bowl: #8 Washington beats #6 Wisconsin, 44-8
  • Jan 1 26th Sugar Bowl: #2 Mississippi beats #3 LSU, 21-0
  • Jan 1 26th Orange Bowl: #5 Georgia beats #18 Missouri, 14-0
  • Jan 2 1st redshank old world shore bird reported in North America (Halifax)
  • Jan 2 John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years
  • Jan 2 Roger Sessions' 4th Symphony, premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Senator John F. Kennedy, announces his candidacy for the US Presidency

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jan 4 European Free Trade Association forms in Stockholm
  • Jan 5 Continental League, a proposed third major league, gets an assurance of congressional support from NY Senator Kenneth Keating
  • Jan 7 The Polaris missile is tested
  • Jan 9 Building of Aswan dam in Egypt, begins
  • Jan 10 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Delmore Schwartz
  • Jan 11 Lamar Clark sets pro boxing record of 44 consecutive knockouts
  • Jan 12 Sobers & Worrell complete 399 stand for 4th wkt v England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Syracuse National Dolph Schayes is 1st NBA'er to score 15,000 points

NBA Power Forward and Coach Dolph Schayes
NBA Power Forward and Coach
Dolph Schayes
  • Jan 14 Tuindorp-Oostzaan in Northern Amsterdam, flooded

CommunicationElvis Presley in the Army

Jan 14 US Army promoted Elvis Presley to Sergeant

  • Jan 14 The Reserve Bank of Australia is established
  • Jan 17 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational
  • Jan 17 NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 38-21
  • Jan 18 US & Japan sign joint defense treaty
  • Jan 18 Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashes in Virginia, killing all 50 people on-board

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Jan 19 Eisenhower & Premier Kishi sign US-Japanese Security pact

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 20 Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo
  • Jan 21 Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km
  • Jan 21 Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook, South Africa; 417 die of methane poisoning
  • Jan 22 10th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 125-115 at Philadelphia
  • Jan 22 Paul Pender beats Sugar Ray Robinson for middleweight boxing title
  • Jan 23 Bathosphere "Trieste", crewed by Jacques Piccard and US Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh, reaches bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)
  • Jan 24 Algeria uprises against French president De Gaulle
  • Jan 26 High-school basketball sensation Danny Heater scores 135 points
  • Jan 26 Oakland Raiders enter the American Football League

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 26 Pete Rozelle elected NFL commissioner on 23rd ballot

NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle
NFL Commissioner
Pete Rozelle
  • Jan 28 1st photograph bounced off Moon, Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 28 Goon Show's final episode on BBC
  • Jan 28 NFL announces Dallas Cowboys (1960) & Minnesota Vikings (1961) franchises
  • Jan 30 CIA OKs Lockheed to produce a new U-2 aircraft (Oxcart)
  • Jan 30 Dutch communist trade union EVC'58 disbands
  • Jan 30 Riot curtails third days play at Port-Of-Spain WI v England
  • Jan 30 US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss
  • Jan 30 US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins
  • Jan 30 African National Party is founded in Chad
  • Feb 1 4 students stage 1st civil rights sit-in, at Woolworth's in Greensboro, NC
  • Feb 1 Extreme right-wing rebels in Algiers surrender
  • Feb 1 48th Women's Australian Championships: Margaret Court beats Jan Lehane (7-5, 6-2)

Sport awardTennis Open

Feb 1 48th Men's Australian Championships: Rod Laver beats Neale Fraser (5-7, 3-6, 6-3, 8-6, 8-6)

Tennis Player Rod Laver
Tennis Player
Rod Laver
  • Feb 2 Michale Eufemia sinks 625 balls in pool match without a miss
  • Feb 3 UK prime minister Harold Macmillan makes his famous "wind of change" speech in Africa, against the apartheid regime, angering South African politicians

Film release premierFilm Premier

Feb 3 "La Dolce Vita" directed by Federico Fellini and starring Marcello Mastroianni and Anita Ekberg has its film premiere in Italy

Actress Anita Ekberg
Actress
Anita Ekberg
Film director, Scriptwriter Federico Fellini
Film director, Scriptwriter
Federico Fellini
  • Feb 4 BBWAA voters fail to elect a new Hall of Fame member
  • Feb 4 Giants move their offices to Candlestick Park
  • Feb 4 Lionel Bart's musical "Fings ain't wot they used t'be" premieres
  • Feb 7 Old handwriting found in at Qumran, near the Dead Sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 8 Boston Celtic Bill Russell becomes 1st NBAer with 50 rebounds (51)

Basketball Player Bill Russell
Basketball Player
Bill Russell
  • Feb 8 Congress opens hearings looking into payola

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 8 Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor".

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Feb 9 AFL & NFL agree verbally to a no tampering pact
  • Feb 10 "Unsinkable Molly Brown" closes at Winter Garden NYC after 532 performances
  • Feb 10 Charles Ives' "Lincoln, the Great Commoner" premieres
  • Feb 11 Jack Paar walks off his TV show
  • Feb 12 Chinese army kills 12 Indian soldiers
  • Feb 13 "Beg, Borrow or Steal" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • Feb 13 "Saratoga" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 80 performances
  • Feb 13 France performs 1st nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • Feb 14 Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
  • Feb 14 Marshal Ayub Khan elected president of Pakistan
  • Feb 16 US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip
  • Feb 18 8th Winter Olympic games open in Squaw Valley, California
  • Feb 18 Walter O'Malley, LA Dodger owner, purchases Chavez Ravine for $494,000
  • Feb 19 Bil Keane's "Family Circus" cartoon strip debuts
  • Feb 19 Protest strike in Poznan, Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 20 Jimi Hendrix, rock and roll guitarist, plays his first gig.

Rock Guitarist Jimi Hendrix
Rock Guitarist
Jimi Hendrix
  • Feb 21 Fay Crocker wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
  • Feb 23 Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)
  • Feb 24 Italian government of Segni falls
  • Feb 24 US beats Germany in Olympic hockey finals round, 9-1
  • Feb 24 2nd Daytona 500: Junior Johnson wins (124.74 MPH)
  • Feb 25 John Cage's "Music for Amplified Toy Pianos" premieres
  • Feb 25 Lillian Hellman's "Toys in the Attic" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev voices support for Indonesia

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Feb 26 USA's David Jenkins wins Olympic Gold for men's figure skating
  • Feb 26 Verne Gagne beats Doctor X in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Vera Miles stars in the famous "Mirror Image" episode of the classic CBS television series "The Twilight Zone"

Actress Vera Miles
Actress
Vera Miles
  • Feb 27 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam to Ruhrgebied opens
  • Feb 27 US Olympic Ice Hockey Team beats USSR 3-2 en route to gold medal
  • Feb 28 8th Winter Olympic games close at Squaw Valley, California
  • Feb 28 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
  • Feb 28 US wins Olympic hockey gold medal by defeating Canada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 1st playboy club, featuring bunnies, opens in Chicago

Playboy Founder & Businessman Hugh Hefner
Playboy Founder & Businessman
Hugh Hefner
  • Feb 29 Agadir earthquake in Morocco kills a third of the population (12,000-15,000)
  • Feb 29 JFK makes "missile gap" the presidential campaign issue
  • Feb 29 KRET TV channel 23 in Richardson, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 3 9th largest snowfall in NYC history (14.5")
  • Mar 4 French freighter "La Coubre" explodes in Havana Cuba, killing 100

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Elvis Presley ends 2-year hitch in US Army

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Mar 5 Ice Dance Championship at Vancouver won by Denny & Jones (GRB)
  • Mar 5 Ice Pairs Championship at Vancouver won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)
  • Mar 5 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Vancouver won by Alain Giletti (FRA)
  • Mar 5 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champions in Vancouver won by Carol E Heiss (USA)
  • Mar 5 The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.
  • Mar 5 7th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Duke beats Wake Forest, 63-59

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 President Sukarno disbands Indonesia's parliament

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • Mar 7 Dutch Builders strike for CLA
  • Mar 8 "Greenwillow" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 95 performances
  • Mar 10 USSR agrees to stop nuclear testing

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

Mar 10 17th Golden Globes: Ben-Hur, Anthony Franciosa, & Elizabeth Taylor win

  • Mar 11 Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus
  • Mar 13 Fay Crocker wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
  • Mar 13 NFL's Chicago Cardinals moves to St Louis
  • Mar 13 White Sox unveil new road uniforms with players' names above number
  • Mar 14 14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield Calif

Sports record brokenNBA Record

Mar 14 Wilt Chamberlain (Philadelphia) sets NBA playoff record of 53 points

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • Mar 15 Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve established (1st underwater park)
  • Mar 15 National Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona dedicated
  • Mar 17 Eisenhower forms anti-Castro-exile army under the CIA
  • Mar 17 WSLA (now WAKA) TV channel 8 in Selma, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 17 One of the 1st French New Wave films "Breathless" directed by Jean-Luc Godard, starring Jean-Paul Belmondo and Jean Seberg is released in France
  • Mar 18 5th Eurovision Song Contest: Jacqueline Boyer for France wins singing "Tom Pillibi" in London
  • Mar 19 "Redhead" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 455 performances
  • Mar 19 22nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Ohio State beats California 75-55
  • Mar 21 Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 72 in South Africa & outlaws ANC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 22 1st patent for lasers granted to Arthur Schawlow & Charles Townes

  • Mar 23 Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit
  • Mar 24 US appeals court rules novel "Lady Chatterly's Lover" not obscene
  • Mar 25 1st guided missile launched from nuclear powered sub (Halibut)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 DH Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley's Lover" ruled not obscene (NYC)

  • Mar 25 Ford Frick voids Indians-Red Sox deal as Sam White retires
  • Mar 25 Italian government Tambroni forms
  • Mar 26 Iraq executes 30 after attack on President Kassem
  • Mar 26 Orioles-Reds series planned for Havana is moved to Miami
  • Mar 26 USC captures NCAA swimming title
  • Mar 26 114th Grand National: Gerry Scott aboard Merryman II wins
  • Mar 27 Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Royal Crown Golf Open
  • Mar 28 Pope John appoints the first Japanese, African & Filipino cardinals
  • Mar 28 Scotch whisky factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters (Glasgow, Scotland)
  • Mar 29 Darius Milhaud's 9th Symphony, premieres
  • Mar 31 Gore Vidal's "Best Man" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 1 Census determines the resident population of the United States to be 179,245,000
  • Apr 1 2nd French atom bomb explodes (Sahara)
  • Apr 1 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds, Algeria
  • Apr 1 Mabry Harper catches a 25 lb Walleye in Tennessee
  • Apr 1 U Nu elected premier of Burma
  • Apr 1 1st weather satellite launched (TIROS 1)
  • Apr 2 Cuba buys oil from USSR
  • Apr 2 KPEC TV channel 56 in Lakewood Center-Tacoma, WA (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • Apr 3 Earthquake at Havre, Belgium

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Apr 4 32nd Academy Awards: "Ben-Hur", Charlton Heston & Simone Signoret win

  • Apr 4 Oscar awarded to Neth director Bert Haanstra
  • Apr 4 Project Ozma begins at Green Bank radio astronomy center
  • Apr 4 Senegal declares independence from France
  • Apr 8 Neth & Germany sign accord concerning war casualties
  • Apr 8 US Senate passes Civil Rights Bill with measures against discriminatory voting pracrices
  • Apr 9 14th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 3
  • Apr 9 South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd survives an assassination attempt by David Pratt despite being twice shot in the face

Sport awardGolf Major

Apr 10 24th Masters Golf Tournament: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 282

  • Apr 10 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • Apr 10 Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill
  • Apr 12 Bert Haanstra wins Oscar for "Glass"
  • Apr 12 Bill Veeck & Chicago Comiskey Park debuts "Exploding Scoreboard"
  • Apr 13 France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara
  • Apr 13 Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit
  • Apr 14 "Bye Bye Birdie" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 607 performances
  • Apr 14 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile
  • Apr 14 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Toronto Maple Leafs in 4 games
  • Apr 15 Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), organizes at Shaw U
  • Apr 15 Guy Carawan sings "We Shall Overcome" to a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in Raleigh - popularising the song as a protest anthem
  • Apr 17 American Samoa sets up a constitutional government
  • Apr 17 Cleveland Indians trade Rocky Colavito to Tigers for Harvey Kuenn
  • Apr 19 64th Boston Marathon won by Paavo Kotila of Finland in 2:20:54
  • Apr 19 Baseball uniforms begin displaying players' names on their backs
  • Apr 19 Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating
  • Apr 20 "From A to Z" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 21 performances
  • Apr 21 Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil
  • Apr 21 Founding of the Orthodox Bahá'í Faith in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 23 1st performance of Ferde Grofe's "San Francisco Suite"
  • Apr 24 14th Tony Awards: Miracle Worker & Fiorello! win
  • Apr 24 Heavy earthquake strikes South Persia, 500 killed
  • Apr 24 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Civitan Golf Open
  • Apr 24 Record 4 grand slams hit today
  • Apr 25 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed (Triton)
  • Apr 27 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27 South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • Apr 27 Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French administration
  • Apr 28 "Christine" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • Apr 28 WIPM TV channel 3 in Mayaguez, PR (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 28 Elena Kagan, New York, US Supreme Court Judge
  • May 1 India's Bombay state split into Gujarat & Maharashtra states
  • May 1 Pancho Gonzalez retires from tennis
  • May 1 Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk
  • May 1 7th National Film Awards (India): "Apur Sansar" wins the Golden Lotus
  • May 2 Harry Belafonte 2nd Carnegie Hall performance
  • May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Al Drury (Advice & Consent)
  • May 2 House investigating committee, looking into payola questions

Music releaseMusic Premiere

May 3 Musical "Fantasticks" by Harvey Schmidt and Tom Jones, premieres in NYC (world's longest running musical)

Singer Tom Jones
Singer
Tom Jones

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 The Anne Frank House opens in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank