Historical Events in 1961

Events 1 - 200 of 674

  • Jan 1 Briggs Stadium is renamed Tigers Stadium
  • Jan 1 Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16 in AFL championship game
  • Jan 1 Largest check issued, National Bank of Chicago to Sears ($960.242 billion)
  • Jan 1 Russia introduces a new ruble worth $1.11
  • Jan 2 1st AFL Championship Game, Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16
  • Jan 2 Hawaii's, then all time low temperature, 14°F recorded atop Haleakale
  • Jan 2 47th Rose Bowl: #6 Washington beats #1 Minnesota, 17-7
  • Jan 2 27th Sugar Bowl: #2 Mississippi beats Rice, 14-6
  • Jan 2 27th Orange Bowl: #5 Missouri beats #4 Navy, 21-14
  • Jan 3 Adam Clayton Powell elected Chairman of House Education & Labor
  • Jan 3 US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
  • Jan 4 Longest recorded strike ends-33 yrs-Danish barbers' assistants
  • Jan 7 1st NFL Playoff Bowl (runner-up bowl)-Detroit beats Cleveland 17-16
  • Jan 7 Trucial States (now UAE) issue their 1st postage stamps
  • Jan 8 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Yvor Winters
  • Jan 8 The French vote for Algerian independence from French rule in the wake of seven years of guerrilla war
  • Jan 9 Twins agree on $500,000 payment to AA for Minn/St Paul territory
  • Jan 11 Racial riot at University of Georgia
  • Jan 12 "Show Girl" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 100 performances
  • Jan 12 UN genocide pact goes into effect
  • Jan 14 Chic Bear Willard Dewveall becomes 1st NFLer to join AFL
  • Jan 15 NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 35-31
  • Jan 15 Suggs wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational Open
  • Jan 15 Supremes signed with Motown Records
  • Jan 16 "Conquering Hero" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 8 performances
  • Jan 16 Russian espionage ring detected in Great Britain

MurderAssassination

Jan 17 Eisenhower allegedly orders assassination of Congo's Lumumba

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 17 President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the "military-industrial complex".
  • Jan 17 11th NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 153-131 at Syracuse, New York
  • Jan 18 Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi party wins 1 seat by a single vote & parliament by a single seat
  • Jan 19 1st episode of "Dick Van Dyke Show" is filmed
  • Jan 20 Francis Poulenc's "Gloria" premieres in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Robert Frost recites "Gift Outright" at JFK's inauguration

Poet Robert Frost
Poet
Robert Frost
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jan 20 Yugoslav ex-vice-president Milovan Djilas flees
  • Jan 20 The Democrat J.F. Kennedy is inaugurated as President of the United States, the youngest ever sworn in
  • Jan 21 "Conquering Hero" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • Jan 21 KIFI TV channel 8 in Idaho Falls, ID (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 21 Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria
  • Jan 23 Supreme Court rules cities & states have right to censor films
  • Jan 23 Venezuela adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Edward Albee's "American Dream" premieres in NYC

Playwright Edward Albee
Playwright
Edward Albee
  • Jan 24 Lazard Brothers Ltd draw a check for $334,867,807.68

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jan 25 1st live, nationally televised presidential news conference (JFK)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Walt Disney's "101 Dalmations" released

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Jan 25 Walt Disney's animated film "101 Dalmatians", based on the novel by Dodie Smith and directed by Clyde Geronimi and Hamilton Luske is released in the US

Music release#1 in the Charts

Jan 26 "Are You Lonesome Tonight?" by Elvis Presley hits #1

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Jan 26 1st woman "personal physician to president"-JG Travell
  • Jan 27 "Sing Along with Mitch" [Miller] premieres on NBC TV
  • Jan 27 49th Women's Australian Championships: Margaret Court beats Jan Lehane O'Neill (6-1, 6-4)

Sport awardTennis Open

Jan 27 49th Men's Australian Championships: Roy Emerson beats Rod Laver (1-6, 6-3, 7-5, 6-4)

Tennis Player Roy Emerson
Tennis Player
Roy Emerson
Tennis Player Rod Laver
Tennis Player
Rod Laver
  • Jan 28 Republic of Rwanda proclaimed
  • Jan 29 US female Figure Skating championship won by Laurence Owen
  • Jan 29 US male Figure Skating championship won by Bradley Lord
  • Jan 30 Bobby Darin is youngest performer to headline a TV special on NBC
  • Jan 30 JFK asks for an Alliance for Progress & Peace Corps
  • Jan 30 KAET TV channel 8 in Phoenix, AZ (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 30 Lance Gibbs takes hat-trick (Mackay, Grout, Misson) at Adelaide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 David Ben-Gurion resigns as Prime Minister of Israel

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • Jan 31 Ham the chimpanzee is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2
  • Jan 31 Houston voters approve bond to finance luxury domed stadium
  • Jan 31 Kanhai completes twin tons (117 & 115) v Aust at Adelaide
  • Jan 31 NATO secretary-general Paul-Henri Spaak says he'll resign
  • Jan 31 USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights
  • Feb 1 1st full-scale test of US Minuteman ICBM is successful
  • Feb 1 British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive
  • Feb 1 Mackay & Kline hang on for 100 mins for cricket draw vs West Indies
  • Feb 2 Prince Bernhard opens new RAI building in Amsterdam
  • Feb 3 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4" (44.2cm))
  • Feb 4 Sputnik 7 launches into Earth orbit; probable Venus probe failure
  • Feb 6 "Jail, No Bail" Jail-in movement starts in Rock Hill SC
  • Feb 6 KOAP TV channel 10 in Portland, OR (PBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7 Jane Fonda made her acting debut in the NBC drama "A String of Beads"

Actress Jane Fonda
Actress
Jane Fonda
  • Feb 9 Joseph Ileo appointed premier of Congo
  • Feb 10 AFL's LA Chargers move to San Diego
  • Feb 10 Niagara Falls hydroelectric project begins producing power
  • Feb 10 Walter Piston's 7th Symphony premieres
  • Feb 11 Robert Weaver sworn in with then highest federal post by a black

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 12 Celtic Bill Russell grabs 40 rebounds to beat Warriors 136-125

Basketball Player Bill Russell
Basketball Player
Bill Russell
  • Feb 12 Mickey Wright wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
  • Feb 12 Mushtaq Mohammad scores 1st Test Cricket century at 17 yrs 82 days
  • Feb 12 USSR launches Venera 1 toward Venus

Music releaseMusic Recording

Feb 13 Frank Sinatra launches Reprise label under Warner Bros Records

Singer and Actor Frank Sinatra
Singer and Actor
Frank Sinatra
  • Feb 13 Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus
  • Feb 14 Element 103, Lawrencium, 1st produced in Berkeley Calif
  • Feb 14 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Royal Poinciana Golf Invitational
  • Feb 15 Australia beat West Indies 2-1 in one of best Test Cricket series ever
  • Feb 15 Entire US figure skating team of 18, dies in Belgian Sabena 707 crash
  • Feb 16 1st all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island, Va
  • Feb 16 China uses its 1st nuclear reactor
  • Feb 16 US satellite Explorer 9 is launched
  • Feb 18 Henk van der Grift becomes world champion skater
  • Feb 19 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • Feb 19 Henk van der Grift (Neth) becomes world champ all-round skater
  • Feb 21 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Physiker" premieres in Zurich
  • Feb 21 Gabon adopts constitution
  • Feb 21 Mercury-Atlas 2 reentry Test reaches 172 km
  • Feb 24 Explorer (10) fails to reach Earth orbit
  • Feb 25 Niagara ends St Bonaventura's 99-game home basketball win streak
  • Feb 25 Paul Bikle in glider climbs from 1208 m at release to record 14,10
  • Feb 26 3rd Daytona 500: Marvin Panch wins (149.601 MPH)
  • Feb 27 The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation is inaugurated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 28 JFK names Henry Kissinger special advisor

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Mar 1 Cellist Jacqueline du Prés debut in Wigmore Hall
  • Mar 1 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corp
  • Mar 2 "13 Daughters" opens at 54th St Theater NYC for 28 performances
  • Mar 3 King Hassan II ascends to throne of Morocco
  • Mar 4 Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as sec-gen of NATO
  • Mar 4 8th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Wake Forest beats Duke, 96-81
  • Mar 6 1st London minicabs introduced
  • Mar 6 Dutch Queen Juliana celebrates 12½ year jubilee
  • Mar 6 Dutch guilder revalued 4.74%
  • Mar 8 Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 8 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from SC in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • Mar 9 1st animal returned from space, dog named Blackie aboard Sputnik 9
  • Mar 9 Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72
  • Mar 9 Sputnik 9 carries Chernushka (dog) into orbit
  • Mar 9 Supremes release "I Want A Guy" & "Never Again"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Philadelphia Warriors scores 67 points vs NY Knicks

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • Mar 11 Then NHL record 40 penalties, Black Hawks & Maple Leafs (20 each)
  • Mar 12 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Miami Golf Open
  • Mar 13 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Mar 13 Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion
Floyd Patterson
  • Mar 13 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
  • Mar 13 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
  • Mar 13 Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
  • Mar 14 George Weiss becomes President of NY Mets
  • Mar 15 South Africa withdrews from British Commonwealth
  • Mar 16 18th Golden Globes: Spartacus, Burt Lancaster, & Greer Garson win
  • Mar 17 NY DA arrests professional gamblers who implicate Seton Hall players
  • Mar 17 South Africa leaves British Commonwealth
  • Mar 18 Poppin' Fresh Pillsbury Dough Boy introduced
  • Mar 18 6th Eurovision Song Contest: Jean-Claude Pascal for Luxembourg wins "Nous les amoureux" in Cannes
  • Mar 21 Art Modell purchases Cleveland Browns for then record ($3,925,000)
  • Mar 21 The Beatles' first appearance at the Cavern Club in Liverpool
  • Mar 24 NY Senate approves $55M for a baseball stadium at Flushing Meadows
  • Mar 25 "13 Daughters" closes at 54th St Theater NYC after 28 performances
  • Mar 25 "Gypsy" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 702 performances
  • Mar 25 23rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Cin beats Ohio State 70-65 (OT)
  • Mar 25 Elvis Presley performs live on the USS Arizona
  • Mar 25 Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)
  • Mar 25 Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered
  • Mar 25 3rd place game is one of the wildest contests in NCAA Tournament history as St Joseph's defeats Utah 127-120 in 4 overtimes
  • Mar 25 115th Grand National: Bobby Beasley aboard Nicolaus Silver wins
  • Mar 26 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Golden Circle of Golf Festival
  • Mar 27 Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • Mar 27 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • Mar 29 23rd Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, allowing Washington, D.C. residents to vote in presidential elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29 After a 4½ year trial Nelson Mandela is acquitted of treason in Pretoria

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Mar 29 KCPT TV channel 19 in Kansas City, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 30 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 m)
  • Mar 30 The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.
  • Mar 31 Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia
  • Mar 31 8th National Film Awards (India): "Anuradha" wins the Golden Lotus
  • Apr 3 "Happiest Girl in the World" opens at Martin Beck NYC for 97 performances
  • Apr 3 Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia is sold to J Schleifer Properties

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

Apr 5 Barbra Streisand appears on "Jack Paar Show"

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • Apr 5 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
  • Apr 8 "Show Girl" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 100 performances
  • Apr 8 British liner "Dara" explodes in Persian Gulf, kills 236

Sport awardGolf Major

Apr 10 25th Masters Golf Tournament: Gary Player wins, shooting a 280

Golfer Gary Player
Golfer
Gary Player
  • Apr 10 Adolf Eichmann tried as a war criminal in Israel
  • Apr 10 Dutch foreign minister Luns talks to JFK about New Guinea
  • Apr 10 New Wash Senators loses 1st regular-season game 4-3 to White Sox
  • Apr 11 Trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 Bob Dylan makes his 1st appearance at Folk City, Greenwich Village

Singer-Songwriter Bob Dylan
Singer-Songwriter
Bob Dylan
  • Apr 11 15th NBA Championship: Bos Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 1
  • Apr 11 Adolf Eichmann trial begins in Israel
  • Apr 11 Austrian 4th & last government of Raab resigns
  • Apr 11 Israel begins Adolf Eichmann WW II crimes trial

Music awardsMusic Awards

Apr 12 3rd Grammy Awards: Theme From a Summer Place, Ray Charles wins 4

Musician Ray Charles
Musician
Ray Charles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Douglas MacArthur declines offer to become baseball commissioner

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first person to orbit Earth (Vostok 1)

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Cosmonaut
Yuri Gagarin
  • Apr 13 "Carnival!" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 719 performances
  • Apr 13 UN General Assembly condemns South-Africa's apartheid
  • Apr 14 1st live television broadcast from Soviet Union
  • Apr 14 Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua
  • Apr 14 US element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered
  • Apr 15 "Music Man" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 1375 performances
  • Apr 16 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie win
  • Apr 16 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
  • Apr 16 Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs in a doomed attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Apr 17 33rd Academy Awards: "Apartment" wins best film, Burt Lancaster & Elizabeth Taylor win best actor/actress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Jimmy Stewart accepts an honorary Oscar on behalf of his friend Gary Cooper, who is too ill to attend

  • Apr 18 CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
  • Apr 19 65th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:39
  • Apr 20 American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight
  • Apr 21 Dirk Stikker chosen as secretary general of NATO
  • Apr 21 French army revolts in Algeria
  • Apr 21 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
  • Apr 22 Uprising of French parachutist of Gen Salan/Challe in Algeria
  • Apr 23 "Tenderloin" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 216 performances
  • Apr 23 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • Apr 23 Algiers putsch by French generals.
  • Apr 24 JFK accepts "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs

CommunicationThe Sinking of the Vasa

Apr 24 17th century Swedish warship Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is salvaged

  • Apr 25 Belgium government of Gaston Eyskens falls over the Unitary Law
  • Apr 25 "Young Abe Lincoln" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 27 performances