Historical Events in 1975

Events 1 - 200 of 693

  • Jan 1 Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell & Mardian convicted of Watergate crimes
  • Jan 1 International Women's Year begins
  • Jan 1 Sweden adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 U.S. Federal oil depletion allowance eliminated for large producers

Sport awardTennis Open

Jan 1 63rd Men's Australian Open: John Newcombe beats Jimmy Connors (7-5, 3-6, 6-4, 7-6)

Tennis Legend Jimmy Connors
Tennis Legend
Jimmy Connors

Sport awardTennis Open

Jan 1 63rd Women's Australian Open: Evonne Goolagong Cawley beats Martina Navratilova (6-3, 6-2)

Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
  • Jan 1 61st Rose Bowl: #5 Southern California beats #3 Ohio State, 18-17
  • Jan 1 41st Orange Bowl: #9 Notre Dame beats #2 Alabama, 13-11
  • Jan 2 US Department of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species
  • Jan 4 "Good News" closes at St James Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • Jan 4 "Gypsy" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 120 performances
  • Jan 4 "Over Here" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 341 performances
  • Jan 4 Ford Executive Order on CIA Activities within the US (No 11828)
  • Jan 4 Ice thickness measured at 4776 m, Wilkes Land, Antarctica
  • Jan 4 Montreal Canadiens shutout Washington Capitals 10-0
  • Jan 5 Charlie Smalls' "Wiz" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 1672 performances
  • Jan 5 Salyut 4 with crew of 2 is launched for 30 days
  • Jan 5 14 die when British freighter "Lake Illawarra" rams pylon bridge between Derwent & Hobart, Tasmania & ship sinks
  • Jan 6 "AM America" premieres on ABC-TV with Bill Beutel as host
  • Jan 6 "Wheel Of Fortune" debuts on NBC-TV
  • Jan 6 1000 Led Zeppelin fans, waiting overnight inside the lobby of the Boston Garden for tickets to the group's February 4th gig to go on sale, cause a riot and an esimated $30,000 damage
  • Jan 7 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to AR Ammons (Sphere)
  • Jan 7 Gary Geld & Peter Udell's musical "Shenandoah" premieres in NYC for 1050 performances
  • Jan 7 Led Zeppelin fans riot before Boston concert causing $30,000 damage
  • Jan 8 Judge Sirica orders release of Watergate's John W Dean III, Herbert W Kalmbach & Jeb Stuart Magruder from prison
  • Jan 9 600 employees of Royal Canadian Mint go on strike
  • Jan 9 Australia beat England by 171 runs in 4th Test to regain Ashes
  • Jan 11 Soyuz 17 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 4
  • Jan 12 Chrysler Corp offers 1st car rebates
  • Jan 12 Super Bowl IX: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Minnesota Vikings, 16-6 in New Orleans Super Bowl MVP: Franco Harris, Pittsburgh, RB

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Henry Kissinger hints at military action against oil countries in case of "actual strangulation of the industrialized world" in the wake of oil shock

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • Jan 14 Anita Wold (Norway) sets women's ski jump distance record-98 m
  • Jan 14 USSR breaks trade agreement with US
  • Jan 14 17-year-old Lesley Whittle is kidnapped in Shropshire, England
  • Jan 14 25th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 108-102 at Phoenix
  • Jan 15 Portugal signs accord for Angola's independence
  • Jan 15 Space Mountain opens (Disneyland)
  • Jan 18 "Jeffersons" spinoff from "All in the Family" premieres on CBS
  • Jan 19 4 mail truck assault on El Al B-747 in Paris, escape to Iraq
  • Jan 19 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Colgate Golf Triple Crown
  • Jan 19 Triple J begins broadcasting in Sydney, Australia.
  • Jan 20 NFL Pro Bowl: NFC beats AFC 17-10
  • Jan 20 Terrence McNally's "Ritz" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 21 28th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 7-1 at Montreal
  • Jan 22 Landsat 2, an Earth Resources Technology Satellite, launched
  • Jan 23 "Barney Miller" premieres on ABC TV
  • Jan 23 Ralph Kiner elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
  • Jan 24 "Hot l Baltimore" situation comedy premieres on ABC TV
  • Jan 24 Fastest Earth-bound object, 7200 kph, in vacuum centrifuge, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 10th hat trick in NY Islander history, Denis Potvin's 1st

NHL Star Denis Potvin
NHL Star
Denis Potvin
  • Jan 25 Bangladeshi parliament disposes of premier sheik Mujib ur-Rahman

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

Jan 25 32nd Golden Globes: Chinatown, Jack Nicholson, & Gena Rowlands win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Edward Albee's "Seascape" premieres in NYC

Playwright Edward Albee
Playwright
Edward Albee
  • Jan 28 8th ABA All-Star Game: East 151 beats West 124 at San Antonio
  • Jan 28 1975 NFL Draft: Steve Bartkowski from University of California first pick by Atlanta Falcons
  • Jan 29 "Men on the Moon" opens at Little Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • Jan 29 First American Annual Comedy Awards, hosted by Alan King
  • Jan 29 West Indies win fifth test against India to take exciting series 3-2

Music releaseMusic Single

Jan 31 Barry Manilow's single "Mandy" goes gold

Musician Barry Manilow
Musician
Barry Manilow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 John Lennon releases "#9 Dream"

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • Jan 31 UCLA defeats Kentucky 92-85 to win the NCAA basketball championship
  • Feb 1 "Hoppy, Gene & Me" by Roy Rogers peaks at #65
  • Feb 1 "Men on the Moon" closes at Little Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • Feb 1 1st successful Wash Cap penalty shot, Ken Lockett vs Vancouver Canucks
  • Feb 1 Lorne Henning scores on 3rd Islander penalty shot
  • Feb 1 Otis Francis Tabler is 1st open homosexual to get security clearance to work for the Defense Department
  • Feb 2 Army offensive against rebels in Eritrea
  • Feb 2 Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Burdine's Golf Invitational
  • Feb 2 US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill
  • Feb 2 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr
  • Feb 3 Billy Herman, Earl Averill, & Bucky Harris elected to Hall of Fame
  • Feb 4 Haicheng earthquake, M 7.3, occurred in Haicheng, Liaoning, China.
  • Feb 6 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 7 NBA New Orleans Jazz end a 28 game road losing streak
  • Feb 8 1800 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • Feb 8 Caps only got one shot in a period against Islanders
  • Feb 9 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Naples Lely Golf Classic
  • Feb 9 Soyuz 17 returns to Earth
  • Feb 10 William "Judy" Johnson selected to baseball Hall of Fame
  • Feb 10 The Provisional Irish Republican Army agrees to a truce and ceasefire with the British government and the Northern Ireland Office; Seven "incident centres" are established in nationalist areas to monitor the ceasefire

ReplacementLeadership Contest

Feb 11 Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for leadership of the British Conservative Party

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • Feb 11 Tv drama “Sarah T: Portrait of A Teenage Alcoholic”, starring Linda Blair, premieres on US network NBC
  • Feb 13 Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash procliams Turkish-Cypriot Federation
  • Feb 14 Bomb explodes at annex of Amsterdam metro station
  • Feb 16 Washington Capitals 1st NHL shutout, beating KC Scouts 3-0
  • Feb 16 17th Daytona 500: Benny Parsons wins (153.649 MPH)

Music awardsMusic Awards

Feb 18 2nd American Music Awards: Olivia Newton-John & John Denver win

Singer Olivia Newton-John
Singer
Olivia Newton-John
Country Singer John Denver
Country Singer
John Denver
  • Feb 18 Italy broadens abortion law
  • Feb 20 Leonard Baichan scores 105* on Test Cricket debut, v Pakistan Lahore
  • Feb 20 Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conservative Party
  • Feb 20 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Feb 20 A feud begains between the Official Irish Republican Army and the Irish National Liberation Army; the two groups assassinate a number of each other's volunteers until the feud ends in June 1975
  • Feb 21 John Lennon releases "Rock 'n' Roll" album
  • Feb 21 Watergate figures John Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman & John D Ehrlichman sentenced to 2½-8 yrs for conspiracy and obstruction of justice
  • Feb 23 Amy Alcott wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
  • Feb 23 In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.
  • Feb 25 Ewen Chatfield flattened by Peter Lever & seriously injured
  • Feb 26 "Night... Made America Famous" opens at Barrymore NYC for 75 performances
  • Feb 26 1st televised kidney transplant (Today Show)
  • Feb 27 CDU-politician Peter Lorentz kidnapped in West Berlin
  • Feb 27 US House of Representatives pass $21.3 billion anti-recession tax-cut bill
  • Feb 28 41 killed in London Underground, as train speeds past final stop
  • Feb 28 EG signs accord of Lome with 46 developing countries
  • Feb 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 28 A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people.
  • Mar 1 17th Grammy Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch win
  • Mar 1 Eagles' "Best of My Love" reaches #1
  • Mar 1 Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.
  • Mar 3 "Goodtime Charley" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 104 performances
  • Mar 3 Linda McCartney is charged in US with possession of marijuana

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

Mar 3 1st People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Picture) and Alan Alda, Telly Savalas & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV)

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
Actor John Wayne
Actor
John Wayne
Actress Mary Tyler Moore
Actress
Mary Tyler Moore

Music awardsMusic Awards

Mar 5 10th Academy of Country Music Awards: Merle Haggard and Loretta Lynn win

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Merle Haggard
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Merle Haggard
Singer-songwriter Loretta Lynn
Singer-songwriter
Loretta Lynn
  • Mar 6 Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
  • Mar 7 US Senate revises filibuster rule, allows 60 senators to limit debate
  • Mar 7 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 8 Royal Canadian Mint announces branch opening in Winnipeg Manitoba
  • Mar 8 22nd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: North Carolina beats NC State, 70-66
  • Mar 9 "Lieutenant" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 9 performances
  • Mar 9 Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
  • Mar 10 "The Rocky Horror Show" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 45 performances
  • Mar 10 Dog spectacles patented in England
  • Mar 10 Sanyo Shinkansen open between Osaka and Fukuoka.
  • Mar 11 Rightist military coup in Portugal under General António de Spínola fails
  • Mar 11 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Mar 12 Vietcong conquer Ban me Thuot South Vietnam
  • Mar 13 Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year," premieres in NYC
  • Mar 15 Bundy victim Julie Cunningham disappears from Vail, Colo
  • Mar 15 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (37.99 sec)
  • Mar 16 "Lieutenant" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 9 performances
  • Mar 16 US Mariner 10 makes 3rd & final fly-by of Mercury
  • Mar 17 Valeri Muratov skates world record 1000m (1:16.92)
  • Mar 18 Kurds end fight against Iraqi army
  • Mar 19 "Dr Jazz" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • Mar 19 Penn is 1st state to allow girls to compete with boys in HS sports
  • Mar 21 Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years
  • Mar 22 "Dinge-competed" wins Eurovision Song festival
  • Mar 22 "Dr Jazz" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • Mar 22 "Letter for Queen Victoria" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 18 performances
  • Mar 22 Delta State beats Immaculata for the women's AIAW championship
  • Mar 22 Walt Disney World Shopping Village opens
  • Mar 22 A fire at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant in Decatur, Alabama causes dangerous lowering of cooling water levels.
  • Mar 22 20th Eurovision Song Contest: Teach-In for Netherlands wins singing "Ding-a-dong" in Stockholm
  • Mar 23 Sue Roberts wins LPGA Bing Crosby International Golf Classic

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Mar 24 Muhammad Ali TKOs Chuck Wepner in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • Mar 26 "Tommy" premieres in London
  • Mar 26 Washington Capitals play record NHL 37th road game without a win & NHL record of 17 straight loses
  • Mar 26 The Biological Weapons Convention enters into force.
  • Mar 28 Wash Caps win 1st game on road after 37 straight road loses also
  • Mar 29 Jane Blalock wins LPGA Karsten-Ping Golf Open
  • Mar 29 Only 2nd time Islanders beat Rangers
  • Mar 30 Ron Lalonde scores the 1st hat trick by a Washington Capital
  • Mar 31 37th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Kentucky 92-55
  • Mar 31 John Wooden's final game, UCLA, wins 10th NCAA championship in 12 yrs
  • Apr 1 Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
  • Apr 2 Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it

Chess Champion Bobby Fischer
Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer
  • Apr 3 James Rupers kills his family to inherit
  • Apr 4 130 killed as USAF plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashes
  • Apr 4 Steve Miller is arrested for burning his girlfriend's clothes
  • Apr 4 USAF transport carrying orphans from Saigon crashes killing 155

CommunicationFounding of Microsoft

Apr 4 Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen.

  • Apr 5 "Letter for Queen Victoria" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 18 performances
  • Apr 5 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely
  • Apr 5 129th Grand National: Tommy Carberry aboard L'Escargot wins
  • Apr 6 "Night... Made America Famous" closes at Barrymore NYC after 75 performances
  • Apr 6 "The Rocky Horror Show" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 45 performances
  • Apr 6 Bundy victim Denise Oliverson disappears from Grand Junction, Colo
  • Apr 6 Fastest hat trick by a Wash Cap 3 mins 26 secs (Stan Gilbertson)
  • Apr 7 Preliminary meeting in Paris on world economic crisis between oil-exporting, oil-importing, and non-oil Third World countries

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Apr 8 47th Academy Awards: "The Godfather Part II", Ellen Burstyn & Art Carney win

  • Apr 8 Frank Robinson debuts as 1st black baseball mgr (Cleve, beats NY 5-3)
  • Apr 9 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • Apr 10 Rangers score 8 goals against Islanders in playoffs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 Hank Aaron returns as a Milwaukee player (Brewer)

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron
  • Apr 11 J. P. Parisé scores an 11 sec OT goal, to see the NY Islanders eliminate the NY Rangers in their ever 1st playoff advance
  • Apr 12 Linda Ronstadt releases "When Will I Be Loved"
  • Apr 12 Six Catholic civilians are killed in a Ulster Volunteer Force gun and grenade attack on Strand Bar in Belfast, North Ireland

Sport awardGolf Major

Apr 13 39th Masters Golf Tournament: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 276

  • Apr 13 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • Apr 13 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • Apr 15 1st appearance of San Diego Chicken
  • Apr 15 Gabon amends constitution
  • Apr 16 Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh
  • Apr 17 Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Kampuchea National Day)
  • Apr 18 John Lennon releases "Stand by Me"
  • Apr 19 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • Apr 20 29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win
  • Apr 20 4th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sandra Palmer
  • Apr 21 79th Boston Marathon: Bill Rodgers of United States 1st man in 2:09:55 and Liane Winter of West Germany 1st woman in 2:42:24 (world record for female)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

Vietnamese Politican Nguyen Van Thieu
Vietnamese Politican
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • Apr 23 Harold Pinter's play "No Man's Land" premieres in London
  • Apr 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 25 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao
  • Apr 25 Mario Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's free election
  • Apr 25 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Apr 25 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Apr 26 Mario Soares' Socialist Party wins 1st free election in Portugal

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Apr 26 Phillies Mike Schmidt's 2 HRs ties NL record of 11 HRs in April

MLB Third Baseman Mike Schmidt
MLB Third Baseman
Mike Schmidt
  • Apr 27 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Charity Golf Classic
  • Apr 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR