Historical Events in July 1985

  • Jul 2 Andrei Gromyko appointed president of USSR
  • Jul 2 European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley's Comet Flyby)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 3 CBS announces a 21% stock buy-back to thwart Ted Turner's takeover

Founder of CNN Ted Turner
Founder of CNN
Ted Turner
  • Jul 3 Tinker Bell's first nightly flight at Walt Disney World Resort, Florida

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 3 "Back to the Future" directed by Robert Zemeckis and starring Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd is released

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Robert Mugabe wins Zimbabwean elections

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • Jul 5 Nicholas Mark Sanders (England) begins circumnavigation of globe, covering 13,035 road miles in 78 days, 3 hr, 30 min

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 7 92nd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert (46 63 62)

Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
Tennis Legend Chris Evert
Tennis Legend
Chris Evert
  • Jul 7 Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Mazda Hall of Fame Golf Championship
  • Jul 7 99th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Boris Becker beats K Curren (63 67 76 64)
  • Jul 8 Marge Schott becomes CEO of Cincinnati Red
  • Jul 9 South Africa police arrested Dutch ANC'er Klaas de Jong
  • Jul 10 Coca-Cola Co announces it will resume selling old formula Coke

CommunicationThe Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

Jul 10 French foreign intelligence agents blow up the Greenpeace boat Rainbow Warrior in Auckland harbor, New Zealand to prevent it interfering with French nuclear tests in the South Pacific. Dutch photographer Fernando Pereira is killed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Playboy (and also Penthouse) publish nude pictures of Madonna

Pop Star Madonna
Pop Star
Madonna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Astros' Nolan Ryan, 1st to strike out 4000 (Mets' Danny Heep)

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • Jul 11 Refurbished space shuttle Columbia moves overland from Palmdale to Dryden
  • Jul 11 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 12 "Singin' in the Rain" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 367 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 Doctors discover a cancerous growth in President Reagan's colon

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • Jul 12 STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown
  • Jul 13 "Live Aid" concerts held at both Wembley Stadium (London) and John F. Kennedy Stadium (Philadelphia) raises over $70 million for African famine relief

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13 NY Yankees retire Roger Maris (9) & Elston Howard (32) uniforms

American Baseball Player Roger Maris
American Baseball Player
Roger Maris
  • Jul 14 40th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Kathy Baker
  • Jul 14 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
  • Jul 14 Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24
  • Jul 15 Deborah Carthy-Deu, of Puerto Rico, crowned 34th Miss Universe
  • Jul 16 56th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-1 at Humphrey Metrodome, Minn
  • Jul 16 All star MVP: LaMarr Hoyt (SD Padres)
  • Jul 16 Bill to abolish Greater London Council receives royal assent
  • Jul 18 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • Jul 19 Christa McAuliffe chosen as 1st school teacher to fly aboard the space shuttle
  • Jul 19 Dam in Fiemme Valley Italy bursts; 200-300 die
  • Jul 19 The Val di Stava Dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
  • Jul 20 Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha
  • Jul 20 The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles.
  • Jul 21 "Leader of the Pack" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 120 performances
  • Jul 21 114th British Golf Open: Sandy Lyle shoots a 282 at Royal St George
  • Jul 21 Amina Fakir (Detroit), 23, crowned 18th Miss Black America
  • Jul 21 Judy Clark wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
  • Jul 21 72nd Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France
  • Jul 24 Gandhi signs peace contract with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai
  • Jul 24 French DGSE officers Dominique Prieur and Alain Mafart are arrested and charged with murder over the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior
  • Jul 25 Spokeswoman for Rock Hudson confirmed he had AIDS
  • Jul 25 Steve Cram runs world record mile (3:46.32)
  • Jul 25 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 25 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 25 Uganda suspends constitution following coup

Sport awardGolf Major

Jul 28 13th du Maurier Golf Classic: Pat Bradley

LPGA Golfer Pat Bradley
LPGA Golfer
Pat Bradley
  • Jul 28 Alan Garcia sworn in as president of Peru
  • Jul 28 L Brock, Enos Slaughter, A Vaughan, & H Wilhelm inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Jul 29 19th Space Shuttle Mission (51-F)-Challenger 8-launched
  • Jul 30 Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-I mission
  • Jul 30 Valerie Lowrance, of Texas, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss