Historical Events on 1st December

Events 1 - 200 of 235

  • 772 Pope Adrian I elected

Event of interestEvent of Interest

800 Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
  • 1167 Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League
  • 1420 Henry V of England enters Paris.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1566 Spanish king Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1626 Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out
  • 1640 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule
  • 1641 Massachusetts becomes the first colony to give statutory recognition to slavery
  • 1653 An athlete from Croydon is reported to have run 20 miles from St Albans to London in less than 90 minutes
  • 1656 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 1708 Great Alliance occupies Brussels
  • 1742 Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • 1750 First school in America to offer manual training courses opens in Maryland
  • 1768 The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway.
  • 1783 Jacques Charles and Nicolas Roberts make first untethered ascension with gas hydrogen balloon in Paris
  • 1821 Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • 1822 Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1822 Franz Liszt's (11) debut as pianist Isabella Colbran

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Composer/Pianist
Franz Liszt

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1824 US House of Representatives begins to decide outcome of election deadlock between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (Adams wins)

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1831 Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Hans Christian Andersen publishes his 1st book of fairy tales

  • 1843 1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
  • 1852 Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • 1864 Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, TN to Saltville, VA
  • 1864 Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 John D. Rockefeller begins anti oil war

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1878 1st White House telephone installed
  • 1884 American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
  • 1887 Sherlock Holmes 1st appears in print: "Study in Scarlet"
  • 1887 Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal's control of Macao
  • 1896 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)
  • 1900 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Flanders and on the same day is declined a visit from the German Kaiser
  • 1900 Portifiro Diaz is inaugurated for his 6th consecutive term as President of Mexico
  • 1903 "The Great Train Robbery", the 1st Western film, released
  • 1906 Cinema Omnia Pathe, world's 1st cinema, opens (Paris)
  • 1906 Shoemaker Wilhelm Voigt (Capt of Köpenick) sentenced to 4 yrs
  • 1909 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa
  • 1909 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef
  • 1913 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)
  • 1913 Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)
  • 1913 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece.
  • 1915 The US requests that Germany withdraw its military and naval attaches from the Embassy in Washington
  • 1916 There is virtual civil war in Greece as royalists fight Venizelist, and the Allies determine on a Venizelist victory
  • 1917 Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha Neb
  • 1918 Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
  • 1918 Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
  • 1918 Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
  • 1919 AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester
  • 1919 Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament
  • 1921 1st US helium-filled dirigible makes 1st flight
  • 1921 US Post Office establishes philatelic agency
  • 1922 1st skywriting over US-"Hello USA"-by Capt Turner, RAF
  • 1922 Polish state Chief Marshal Jozef Pilsudski resigns
  • 1923 CFL Grey Cup: Queen's U beats Regina 54-0 at Toronto
  • 1924 Calles becomes president of Mexico
  • 1924 George & Ira Gershwin's musical "Lady Be Good" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 Treaty of Locarno signed
  • 1928 CFL Grey Cup: Ham Tigers beats Regina 30-0 at Hamilton
  • 1928 Railroad museum opens in Utrecht Neth
  • 1929 Game of Bingo invented by Edwin S Lowe
  • 1930 NHL drops 20 minute slashing-about-the-head penalty
  • 1931 Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Rudolf Hess & Earnest Rohm become a minister in Hitler government

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

MurderAssassination

1934 Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov assassinated, used by Stalin as the excuse to begin the Great Purge of 1934-38.

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1935 Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
  • 1936 2nd Heisman Trophy Award: Larry Kelley, Yale (E)
  • 1936 Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use
  • 1936 EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Japan recognizes Franco government

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1938 School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah
  • 1939 SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews
  • 1941 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python
  • 1941 Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war
  • 1941 Last day of first-class cricket in Australia for 4 years
  • 1941 US Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes
  • 1942 Gasoline rationed in US
  • 1942 The Beveridge Report is published by the British government unveiling plans for a post-war welfare state
  • 1943 FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)
  • 1944 Béla Bartòk's Concerto for orchestra, premieres
  • 1944 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
  • 1944 Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres
  • 1945 CFL Grey Cup: Toronto beats Winnipeg 35-0 at Toronto

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Australia compile 645 v India at the Gabba (Bradman 187)

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1947 Don Bradman scores 185 in the 1st Cricket Test v India at the Gabba
  • 1947 India cricket all out for 58 v Australia at the Gabba, Toshack 5-2
  • 1948 Arabic Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan as King of Palestine
  • 1948 Piet Roozenburg becomes world champion checker player
  • 1949 WBNG TV channel 12 in Binghamton, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 WKTV TV channel 2 in Utica, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1951 17th Heisman Trophy Award: Dick Kazmaier, Princeton (HB)
  • 1951 Benjamin Britten's opera "Billy Budd" premieres in London
  • 1951 Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds
  • 1952 The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation.
  • 1953 Red Sox trade M McDermott & Tom Umphlett for Wash's Jackie Jensen
  • 1953 WAIM (now WAXA) TV channel 40 in Anderson, SC (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1953 WCSH TV channel 6 in Portland, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 Walter Alston named Dodger manager

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Hugh Hefner publishes 1st edition of Playboy magazine, featuring Marilyn Monroe as the magazine's 1st centerfold

Actress Marilyn Monroe
Actress
Marilyn Monroe
Playboy Founder & Businessman Hugh Hefner
Playboy Founder & Businessman
Hugh Hefner
  • 1954 Nationalist China & US sign dike agreement
  • 1954 Yanks send Miller, Segrist, Leppert & 2 minors to Orioles for Blayzka, Kryhoski, Johnson, Fridley & Del Guercio (completing 18 player deal)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to move to the back of bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks
  • 1956 "Candide" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 73 performances
  • 1956 Alain Mimoun wins 13th Olympics marathon (2:25:00.0)
  • 1956 Frank Robinson (NL) & Luis Aparicio (AL) voted Rookie of the Year
  • 1956 Indonesian VP Mohammed Hatta resigns
  • 1956 21st Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 34-7 in Birmingham

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Sam Cooke, Buddy Holly and the Crickets debut on Ed Sullivan Show

Singer-songwriter Buddy Holly
Singer-songwriter
Buddy Holly
  • 1958 "Flower Drum Song" opens at St James Theater NYC for 602 performances
  • 1958 Central African Rep made autonomous member of Fr Comm (National Day)
  • 1958 Our Lady of Angels School burns, killing 92 students & 3 nuns (Chic)
  • 1959 12 nations sign treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica
  • 1959 25th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Cannon, LSU (HB)
  • 1959 The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space
  • 1960 Patrice Lumumba caught in the Congo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Paul McCartney and Pete Best arrested then deported from Hamburg, Germany for accusation of attempted arson.

Musician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartney
Musician & member of the Beatles
Paul McCartney
  • 1961 The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.
  • 1962 Grey Cup halted by fog, resumed next day (Winnipeg 28, Hamilton 27)
  • 1962 KGMB TV channel 9 in Honolulu, HI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1962 27th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 38-0 in Birmingham, their fourth straight shutout in the series
  • 1962 7th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games close in Perth, Australia
  • 1963 NY Jets 1st shutout, beat KC 17-0
  • 1963 Nagaland becomes a state of Indian union
  • 1964 Houston Colt .45s change name to Astros

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Martin Luther King Jr. speaks to J. Edgar Hoover about his slander campaign

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 Airlift of refugees from Cuba to US began
  • 1965 South Africa's government says children of white fathers are white
  • 1966 Georg Kiesinger elected West German chancellor
  • 1966 Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Md to Boulder, Colo
  • 1967 Queen Elizabeth inaugurates 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope
  • 1967 Seattle awarded one of the 2 AL expansion franchise teams

Sports record brokenNBA Record

1967 Wilt Chamberlain set NBA record of 22 free throws misses

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • 1968 "Promises Promises" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 1281 performances
  • 1968 Burt Bacharach/Hal David's musical premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Gonzalo Barrios, Venezuelan presidential candidate
  • 1968 Peggy Wilson wins LPGA Hollywood Lakes Golf Open
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Modern (259) (England) begins transmitting
  • 1969 US government holds its 1st draft lottery since WW II
  • 1969 LAPD Police Chief Edward Davis annouces warrants for the arrest of the Manson cult for murder
  • 1970 Luis Echeverria Alvarez sworn in as president of Mexico
  • 1970 NHL takes control of Pittsburgh Penguins
  • 1970 Independent People's Republic of South Yemen renames itself as People's Democratic Republic of Yemen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Cubs release Ernie Banks & sign him as a coach

MLB shortstop Ernie Banks
MLB shortstop
Ernie Banks
  • 1971 Galt MacDermot/John Guare's "2 gentlemen of Verona" opens at St James Theater NYC for 613 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 John Lennon and Yoko Ono release "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in US

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
  • 1971 Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.
  • 1972 Wings release "Hi, Hi, Hi" in UK
  • 1972 2 people killed and 127 injured when 2 car bombs explode in the centre of Dublin, Republic of Ireland
  • 1973 Australia grants self-government to Papua New Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Jack Nicklaus becomes 1st golfer to earn $2M in a year

  • 1973 Jan Ferraris wins LPGA-Japan Golf Classic
  • 1973 Stan Stasiak beats Pedro Morales in Philadelphia, to become WWF champ
  • 1973 38th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 35-0 in Birmingham
  • 1974 Boeing 727 crashes in Upperville Virginia, 92 died
  • 1974 Jacqueline Hansen runs female world record marathon (2:43:54.5)
  • 1974 LA Skid Row slasher kills 1st of 8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford visits China PR

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Kuwait and Gulf and BP agree on terms of nationalization
  • 1976 Angola admitted to UN
  • 1976 Bangladesh General Ziaur Rahman declares himself president
  • 1976 Sex Pistols using profanity on TV, gets them branded as "rotten punks"
  • 1978 US President Jimmy Carter more than doubles national park system size
  • 1978 Test Cricket debut of Rodney Hogg, v England at the Gabba
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 44th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 25-18 in Birmingham
  • 1980 46th Heisman Trophy Award: George Rogers, South Carolina (RB)
  • 1980 Mel Harris appears on M*A*S*H in "Cementing Relationships"
  • 1980 US Justice Dept sues Yonkers siting racial discrimination
  • 1981 Yugoslavian charter flight crashes into Mont San-Pietro in Corsica, 180 killed
  • 1982 Dentist Barney B Clark gets 1st artificial heart

Music releaseAlbum Release

1982 Michael Jackson releases his album "Thriller"

King of Pop Michael Jackson
King of Pop
Michael Jackson
  • 1982 Miguel de la Madrid inaugurated as President of Mexico

Film release premierFilm Premier

1982 "Tootsie" directed by Sydney Pollack and starring Dustin Hoffman and Jessica Lange premieres in Hollywood

Actor Dustin Hoffman
Actor
Dustin Hoffman
Film Director, Producer and Actor Sydney Pollack
Film Director, Producer and Actor
Sydney Pollack
  • 1983 Rita Lavelle, former head of EPA, convicted of perjury
  • 1984 50th Heisman Trophy Award: Doug Flutie, Boston College (QB)
  • 1984 France performs nuclear test
  • 1984 Greg Page KOs Gerrie Coetzee in 8 for WBA heavyweight boxing title

Film release premierFilm Premier

1984 "Beverly Hills Cop" directed by Martin Brest and starring Eddie Murphy and Judge Reinhold premieres in Los Angeles

  • 1984 49th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 17-15 in Birmingham
  • 1985 Noraly Beyer becomes Neth's 1st black TV newscaster
  • 1985 STS 61-C vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1985 South Africa's Cosatu union centre forms
  • 1985 TV mini series "Anne of Green Gables", starring Megan Follows is first shown on CBS in Canada
  • 1986 Muséed'orsay opens in Paris
  • 1986 Paul McCartney releases "Only Love Remains"
  • 1987 Digging begins to link England & France under English Channel
  • 1988 596 dead after cyclone hits Bangladesh, half a million homeless

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Benazir Bhutto named 1st female Prime Minister of a Muslim country (Pakistan)

Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto
  • 1988 Chinese minister of Foreign affairs Qian Qichen visits Moscow
  • 1988 NBC bids record $401M to capture rights to 1992 Barcelona Olympics
  • 1988 NY Islanders greatest shutout lose (8-0) vs St Louis Blues
  • 1989 "Day Without Art" - Artists demonstrate against AIDS
  • 1989 East Germany drops communist monopoly from its constitution
  • 1989 Mark Langston signs record $3.2 million per year Cal Angels contract

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1989 USSR Pres Mikhail S Gorbachev meets Pope John Paul II at the Vatican

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1990 56th Heisman Trophy Award: Ty Detmer, Brigham Young (QB)
  • 1990 British & French workers meet in English Channel's tunnel (Chunnel)
  • 1990 Hissène Habré of Chad flees to Cameroon
  • 1990 Iraq accepts Bush's offer for talks
  • 1990 Lithuania, Estonia & Latvia hold their 1st joint session

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 NY Knicks Patrick Ewing scores 50 points beating Charlotte 113-96

Hall of Fame NBA Centre Patrick Ewing
Hall of Fame NBA Centre
Patrick Ewing