Historical Events on 13th December

Events 1 - 173 of 173

1294 - Saint Celestine V abdicates the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.
1545 - Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council) opened by Pope Paul III
1570 - Sweden/Denmark signs Peace of Stettin
1572 - Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet (confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under admiral Lumey
1577 - Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England to go around world
1621 - Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree
1636 - The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.
1642 - Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights the South Island of present day New Zealand; initially he calls it Staten Landt and changes it a year later to Nieuw Zeeland
1643 - English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
1668 - Jean Racine's "Britannicus" premieres in Paris
1734 - Britain & Russia sign trade agreement
1742 - Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes
1759 - First music store in America opens (Phila)
Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis DrakeVice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake 1769 - Dartmouth College in New Hampshire received its charter
1774 - First incident of American Revolution - 400 attack Ft William and Mary, New Hampshire
1816 - Patent for a dry dock issued to John Adamson, Boston
1823 - Gioacchino Rossini arrives in London
1833 - HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin arrives in Port Deseado, Patagonia
1861 - Battle of Alleghany Summit, WV
1862 - Battle of Fredericksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
1864 - Battle of Ft McAllister, GA
1879 - First federal fish hatching steamer launched (Wilmington, Delaware)
1889 - Belgium rules on women/child labor law
1895 - First complete execution of Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony
1900 - Battle of Nooitgedacht: Boer generals De La Reyand Smuts defeat a British brigade under the command of Major General R. Clements
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1901 - Test debut of S F Barnes v Aust SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings
1902 - British and German ships begin to bombard the Venezuelan forts after President Castro refuses to comply with an ultimatum demanding that he claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899; Castro asks US President Roosevelt to arbitrate
1903 - Italo Marcioni patents ice cream cone mound (NJ)
1903 - Wright Bros make 1st flight at Kittyhawk
1906 - German chancellor Bernhard von Bulow disbands the Parliament
1907 - George Gunn scores 119 on Test debut v Australia SCG
1907 - German Emperor Wilhelm II visits Amsterdam
1913 - British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm IIGerman Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II 1916 - Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian & Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol
1916 - Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin
1916 - French chief of staff Joffre replaced by Nivelle
1918 - US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany
1919 - Ross & Smith land in Australia from a flight from London
1920 - Francis G. Pease's interferometer at Mount Wilson Observatory is the first to measure the diameter of a star (Betelgeuse)
1920 - League of nations establishes Intl Court of Justice in The Hague
1920 - Netherland breaks contact with kingdom of Serbia, Croatia & Slavia
1922 - Charles Ebbets proposes putting numbers on players' sleeves or caps
1924 - KOA-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions
1928 - Clip-on tie designed
1928 - George Gershwin's "An American In Paris" premieres (NYC)
1930 - French government of André Tardieu falls for the second time
1930 - George Sisler's career ends when Boston Braves release him
1930 - Theodore Steeg forms French government
1934 - Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St NYC
1936 - Final Boston Redskin NFL game, lose to Packers 21-6, move to Wash DC
1936 - Green Bay Packers win NFL championship ith a 10–1–1 record under coach Curly Lambeau
1938 - Los Angeles freezes at 28°F
1939 - Battle of the River Plate - 3 British cruisers vs German pocket battleship Graf Spee
1941 - German occupiers forbid National Front & Netherland Union
1941 - Lawine battlers destroy Haaraz, Peru; about 3,000 die
1941 - U-81 torpedoes British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
1942 - Seyss-Inquart allows Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to call himself Leader
1942 - Washington Redskins defeat Chicago Bears 14-6, to win NFL title
1943 - 150 US Marauders bomb Schiphol
1944 - Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138
1944 - Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth" premieres in NYC
1946 - Leon Blum elected French premier
1947 - "Caribbean Carnival" closes at International NYC after 11 perfs
1947 - Maine Turnpike opens to traffic
1949 - AL votes down proposal to revive spitball
1949 - Knesset votes to transfer Israel's capital to Jerusalem
1950 - "Let's Make an Opera" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 5 perfs
Actor James DeanActor James Dean 1950 - James Dean begins his career with an appearance in a Pepsi commercial
1953 - KOAM TV channel 7 in Pittsburg-Joplin, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Dodgers trade Jackie Robinson to Giants for pitcher Dick Littlefield & $35,000. Robinson will retire rather than be traded.
1956 - "Anastasia" comeback film for Ingrid Bergman is released in the US, role wins Bergman Academy Award for Best Actress.
1959 - Archbishop Makarios elected 1st president of Cyprus
1960 - Italy beats US in Davis cup (1st time in 24 years US not in finals)
1960 - Laos General Fumi Nosavang occupies Vientiane
1961 - Beatles sign a formal agreement to be managed by Brian Epstein
1961 - Gideon Hausner in Jerusalem demands death penalty for Adolf Eichmann
1961 - Jimmy Dean's Big Bad John album is country music 1st million $ seller
1962 - Relay 1 communication satellite launched
Actress Ingrid BergmanActress Ingrid Bergman 1963 - Capital records signs right of first refusal agreement with The Beatles
1964 - Shirley Englehorn & Sam Snead wins Haig & Haig Mixed Foursome Golf
1964 - In El Paso, Tx, LBJ & Mexican Pres Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion diverting Rio Grande, to reshape US-Mexico border
1965 - Algerian president Boumedienne visits Moscow
1966 - 1st US bombing of Hanoi
1966 - 1st battle for Bijlmer flats Amsterdam
1966 - Test debut of Clive Lloyd, v India Bombay, 82 & 78
1966 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - United Soccer Association & Natl Pro Soccer League merge into NASL
1967 - Unsuccessful coup against Greek King Constantine II
1967 - San Diego, CA records snow at a zero elevation after temperatures plunge 19 degrees (F) in eight hours.
36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson 1968 - Playland at Beach reopens
1968 - Pres Da Costa e Silva disbands parliament/grabs power
1969 - Arlo Guthrie releases "Alice's Restaurant"
1969 - Billy Martin fired as Twins' manager
1970 - Greg Chappell scores 108 on Test debut v England at the WACA
1970 - Neil Simon's "Gingerbread Lady" premieres in NYC
1971 - John Sinclair (sentence: 10 yrs, sold 2 marijuana joints) is freed
1973 - MPLA/FNLA accord about combat against Portuguese Libya
1973 - World Football League grants 1st franchise (Detroit)
1974 - Jim "Catfish" Hunter wins free agent claim against A's owner Finley
1974 - Malta becomes a republic
1975 - 1st time "Saturday Night Live" uses a time delay (Richard Pryor hosts)
1975 - Australian Federal Election - Liberals with coalition under Malcolm Fraser win largest ever parliamentary majority
Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm FraserPrime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser 1975 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA 14 Colgate Triple Crown Golf Tournament
1975 - Roy Fredericks hits 169 v Aust at WACA, hundred in 71 balls
1975 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1976 - Golden Gate Bridge District starts ferry service to Larkspur
1976 - Longest non-stop passenger airflight (Sydney to SF 13h14m)
1977 - 14 University of Evansville basketball players die in plane crash
1978 - CBS' premiere of "Lovey: A Circle of Children Part II", sequel to "A Circle of Children", which is also based on Mary Mac Cracken
1979 - "Oklahoma!" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 301 performances
1979 - Strikes against price increases in Gdansk Poland
1979 - Saudi Arabia raises marker crude price to $24 per barrel
1980 - "Perfectly Frank" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 16 perfs
1981 - 70th Davis Cup: USA beats Argentina in Cincinnati (3-1)
1981 - Polish government declares martial law, arrests Solidarity activists
1982 - Earthquake hits Northern Yemen; 2,000 die
1982 - 71st Men's Australian Open: Johan Kriek beats Steve Denton (6-3, 6-3, 6-2)
Tennis Legend Chris EvertTennis Legend Chris Evert 1982 - 71st Women's Australian Open: Chris Evert-Lloyd beats Martina Navratilova (6-3, 2-6, 6-3)
1983 - 9,655 see highest-scoring NBA game: Detroit 186, Denver 184 (3 OT)
1983 - Islander's Butch Goring scorings 4 goals against Oilers
1983 - KYA-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KOIT
1983 - Martha Layne Collins inaugurated as Kentucky's 1st female governor
1984 - Artificial heart recipient William Schroeder suffers 1st stroke
1985 - David Boon's 1st Test century, 123 v India at Adelaide
1985 - Test debut of Merv Hughes, Geoff Marsh & Bruce Reid (v India)
1987 - Belgium Christian Democrats (CVP) loses parliamentary election
1987 - Browns set club record for most points scored in a quarter, 28
1987 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1988 - 3 men end 29-hr all-466-station subway ride in NYC
1988 - Arafat addresses UN in Geneva
1989 - Walter Davis (Denver) ends NBA free throw streak of 53 games
1989 - The last issue of Gnistan (The Spark), the organ of the Solidaritetspartiet, is published in Sweden.
Actor Morgan FreemanActor Morgan Freeman 1989 - "Driving Miss Daisy" directed by Bruce Beresford and starring Morgan Freeman and Jessica Tandy is released (Best Picture 1990)
1990 - "Peter Pan" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 45 performances
1990 - Heavy earthquake strikes Sicily, 18 die
1990 - South African President De Klerk meets with Nelson Mandela to talk of end of apartheid
1990 - US Secretary of State Baker questions Iraq's seriousness about Middle East peace
1991 - Both Koreas sign an accord calling for reconcilliation
1991 - NY assembly speaker Mel Miller is convicted of federal mail fraud
1991 - Ricky Pierce (Seattle) ends NBA free throw streak of 75 games
1992 - "Show Off" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 45 performances
1992 - Dawn Coe-Jone wins Pizza-La LPGA Match Play Golf Championship
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson MandelaAnti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela 1992 - FCC fines Infinity Broadcasting $600,000
1993 - Deadline for Israeli troop withdrawal from Gaza, they don't
1993 - Dow Jones hits record 3764.43
1993 - Fire in textile factory in Fuzjou China, 60 killed
1993 - Space shuttle STS-61 (Endeavour 5), lands
1994 - American Eagle commuter plane crashes in NC, killing 15
1995 - Christopher Reeves released from physical rehab center
1995 - US Federal Court votes that Cable companies must carry local stations
1996 - Free agent Roger Clemens signs with Toronto Blue Jays
1996 - Kofi Annan is elected as Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1997 - 63rd Heisman Trophy Award: Charles Woodson, Michigan (CB)
1999 - 65th Heisman Trophy Award: Ron Dayne, Wisconsin (RB)
2000 - The "Texas 7" escape from the John Connally Unit near Kenedy, Texas later going on a crime spree and killing police officer Aubrey Hawkins
2000 - American Vice President Al Gore delivers his concession speech effectively ending his hopes of becoming the 43rd President of the United States.
US Vice President Al GoreUS Vice President Al Gore 2001 - the Indian Parliament Sansad is attacked by terrorists. 15 people are killed, including all the terrorists.
2001 - "A Beautiful Mind" based on the bio by Sylvia Nasar, directed by Ron Howard and starring Russell Crowe premieres in Los Angeles (Best Picture 2002)
2002 - Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
2003 - Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit (see Operation Red Dawn).
2003 - 69th Heisman Trophy Award: Jason White, Oklahoma (QB)
2004 - Former Chilean dictator, General Augusto Pinochet is put under house arrest, after being sued under accusations over 9 kidnapping actions and manslaughter. The house arrest is lifted the same day on appeal.
Iraqi President Saddam HusseinIraqi President Saddam Hussein 2006 - The Baiji, or Chinese River Dolphin, announced as extinct.
2007 - The Mitchell Report is publicly released listing the names of 89 Major League Baseball players that have presumably used anabolic steroids and human growth hormones. Notable players to be named include Roger Clemens and Miguel Tejada.
2010 - 76th Heisman Trophy Award: Cam Newton, Auburn (QB)
2012 - A car bombing in Qatana, outside Damascus, kills 16 people and injures 12
2012 - Japan scrambles fighter jets in response to a Chinese plane in the Senkaku Islands dispute
2014 - Divisions emerge between rich and poor nations at the UN climate change talks in Peru
2014 - Fatou Bensouda, the chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, criticizes UN Security Council for its lack of action over war crimes in the Darfur region of Sudan
MLB Pitching Legend Roger ClemensMLB Pitching Legend Roger Clemens 2014 - A civil rights protest march in Washington, D.C. takes place, against the police killing of unarmed black men
2014 - The British Government announces it will send hundreds of troops to Iraq, to train Iraqi and Kurdish forces in the conflict with Islamic State
2014 - Two US soldiers killed in a Taliban bombing of a NATO convoy in Kabul
2014 - 80th Heisman Trophy Award: Marcus Mariota, Oregon (QB)

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