Historical Events on 15th December

  • 533 Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Ticameron.
  • 687 St Sergius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Conon
  • 1124 Chancellor Haimeric selects pope (Lamberto becomes Honorius II)
  • 1167 Sicilian chancellor Stephen du Perche moves the royal court to Messina to prevent a rebellion.
  • 1256 Hulagu Khan captures and destroys the Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut in present-day Iran as part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia.
  • 1467 Stephen III of Moldavia defeats Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, with the latter being injured thrice, at the Battle of Baia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1488 Bartolomeu Dias returns to Portugal after becoming 1st known European to sail round Cape of Good Hope

Portuguese Explorer Bartolomeu Dias
Portuguese Explorer
Bartolomeu Dias
  • 1569 Westmoreland flees to Scotland
  • 1582 Leidse university names Rembert Dodoens prof of botany/medicine
  • 1582 Spanish Netherlands/Denmark/Norway adopt Gregorian calendar
  • 1586 Laevinus Torrentius, becomes bishop of Antwerp
  • 1593 State of Holland grants patent on windmill with crankshaft
  • 1612 German Astronomer Simon Marius is 1st to observe Andromeda galaxy through a telescope
  • 1640 Duke of Braganca crowned King Johan IV of Portugal
  • 1660 Philippines: Andres Malongs rebels plunders Bagnotan
  • 1664 English colonizing Connecticut
  • 1667 Brandenburg declares himself neutral in Devolutie War
  • 1680 Tax revolt on Terschelling due to tax on cereal
  • 1688 Lord Delamere sides with King James II [NS 12/25]
  • 1745 Battle at Kesseldorf: Prussia beats Saksen & Austria
  • 1791 1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
  • 1791 US Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gives its approval. Becomes amendments 1-10 of the US constitution
  • 1792 1st life insurance policy issued in US (Philadelphia)
  • 1794 Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France
  • 1810 1st Irish magazine in US, Shamrock, is published
  • 1815 Rossini gets assignment for Il barbiere di Siviglia
  • 1820 1st General pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston
  • 1836 Patent Office burns in Wash, DC
  • 1854 1st street-cleaning machine in US 1st used in Philadelphia
  • 1859 GR Kirchoff describes chemical composition of Sun
  • 1863 Skirmish at Bean's Station, Tennessee (Knoxville Campaign)
  • 1863 Romania is using for the first time a mountain railway (from Anina to Oravita).
  • 1864 Battle of Nashville, TN
  • 1864 Raid on Stoneman: Abingdon & Glade Springs, VA
  • 1868 Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaidō.
  • 1874 1st reigning king to visit US (of Hawaii) received by Pres Grant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Thomas Edison patents phonograph

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1893 Dvoráks "From the New World" premieres at Carnegie Hall NYC
  • 1894 Cricket day 2 1st T Aus v Eng Aus 586 (Gregory 201) England 3-130
  • 1899 Battle at Colenso, South Africa (Boers-British army)
  • 1905 The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin
  • 1907 In Persia, the Shah leads a coup de'etat against the liberal Prime Minister Nasir ul-Mulk and imprisons him, but a popular uprising forces the Shah to restore Nasir ul-Mulk soon after
  • 1909 Thomas J Lynch becomes president of baseball's National League
  • 1913 Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1914 Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
  • 1914 British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea
  • 1914 Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary
  • 1916 French defeat Germans in WW I Battle of Verdun
  • 1917 Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
  • 1917 World War I: An armistice is reached between the new Russian Bolshevik government and the Central Powers.
  • 1918 American Jewish Congress holds its 1st meeting
  • 1919 Edna St Vincent Millay's "Aria da Capo" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 Fiume (Rijeka) declares it's Independence
  • 1922 IVVV (association) peace congress on war forms in Hague
  • 1925 1st hockey game at Madison Sq Garden, Mont Candiens 3, NY Americans 1
  • 1925 1st road with a depressed trough (Texas) opens to traffic
  • 1926 Facist national symbol elevated in Italy
  • 1927 Ed Hickman kidnaps child he later beheads
  • 1929 Walter Mittelholzer flies as 1st about the Kilimanjaro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Don Bradman takes his 1st Test Cricket wicket (Ivan Barrow, WI, lbw)

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1933 Baseball owners agree to ban Sunday doubleheaders until after June 15
  • 1934 Fokker F18 Snip flies to Neth West Indies
  • 1935 Detroit Lions win NFL championship
  • 1935 Max Euwe becomes world champ chess beating Alexander Alekhine
  • 1936 KVL-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KEEN (now KING)
  • 1938 Groundbreaking begins for Jefferson Memorial in Wash DC
  • 1938 Bob [Robert] Foster, American professional boxer "The Deputy Sheriff", born in Borger, Texas (d. 2015)
  • 1939 "Gone With the Wind" premieres in Atlanta
  • 1939 1st commercial manufacture of nylon yarn, Seaford, Delaware
  • 1939 Snip departs for 1st flight to Paramaribo/Curacao
  • 1941 Gas/electrical use restricted in Holland
  • 1941 German submarine U-127 sinks
  • 1941 Nazi's transfers 100 Czech citizens/Heinrich Himmler falls faint
  • 1941 North Africa: allied assault up Italians Gazala-posing
  • 1941 USS Swordfish becomes 1st US sub to sink a Japanese ship
  • 1941 The American Federation of Labor adopts a no-strike policy in war industries.
  • 1942 Massachusetts issues 1st US vehicular license plate tabs
  • 1944 Bandleader, Major Glenn Miller, lost over English Channel
  • 1944 Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 US Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 US troops lands on Mindoro
  • 1945 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, ordained as a priest
  • 1946 Chicago Bears beat NY Giants 24-14 in NFL championship game
  • 1946 Giants Filchock & Hapes suspended by NFL, didn't report bribe attempt
  • 1948 Former state dept official Alger Hiss indicted in NYC for perjury

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Albert Camus' "Les Justes" premieres in Paris

Author Albert Camus
Author
Albert Camus
  • 1950 NYC's Port Authority opens
  • 1952 "Two's Company" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 90 performances
  • 1952 Christine Jorgenson is 1st person to undergo a sex-change operation
  • 1952 KHON TV channel 2 in Honolulu, HI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1952 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientales Ecclesias
  • 1953 WJHG TV channel 7 in Panama City, FL (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Fordham University scraps football team for financial reasons
  • 1954 Netherlands Antilles becomes co-equal part of Kingdom of Netherlands
  • 1956 Emergency crisis in North Ireland proclaimed after IRA strikes
  • 1956 KGW TV channel 8 in Portland, OR (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 WRAL TV channel 5 in Raleigh-Durham, NC (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 Everly Brothers record "Let It Be Me"
  • 1961 Adolf Eichmann convicted of crimes against humanity in Israel
  • 1961 Equal access rule, political parties get TV broadcasting time
  • 1961 JFK visits Puerto Rico
  • 1961 L J Suenens appointed archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels
  • 1962 Vaughn Meader's "1st Family" album goes #1 & stays #1 for 12 wks
  • 1964 1st time 4 people in space
  • 1964 Canada adopts maple leaf flag
  • 1965 3rd cyclone of year kills 15,000 at the mouths of the Ganges River in Bangladesh
  • 1965 D Heneker & J Taylor's musical "Charlie Girl" premieres in London
  • 1965 Gemini 6 launched; makes 1st rendezvous in space (with Gemini 7)
  • 1965 Queen Juliana opens Zeeland Bridge to Oosterschelde
  • 1965 William Eckert replaces Ford Frick as 4th Commissioner of Baseball
  • 1966 "Joyful Noise" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • 1966 Audouin Dollfus discovers 10th satellite of Saturn, Janus
  • 1966 John W Mecom Jr becomes 1st owner of New Orlean Saints
  • 1967 Beatles release "Christmas Time is Here Again"
  • 1967 Joe Garagiola joins "Today" show panel
  • 1967 Silver Bay bridge (Oh-WV) collapes during afternoon rush hr, 34 die
  • 1967 The Silver Bridge collapses, killing 46 people.
  • 1969 Plastic Ono Band, play their only concert at London's Lyceum Ballroom
  • 1969 SF Fire Dept replaces leather helmets with plastic ones
  • 1970 Ferryboat capsized in Korean Strait drowning 261
  • 1970 S Korean ferry Namyong-Ho sinks in Strait of Korea, 308 killed
  • 1970 Soviet Venera 7 is 1st spacecraft to land on another planet (Venus)
  • 1970 Illinois State Constitution is adopted at a special election.
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 American Psychiatric Association declares homosexuality is not a mental illness
  • 1973 Golf Resort (Disney Inn) opens
  • 1973 Pirates of Caribbean ride opens at Disneyland
  • 1973 Sandy Hawley becomes 1st jockey to win 500 races in 1 year
  • 1973 Tennessee beats Temple 11-6 in low scoring NCAA basketball game
  • 1974 A's Catfish Hunter is ruled a free agent (later signs with Yankees)
  • 1976 Oil tanker Argo Merchant runs aground on the Nantucket Shoals, spilling 7.6 m million gallons of fuel oil - one of the largest oil spills at sea
  • 1976 Jamaica premier Manley wins elections
  • 1976 Samoa becomes a member of the UN.
  • 1978 Saint Maarten Patriotic Movement (SPM) forms under W James
  • 1978 Test Cricket debut of Malcolm Marshall, v India at Bangalore
  • 1979 Deposed Shah of Iran leaves US for Panama
  • 1979 World Court in Hague rules Iran should relase all US hostages
  • 1980 NY Yankee Dave Winfield becomes highest-paid player, 10 years $15M
  • 1980 Premier Queddei troops conquers Chad capital N'djamena
  • 1980 ZBZ Sangha registered after 5 yrs of administrative hassles in Warsaw
  • 1981 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 503

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Bill Parcells becomes 12th head coach of NY Giants

NFL Coaching Legend Bill Parcells
NFL Coaching Legend
Bill Parcells
  • 1982 Roy Williams, Teamsters pres, & 4 others convicted of bribery
  • 1982 Sao Tome & Principe constitution approved
  • 1982 Spain reopens border with Gibraltar
  • 1983 3 KC Royals suspended due to cocaine usage
  • 1983 Columbia flies to Kennedy Space Center via El Paso, Kelly AFB
  • 1983 Last 80 US combat soldiers in Grenada withdrew
  • 1983 Wendy Wasserstein's "Isn't It Romantic" premieres in NYC
  • 1984 USSR launches Vega 1 for rendezvous with Halley's Comet
  • 1986 150 killed during race riot in Karachi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 CIA director William Casey suffers a cerebral seizure

CIA Director William Casey
CIA Director
William Casey
  • 1986 Carnegie Hall reopens after a $50 million facelift
  • 1987 First National US Tour of "Les Miserables" opens at Shubert Theatre, Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Lori Davis of Long Island sues Mike Tyson for grabbing her buttocks

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
  • 1991 "Nick & Nora" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 9 performances
  • 1991 Deb Richard wins JBP Cup LPGA Match Play Golf Championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Arthur Ashe is named Sports Illustrated Sportman of Year

Tennis Player Arthur Ashe
Tennis Player
Arthur Ashe
  • 1992 WNew AM (1130) NYC resigns air, replaced by WBBR
  • 1993 C-130 flies into a Philippines hill & explodes, 16 killed
  • 1993 Haitian premier Robert Malval resigns
  • 1993 John Williams final appearance as conductor of Boston Pops
  • 1993 Lee Aspen resigns as secretary of defense
  • 1993 Y-12 crashes at Phonesavanh, Laos: 18 killed
  • 1993 British premier Major/Irish premier Reynolds signs Downing Street Declaration concerning Northern Ireland self determination

Film release premierFilm Release

1993 "Schindler's List", directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Liam Neeson, Ben Kingsley, and Ralph Fiennes, is released (Best Picture 1994)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Steven Spielberg's "Schindler's List", an epic historical drama based on the life of Oskar Schindler, is released

Industrialist Oskar Schindler
Industrialist
Oskar Schindler
Director Steven Spielberg
Director
Steven Spielberg
  • 1994 "A Tuna Christmas" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 20 performances
  • 1994 John Bruton becomes Ireland's premier
  • 1994 Liberia militia kills 48 inhabitants of Monrovia
  • 1994 Palau becomes a member of the UN.
  • 1995 Playboy goes back on sale after 36 year ban in Ireland
  • 1995 The European Communities Court of Justice hands down the "Bosman ruling", giving EU footballers the right to a free transfer at the end of their contracts, with the provision that they are transferring from one UEFA Federation to another.
  • 1996 Dottie Pepper & Juli Inkster win LPGA Diner's Club Golf Matches
  • 1996 Jim Colbert & Bob Murphy wins Diner's Club Senior PGA Golf Matches
  • 1996 Tom Lehman & Duffy Waldoff wins Diner's Club PGA Golf Matches

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 SF 49ers retire Joe Montana's #16

NFL Quarterback Joe Montana
NFL Quarterback
Joe Montana
  • 2001 The Leaning Tower of Pisa reopens after 11 years and $27,000,000 to fortify it, without fixing its famous lean.
  • 2002 68th Heisman Trophy Award: Carson Palmer, USC (QB)

Film release premierFilm Release

2004 "Million Dollar Baby", directed by Clint Eastwood and starring Hilary Swank and Morgan Freeman is released (Best Picture 2005)

Actor and Director Clint Eastwood
Actor and Director
Clint Eastwood
Actor Morgan Freeman
Actor
Morgan Freeman
  • 2005 Latvia amends its constitution to eliminate possibility of same-sex couples being entitled to marry.
  • 2005 Argentina's president Néstor Kirchner announces the early repayment of its external debt to the IMF.
  • 2005 Introduction of the F-22 Raptor into USAF active service.
  • 2005 The 2005 Atlantic Power Outage began.
  • 2006 First flight of the F-35 Lightning II.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 B.B. King is awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush

Blues Musician B.B. King
Blues Musician
B.B. King
43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2008 74th Heisman Trophy Award: Sam Bradford, Oklahoma (QB)
  • 2009 Boeing's new 787 Dreamliner makes its maiden flight from Seattle, Washington.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2011 Barry Bonds is sentenced to 30 days of house arrest, two years of probation and 250 hours of community service, for an obstruction of justice conviction stemming from a grand jury appearance in 2003

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
  • 2012 18 Asylum seekers drown in the Aegean Sea on the way to Greece from Turkey

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2013 Michelle Bachelet is re-elected President of Chile

President of Chile Michelle Bachelet
President of Chile
Michelle Bachelet
  • 2013 China successfully lands its moon rover on the moon
  • 2015 1,000 schools closed in Los Angeles after a email threat, supposedly from jihadists
  • 2015 Mayor of Flint, Michigan declares state of emergency over contaminated water supplies amid calls for a a criminal investigation
  • 2015 Fifth Republican presidential candidates debate in Las Vegas, Nevada