Historical Events on December 19

  • 324 Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor.
  • 401 St Anastasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1055 Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad
  • 1154 King Henry II of England crowned
  • 1551 Dutch west coast hit by hurricane
  • 1562 Battle at Dreux: Anne de Montmorency & huguenots under Condé captured
  • 1642 4 of Tasman's crew are killed at Wharewharangi (Murderers) Bay by Māori; Tasman's ships depart without landing
  • 1686 Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Daniel Defoe)
  • 1688 King James II's wife & son flee to France
  • 1696 Jean-Francois Regnard's "Le Joueur" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1732 Benjamin Franklin under the name Richard Saunders begins publication of "Poor Richard's Almanack"

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Thomas Paine published his 1st "American Crisis" essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls"

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
  • 1777 Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pa for winter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 William Pitt the Younger becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister at age 24

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • 1788 Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long Vietnam
  • 1795 1st state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky
  • 1823 Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law in US
  • 1828 South Carolina declares right of states to nullify federal laws

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin approaches NZ

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1842 US recognizes independence of Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1843 "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens is published, 6,000 copies sold

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • 1854 Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams
  • 1859 Grading started for Market Street RR
  • 1861 Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
  • 1862 Skirmish at Jackson/Salem Church, Tenn (80 casualties)
  • 1871 Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
  • 1881 Opera "Hérodiade" is produced (Brussels)
  • 1884 Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1887 Jake Kilrain & Jem Smith fight 106 round bare knuckle draw
  • 1888 Stanley's expedition reaches Fort Bodo, East-Africa
  • 1889 Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii
  • 1890 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Beryl Coronet" (BG)
  • 1891 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
  • 1891 Canadian Rugby Union forms
  • 1894 Cricket day 5 1T Aus v Eng Eng 437 all out, Aus need 177 are 2-113
  • 1900 Kitchener offers protections to all Boers who will surrender and asks the Dutch community of Pretoria to convey this offer, leaders in the field refuse to surrender
  • 1903 Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn & Manhattan
  • 1904 Dawson City hockey team begins 9 day walk to get a boat to Seattle to catch a train to Ottawa to play in Stanley Cup on Jan 13 1905
  • 1907 239 workers died in a coal mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania
  • 1910 1st US city ordinance requiring white & black residential areas (Balt)
  • 1910 Rayon 1st commercially produced, Marcus Hook, Penn
  • 1913 Jack Johnson fights Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1916 Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo
  • 1917 1st NHL game played on artificial ice (Toronto)
  • 1917 Quebec Bulldogs play their 1st professional hockey game
  • 1918 Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe)
  • 1919 American Meteorological Society found
  • 1920 1st US indoor curling rink opens (Brookline, Mass)
  • 1920 King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.
  • 1922 Theresa Vaughn, 24, confesses in court in Sheffield, England, to being married 61 times over 5 years in 50 cities in three countries
  • 1924 Test Cricket debut of Bill Ponsford, who scored 110 in 1st innings
  • 1924 The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
  • 1928 1st autogyro flight in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Bradman scores 112 Australia v South Africa at cricket SCG

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1931 Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia
  • 1932 British Broadcasting Corp begins transmitting overseas
  • 1933 Electric Home & Farm Authority Inc, authorized
  • 1934 Japan agrees to naval treaty of 1922 & 1930
  • 1939 Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa
  • 1941 German submarine U-574 sinks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Hitler takes complete command of German Army

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 US Office of Censorship created to control info pertaining to WW II
  • 1942 Robert Stroud "Birdman of Alcatraz" is transferred to Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary
  • 1943 Military coup in Bolivia
  • 1945 Austrian Republic re-establishes
  • 1945 Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot" premieres in Paris
  • 1946 Noel Cowards musical "Pacific 1860" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1947 1948 NFL Draft: Harry Gilmer from University of Alabama first pick by Washington Redskins
  • 1948 2nd political action of Java/Sumatra
  • 1948 8th largest snowfall in NYC history (15.3")
  • 1948 Cleveland Browns beats Buffalo Bills 49-7 in AAFC championship game
  • 1948 Philadelphia Eagles shutout Chicago Cards 7-0 in NFL championship game
  • 1949 Luxury passenger ship Aquitania demolished in Gareloch, Scotland
  • 1949 WJW TV channel 8 in Cleveland, Ohio (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Gen Eisenhower named NATO commander

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Tibet's Dalai Lama flees Chinese invasion

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 1951 Nazi General Christiansen leaves Netherlands
  • 1952 Queen Juliana unveals statue "Docker"
  • 1953 KFYR TV channel 5 in Bismarck, ND (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes"
  • 1957 "Music Man" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 1375 performances
  • 1958 1st radio broadcast from space (President Eisenhower voice "To all mankind, America's wish for Peace on Earth & Good Will to Men Everywhere")
  • 1959 1st Liberty Bowl game-Penn State beats Alabama 7-0
  • 1960 Fire aboard USS Constellation, under construction at Brooklyn (50 die)

Music releaseMusic Recording

1960 Frank Sinatra's 1st session with Reprise Records (Ring-A-Ding-Ding)

Singer and Actor Frank Sinatra
Singer and Actor
Frank Sinatra
  • 1960 Mercury-Redstone 1A reaches 210 km in test flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1962 Nyasaland secedes from Rhodesia & Nyasaland
  • 1962 Street signs in Golden Gate Park approved by Park Commission
  • 1962 Transit 5A1, 1st operational navigational satellite, launched

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1965 French President De Gaulle re-elected (Mitterrand gets 45%)

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1967 Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially presumed dead.
  • 1968 WCWB (now WMGT) TV channel 41 in Macon, GA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 Beatle's 7th Christmas album is released
  • 1971 "Inner City" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 97 performances
  • 1971 CBS airs "Homecoming A Christmas Story," (introducing the Waltons)
  • 1971 NASA launches Intelsat 4 F-3 for COMSAT Corp

Film release premierFilm Premier

1971 Stanley Kubrick's X-rated film "A Clockwork Orange" starring Malcolm McDowell premieres

Film Director Stanley Kubrick
Film Director
Stanley Kubrick
  • 1972 Apollo 17 (last of Apollo Moon landing series) returns to Earth
  • 1973 "Molly" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 68 performances
  • 1973 Grenada adopts constitution

Film release premierFilm Premier

1974 "The Man with the Golden Gun", 9th James Bond film, starring Roger Moore, Britt Ekland and Christopher Lee, premieres in London

  • 1974 Dave Kryskow scores Washington Capitals 1st NHL shorthanded goal
  • 1974 Nelson A Rockefeller sworn-in as 41st VP
  • 1975 John Paul Stevens becomes a US Supreme Court Justice
  • 1975 Ron Wood joined the Rolling Stones
  • 1975 The Red Hand Commandos, a very secretive Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland, explode a no-warning car bomb in Dundalk, killing 2 civilians and wounding 20
  • 1976 Jo Ann Washam/Chi Chi Rodriguez wins Pepsi-Cola Mixed Team Golf Champ
  • 1976 John Lever takes 7-46 in 1st Test Cricket innings, v India Delhi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev receives his 5th Order of Lenin

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1976 Piper Cherokee crashes into Balt Memorial Stadium upper stands, 10 minutes after Colts lose 40-14 to Steelers. No one seriously hurt
  • 1976 65th Davis Cup: Italy beats Chile in Santiago (4-1)
  • 1977 Dutch government of Van Agt/Wiegel forms
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Indira Gandhi ambushed in India

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi

Film release premierFilm Release

1979 "Kramer vs Kramer" directed by Robert Benton and starring Dustin Hoffman and Meryl Streep is released (Best Picture 1980)

  • 1980 Anguilla becomes a British dependency separate from St Kitts
  • 1980 Iran requests $24 billion in US guarantees to free hostages
  • 1980 Mutual Broadcasting cancels Sears Radio Theater

Film release premierFilm Release

1980 "Raging Bull", directed by Martin Scorsese starring Robert De Niro as boxer Jake LaMotta and Cathy Moriarty as his wife, is released

Film Director Martin Scorsese
Film Director
Martin Scorsese
Actor Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
Actress Cathy Moriarty
Cathy Moriarty
  • 1981 Sixteen lives are lost when the Penlee, Cornwall, lifeboat goes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas.
  • 1981 Romuald Spasowski, Polish ambassador to the United States defects to show support for the Solidarity movement amid a crackdown
  • 1983 The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation in Rio de Janeiro.

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1984 China PR Premier Zhao Ziyang & British PM Margaret Thatcher sign Hong Kong Treaty

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1984 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1984 Fire at Wilberg Mine in central Utah killed 27 people
  • 1984 UK signs agreement with China to return Hong Kong to China in 1997

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Wayne Gretzky, 23, is 18th & youngest NHL-er to score 1,000 points

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Scotty Bowman wins his 691st regular season game, the most wins by any coach in NHL history

NHL Coach Scotty Bowman
NHL Coach
Scotty Bowman
  • 1985 "Wind in the Willows" opens at Nederlander Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • 1985 Mary Lund is 1st woman to receive a Jarvik VII artificial heart
  • 1985 STS 61-C scrubbed at T -13s because of SRB auxiliary power problem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 USSR frees dissident Andrei Sakharov from internal exile

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1986 Jack Morris agrees to salary arbitration with former team Tigers & accuses owners of collusion against free agency
  • 1986 Michael Sergio, who parachuted into Shea Stadium during game 6 of the World Series, sentenced to 100 hrs of community service & fined $500
  • 1986 OPEC reaches an accord that would cut production by 7 percent for the first six months of 1987 and would raise prices immediately toward a target world oil price of $18 per barrel

Film release premierFilm Release

1986 "Platoon" directed by Oliver Stone and starring Charlie Sheen, Tom Berenger and Willem Dafoe is released (Best Picture 1987)

  • 1987 Bruins' Linseman & Blues' Doug Gilmore score goals, 2 seconds apart
  • 1987 Gari Kasparov becomes world chess champ
  • 1988 NASA unviels plans for lunar colony & manned missions to Mars
  • 1988 Oklahoma's College football team gets 3 year probation
  • 1988 Unexploded WW II bomb found in Frankfurt, Germany-5,000 evacuated
  • 1989 American Airlines purchases Eastern Airline's Latin American route

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Larry Bird (Celtics) begins NBA free throw streak of 71 games

NBA Legend Larry Bird
NBA Legend
Larry Bird
  • 1991 "Christmas Carol" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 14 performances
  • 1991 6,000th episode of One Life To Live

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Boris Yeltsin takes control of the Kremlin

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1991 NY Yankee pitcher Steve Howe arrested for cocaine possession
  • 1993 "Red Shoes" closes at Gershwin Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 1994 Rolls-Royce announces its future cars will feature V12 engine which will be produced by BMW.
  • 1996 "Once Upon a Matress" opens at Broadhurst NYC for 187 performances
  • 1997 MTV drops video "Smack My Bitch Up" by Prodigy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwards articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate.

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 2000 The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attack a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, killing one person and injuring three.
  • 2001 A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.
  • 2001 Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots - Riots erupt in Buenos Aires after Domingo Cavallo's corralito measures restrict the withdrawal of cash from bank deposits.
  • 2001 "The Fellowship of the Ring", 1st Lord of the Rings film is released. Makes US$47 million US opening weekend, $871 million total worldwide.
  • 2007 The Lakotah people, a Native American tribe, proclaim independence and withdraw all their treaties with the United States. Establish the Republic of Lakotah, as a separate country.
  • 2010 "Miracle at the New Meadowlands", Philadelphia Eagles trail New York Giants by 21 points with eight minutes to play, before scoring 4 touchdowns in final 7 minutes, including dramatic walk-off punt returned for a touchdown by DeSean Jackson
  • 2012 UBS bank is fined $1.5 billion for its role in manipulating the Libor rate
  • 2012 Park Geun-hye wins the South Korean presidential election to become the nation’s first female president
  • 2013 81 people are injured after part of the ceiling caved in at London's Apollo Theatre
  • 2014 The Guardian newspaper calls 2014 'The year the people stood up'
  • 2015 Third Democratic presidential candidates debate, broadcast by ABC, held in Goffstown, New Hampshire