Historical Events on 21st December

  • 1163 Hurricane hits villages in Holland/Friesland, causing floods
  • 1561 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Archbishop of Mechelen, made Cardinal
  • 1582 Flanders adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is Jan 1 1583
  • 1598 Battle of Curalaba: The revolting Mapuche, led by cacique Pelentaru, inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile; all Spanish cities south of the Biobio river are eventually taken by the Mapuches, and all conquest of Mapuche territories by Europeans practically ceases, until the 1870s "Pacification of Araucania".
  • 1620 103 Mayflower pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock [OS=Dec 11]
  • 1650 Johan de Witt installed as Dutch pension advisor of Dordrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1784 John Jay becomes 1st US Secretary of State (foreign affairs)

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • 1788 Hue Tay Son becomes emperor Quang Trung of Vietnam
  • 1829 1st stone arch railroad bridge in US dedicated, Baltimore
  • 1835 HMS Beagle sails into Bay of Islands (New Zealand)
  • 1844 The Rochdale Pioneers commence business at their cooperative in Rochdale, England, starting the Cooperative movement.
  • 1849 1st US skating club formed (Philadelphia)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1864 General Sherman conquers Savannah, Georgia

  • 1866 Cheyennes, Arapho's, Sioux, Fetterman Massacre
  • 1890 Pim Mulier 1st & only trip to "Alvesteddetocht"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891 1st game of basketball, based on rules created by James Naismith, played by 18 students in Springfield, Massachusetts

Basketball Inventor James Naismith
Basketball Inventor
James Naismith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Mackenzie Bowell becomes the 5th Prime Minister of Canada

5th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell
5th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie Bowell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Michael Kramer" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1906 British Parliament pass two important pieces of social legislation: The Trades Disputes Bill, legalizing peaceful picketing, and The Workingmen's Compensation Act, broadening employers' liability for accidents
  • 1907 Dutch government of De Master falls due to war budget
  • 1909 1st junior high school established (Berkeley California)
  • 1909 Clyde Fitch' "City" premieres in NYC
  • 1909 U of Coopenhagen rejects Cook's claim that he was 1st to North Pole
  • 1910 Explosion in coal mine in Hulton England, 344 mine workers dies
  • 1912 Denmark, Norway & Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war
  • 1913 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in NY World
  • 1914 1st feature-length silent film comedy "Tillie's Punctured Romance" released starring Marie Dressler, Mabel Normand and Charles Chaplin
  • 1914 2,800 African miners strike at the Van Rhyn Deep mines in a bid to redress some of their grievances
  • 1915 10.17" (25.83 cm) of rainfall, Glenora, Oregon (state record)
  • 1918 Red Sox trade Dutch Leonard, Ernie Shore & Duffy Lewis to Yankees for Ray Caldwell & Slim Love, Frank Gilhooey, Al Walters & $15,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 J. Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1920 Jerome Kern/BG DeSylva's musical "Sally" premieres in NYC
  • 1921 Supreme Court rules labor injunctions & picketing unconstitutional
  • 1923 Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation
  • 1925 Eisenstein's movie Battleship Potemkin premieres in Moscow
  • 1925 Stork Hendry scores 325 for Victoria against NZ
  • 1926 Soccer team DOS Struggle forms
  • 1929 1st group hospital insurance plan offered (Dallas Tx)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Fred Astaire & Ginger Rogers, 1st joint movie (Flying Down to Rio)

Actor and Dancer Fred Astaire
Actor and Dancer
Fred Astaire
Actress and Dancer Ginger Rogers
Actress and Dancer
Ginger Rogers
  • 1932 Giants sign former outfielder Billy Southworth as a coach
  • 1933 Dried human blood serum 1st prepared, Univ of Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Fox Films signs Shirley Temple, 5, to a studio contract

Actress and Diplomat Shirley Temple
Actress and Diplomat
Shirley Temple
  • 1933 Newfoundland reverts to being a crown colony of Great Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Bradman's 2nd consecutive Test Cricket duck! Australia all out 80

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1937 O'Reilly completes 14-98 for cricket match, NSW v South Aust

Film release premierFilm Premier

1937 The first full-length animated feature film and the earliest in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs", premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Hitler named Adolf Eichmann leader of "Referat IV B"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 Chicago Bears Ray McLean makes last NFL drop kick for an extra point
  • 1941 Chicago bears win the NFL championship
  • 1941 David Diamond's 1st Symphony premieres
  • 1941 German submarine U-567 sinks
  • 1942 US Supreme court declares Nevada separation legal
  • 1944 Cards' Marty Marion wins NL MVP
  • 1945 "Billion Dollar Baby" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 219 performances
  • 1945 Gould/Comden/Green's "Billion Dollar Baby" premieres in NYC
  • 1946 "If the Shoe Fits" closes at Century Theater NYC after 20 performances
  • 1946 Earthquake in South Japan, kills 1,086
  • 1946 Morton Gould's "Minstrel Show" premieres in Indianapolis
  • 1948 O'Neil Place in the Bronx erronously renamed O'Neill Place
  • 1948 State of Eire (formerly Irish Free State) declares its independence
  • 1948 1949 NFL Draft: Chuck Bednarik from University of Pennsylvania first pick by Philadelphia Eagles
  • 1949 Dutch 1st Chamber accept soeveregnty of Indonesia

Film release premierFilm Premier

1949 "Samson and Delilah", directed and produced by Cecil B. DeMille, starring Hedy Lamarr and Victor Mature, premieres in New York

Actress and Inventor Hedy Lamarr
Actress and Inventor
Hedy Lamarr
Filmmaker and Director Cecil B. DeMille
Filmmaker and Director
Cecil B. DeMille
  • 1950 Cole Porte's musical "Out of this World" premieres at New Century Theater NYC for 157 performances
  • 1952 Broadway Tunnel opens in SF
  • 1952 WSBT TV channel 22 in South Bend, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 KOMU TV channel 8 in Columbia, MO (NBC/PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 2nd National Film Awards (India): "Mirza Ghalib" wins the Golden Lotus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Martin Luther King Jr. and others sit in the new integrated bus

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1957 Indonesia proclaims end to state of war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Charles de Gaulle wins 7 year term as 1st President of 5th Rep of France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1959 10th largest snowfall in NYC history (13.7")
  • 1959 Citizens of Deerfield Ill block building of interracial housing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Tom Landry accepts coaching job with Dallas Cowboys (stays until 1988)

NFL Head Coach Tom Landry
NFL Head Coach
Tom Landry
  • 1961 Beatles record "Sweet Georgia Brown" & "Ready Teddy"
  • 1961 JFK & British PM MacMillan meet in Bermuda

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Gangster Joe Gallo is sentenced to 7 to 14 years in state prison for extortion

Gangster Joe Gallo
Gangster
Joe Gallo
  • 1962 Angolin leaves Comecon
  • 1962 US & Cuba accord, releases bay of pigs captive
  • 1966 USSR launches Luna 13; soft-landed in Oceanus Procellarum
  • 1968 Apollo 8 (Borman, Lovell & Anders) 1st manned Moon voyage
  • 1968 David Crosby, Stephen Stills & Graham Nash premiere together in Calif
  • 1969 Diana Ross final TV appearance as a Supreme (Ed Sullivan Show)
  • 1969 Vince Lombardi (Redskins) coaches his last football game
  • 1970 WUTV TV channel 29 in Buffalo, NY (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 UN Security Council chooses Kurt Waldheim as 4th secretary General
  • 1971 A publican is killed as he tried to remove a bomb from his pub, Northern Ireland
  • 1972 Soviet Union signs a separate peace with East Germany
  • 1973 Israel, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, US & USSR meet in Geneva to discuss the Arab-Israeli conflict
  • 1973 3rd Fiesta Bowl: #10 Arizona State beats Pittsburgh, 28-7
  • 1974 "The Sea of Hands", Raiders RB Clarence Davis somehow catches game-winning touchdown pass among "the sea of hands" of three Dolphins defenders with 24 seconds left in the game, eliminating Miami from the playoffs after they had made it to the Super Bowl in each of the last 3 seasons
  • 1975 "Hello, Dolly" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 51 performances
  • 1975 "Very Good Eddie" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 307 performances
  • 1975 1st NY Jet to gain 1,000 yards rushing (John Riggins)
  • 1975 64th Davis Cup: Sweden beats Czechoslovakia in Stockholm (3-2)
  • 1975 Madagascar adopts constitution
  • 1975 Buffalo Sabres set NHL record of 40 points beating Caps 14-2 scoring 5 goals vs Washington Caps in 4:57
  • 1976 20th Islander shut-out opponent-Billy Smith 3-0 vs Bruins
  • 1976 Patricia R Harris named secretary of HUD
  • 1976 UN General Assembly passes a resolution declaring 1979-Year of Child
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 "Broadway Musical" opens/closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC

MurderMurder of Interest

1978 Police in Des Plaines Ill, arrest John Wayne Gacy for murder

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • 1979 Gary Unger plays in record 914th consecutive NHL game
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 New constitution for Zimbabwe agreed
  • 1980 Harold Carmichael ends NFL streak of 127 consecutive game receptions
  • 1981 Cincinnati beats Bradley 75-73 in 7 OTs (NCAA record)
  • 1983 Musical "Tap Dance Kid" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 669 performances
  • 1983 NBA Indiana Pacers end a 28 game road losing streak
  • 1983 NCAA rules rescinded last 2-minute men's basketball free throw rule
  • 1984 Islander Kelly Hrudy's 1st shut-out win-Whalers 1-0
  • 1984 USSR launches Vega 2 for fly-by of Halley's Come
  • 1985 ARCO Anchorage runs aground near Port Angeles, WA
  • 1985 Alice Miller/Don January wins LPGA Mazda Golf Championship
  • 1985 Heart's "Heart" album goes #1
  • 1986 Amy Alcott/Bob Charles wins LPGA Mazda Golf Championship
  • 1987 3 white NY teens convicted of manslaughter in death of a black man
  • 1987 Soyuz TM-4 launches 3 cosmonauts to space station Mir
  • 1987 Vladimir Titov & Musa Manarov launched
  • 1988 Drexel agrees guilt to security felonies, pays a $650 million fine
  • 1988 Vladimir Titov & Musa Manarov return to earth (a year) with Chretien
  • 1988 Lockerbie disaster: Pan Am Flight 103 destroyed mid air by a terrorist bomb killing all 258 on board over Scotland
  • 1989 VP Quayle sends out 30,000 Xmas cards with word beacon spelled beakon
  • 1989 New Zealand is the first country to set a formal inflation target (0-2%) for how much prices should rise each year. Similar targets are subsequently adopted by most developed countries.
  • 1990 Steve & Mark Waugh complete 464* partnership for NSW v WA
  • 1991 95 share in Madrid Spain $1.3 billion lottery (#47996)
  • 1991 El Sayid Nosair acquitted of killing Meir Kahane
  • 1991 Soviet Union formally dissolves as 11 of 12 republics sign treaty forming Commonwealth of Independent States
  • 1992 Dutch DC-10 in fire at landing on Faro Portugal, 56 die
  • 1994 Bomb goes off on #4 train on Fulton Street NYC
  • 1995 Martina Ertl of Germany wins her 3rd giant slalom world cup
  • 1995 SF Giants announce plans to build a new stadium to open in 2000
  • 1995 The city of Bethlehem passes from Israeli to Palestinian control.
  • 1996 Pakistan all out 67 to lose to Tasmania by an inning
  • 1997 Detroit Lions Barry Sanders is 3rd to run for 2,000 yards in a season
  • 1997 Detroit Lions linebacker Reggie Brown, knocked unconscious in game
  • 1999 The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a van loaded with 950 kg of explosives that ETA intended to use to blow up Torre Picasso in Madrid.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2005 Joe Sakic is named captain of the 2006 Team Canada Olympic team

NHL Legend Joe Sakic
NHL Legend
Joe Sakic
  • 2006 Puzzle Play aired to network Ten, replacing In the Box
  • 2007 The Schengen Agreement area increases to include 9 European Union member states; Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia on land and sea borders.
  • 2012 39 people are killed in violent clashes in Kenya
  • 2012 The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar reaches the date 13.0.0.0.0
  • 2012 "Gangnam Style" becomes the first video to reach one billion views on YouTube
  • 2012 The NHL announces a further cancellation of games until January 14 brining the total number of cancelled games to 625