Historical Events on 23rd December

  • 619 Boniface V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 962 Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed the city of Aleppo, recovering the tattered tunic of John the Baptist.
  • 1482 The Peace of Atrecht (now Arras) concluded between Louis XI of France and Maximilian of Austria, ending the War of the Burgundian Succession
  • 1493 Georg Alt's German translation of Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle is published.
  • 1620 French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII
  • 1672 Giovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, a satellite of Saturn
  • 1688 King James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch flees to France from William of Orange
  • 1690 English astronomer John Flamsteed observes Uranus without realizing it's undiscovered
  • 1692 Nahum Tate is appointed the third Poet Laureate by English monarchs William and Mary
  • 1715 Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund
  • 1724 Emperor Charles VI names Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria land guardian of the Austrian Netherlands
  • 1728 Prussian Emperor Karel VI signs Treaty of Berlin
  • 1751 France sets plan to tax clergymen
  • 1776 Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France

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1776 Thomas Paine writes "These are the times that try men's souls"

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine

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1779 Benedict Arnold court-martialed for improper conduct

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold

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1783 General George Washington resigns his military commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Army to Congress

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1788 Maryland votes to cede a 10 square mile area for District of Columbia

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1793 Thomas Jefferson warned of slave revolts in West Indies

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson

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1815 "Emma" By Jane Austen by published by John Murray in London

Novelist Jane Austen
Novelist
Jane Austen
  • 1823 "Visit from St Nicholas" by C Moore published in Troy (NY) Sentinel
  • 1832 Dutch troops in Antwerp surrender
  • 1834 Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
  • 1852 1st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco

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1862 Union General Ben "Beast" Butler is proclaimed a "felon, outlaw & common enemy of mankind" by Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1876 Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed

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1888 Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, and sends it to a prostitute for safe keeping

  • 1893 Opera "Hansel und Gretel" is produced (Weimar)
  • 1899 British Field Marshall Lord Roberts departs Southampton to South Africa for the 2nd Boer War
  • 1899 Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • 1900 As American forces defeat the Filipino insurgents and impose civil authority, some Filipinos form a Federal Party with a platform recognizing US sovereignty
  • 1907 1st all-steel passengar railroad coach completed, Altoona, Pa
  • 1909 Albert I becomes the third King of the Belgians
  • 1911 Frank Wedekind's "Oaha, die Satire der Satire" premieres in Munich
  • 1911 Opera "I Gioielli Della Madonna" is produced (Berlin)
  • 1912 1st "Keystone Kops" film, entitled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy"
  • 1912 Aswan Dam in Nile begins operation
  • 1912 In Delhi, India, terrorist agitation continues as British Viceroy Lord Hardinge is wounded by a bomb explosion

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1913 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1914 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
  • 1915 J Kern/S Greene's musical "Very Good Eddie" premieres in NYC
  • 1916 World War I: Battle of Magdhaba - Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.
  • 1917 3 British warships come close to Holland
  • 1919 1st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched
  • 1919 Alice H Parker patents gas heating furnace
  • 1920 Government of Ireland Act / Home Rule Act passed partitioning Ireland
  • 1921 Visva-Bharati University is inaugurated.

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1921 Gangster Carlo Gambino enters the United States as an illegal immigrant on the SS Vincenzo Florio

Gangster Carlo Gambino
Gangster
Carlo Gambino
  • 1922 BBC Radio began daily newscasts
  • 1922 Pope Pius XI pleas for peace: encyclical Ubi arcano
  • 1923 Yankees pitcher Carl Mays sold to Reds for $85,000
  • 1926 KEX-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 NBC sets up a permanent, coast-to-coast radio network

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1930 Bette Davis arrives in Hollywood under contract to Universal Studios

Actress Bette Davis
Actress
Bette Davis
  • 1930 Police Bureau of Criminal Alien Investigation started in NYC

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1933 Howie Morenz takes over NHL career goal lead at 251

NHL Star Howie Morenz
NHL Star
Howie Morenz
  • 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe sentenced to death
  • 1933 Train crash in Eastern Paris; 230 die
  • 1936 Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • 1937 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.

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1938 Margaret Hamilton's costume catches fire in filming of "Wizard of Oz"

  • 1938 Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.
  • 1939 Finnish counter offensive at Summa
  • 1939 South Australia score 7-821 against Queensland
  • 1940 John Van Druten's "Old Acquaintance" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 American forces on Wake Island surrender to Japanese
  • 1941 British troops overrun Benghazi, Libya
  • 1941 Japan begins assault on Rangoon, Burma
  • 1942 Allies air attack on Den Helder
  • 1943 1st telecast of a complete opera (Hansel & Gretel), Schenectady, NY
  • 1943 Gen Bernard Montgomery told he is appointed commandant for D-day
  • 1944 Beginning of harsh winter
  • 1945 Frederick Astons "Cinderella" premieres in London
  • 1945 Pope Pius XII encyclical Orientals omnes, about Rutheense church
  • 1946 Belgian Council of State forms
  • 1946 Highest ridership in NYC subway history (8.8 million passengers)
  • 1946 U of Tenn refuses to play Duquesne U, because they may use a black player in their basketball game
  • 1947 Transistor invented by Bardeen, Brattain & Shockley in Bell Labs
  • 1951 Last Belgian communities get electricity
  • 1951 1st coast-to-coast televised football game (Dumont paid $75,000) LA Rams beat Cleveland Browns 24-17 in NFL championship game
  • 1952 Alain Bombard arrives in Barbados after 65 days at sea proving his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive with almost no provisions, despite having lost 25 kg (65 lbs)in weight
  • 1953 Dodgers 2nd baseman Jim "Junior" Gilliam wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1954 The first human kidney transplant is performed by Dr. Joseph E. Murray at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1957 Test Cricket debut for Wally Grout & Bobby Simpson v South Africa
  • 1958 "Party with Comden & Green" opens at John Golden NYC for 38 performances
  • 1958 Abdallah Ibrahim forms government of Morocco
  • 1960 De Quay's Dutch government falls
  • 1960 King Saud of Saudi Arabia takes power
  • 1961 KICU TV channel 43 in Visalia-Fresno, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 Train accident in Italy, 70 die

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1961 Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from failed 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62M worth of food & medical supplies

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1962 Cuba starts returning US prisoners from Bay of Pigs invasion
  • 1962 Dallas Texans beat Houston Oilers 20-17 in AFL championship game
  • 1963 Beach Boys 1st appearance on "Shindig"
  • 1963 Fire on Greek ship Laconia, 128 die
  • 1964 India & Ceylon hit by cyclone, about 4,850 killed
  • 1966 Britain's rock TV show "Ready Steady Go" last program
  • 1967 Brussels: NATO Council accept "Flexible Response" strategy
  • 1968 1st US case of space motion sickness
  • 1968 82 members of US intelligence ship Pueblo released by North Korea
  • 1968 Borman, Lovell & Anders become 1st men to orbit Moon

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1970 7,511th performance of Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" (record)

Novelist Agatha Christie
Novelist
Agatha Christie
  • 1970 French author Régis Debray freed in Bolivia
  • 1970 NY World Trade Center reaches highest point (411 m)
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1970 A Protestant man is shot dead at his home in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1971 British Prime Minister Edward Heath visits Northern Ireland and expresses his determination to end the violence
  • 1972 16 plane crash survivors rescued after 70d, survived by cannabalism
  • 1972 6.25 Earthquake destroys central Managua Nicaragua, 10,000 die
  • 1972 Chandrasekhar takes 8-79 India v England at Delhi
  • 1972 Islanders end 15 games winless streak
  • 1972 "Immaculate Reception" Steelers turns around a 7-6 defeat with a last second touchdown reception against Raiders to win 13-7
  • 1972 2nd Fiesta Bowl: #15 Arizona State beats Missouri, 49-35
  • 1973 6 Persian Gulf nations double their oil prices
  • 1973 French Caravelle airliner crashes in Morocco, 106 killed
  • 1974 "Good News" opens at St James Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • 1974 Leningrad: premier of Dmitri Sjotakovitsj' Michelangelo-liederen
  • 1975 Congress passes Metric Conversion Act
  • 1975 Peter Seitz makes Andy Messersmith & Dave McNally free agents
  • 1978 Islanders scored 7 goals in 1 period against NY Rangers, Trottier scores 8 points vs Rangers, 5 goals-NHL record 6 pts in 1 period
  • 1979 NY Islanders greatest shutout lose (8-0) vs Chicago Black Hawks
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Sam Shepard's "True West" premieres in NYC
  • 1981 Geoffrey Boycott becomes leading run-scorer in Test Cricket with 8033
  • 1982 The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces it has identified dangerous levels of dioxin in the soil of Times Beach, Missouri.
  • 1983 Journal Science publishes 1st report on nuclear winter
  • 1984 Viv Richards scores 208 in Test Cricket at MCG
  • 1986 Experimental airplane Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan & Jeana Yeager, complete 1st nonstop, round-the-world flight without refueling lands

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1987 Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, serving a life sentence for attempted assassination of President Gerald Ford, escapes from Alderson Prison

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1990 "Lettice & Lovage" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 284 performances
  • 1990 Slovenians vote to secede from Yugoslavia
  • 1991 NY Daily News publisher Kevin Maxwell resigns
  • 1994 Baseball owners impose salary cap, fiercely opposed by players

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1994 Fearing arrest by the FBI, Whitey Bulger flees Boston, and successfully hides from law enforcement for the next 16 years

Gangster Whitey Bulger
Gangster
Whitey Bulger
  • 1996 4 women ordained priests in Jamaica, 1st in 330-year Anglican history

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1997 Chicago Bulls coach Phil Jackson is quickest to reach 500 wins (682 games)

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1997 Colorado Avalanche Jari Kurri is 8th NHLer to score 600 career goals

NHL Star Jari Kurri
NHL Star
Jari Kurri
  • 1997 Terry Nichols found guilty of manslaughter in Oklahoma bombing
  • 1997 US Agriculture Dept estimates it costs $149,820 to raise a child to 18
  • 2000 Cricket Women's World Cup: New Zealand defeats Australia by 4 runs
  • 2002 A MQ-1 Predator is shot down by an Iraqi MiG-25, making it the first time in history that an aircraft and an unmanned drone had engaged in combat.
  • 2003 PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai, Chongqing, China, killing at least 234.
  • 2004 Macquarie Island in the Southern Ocean is hit by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake.
  • 2005 Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 217 from Baku, Azerbaijan, to Aktau, Kazakhstan crashes shortly after takeoff killing 23 people.
  • 2005 Chad declares a state of war against Sudan following a December 18 attack on Adré, which left about 100 people dead.
  • 2012 200 civilians are killed by Syrian government warplanes in Helfaya, Syria
  • 2012 The Seleka rebel coalition takes over Bambari, the third largest town in the Central African Republic