Historical Events on 24th December

  • 563 The Byzantine church Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is dedicated for the second time after being destroyed by earthquakes.
  • 640 John IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1046 Pope Clement II, [Suitger] elected
  • 1294 Cardinal Benedetto Gaetani chosen as Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1476 400 Burgundian soldiers freeze to death during siege of Nancy
  • 1515 Thomas Wolsey appointed Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1565 Compromise of the Nobles in Habsburg Netherlands closes against inquisition
  • 1568 Uprising of Moriscos in Granada
  • 1593 Storm hits Texel: 40 ships hit, 500 killed
  • 1651 John van Riebeeck departs to Cape of Good Hope
  • 1715 Swedish troops occupy Norway

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1777 Kiritimati, also called Christmas Island, is discovered by James Cook

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1798 Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1799 Jacobin plot against Napoleon uncovered

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814 Treaty of Ghent (end of US-Britain War of 1812) signed
  • 1818 Christmas carol "Silent Night" composed by Franz Xaver Gruber is first sung at St Nicholas parish church in Oberndorf, Austria
  • 1832 1st US Negro hospital founded by whites chartered, Savannah, Georgia
  • 1832 HMS Beagle anchors in Wigwam Bay at Cape Receiver
  • 1851 Fire devastates US Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes
  • 1860 Joseph Jefferson's "Rip Van Winkle" premieres in NYC
  • 1864 Battle of Gordonsville, VA
  • 1865 Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tn
  • 1871 Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal
  • 1874 Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875
  • 1884 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1889 Daniel Stover & William Hance patent bicycle with back pedal brake

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1893 Henry Ford completes his first useful petrolm fuelled engine

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1894 Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm
  • 1894 Soccer team Achilles '94 forms in Axes
  • 1898 Herman Heijermans' "Ghetto" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1900 Herman Heijermans' "Hope of Blessing" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1900 The French Chamber of Deputies and Senate pass a bill calling for an end to agitation or prosecutions against those involved in the Dreyfus affair, which has divided France since 1894
  • 1900 Foreign powers present the Chinese Empress with their list of 'irrevocable conditions' before their nations will withdraw troops from China
  • 1904 German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children
  • 1906 Reginald A Fessenden became 1st to broadcast music over radio (Mass)
  • 1910 Luisa Tetrazzini sings to 250,000 people at Lotta's Fountain
  • 1912 Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
  • 1914 German plane drops bombs on Dover England
  • 1920 Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (NYC)
  • 1922 BBC broadcasts first British radio play "The Truth about Father Christmas"
  • 1922 London Coloseum opens
  • 1924 1st radio transmission of NCRV in Netherlands
  • 1924 Albania becomes a republic (ex-premier Ahmed Zogoe's coup)
  • 1924 Richard Rodgers Theater (46th St Chanin's) opens at 226 W 46th NYC
  • 1924 School in Babb's Switch, Oklahoma, catches fire, 36 die
  • 1927 Test Cricket debut of Walter Hammond, who scored 51 & took 5-36 v S Af
  • 1928 George Abbott Theater (Adelphi, 54 St) opens at 152 W 54th St NYC

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1930 Sukarno sentenced to four years in prison by Indonesian authorities in Bandung, Dutch East Indies

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 1930 F Garcia Lorca's "La Zapatera Prodigiosa" premieres in Madrid
  • 1932 Arturo Alessandri wins presidental election in Chile
  • 1933 Paris express train derails & kills 160, injures 300 (France)
  • 1934 Grimmett takes 9-180 for SA as Queensland make 430

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1935 Bradman scores 233 in 191 mins, SA v Queensland, 28 fours 1 six

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1935 National Council of Negro Women forms
  • 1936 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered, Berkeley, Ca
  • 1937 Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
  • 1939 World War II: Pope Pius XII makes a Christmas Eve appeal for peace.
  • 1941 First ships of admiral Nagumo's Pearl Harbor fleet return to Japan
  • 1942 First powered flight of V-1 'buzz bomb', Peenemunde, Germany
  • 1942 Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja & Morozowsk

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1943 FDR appoints Gen Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 Terence Rattigan's "While the Sun Shines" premieres in London
  • 1946 4th French republic established
  • 1946 US General MacNarney gives 800,000 "minor nazis" amnesty
  • 1946 France's Fourth Republic is founded.
  • 1948 First US completely solar heated house is occupied (Dover, Mass)
  • 1948 Greek government disbands due to state of war, press censorship
  • 1950 Cleveland Browns beat LA Rams 30-28 in NFL championship game
  • 1951 1st televised opera (Amahl & Night Visitor)
  • 1951 United Kingdom of Libya gains independence from Italy via UN
  • 1953 Two fast express trains crash head-on killing 103 in Czechoslovakia
  • 1953 KHOL (now KHGI) TV channel 13 in Kearney, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 KOA (now KCNC) TV channel 4 in Denver, CO (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 René Coty elected president of France
  • 1953 Wellington-Auckland (NZ) express train swept away in flood kills 166
  • 1954 Council for the Protection of Children forms in Netherlands
  • 1954 Laos gains its independence

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1955 Author Aldous Huxley takes LSD for the first time

  • 1956 "I Love Lucy" Christmas show airs, never put in syndication
  • 1956 Ferdinand de Lesseps statue blown up in Port Said Egypt
  • 1960 Dutch bishops question papacy values
  • 1961 Houston Oilers beat San Diego Chargers 10-3 in AFL championship game
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Greek & Turks riot in Cyprus
  • 1964 Shooting begins on "The Cage" the pilot for Star Trek
  • 1966 "Joyful Noise" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • 1966 Luna 13 lands on Moon
  • 1966 USAF C144 military charter aircraft crashes near Binh Thai, Vietnam, killing 129
  • 1967 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Pegasus starts broadcasting off New Zealand
  • 1968 Apollo 8 astronauts read passages from Book of Genesis
  • 1968 WATU (now WAGT) TV channel 26 in Augusta, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 9 Jews are convicted in Leningrad of hijacking a plane
  • 1970 Walt Disney's "Aristocats" is released
  • 1971 Peruvian Airlines Electra crashes at headwaters of Amazon, killing all except Juliane Margaret Koepcke found 10 days later
  • 1973 Ferryboat capsized off coast of Equador, drowning 200
  • 1973 District of Columbia Home Rule Act is passed, allowing residents of Washington, D.C. to elect their own local government.
  • 1974 Cardinals' Lou Brock is named Sportsman of the Year
  • 1977 "Ghost to the Post", Raiders tight end Dave Casper ("The Ghost") catches a 42-yard reception to set up the Raiders' tying field goal near the end of regulation (Raiders win in OT)
  • 1979 1st Ariane rocket launched
  • 1980 Americans remembered Iran hostages by shining lights for 417 seconds
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Chaminade, with a student body of only 850 students, beats #1 ranked Virginia 77-72 in a Honolulu holiday basketball classic
  • 1984 Palace coup in Mauritania
  • 1986 French hostage Aurel Cornea, held in Lebanon for 9 months, released
  • 1986 Iran offensive against Iraqi islands of Shatt al-Arab
  • 1989 Charles Taylor enters Liberia to unseat President Samuel K Doe
  • 1989 Panama's dictator, Manual Noriega, seeks asylum at Vatican embassy

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1990 Expos trade Tim Raines to White Sox for Ivan Calderon & Barry Jones

MLB Outfielder Tim Raines
MLB Outfielder
Tim Raines

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1990 Saddam Hussein says Israel will be Iraq's 1st target

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1992 US President Bush pardons Caspar Weinberger for Iran-contra affair

US President George H. W. Bush
US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1994 Four Muslim fundamentalists capture Air France pilot in Algiers
  • 1997 1st time a Channukah candle is officially lit in Vatican City
  • 1997 The Sid El-Antri massacre (or Sidi Lamri) in Algeria kills 50-100 people.
  • 1997 The Dominican Republic becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1999 Opening of St Peter's Holy Door by Pope John Paul II in approach of 3rd millennium

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 2000 The Texas 7 hold up a sports store in Irving, Texas. Police officer Aubrey Hawkins is shot during the robbery.
  • 2003 Spanish police thwart an attempt by ETA to detonate 50 kg of explosives at 3:55 p.m. inside Madrid's busy Chamartín Station.
  • 2012 11 kindergarten children are killed after a minivan plunges into a roadside pond in Jiangxi, China