Historical Events on December 26

  • 268 Pope St Dionysius dies
  • 418 Pope Zosimus (417-18) dies
  • 795 St Leo III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1198 French bishop Odo van Sully condemns Zottenfeest
  • 1481 Battle at Westbroek: Dutch army beats Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 1st Spanish settlement La Navidad (modern Môle-Saint-Nicolas) in New World founded, by Columbus

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1568 Uprising of Morisco's against suppression in Granada
  • 1620 Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, MA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1620 Elizabeth Báthory's crimes are uncovered.

Most Prolific Female Serial Killer in History Elizabeth Báthory
Most Prolific Female Serial Killer in History
Elizabeth Báthory
  • 1659 Long Parliament reforms in Westminster
  • 1748 France & Austria sign treaty about Southern Netherlands
  • 1773 Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1776 George Washington defeats Hessians at Battle of Trenton in American Revolutionary War

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1792 During trial of French King Louis XVI court hears the kings defense brought by Raymond Desèze
  • 1793 Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.
  • 1799 George Washington is eulogized by Col Henry Lee as "1st in war, 1st in peace & 1st in hearts of his countrymen"
  • 1805 France & Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
  • 1805 Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia
  • 1809 British invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
  • 1811 A theater fire in Richmond, Virginia kills the Governor of Virginia George William Smith and the president of the First National Bank of Virginia Abraham B. Venable.
  • 1813 Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies
  • 1825 Decembrist uprising in Russia against Tsar Nicholas I begins [O.S. 14 December]
  • 1830 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Anna Bolena" premieres in Milan
  • 1831 Vincenzo Bellini's opera "Norma" premieres in Milan
  • 1848 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
  • 1848 William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
  • 1848 The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
  • 1854 Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo
  • 1860 Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)
  • 1860 Major Robert Anderson, under cover of darkness, concentrated his small force at Ft Sumter
  • 1860 The first ever inter-club football match takes place between Hallam F.C. and Sheffield F.C. at the Sandygate Road ground in Sheffield, England.
  • 1862 -Dec 28th) Battle of Dumfries, VA
  • 1862 1st US navy hospital ship enters service
  • 1862 38 Santee Sioux Indians hanged in Mankato Minnesota, due to their uprising
  • 1865 James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator
  • 1870 The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed.
  • 1871 Gilbert and Sullivan collaborate for the first time, on their lost opera, Thespis. It does modestly well, but the two would not collaborate again for four years.
  • 1872 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")
  • 1877 Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention
  • 1878 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
  • 1879 Johannes Brahms' "Tragic Ouverture" premieres
  • 1883 The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.
  • 1890 King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company
  • 1892 Opera "Cristoforo Colombo" is produced (La Scala)
  • 1899 Mafeking: Bathe-Powells failed assault up fort Game Tree: 24 killed
  • 1902 Most knock downs in a fight, Oscar Nelson (5) & Christy Williams (42)

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1908 Jack Johnson TKOs Tommy Burns in 14 for heavyweight boxing title, becomes 1st black heavyweight champion

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Tommy Burns
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Tommy Burns
  • 1914 The US Government protests British interference with American merchant ships at sea, but this same day the German announce they will treat food as contraband, subject to seizure; this will weaken America's protest
  • 1916 Joseph Joffre becomes marshal of France
  • 1917 1st NHL defensemen to score a goal: Toronto Maple Leaf Harry Cameron
  • 1917 US Federal government took over operation of American railroads for duration of WW I
  • 1918 1st day of 1st-class cricket in Aust after WW I (Vic v NSW)
  • 1918 After spending Christmas with American troops in France, Wilson goes to London for preliminary discussions about the forthcoming peace conference

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1919 Yankees & Red Sox reach agreement on transfer of Babe Ruth the Yankees

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Judy Garland, 2½, billed as Baby Frances, makes her show business debut

Actress Judy Garland
Judy Garland
  • 1925 1st East West football game at Ewing Park before 25,000 fans
  • 1925 NHL record 141 shots as NY Americans (73) beat Pitt Pirates (68) 3-1
  • 1925 Turkey adopts Gregorian calendar
  • 1925 NY's Jake Forbes makes 67 saves, Pitt's Ray Waters makes 70
  • 1925 The Communist Party of India is founded.
  • 1928 Johnny Weissmuller announces his retirement from amateur swimming
  • 1928 World record 10th wicket stand 307 (Kippax / Hooker) NSW v Vic
  • 1931 George/Ira Gershwin's "Of Thee I Sing," premieres in NYC
  • 1931 Pulitzer Prize-winning musical play "Of Thee I Sing" opens on Bdwy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Bradman scores 187* NSW v Victoria, 294 mins, 13 fours

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1933 US forswears armed intervention in Western Hemisphere
  • 1933 FM radio patent granted to American engineer Edwin Howard Armstrong
  • 1934 Yomiuri Giants, Japan's 1st professional baseball team forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Stalin views Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' opera "Lady Macbeth"

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1936 Israel's Philarmonic Orchestra forms
  • 1938 Bradman scores 225 South Aust v Qld before Christ gets him out
  • 1938 Tom Goddard takes a cricket hat-trick for England v South Africa
  • 1939 Earthquake in East Anatolia Turkey
  • 1939 Mine strikes in Borinage Brussels
  • 1940 1st-class cricket debut of Arthur Morris, who scores 148
  • 1940 JA Fields/J Chodorov's "My Sister Eileen," premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Winston Churchill becomes first British Prime Minister to address a joint meeting of the US Congress, warning that Axis would "stop at nothing"

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
  • 1943 Chicago Bears win NFL championship, defeating Washington Redskins 41-21 in Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg vain with bomb to Hitlers headquarter

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1944 Battle of Bastogne: US General Patton's 3rd Army repulses Germans

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944 Budapest surrounded by Soviet army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie" premieres in Chicago

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1945 CFP franc and CFA franc are created.
  • 1946 "Beggar's Holiday" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 111 performances
  • 1946 "Toplitzky of Notre Dame" opens at Century Theater NYC for 60 performances
  • 1946 35th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Melbourne (5-0)
  • 1946 Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas opens (start of an era)
  • 1947 "Cradle Will Ruck" opens at Mansfield Theater NYC for 34 performances
  • 1947 British transfer Heard & McDonald Islands (Indian Ocean) to Australia
  • 1947 Heavy snow blankets Northeast, buries NYC under 25.8" of snow in 16 hrs That same day, LA set a record high of 84°F
  • 1948 Hungarian cardinal József Mindszenty arrested
  • 1950 Gillette & Mutual buy All Star & World Series rights ($6M for 6 yrs)
  • 1954 "The Shadow" airs for last time on radio
  • 1954 Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating Detroit 56-10
  • 1955 Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating Los Angeles Rams 38-14
  • 1955 RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV
  • 1957 Roger Sessions' 3rd Symphony premieres in London
  • 1960 "Do Re Mi" opens at St James Theater NYC for 400 performances
  • 1960 Musical "Do re mi" with Phil Silvers premieres in NYC
  • 1960 Philadelphia Eagles beat Green Bay Packers 17-13 in NFL championship game
  • 1962 Dmitri Shostakovitch's opera "Katerina Ismailova" premieres in Moscow
  • 1963 "Double Dublin" opens at Little Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • 1963 Beatles release "I Want To Hold Your Hand"/"I Saw Her Standing There"
  • 1963 US furnishes cereal to USSR
  • 1964 Beatles' "I Feel Fine" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 3 weeks
  • 1964 Buffalo Bills beat San Diego Chargers 20-7 in AFL championship game
  • 1964 Moors Murderers Ian Brady and Myra Hindley claim last victim
  • 1965 "Funny Girl" with Barbra Streisand closes on Broadway
  • 1965 Buffalo Bills beat San Diego Chargers 23-0 in AFL championship game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Paul McCartney is interviewed on pirate radio station Radio Caroline

Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney
  • 1966 Maulana Karenga establishes Kwanzaa (1st fruits of harvest) holiday

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Jimi Hendrix writes "Purple Haze" backstage at the Upper Cut Club

Rock Guitarist Jimi Hendrix
Rock Guitarist
Jimi Hendrix
  • 1967 BBC broadcasts "Magical Mystery Tour"
  • 1967 Dave Brubeck Quartet formally disbands
  • 1968 Arab terrorists in Athens fire on El Al plane, kills 1
  • 1968 Jay Allens "Forty Carats" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Led Zeppelin's concert debut in Denver as opener for Vanilla Fudge
  • 1968 Bruin Ted Green sets NHL penalty record of 3 minors, 2 majors & 2 game misconducts in a game against NY Rangers in NY's Madison Square Garden
  • 1973 Horror film "The Exorcist" starring Linda Blair & rated X, premieres - 1st horror film to be nominated for Best Picture
  • 1973 2 Skylab 3 astronauts walk in space for a record 7 hours
  • 1973 Soyuz 13 returns to Earth
  • 1974 Washington Capitals 1st NHL sellout
  • 1975 1st supersonic transport service (USSR-Tupolev-144)
  • 1975 A crowd of 85661 attends the 1st day of the Aust-WI MCG Test Cricket
  • 1975 5th Fiesta Bowl: #7 Arizona State beats #6 Nebraska, 17-14
  • 1976 "Music Is" closes at St James Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • 1976 The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded.
  • 1976 AFC Championship Game: Oakland Raiders beat Pittsburgh Steelers 24-7
  • 1976 NFC Championship Game: Minnesota Vikings beat Los Angeles Rams 24-13
  • 1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 India's former Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi is released from jail

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1979 Soviet Special forces take over presidential palace in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  • 1980 Aeroflot puts the Ilyushin Il-86 into service.
  • 1980 10th Fiesta Bowl: #10 Penn State beats #11 Ohio State, 31-19
  • 1981 One of the great day's Test Cricket at the MCG Aust v WI
  • 1982 TIME's Man of the Year is a computer
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 Test Cricket debut of Gregory Richard John Matthews, v Pakistan MCG
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Test Cricket debut of Steve Waugh, v India at the MCG
  • 1986 Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed
  • 1986 Doug Jarvis, 31, sets NHL record of 916 consecutive games
  • 1986 TV soap "Search for Tomorrow" ends 35 year run

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Mark Messier is suspended for 10 games for instigating a fight with Jamie Macoun and breaking his cheekbone

NHL Legend Mark Messier
NHL Legend
Mark Messier
  • 1987 "Les Miserables" opens at National Theatre of Iceland, Reykjavik
  • 1988 "Legs Diamond" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 64 performances
  • 1988 Anti African student rebellion in China PR
  • 1989 ODI debut for Mark Taylor & Sanath Jayasuriya at cricket MCG
  • 1990 Garry Kasparov beats Antatoly Karpov to retain chess championship
  • 1990 Reggie Williams becomes 1st GM of WLAF's NY-NJ Knights
  • 1990 Senior Professional Baseball Association folds
  • 1991 Chuck Knolls retires as NFL coach after 23 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Jack Ruby's gun sells for $220,000 in auction

Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald Jack Ruby
Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald
Jack Ruby
  • 1991 Militant Sikhs kill 55 & wound 70 in India
  • 1991 NY Islander Derek King ties NJ Devils 5-5 with ½ second left
  • 1992 NY Jet announcer Marty Glickman retires at 75
  • 1993 Antonov-26 crashes at Gyumri, Armenia, 36 killed
  • 1993 Floyd, Nicklaus & Rodriguez wins Wendy's 3-Tour Challenge Golf Tourn
  • 1994 French commandos terminate Air France hijacking in Marseille
  • 1995 Muttiah Muralitharan no-balled for throwing (SL v Aust, MCG)
  • 1995 Paul Adams becomes South Africa's youngest Test Cricket player, 18 yrs 340 days
  • 1996 Start of the largest strike in South Korean history.
  • 1996 The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification goes into force.
  • 1996 Six-year-old beauty queen JonBenét Ramsey is found beaten and strangled in the basement of her family's home in Boulder, Colorado.
  • 1997 The Soufriere Hills volcano on the island of Montserrat explodes, creating a small tsunami offshore.
  • 1998 Iraq announces its intention to fire upon U.S. and British warplanes that patrol the northern and southern no-fly zones.
  • 1998 Severe gales over Ireland, northern England, and southern Scotland cause widespread disruption and widespread power outages in Northern Ireland and southern Scotland.
  • 1999 Severe weather in France kills over 100 people and causes extensive damage to property, trees and the French national power grid (see Lothar).
  • 2001 Crude oil prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) record one of their largest 1-day jumps of the year as traders become convinced that OPEC will follow through on production cuts
  • 2003 A magnitude 6.6 earthquake devastates southeast Iranian city of Bam, killing tens of thousands and destroying the citadel of Arg-é Bam.
  • 2004 A 9.3 magnitude earthquake creates a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and many other areas around the rim of the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people.
  • 2005 Boxing Day shooting on a busy shopping street in Toronto.
  • 2006 The 2006 Hengchun earthquake with 7.1 magnitude hit Taiwan.
  • 2012 China opens the world’s longest high speed rail route from Beijing to Guangzhou
  • 2015 Floods in Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay displace 150,000, blamed on El Nino