Historical Events on 3rd December

  • 741 St Zachary begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Gregory III
  • 1347 Pope Clemens VI declares Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo as heretics
  • 1557 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
  • 1586 Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England from Colombia
  • 1639 1st annulment by court decree passes
  • 1676 Battle of Lund (Scanian War): Swedish army of 8,000 defeats much larger joint Danish/Dutch force of 13,000
  • 1678 Edmund Halley receives MA from The Queen's College, Oxford
  • 1685 Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1694 English parliamentary election set for every 3 years
  • 1699 Baron Jacob Hop appointed treasurer-general of the Hague
  • 1730 Colley Cibber is appointed British Poet Laureate under George II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1736 Astronomer Anders Celsius takes measurements that confirm Newton's theory that the earth was an ellipsoid rather than the previously accepted sphere

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Astronomer
Anders Celsius
  • 1775 First official US flag raised (Grand Union Flag) aboard naval vessel USS Alfred
  • 1818 Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1828 Andrew Jackson elected 7th US President

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1833 Oberlin College in Ohio, the first truly coeducational college, opens
  • 1834 First US dental society organized (NY)
  • 1835 First US mutual fire insurance company issues first policy (Rhode Island)
  • 1844 RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of his newspaper "North Star"

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1854 Eureka Stockade: In what is claimed by many to be the birth of Australian democracy, more than 20 goldminers at Ballarat, Victoria, Australia are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Confederate General James Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • 1864 Skirmish at Thomas' Station, Georgia
  • 1866 Paid fire dept replaces volunteer companies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 1st blacks on US trial jury appointed for Jefferson Davis trial

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1878 Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel
  • 1881 Henry Morton Stanley founds Leopoldville (now Kinshasa)
  • 1883 48th US Congress (1883-85) convenes
  • 1901 Milwaukee is dropped from the AL & replaced by St Louis Browns
  • 1903 Panglima Polim surrenders to Capt Colijn at Atjeh
  • 1907 George Cohan's musical "Talk of the Town" premieres in NYC
  • 1908 Edward Elgar's 1st Symphony in A premieres
  • 1910 Neon lights first publicly displayed (Paris Auto Show)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Willis Carrier presents his influencial "Rational Psychrometric Formulae" on air conditioning to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • 1912 Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
  • 1912 Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • 1912 First Balkan War: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place.
  • 1914 Dutch army opens fire on interned Belgian soldiers: 8 killed
  • 1915 General Joseph Joffre becomes Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies
  • 1917 After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic.
  • 1917 The Supreme Allied War Council, meeting at Versailles to define war aim, fails to reach an agreement
  • 1920 Turkey & Armenia agree to peace treaty
  • 1921 9th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Edmonton Eskimos, 23-0
  • 1922 First successful technicolor movie (Tall of the Sea), shown in NYC
  • 1923 First Congressional open session broadcast via radio (Wash DC)
  • 1926 Manchester Guardian (German Reichswehr/Red Army work together)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Detective novelist Agatha Christie mysteriously disappears for 11 days

Novelist Agatha Christie
Novelist
Agatha Christie
  • 1929 Boston Bruins begins then NHL record 14 game winning streak
  • 1930 Airborn chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley, Belgium)
  • 1930 Otto Ender forms Austrian government
  • 1930 Richard Rodgers/L Hart's musical "Evergreen" premieres in London
  • 1931 Alka Seltzer goes on sale
  • 1932 20th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Regina Roughriders, 25-6
  • 1932 Gen Kurt von Schleicher becomes chancellor of Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Connie Mack sells Mickey Cochrane to Det Tigers for $100,000

Baseball Legend Connie Mack
Baseball Legend
Connie Mack
  • 1933 Joe Lilliard QBs Chic Cardinals; last NFL black until 1946
  • 1934 Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
  • 1934 KYW-AM in Chicago Ill moves to Phila Penn
  • 1938 AAUs decides to continue linear measuring system over metric
  • 1939 Dmitri Shostakovich's 6th Symphony premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Hitler views Poltava, Ukraine

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 9th Heisman Trophy Award: Angelo Bertelli, Notre Dame (QB)
  • 1943 Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1943 Howard Hanson's 4th Symphony premieres

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • 1944 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • 1944 Hungarian death march of Jews ends
  • 1944 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • 1944 NFL Cardinals-Pitts merger disolves
  • 1944 US 5th Armoured division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
  • 1944 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists.
  • 1944 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1946 12th Heisman Trophy Award: Glenn Davis, Army (HB)
  • 1946 US government asks UN to order dictator Franco out of Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Tennessee Williams' "Streetcar Named Desire" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1948 "Pumpkin Papers" come to light (claimed to be from Alger Hiss)
  • 1948 1st US woman army officer not in medical corps sworn in

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Don Bradman scores his last century, 123 in his own testimonial

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1948 Chinese refugee ship "Kiangya" explodes in E China Sea killing 1,100
  • 1949 KRLD (now KDFW) TV channel 4 in Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (CBS) begins
  • 1949 14th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 14-13 in Birmingham
  • 1950 Cleveland Browns last NFL team with no-pass game (beat Phila 13-7)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Paul Harvey begins his national radio broadcast

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • 1950 Cleveland Browns' Horace Gillom sets club record with 12 punts
  • 1952 1st TV broadcast in Hawaii
  • 1952 Marcos Perez Jiménez elected president of Venezuela
  • 1953 "Kismet" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 583 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Eisenhower criticizes McCarthy for saying communists are in the Republican Party

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1953 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovitch' 5th String Quartet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Samuel Barber's "Prayers of Kierkegaard" premieres

Composer Samuel Barber
Composer
Samuel Barber
  • 1954 William Walton's opera "Troilus & Cressida" premieres in London
  • 1955 KTVE TV channel 10 in Monroe-El Dorado, LA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Bitain and France pull troops out of Egypt
  • 1956 KFSA (now KFSM) TV channel 5 in Ft Smith, AR (CBS) 1st broadcast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Wilt Chamberlain's 1st collegiate basketball game (scores 52)

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • 1957 23rd Heisman Trophy Award: John Crow, Texas A&M (HB)
  • 1958 Indonesian parliament accepts nationalisation of Dutch businesses
  • 1959 State of emergency in Cyprus ends
  • 1960 "Camelot" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 873 performances
  • 1960 Frederick Loewe/Alan Jay Lerner's "Camelot" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 Anton Geesink becomes 1st non-Japanese judo world champion
  • 1961 The Beatles meet future manager Brian Epstein
  • 1961 George Blanda of Houston Oilers kicks 55-yard field goal
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 Edith Spurlock Sampson sworn-in as 1st US black female judge
  • 1962 Pravda criticizes western art
  • 1962 1963 NFL Draft: Terry Baker from Oregon State first pick by Los Angeles Rams
  • 1964 KHQL (now KCAN) TV channel 8 in Albion, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 Police arrests 800 sit-in students at University of California at Berkeley
  • 1965 The Beatles begin final UK concert tour in Glasgow
  • 1965 USSR launches Luna 8; it crashes on the Moon
  • 1966 US performs underground nuclear test at Hattiesburg, Miss
  • 1966 31st Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 31-0 in Birmingham
  • 1967 1st human heart transplant performed (Dr Christian Barnard, South Africa)
  • 1967 Derek Clayton runs world record marathon (2:09:36.4)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Fomrer Indonesian president Sukarno placed under house arrest

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 1967 Final run of "20th Century Limited" famed NY-Chicago luxury train

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Assassination attempt made on Bob Marley and others during concert rehearsals in Jamaica

Reggae Musician Bob Marley
Reggae Musician
Bob Marley
  • 1968 Pitcher's mound drops from 15" to 10" & strike zone reduced from knees to shoulders to top of knees to armpits, to help hitters
  • 1968 NBC Elvis comeback special airs
  • 1969 John Lennon is offered role of Jesus Christ in Jesus Christ Superstar
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US President Richard Nixon commutes Jimmy Hoffa's jail term

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1971 Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: India invades West Pakistan and a full scale war begins claiming hundreds of lives.
  • 1972 Convair 990A charter crashes in Tenerife Canary Island, 155 die
  • 1973 Pioneer 10 passes Jupiter (1st fly-by of an outer planet) [Dec 4-GMT]
  • 1975 Laos falls to communist forces; Lao People's Democratic Rep proclaimed
  • 1976 Patrick J Hillery elected President of Ireland
  • 1978 "King of Hearts" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 48 performances
  • 1978 Pat Bradley/Lon Hinkle wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
  • 1979 11 trampled to death at Who concert in Cincinnati
  • 1979 45th Heisman Trophy Award: Charles White, Southern Cal (RB)
  • 1979 Christies auctions a thimble for a record $18,400
  • 1979 Iran accepts constitution
  • 1979 Shadow Traffic begins broadcasting in the New York City metropolitan area.
  • 1980 NY Federal jury finds Reps Thompson D-NJ & Murphy, D-NY, guilty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Beth Daniel/Tom Kite win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic

LPGA Golfer Beth Daniel
LPGA Golfer
Beth Daniel
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 1st NJ Devil hat-trick (Steve Tambellini) defeat Hartford 5-4
  • 1982 35.7 cm rainfall at Big Fork, Arkansas (state record)
  • 1982 77°F highest December temperature ever recorded in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1982 NJ Devils 1st hat trick (Steve Tambellini)
  • 1982 Tommy Hearns wins WBC Welterweight title in decision over Benitez
  • 1982 "Frances" film depicting life of actress Frances Frances and starring Jessica Lange, first released in the US
  • 1983 "Marilyn: An American Fable" closes at Minskoff NYC after 16 performances
  • 1983 49th Heisman Trophy Award: Mike Rozier, Nebraska (RB)
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1983 48th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 23-20 in Birmingham
  • 1984 Union Carbide pesticide plant leak of methyl isocyanate and other toxic compounds in Bhopal, India, kills 2,259 (official figure) - other estimates as high as 16,000 (including later deaths) and over half a million injured
  • 1985 23rd Shuttle Mission (61-B)-Atlantis 2-lands at Edwards AFB

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 7th ACE Cable Awards: Shelley Duvall wins the Golden CableACE for "Faerie Tale Theatre"

  • 1986 Sri Lanka all out 55 v WI in one-dayer Walsh 5-1 in 4 3 overs
  • 1988 54th Heisman Trophy Award: Barry Sanders, Oklahoma State (RB)
  • 1988 NY Lotto pays $45 million to twelve winner (#s are 1-8-13-18-28-48)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Pat Bradley/Bill Glasson win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic

LPGA Golfer Pat Bradley
LPGA Golfer
Pat Bradley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George H. W. Bush, declare the Cold War over

General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Mikhail Gorbachev
US President George H. W. Bush
US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1990 NL batting champ Willie McGee signs as a free agent with SF Giants

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Hulk Hogan defeats Undertaker to become 4th time WWF champion

WWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan
WWF Wrestler
Hulk Hogan
  • 1991 Muslim Shi'ites release US hostage Alan Steen
  • 1991 White House Chief of Staff John Sununu resigns
  • 1992 UN Security Council votes unanimous for US led forces to enter Somalia
  • 1992 The Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, carrying 80,000 tonnes of crude oil, runs aground in a storm while approaching La Coruña, Spain, and spills much of its cargo.
  • 1994 3rd SEC Championship Game: #6 Florida beats #3 Alabama, 24-23
  • 1995 "Company" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 68 performances
  • 1995 "Holiday" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 49 performances
  • 1995 84th Davis Cup: USA beats Russia in Moscow (3-2)
  • 1995 Beth Daniels/Davis Love III wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
  • 1995 Jack Russell takes 11 catches in Test Cricket v South Africa, a record
  • 1995 Naeem Akhtar takes 10-28 for Rawalpindi B against Peshawar
  • 1995 Northwestern South Carolina begins using new area code 864
  • 1997 "1776" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC
  • 1997 Golden State Warrior guard Latrell Sprewell, four-year, $32 million, contract terminated for attacking his coach P J Carlesimo
  • 1999 NASA loses radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander moments before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere.
  • 2005 XCOR Aerospace makes first manned rocket aircraft delivery of US Mail in Mojave, California.
  • 2005 14th SEC Championship Game: #13 Georgia beats #3 LSU, 34-14
  • 2005 1st ACC Championship Game: #22 Florida State beats #5 Virginia Tech, 27-22
  • 2005 10th Big 12 Championship Game: #2 Texas beats Colorado, 70-3
  • 2006 95th Davis Cup: Russia beats Argentina in Moscow (3-2)
  • 2007 Devastating winter storms caused the Chehalis River to flood many cities in Lewis County, Washington, also closing a 20-mile portion of Interstate 5 for several days. At least eight deaths and billions of dollars of damaged are blamed on the floods.
  • 2011 20th SEC Championship Game: #1 LSU beats #16 Georgia, 42-10
  • 2011 7th ACC Championship Game: #21 Clemson beats #5 Virginia Tech, 38-10
  • 2014 Darren Wilson, the police officer who shot dead unarmed black teenager Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, resigns
  • 2014 Australian Rugby star David Pocock is arrested after protesting against a coal mine under construction in an Australian national forest
  • 2014 Protests erupt in cities across the US after a grand jury decides not to charge the NY police officer who killed Eric Garner with a choke-hold
  • 2015 US Defense Secretary Ash Carter announces all combat roles in US armed forced will be opened to women