Historical Events on 5th December
All Events Birthdays
Events 1 - 200 of 201
63 BC - Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations.
663 - Fourth Council of Toledo takes place.
771 - Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.
1082 - Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated.
1301 - Pope Boniface VIII's degree Ausculta fili (only nominee)
1349 - 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacre during Black Death riots
1360 - The French Franc is created.
1408 - Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow.
1448 - Bishop Jona of Moscow chosen as metropolitan of Kiev/Intoxication
1456 - Earthquake strikes Naples; about 35,000 die
1492 - Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)
1496 - Jews are expelled from Portugal by order of King Manuel I
1590 - Niccolo Sfondrati chosen as Pope Gregory XIV
1602 - Giulio Caccini's "Euridice" premieres in Florence
1717 - Blackbeard ransacks the merchant sloop "Margaret" and keeps her captain, Henry Bostock, prisoner for 8 hours before releasing him. Bostock would later provide the first recorded of Blackbeard's appearance, with specific reference to his "very black beard", providing the source for his name
Pirate Blackbeard 1741 - -6] Russian princess Elisabeth Petrovna grabs powers
1746 - Revolt in Genoa against Spanish rule.
1757 - Battle of Leuthen: Prussian army beats Austrians
1766 - London auctioneers Christie's hold their first sale
1775 - At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1776 - First US fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William & Mary College), forms
1792 - George Washington re-elected as US president
1798 - Dutch troops occupy Hasselt
1804 - Thomas Jefferson re-elected US President, George Clinton Vice President
1813 - Lübeck surrenders to allied armies
1815 - Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
1830 - Hector Berlioz' "Symphonique Fantastique" premieres in Paris
3rd US President Thomas Jefferson 1831 - Former US President John Q Adams takes his seat as a member of House of Representatives
1832 - Andrew Jackson re-elected President of US
1835 - - 10th: Assault on Mexican-held San Antonio by Texan rebels
1837 - Hector Berlioz' "Requiem" premieres
1837 - Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
1840 - Napoleon Bonaparte receives a French state funeral in Paris 19 years after his death
1846 - C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive
1847 - Jefferson Davis is elected to the US senate, his first political post.
1848 - President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California
1854 - Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair
1859 - Dion Boucicault's "Octaroon" premieres in NYC
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis 1862 - Battle of Coffeeville, MS
1865 - Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
1868 - 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)
1876 - Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench
1876 - Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death
1879 - 1st automatic telephone switching system patented
1881 - 47th Congress (1881-83) convenes
1887 - Stanley's expedition reaches plateau at Lake Albert Congo
1890 - Berlioz' opera "Les Troyens" premieres in Karlsruhe
1892 - Anti-semite Hermann Ahlwardt elected to Germany's Reichstag
1892 - Sir John Thompson becomes the fourth Prime Minister of Canada.
1893 - 1st electric car (built in Toronto) could go 15 miles between charges
1894 - Georges Feydeaus' "L'hôtel du libre échange" premieres in Paris
1896 - Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer" premieres in Leipzig
1905 - Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes UK PM
4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson 1906 - British government of Balfour resigns
1908 - 1st US football uniform numerals used (University of Pittsburgh)
1912 - The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
1914 - 6th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats U of Toronto, 14-2
1914 - The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
1917 - Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians on the western end of their line, around Asiago
1918 - Oil refinery on Curacao opens
1920 - Pro football playoff game Akron & Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
1920 - Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
1924 - Hamilton Tiger Red Green scores 5 goals to beat Tor Maple Leafs 10-5
1925 - 13th CFL Grey Cup: Ottawa Senators defeats Win Tammany Tigers, 24-1
1925 - German government of Luther falls
1926 - Sergei Eisenstein's "Battleship Potemkin" debuts
1928 - England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane
1928 - MW Miklas elected president of Austria
1929 - 1st US nudist organization (American League for Physical Culture, NYC)
1931 - CFL Grey Cup: Mtl AAA beats Regina, 22-0 at Montreal
Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein 1932 - German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America
1933 - 21st Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, 18th Amendment (Prohibition of alcohol) repealed (5:32 PM EST)
1935 - First commercial hydroponics operation established (Montebello, California)
1935 - National Council of Negro Women forms by Mary McLeod Bethune (NYC)
1936 - 24th CFL Grey Cup: Sarnia Imperials defeats Ottawa Rough Riders, 26-20
1936 - Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
1941 - Football Writers Association of America organized
1941 - Patrick Hamilton's "Angel Street" premieres in NYC
1941 - Russian anti offensive in Moscow drives out nazi army
1941 - Sister Elizabeth Kenny new treatment for infantile paralysis approved
1941 - US aircraft carrier Lexington and 5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor
1942 - CFL Grey Cup: Tor beats Win RCAF, 8 -5 at Toronto
1942 - Seyss-Inquart orders students in nazi-Germany to work
1942 - West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland
1943 - NFL Phila Eagle-Pitts Steeler merger disolves
1944 - German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
1945 - "Lost Squadron" crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle)
1945 - Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl
33rd US President Harry Truman 1946 - US President Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808
1947 - Joe Louis beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1948 - NY Giant Charley Conerly sets NFL record of 36 pass completions
1949 - Ezzard Charles defeats Jersey Joe Walcott for heavyweight boxing title
1950 - Ezzard Charles KOs Nick Barone in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
1950 - Sikkim becomes a protectorate of India
1952 - -8] worst smog in London ever, 4-8,000 die
1954 - KTEW (now KJRH) TV channel 2 in Tulsa, OK (NBC) begins broadcasting
1955 - AFL & CIO merge, with George Meany as president
1955 - Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks
1955 - The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merge and form the AFL-CIO.
1956 - Thornton Wilder's "Matchmaker" premieres in NYC
Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks 1957 - William Inge's "Dark at the Top of the Stairs" premieres in NYC
1957 - NYC is first US city to legislate against racial or religious discrimination in housing market (Fair Housing Practices Law)
1957 - President Sukarno of Indonesia expels all Dutch people.
1958 - Phils drop plans for NY sportcast as Yanks threat to do same in Phila
1958 - WTOL TV channel 11 in Toledo, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the UK by Queen Elizabeth II when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh.
1958 - The Preston bypass, the UK's first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.
1959 - Intikhab Alam bowls Colin McDonald with 1st ball in Tests
1960 - Ghana drops diplomatic relations with Belgium
1964 - Vietnam War: for his heroism in battle earlier in the year, Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the war.
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II 1966 - "I Do! I Do!" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 561 performances
1967 - The Beatles' clothing store "Apple" opens at 94 Baker Street, London
1967 - Benjamin Spock & Allen Ginsberg arrested protesting against Vietnam war
1968 - Rolling Stones release "Beggar's Banquet" LP
1969 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1970 - LA Rams Willie Ellison sets NFL record of 247 yards rushing
1970 - Stanley Cup, Conn Smythe Trophy & Bill Masterson Trophy stolen from NHL hall of fame
1970 - Premiere of Dario Fo's Morte accidentale di un anarchico.
1971 - KCBJ (now KMIZ) TV channel 17 in Columbia, MO (ABC) 1st broadcast
1971 - Libya nationalizes British Petroleum concession
1972 - 38th Heisman Trophy Award: Johnny Rodgers, Nebraska (FL)
1972 - Australia Labour party wins parliamentary election
1972 - Joseph A Walker's "River Niger" premieres in NYC
Pediatrician Benjamin Spock 1973 - Cubs' Ron Santo became 1st baseball player to veto his trade
1973 - Dodgers trade Willie Davis to Expos for relief pitcher Mike Marshall
1973 - Paul McCartney & Wings release album "Band on the Run"
1974 - 1st Wash Cap penalty shot, Tom Williams unsuccessful vs Buff Sabres
1974 - 1st World Football League Bowl, Birmingham Americans beat Florida
1974 - Airport terminal roof in Teheran collapses killing 17
1974 - Final episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus airs on BBC TV
1974 - NFL's Seattle Seahawks forms
1974 - Oliver Tilden Triangle in the Bronx named
1974 - Tom Williams is unsuccessful on Wash Capitals 1st NHL penalty shot
1974 - Birmingham Americans defeat the Florida Blazers 22-21 in the WFL's World Bowl
1975 - "Me & Bessie" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 453 performances
Musician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartney 1975 - NASA launches space vehicle S-196, it failed
1976 - Buffalo Bill OJ Simpson rushes 203 yards
1977 - Egypt breaks dipl relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & S Yemen
1978 - Free agent Pete Rose signs 4-year, $32 million contract with Phillies becoming highest paid baseball player
1978 - Pioneer Venus 1 begins orbiting Venus
1978 - Sam Shepard's "Buried Child" premieres in NYC
1978 - Islanders took 28 shots in 1 period vs Penguins Penguins' Ross Lonsberry failed on 7th penalty shot against Islanders
1979 - Ireland premier Jack Lynch resigns
1980 - Bank of Canada's Canadian Currency Museum opens
1981 - 47th Heisman Trophy Award: Marcus Allen, Southern Cal (RB)
1981 - 56th Australian Women Tennis: Navratilova beats Chris Evert (67 64 75)
1981 - France performs nuclear test
Tennis Legend Chris Evert 1982 - Cleveland Browns' Brian Sipe sets club record with 33 pass completions
1982 - Herschel Walker of Georgia wins Heisman Trophy
1982 - Ingrid Berghmans (Neth) retains judo's world championship
1982 - Mel Gray ends NFL streak of 121 consecutive game receptions
1982 - Seattle Univ Baptist Ch declares sanctuary for Cen Am refugees
1982 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1983 - 12 killed by a car bomb shattering 9-story building in west Beirut
1983 - LA Dodger pitcher Steve Howe is suspended for 1 year for cocaine use
1983 - ICIMOD established and inaugurated with its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal, and legitimised through an Act of Parliament in Nepal in the same year.
1984 - A's trade Rickey Henderson to Yankees for Jay Howell & Jose Rijo
1984 - French colonies killed 10 Kanaken in New Caledonia
1984 - Yankees trade catcher Rick Cerone to Braves for pitcher Brian Fisher
MLB Outfielder Rickey Henderson 1985 - Dow Jones Industrial Average rose above 1,500 level for 1st time
1985 - Great Britain performs nuclear test
1985 - Sam Shepard's "Lie of the Mind" premieres in NYC
1987 - 53rd Heisman Trophy Award: Tim Brown, Notre Dame (WR)
1987 - David Boon's 5th Test Cricket century, 143 v NZ at Brisbane
1987 - Schonbrunn skates world record 3 km ladies (4:16.76)
1988 - NC federal grand jury indict PTL founder Jim Bakker on fraud & conspiracy
1988 - Shuttle Atlantis launches world's 1st nuclear-war-fighting satellite
1989 - France TGV train reaches world record speed of 482.4 kph
1990 - Blue Jays trade F McGriff & T Fernandez to SD for R Alomar & J Carter
1990 - Former Noriega aide Luis del Cid pleads guilty
1990 - Salman Rushdie, author, ordered to death by Iran for blasphemy, appears in public for 1st time in 2 years
1990 - Iraq announces willingness to speak with US about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis
1991 - "Catskills on Broadway" opens at Lunt-Fontanne NYC for 452 perfs
1991 - Charles Keating Jr (Lincoln Savings & Loan fraud), found guilty
1991 - NY Daily News files for protection under chapter 11
1993 - "Timon of Athens" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 37 performances
1993 - 82nd Davis Cup: Germany beats Australia in Dusseldorf (4-1)
1993 - Astronauts begin repair of Hubble telescope in space
1993 - Melissa Mcnamara/Mike Sopringer wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1993 - Rafael Caldera elected president of Venezuela
1993 - The mayor of Wien (Vienna), Helmut Zilk, is wounded by a letter bomb.
1995 - The Sri Lankan government announces the conquest of Tamil stronghold of Jaffna.
1996 - "Dreams & Nightmares" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC
1996 - Players union approves new collective bargaining agreement
1996 - Portland's Jermaine O'Neal, 18, becomes youngest NBA player
1997 - 1st Game at Wash Capitals' MCI Center vs Fla Panthers
1997 - STS 87 (Columbia 24) lands
1999 - 88th Davis Cup: Australia beats France in Nice (3-2)
Film Director Peter Jackson 2002 - "The Two Towers" 2nd Lord of the Rings film directed by Peter Jackson and starring Elijah Wood and Ian McKellen premieres in New York
2004 - 93rd Davis Cup: Spain beats USA in Seville (3-2)
2005 - The Lake Tanganyika earthquake causes significant damage, mostly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
2005 - The Civil Partnership Act comes into effect in the United Kingdom, and the first civil partnership is registered there.
2006 - Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji.
2006 - Greg Maddux signs a one-year deal with the San Diego Padres worth $10 million
2007 - Westroads Mall massacre: A gunman opens fire with a semi-automatic rifle at an Omaha, Nebraska mall, killing eight people before taking his own life.
2008 - Human remains previously found in 1991 are finally identified by Russian and American scientists as those of Tsar Nicholas II.
NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal OJ Simpson 2008 - OJ Simpson is sentenced to 33 years in prison for kidnapping and armed robbery
2010 - 99th Davis Cup: Serbia beats France in Belgrade (3-2)
2012 - 8 people are killed and 12 injured by a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in South Korea
2012 - In his Autumn Statement, Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne cuts the UK growth forecast for 2013 to 1.2% from the 2% forecast in the budget
— Historical Events on this Day —