Historical Events on 9th December

  • 536 Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
  • 656 Battle of Kameel: Kalief Al ibn Abu Talib beats rebellion
  • 1212 Frederick II (later also Holy Roman Emperor) crowned King of Germany in Mainz.
  • 1315 Swiss Woudsteden renews Eternal Covenant (Oath Society)
  • 1425 Pope Martinus V forms University of Leuven
  • 1570 The Geuzen (a confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under Herman de Ruyter occupies Loevestein
  • 1625 Netherlands & England sign military treaty
  • 1640 Settler Hugh Bewitt banished from Mass colony when he declares himself to be free of original sin
  • 1658 Dutch troops occupy harbor city Quilon (Coilan) India
  • 1688 King James II's wife & son flee England for France
  • 1724 Colley Cibber's play "Caesar in Egypt" premieres in London
  • 1738 Jews are expelled from Breslau Silesia
  • 1747 Great Britain & Netherlands sign military treaty
  • 1762 British parliament accepts Treaty of Paris
  • 1783 First execution at Newgate Jail in London, relocated from Tyburn (now the site of Marble Arch)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793 Noah Webster establishes NY's 1st daily newspaper, the "American Minerva"

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Lexicographer
Noah Webster
  • 1805 Comet 3D/1805 V1 (Biela) approaches within 0.0366 AUs of Earth
  • 1824 Battle of Ayacucho (Candorcangui), Peru defeats Spain
  • 1842 Mikhail Glinka's opera "Russlan and Ludmilla" premieres in Petersburg
  • 1851 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America (Montreal)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1854 Alfred Tennyson's poem "Charge of the Light Brigade" published

  • 1856 The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
  • 1861 Battle of Bird Creek, Indian Terr (High Shoal, Chusto-Talasah)
  • 1861 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1868 1st British government of Gladstone forms
  • 1868 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • 1869 Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
  • 1878 Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500
  • 1883 New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902)
  • 1884 Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate
  • 1889 President Harrison visits opening of Chicago Auditorium
  • 1894 Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
  • 1897 Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.
  • 1899 Boer War: During Seige of Ladysmith, Boers storm King's Post and Caesar's Camp - driven back
  • 1900 President Paul Kruger of South Africa's Transvaal & Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands have a triumphant procession
  • 1902 AL announces purchase of grounds for a stadium in NY
  • 1903 Norwegian parliament votes unanimiously for female suffrage
  • 1905 French Assembly National votes for separation of church & state
  • 1905 Richard Strauss' opera "Salome" premieres in Dresden
  • 1906 NY American reports Belgian King Leopold II bribed US Senate commission on the Congo
  • 1907 First Christmas Seals sold (Wilmington, Delaware, post office)
  • 1907 Gustav Mahler departs Vienna
  • 1908 The German Reichstag adopts a progressive social law restricting hours of factory work by young people and women
  • 1909 1st US monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, NY)
  • 1910 French troops occupy Morrocan harbor city Agadir
  • 1913 Heavyweight Jack Johnson-Jim Johnson fight to no decision in Paris
  • 1913 John K Tener becomes president of baseball's National League
  • 1917 British forces under General Allenby capture Jerusalem
  • 1918 French troops occupies Mainz
  • 1922 Gabriel Narutowicz elected Polish president
  • 1922 15th Women's Australasian Championships (1st for women): Margaret Molesworth beats Esna Boyd (6-3, 10-8)
  • 1922 15th Australasian Championships: James Anderson beats Gerald Patterson (6-0, 3-6, 3-6, 6-3, 6-2)
  • 1924 Netherlands & Hungary trade treaty signed
  • 1924 Michael Hainisch re-elected Austrian president
  • 1925 AL extends Ban Johnson's contract to 1935 & raise to $40,000
  • 1925 Pro football a hit in NYC; Grange & Bears beat Giants before 73,000
  • 1926 USGA leagalizes steel shaft golf clubs
  • 1931 Benn W Levy's "Springtime for Henry" premieres in NYC
  • 1931 Japanese army attacks Chinese province of Jehol
  • 1931 Spain becomes a republic
  • 1931 Baseball cuts squad from 25 to 23 players & NL continues to prohibit uniform numbers
  • 1933 21st CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Sarnia Imperials, 4-3
  • 1933 Romania prohibits fascist Iron Guard
  • 1934 NY Giants defeat Chicago Bears 30-13 for NFL championship
  • 1935 Walter Liggett American newspaper editor and muckraker killed in gangland murder.
  • 1935 1st Heisman Trophy Award: Jay Berwanger, Chicago (HB)
  • 1936 AL OKs night baseball for St Louis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Australia all out 58 v England, Bradman out for a duck

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1938 1939 NFL Draft: Ki Aldrich from TCU first pick by Chicago Cardinals
  • 1939 27th Grey Cup: Winnipeg Blue Bombers defeats Ottawa Rough Riders, 8-7
  • 1939 Russian air raid on Helsinki
  • 1939 1940 NFL Draft: George Cafego from University of Tennessee first pick by Chicago Cardinals
  • 1940 British assault on Benghazi, Libya: first major allied offensive in North Africa
  • 1940 Illeagal Jewish immigrants to Haifa are deported to Mauritius
  • 1940 South Australia all out for 47 v NSW, O'Reilly 5-11
  • 1941 1st US WW II bombing mission in Far East, Luzon, Philippines
  • 1941 300 Montgomery, SF opens as new Bank of America HQ
  • 1941 7th Heisman Trophy Award: Bruce Smith, Minnesota (HB)
  • 1941 China declares war on Japan, Germany & Italy
  • 1941 Citizen Register reports "Hostile planes reported nearing Westchester"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Hitler orders US ships are to be torpedoed

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1948 UN General Assembly unanimously approves Convention on Genocide
  • 1949 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Indonesian sovereignty
  • 1949 NFL merges Cleveland Browns, SF '49ers & Balt Colts from AAFC
  • 1951 West German voters approve merger of 3 states to form Baden-Wurttemberg
  • 1953 General Electric announces all Communist employees will be fired
  • 1953 Mont Canadiens (106) & Toronto Maple Leafs (98) get 204 penalty mins
  • 1954 Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed honored guest of Royal Swedish Academy of Music
  • 1957 1st Japanese ambassador to Israel
  • 1958 Robert H W Welch Jr & 11 other men meet in Indianapolis to form anti-Communist John Birch Society
  • 1960 1st broadcast of "Coronation Street" on British ITV
  • 1961 "From the Second City" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 87 performances
  • 1961 "Let It Ride" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 68 performances
  • 1961 SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) Adolf Eichmann found guilty of war crimes in Israel
  • 1961 Tanganyika gains independence from Britain, takes name Tanzania
  • 1962 "I Can Get It For You Wholesale" closes on Broadway
  • 1962 Tanganyika becomes a republic within British Commonwealth
  • 1963 Frank Sinatra Jr is kidnapped

Music releaseMusic Recording

1964 John Coltrane's Quartet records their greatest work "A Love Supreme" at Van Gelder Studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey

Jazz Musician John Coltrane
Jazz Musician
John Coltrane
  • 1965 "A Charlie Brown Christmas" premieres
  • 1965 Frank Robinson is traded from Cincinnati to the Orioles
  • 1965 Nikolai Podgorny replaces Anastas Mikoyan as president of Soviet Praesidium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Jim Morrison arrested on stage for disturbing the peace

Rocker Jim Morrison
Rocker
Jim Morrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Nicolae Ceaușescu becomes President (dictator) of Romania; overthrown in 1989

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1968 KRNE TV channel 12 in Merriman, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 NLS (a system for which hypertext and the computer mouse were developed) is publicly demonstrated for the first time in San Francisco.
  • 1968 Terence O'Neill, Northern Ireland Prime Minister, makes a television appeal for moderate opinion in what became known as the 'Ulster stands at the Crossroads' speech
  • 1968 The Derry Citizen's Action Committee (DCAC) calls for a halt to all marches and protests for a period of one month
  • 1970 Dutch Antilles: government of Petronia falls
  • 1970 OPEC meeting in Caracas establishes 55 percent as minimum tax rate and demands that posted prices be changed to reflect changes in foreign exchange rates
  • 1971 Lewis F Powell Jr appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1973 "Pajama Game" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 65 performances
  • 1973 Bruno Sammartino beats Stan Stasiak in NY, to become WWF champ
  • 1973 St Louis Cardinal Jim Bakken kicks 6 field goals vs Atlanta Falcons
  • 1973 Sunningdale Agreement in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Arab oil ministers announce a further production cut of 5 percent for January for non-friendly countries
  • 1974 Dow Jones index hits 570.01
  • 1974 Jack Brisco beats Giant Baba in Tokyo, to become NWA wrestling champ
  • 1974 Johnson Grigsby freed after 66 years in jail in Indiana
  • 1975 Jelena Bonner receives Andrei Sacharov's Nobel Prize

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford signs $2.3 Bn loan authorization for NYC

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Iraq completes nationalization by taking over the BP, CFP, and Shell shares of the Basrah Petroleum Company
  • 1978 Pioneer Venus 2 drops 5 probes into atmosphere of Venus
  • 1978 1st game of Women's Pro Basketball League (WBL), Chicago Hustle vs Milwaukee Does
  • 1979 Murle Breer/Dave Eichelberger wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
  • 1980 61°F in Boston at 1 AM
  • 1981 Porn star John Holmes charged with Laurel Canyon murders
  • 1983 US Attorney General Edwin Meese says people go to soup kitchens "...because food is free & that's easier than paying for it"
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 Iranian commandos end day hijack of Kuwaiti plane
  • 1984 LA Ram Eric Dickerson rushes 215 yards for season record 2,105 yards
  • 1984 Vicki Alvarez/Mike McDonald wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic

Sport awardTennis Open

1984 73rd Men's Australian Open: Mats Wilander beats Kevin Curren (6-7, 6-4, 7-6, 6-2)

Tennis Player and Seven-Time Major Champion Mats Wilander
Tennis Player and Seven-Time Major Champion
Mats Wilander

Sport awardTennis Open

1984 73rd Women's Australian Open: Chris Evert-Lloyd beats Helena Sukova (6-7, 6-1, 6-3)

Tennis Legend Chris Evert
Tennis Legend
Chris Evert

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Jerry Rice begins NFL streak of 100+ consecutive games with a reception

NFL Wide Receiver Jerry Rice
NFL Wide Receiver
Jerry Rice
  • 1985 Phoenix, Arizona, gets 3" of snow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Larry Bird ends streak of 59 consecutive free throws

NBA Legend Larry Bird
NBA Legend
Larry Bird
  • 1987 Palestine uprising begin in Israeli-occupied West Bank
  • 1988 NY Yankees sign 12-year television contract with MSG for $500M
  • 1988 The Michael Hughes Bridge in Sligo, Ireland is officially opened.
  • 1988 Premiere of fact based crime drama film "Mississippi Burning"
  • 1989 "Les Miserables" opens at Princess Theatre, Melbourne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Betsy King wins Itoman LPGA World Match Play Golf Championship

LPGA Golfer Betsy King
LPGA Golfer
Betsy King
  • 1990 Gunda Niemann skates ladies world record 3k ladies (4:10.80)
  • 1990 Houston scores most points against Cleveland, Oilers 58, Browns 14
  • 1990 Lech Walesa wins presidental election in Poland
  • 1990 NFL NY Giant Otis Anderson becomes 8th to rush for 10,000th yard
  • 1990 23rd NAACP Image Awards: "Coming to America" wins Outstanding Motion Picture

Music awardsMusic Awards

1991 2nd Billboard Music Awards: Michael Jackson & Whitney Houston win

Singer and actress Whitney Houston
Singer and actress
Whitney Houston
King of Pop Michael Jackson
King of Pop
Michael Jackson

Music awardsMusic Awards

1992 3rd Billboard Music Awards: Garth Brooks, Ropin' The Wind win

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Garth Brooks
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Garth Brooks
  • 1992 Cincinnati Reds owner Marge Schott apologizes for racist remarks
  • 1992 Operation Restore Hope - US Marines land in Somalia
  • 1992 Sri Lanka's third-ever Test Cricket victory (v NZ by 9 wkts)
  • 1992 NJ Devils organization announces that it will change its colors to black, red, & white for the 1992-93 season
  • 1993 "My Fair Lady" opens at Virginia Theater NYC for 165 performances
  • 1993 Ivory Coast Premier Ouattara resigns
  • 1994 5m meteor 1994 XM1 passes within 100,000 km of Earth
  • 1994 US Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders resigns after comments about masturbation
  • 1995 61st Heisman Trophy Award: Eddie George, Ohio State (RB)

Film release premierFilm Premier

1997 "Tomorrow Never Dies", 18th James Bond film starring Pierce Brosnan and Michelle Yeoh, premieres in London

  • 2003 A blast in the center of Moscow kills six people and wounds several more.

Film release premierFilm Release

2005 "Brokeback Mountain", starring Heath Ledger and Jake Gyllenhaal, is released

  • 2006 Moscow suffers its worst fire since 1977, killing 45 women in a drug rehabitational center.
  • 2006 72nd Heisman Trophy Award: Troy Smith, Ohio State (QB)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2008 The Governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, is arrested by federal officials for a number of alleged crimes including attempting to sell the United States Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama's election to the Presidency

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2012 13 people are killed and 10 are injured after a bus rolls of a cliff and falls 100 meters in Taiwan
  • 2012 6 people are killed and 41 are injured after a bus plunges 30 metres down a gorge in Guatemala
  • 2012 Incumbent Ghanaian president John Mahama wins the general election amidst allegations of fraud
  • 2012 The Social Liberal Union Party and Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta win by a landslide in the parliamentary elections
  • 2012 Juan Manuel Márquez knocks out Manny Pacquiao in round six for the WBO light welterweight title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Mike Ditka's #89 jersey is retired by the Chicago Bears

NFL Head Coach Mike Ditka
NFL Head Coach
Mike Ditka
  • 2014 CIA Torture Report released, detailing the CIA's use of torture on detainees between 2001-2006
  • 2015 Attack on Kandahar airport by Taliban forces kills at least 37 before Afghan forces retake control
  • 2015 Amazon's best-selling book of the year is "Girl on a Train" by Paula Hwakins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 German Chancellor Angela Merkel named Time Magazine's Person of the Year, for her handling of debt and refugee crises

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel