Historical Events on 19th February

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

197 Lucius Septimius Severus' army beats Clodius Albinus at Lyon

Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Roman Emperor
Septimius Severus
  • 356 Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples
  • 607 Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 842 Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstated the veneration of icons in the churches
  • 1512 French troops under Gaston de Foix occupy Brescia
  • 1537 Weavers of Leiden, Netherlands, strike
  • 1539 Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1574 Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp, Netherlands
  • 1582 Francis of Valois becomes duke of Brabant
  • 1594 Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
  • 1600 The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America.
  • 1634 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • 1674 Netherlands & England sign Peace of Westminster (NYC becomes English)
  • 1700 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1736 George Frideric Handel's "Alexander's Feast" premieres

  • 1771 Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)
  • 1797 One third of papal domain ceded to France
  • 1803 US Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
  • 1807 British squadron under Admiral Duckworth attempts to force passage of Dardanelles
  • 1807 VP Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later acquitted
  • 1819 British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III.
  • 1825 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • 1831 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Penn
  • 1846 Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • 1852 The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1856 Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
  • 1861 Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [NS=Mar 3]
  • 1864 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington, D.C. (12 members)
  • 1869 US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1878 Thomas Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1881 Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
  • 1884 Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky & In kill 800 people
  • 1900 British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
  • 1906 WK Kellogg & Ch Bolin found Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Co (later Kelloggs)
  • 1910 English premiere of Richard Strauss' "Elektra"

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1910 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is freed from her first periods of forced isolation and goes on to cause several further outbreaks of typhoid in the New York area

  • 1913 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • 1913 Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
  • 1914 Riccardo Zandonai's opera "Francesco da Rimini" premieres in Turin
  • 1915 British fleet opens fire on Dardanelles coast

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1919 Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois (Paris)

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1920 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • 1922 Ed Wynn becomes 1st talent to sign as a radio entertainer
  • 1923 Jean Sibelius' 6th Symphony premieres
  • 1923 Philip Barry's "You & I" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 General strike against British occupiers in Shanghai
  • 1928 2nd Winter Olympic games close at St Moritz, Switzerland
  • 1928 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
  • 1929 Medical diathermy machine 1st used, Schenectady, NY

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1932 William Faulkner completes his novel "Light in August"

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1933 Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers
  • 1934 US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
  • 1935 Clifford Odets' "Awake & Sing" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 Manuel Azaña becomes Spanish premier
  • 1938 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
  • 1941 Nazi police attacked & driven away from Koco, Amsterdam (by young Jews)
  • 1941 Nazi raid Amsterdam & round up 429 young Jews for deportation
  • 1942 About 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin
  • 1942 Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ
  • 1942 Dutch actors protest obligatory membership of Culture Chamber

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1942 FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Timor
  • 1942 Tommy Dorsey & his orchestra recorded "I'll Take Tallulah"
  • 1942 NY Yankees annouce 5,000 uniformed soldiers admitted free at each of their upcoming home games
  • 1943 German tanks under brig gen Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass Tunesia
  • 1944 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • 1945 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated

Person-of-interestRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines

  • 1946 Giants outfielder Danny Gardella is 1st major leaguer to announce he is jumping to the "outlaw" Mexican League
  • 1947 CBS radio premiere of Villa-Lobos' "Bachianas Brasilieras No 3"
  • 1949 "Inside USA" closes at Century Theater NYC after 339 performances

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1949 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound

  • 1949 Mass arrests of communists in India
  • 1950 Ground-breaking ceremony held for Mississippi Vocational College (later Mississippi Valley State University)
  • 1952 French offensive at Hanoi
  • 1953 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • 1953 William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect
  • 1956 Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
  • 1958 Carl Perkins leaves Sun Records for Columbia Records
  • 1959 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
  • 1959 Gabon adopts its constitution
  • 1959 USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), NM
  • 1960 Bil Keane's "Family Circus" cartoon strip debuts
  • 1960 Protest strike in Poznan, Poland
  • 1961 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • 1961 Henk van der Grift (Neth) becomes world champ all-round skater
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1963 Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1963 USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 UK flies ½ ton of The Beatles wigs to the US
  • 1965 NFL adds 6th official
  • 1967 Stien Kaiser becomes world champion lady's skater
  • 1968 1st US Teachers strike (Florida)
  • 1969 1st Test flight of Boeing 747 jumbo jet
  • 1970 AL Cy Young winner Denny McLain suspended for bookmaking
  • 1970 USSR launches Sputnik 52 & Molniya 1-13 communications satellite

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1971 Paul McCartney releases "Another Day" in UK

Musician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartney
Musician & member of the Beatles
Paul McCartney
  • 1971 Walt Wesley becomes 1st Cleve Cavalier to score 50 pts in a game
  • 1972 Glenn Turner carries his bat for 223* v WI at Kingston
  • 1972 The Asama-Sanso hostage standoff begins in Japan.
  • 1974 1st American Music Awards: Helen Reddy & Jim Croce win
  • 1976 Frente Polisario forms Democratic Republic of Sahara
  • 1977 19th Grammy Awards: This Masquerade, Starland Vocal Band
  • 1977 A's sell pitcher Paul Lindblad to the Rangers for $400,000
  • 1977 Doug Walters scores 250 v NZ, 217 stand for 7th wicket w/Gilmour
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1977 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st Test flight atop a 747 jetliner
  • 1978 "On the 20th Century" opens at St James Theater NYC for 460 performances
  • 1978 Brigitte Kraus runs world record 1000 m indoor (2:34.8)
  • 1978 Coleman, Comden & Green's musical premieres in NYC
  • 1978 20th Daytona 500: Bobby Allison wins (159.73 MPH)
  • 1980 Botham a century & 13 wickets in Jubilee Test Cricket at Bombay
  • 1980 Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 1000m in 1:15.18

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1981 George Harrison is ordered to pay ABKCO Music $587,000 for "subconscious plagiarism" "My Sweet Lord" with "He's So Fine"

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
Singer-Songwriter
George Harrison
  • 1982 Hanneke Jagersma installed as Neth's 1st Communist mayor
  • 1982 Sharie Langford, California, sets women's bowling series record of 853
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 Fernando Valenzuela wins his salary arbitration of $1 million
  • 1983 Vladimir Salnikov (USSR) sets 400 m free style swimming record
  • 1984 "Doonesbury" closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 104 performances
  • 1984 14th winter Olympic games close at Sarajevo, Yugoslavia
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 1st brother combo to win Gold & Silver in same event at Olympics (Phil & Steve Mahre-Slalom)
  • 1984 26th Daytona 500: Cale Yarborough wins (150.994 MPH)
  • 1985 150 killed when a Spanish jetliner crashed approaching Bilbao, Spain
  • 1985 ADM of Amsterdam declares bankruptcy
  • 1985 Canned & bottled Cherry Coke introduced by Coca-Cola
  • 1985 Mickey Mouse welcomed in China
  • 1985 William Schroeder is 1st artificial heart patient to leave hospital He spent 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Ky
  • 1986 King Hussein of Jordan severs ties with PLO
  • 1986 US Senate ratifies UN's anti-genocide convention 37 years later
  • 1986 USSR launches Mir space station into Earth orbit
  • 1987 "Stardust" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 102 performances
  • 1987 Anti-smoking ad airs for 1st time on TV, featuring Yul Brynner: he died of smoking-induced lung cancer on 10th October 1985
  • 1987 Less than a month after re-signing, A's pitcher Vida Blue retires
  • 1987 Minnesota sheriff's office arrest FBI's most wanted, Thomas G. Harrelson

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1987 US President Reagan lifts trade boycott against Poland

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1988 Helga Arendt, Silke-Beate Knoll, Mechthild Kluth, Gisela Kinzel walk indoor female world record 4x200m (1:32.55)
  • 1989 "Legs Diamond" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 64 performances
  • 1989 Edgar Bowers wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1989 31st Daytona 500: Darrell Waltrip wins (148.466 MPH)
  • 1990 Police kill 8 demonstrators for multi party system in Nepal
  • 1990 Soyuz TM-9 lands
  • 1992 Ken Ludwig's musical "Crazy For You" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 1622 performances
  • 1992 Peter Collins discovers nova Cygni 1992
  • 1992 Porn producer Jim Mitchell found guilty of killing his brother Artie
  • 1993 Kenya Moore, 22, (Michigan), crowned 42nd Miss USA
  • 1994 Marta Figueras-Dotti wins Cup o' Noodles Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
  • 1995 1st broadcast of "Woman of Independent Means" on NBC-TV
  • 1995 Irina Privalova runs indoor woman's European record 200m (22.10 sec)
  • 1995 Kenneth Koch wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1995 Linford Christie runs world record 200m indoor (20.25 sec) and European record 60m indoor (6.47 sec)
  • 1995 Michael Tippett's "Rose Lake," premieres
  • 1995 37th Daytona 500: Sterling Marlin wins (141.71 MPH)
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in York PA on WQXA 105.7 FM
  • 1997 FCC makes available 311 for non-emergency calls & 711 for hearing or speech-impaired emergency calls
  • 1998 Soyuz TM-26 lands
  • 1998 US hockey team destroys their rooms at Olympic village in Japan
  • 2001 An Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial.
  • 2002 NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
  • 2004 Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a "lifetime of service to humanity."
  • 2006 55th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 122-120 at Houston
  • 2006 48th Daytona 500: Jimmie Johnson wins (142.667 MPH)
  • 2006 59th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "Brokeback Mountain" Best Film, Ang Lee Best Director
  • 2007 Three Salvadoran deputies to the Central American Parliament and their driver are murdered in Guatemala.
  • 2008 Toshiba announces its formal recall of its HD DVD video formatting, ending the format war between it and Sony's Blu-Ray Disc
  • 2012 44 people killed in prison brawl in Apocada, Mexico, between two rival drug cartels
  • 2013 12 people are killed and 11 are injured after a Yemeni Air Force plane crashes in Sana'a
  • 2014 BRIT Awards: David Bowie, Ellie Goulding and Arctic Monkeys win
  • 2014 Death toll in Ukraine reaches 26 after Government crackdown on protesters