Historical Events on 23rd February

Event of interestEvent of Interest

303 Roman Emperor Diocletian begins his policy of persecuting Christians, razing the church at Nicomedia

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor
Diocletian
  • 1455 Johannes Gutenberg prints his first Bible (estimated date)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1540 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado's expedition sets off from Mexico in search of the 7 cities of Cibola

Explorer and Conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
Explorer and Conquistador
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
  • 1574 France begins 5th "holy war" against Huguenots
  • 1660 Charles XI becomes king of Sweden
  • 1668 Fire in the Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued
  • 1672 Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam
  • 1689 Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England
  • 1778 Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
  • 1792 Joseph Haydn's 94th Symphony in G premieres
  • 1792 Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Mass
  • 1820 Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
  • 1821 College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
  • 1822 Boston, Massachusetts, is incorporated as a city
  • 1836 Alamo besieged for 13 days until 6th March by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed
  • 1846 Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1847 Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • 1854 Great Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • 1861 Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
  • 1869 Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
  • 1870 Mississippi is readmitted to US
  • 1874 Major Walter Clopton Winfield patents a game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
  • 1883 Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • 1883 American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1886 Aluminum manufacturing process developed
  • 1886 London Times publishes world's 1st classified ad
  • 1886 Tsjaikovski's symphony "Manfred" premieres
  • 1887 Congress grants Seal Rocks to SF
  • 1887 French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
  • 1892 1st college student government forms at Bryn Mawr Penn

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1895 Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)

Cyclist and Speed Skater Jaap Eden
Cyclist and Speed Skater
Jaap Eden
  • 1895 William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
  • 1896 Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
  • 1898 In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1900 Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1900 Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay
  • 1903 The US and Cuba sign an agreement by which Cuba releases Guantanamo and Bahia Hondo to the US for naval stations
  • 1903 The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
  • 1904 United States acquires control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
  • 1904 Having occupied Korea, Japan signs a treaty with Korea under which it becomes a Japanese protectorate in return for Japanese protection from other powers
  • 1905 First Rotary Club formed by 4 men in the Unity Building, Chicago

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1906 Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart in 20 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Tommy Burns
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Tommy Burns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet

  • 1910 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance" premieres in London

  • 1915 Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
  • 1915 Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
  • 1916 Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
  • 1916 French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun
  • 1918 First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1921 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco
  • 1923 German Republic day with laws against worker
  • 1923 Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 US President Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FRC)

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1934 Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1934 Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
  • 1936 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1938 Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1939 Lou Thesz beats Everett Marshall in St Louis, to win National Boxing Association world heavyweight title for 2nd time

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1939 11th Academy Awards: "You Can’t Take It With You", Spencer Tracy & Bette Davis wins

  • 1940 Russian troops conquer Lasi Island
  • 1940 Walt Disney's animated movie "Pinocchio" released
  • 1941 Plutonium was first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
  • 1942 Japanese submarine fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, Calif
  • 1943 Gen-Maj Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
  • 1943 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
  • 1944 Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
  • 1945 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • 1945 Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
  • 1945 Operation Grenade: Gen Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 US Marines raise the flag on Iwo Jima, later a famous photo and Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Gen Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170M in aid for European Jews

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1950 7th Golden Globes: All the King's Men, Broderick Crawford, & Olivia de Havilland win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 1st mass inoculation against polio with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1954 Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
  • 1955 Edgar Faure forms French government
  • 1956 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow
  • 1956 13th Golden Globes: East of Eden, Ernest Borgnine, & Anna Magnani win
  • 1957 "Mr Wonderful" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 383 performances
  • 1957 The founding congress of the Senegalese Popular Bloc is opened in Dakar.
  • 1958 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels
  • 1958 Arturo Frondizi elected President of Argentina
  • 1958 Last Municipal arc light, Mission & 25th removed (installed in 1913)
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1959 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
  • 1959 KVIE TV channel 6 in Sacramento-Stockton, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Charlie Finley signs a 4 year lease to keep A's in Kansas City
  • 1964 6th Daytona 500: Richard Petty wins (154.334)
  • 1965 Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president
  • 1966 Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government
  • 1966 Premier Milton Obote siezes power in Uganda
  • 1967 25th amendment (US Presidential succession) adopted
  • 1967 John Herbert's "Fortune & Men's Eyes" premieres in NYC
  • 1967 Ted Workman replaces Senator Keith Davey as CFL commissioner
  • 1967 US troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Wilt Chamberlain becomes 1st NBAer to score 25,000 points

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • 1969 Nayif Hawatimah forms Dem People's Front for Liberation of Palestine
  • 1969 WWVU (now WNPB) TV channel 24 in Morgantown, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1969 11th Daytona 500: LeeRoy Yarbrough wins (157.95 MPH)
  • 1970 Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1970 Holy Eucharist given by women for 1st time in Roman Catholic service
  • 1971 Boston Bruins begin 13 NHL game win streak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 George Harrison is fined & his driving license is suspended for 1 year

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
Singer-Songwriter
George Harrison
  • 1971 Lt Calley confessed & implicates Captain Medina
  • 1973 Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London
  • 1974 Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Confessions of an Orthodontist"
  • 1975 Amy Alcott wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
  • 1975 In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.
  • 1976 Owners announce spring training won't open without a labor contract
  • 1978 20th Grammy Awards: Hotel California, Fleetwood Mac, Debbie Boone wins
  • 1979 "Sarava" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 140 performances
  • 1979 Frank Peterson Jr named 1st black general in Marine Corps
  • 1979 George Harrison releases "George Harrison" album
  • 1980 13th Winter Olympic games close at Lake Placid, NY
  • 1980 Eric Heiden wins all 5 speed skating golds at Lake Placid Olympics
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1980 Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-mil-gallon spill
  • 1981 People mag features drug ordeal of Mackenzie & Papa John Phillips
  • 1981 Spanish coup under lt-col Antonio Tejero Molina fails
  • 1982 Michael Frayn's "Noises Off" premieres in London
  • 1983 25th Grammy Awards: Roxanna, Toto IV, Men at Work wins
  • 1983 USFL NJ Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker (3 years-$5 mil)
  • 1983 The Spanish Socialist government of Felipe González and Miguel Boyer nationalizes Rumasa, a holding of José María Ruiz Mateos.
  • 1983 The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.
  • 1985 Indiana basketball coach Bobby Knight throws a chair during a game
  • 1985 US Senate confirms Edwin Meese III as Attorney General

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Goaltender Patrick Roy makes his NHL debut for the Montreal Canadiens

NHL Goalie and Coach Patrick Roy
NHL Goalie and Coach
Patrick Roy
  • 1986 Despite losing, Red Sox Wade Boggs gets largest arbitration ($1.35M)
  • 1986 Mary Beth Zimmerman wins LPGA Standard Register/Samaritan Golf Classic
  • 1986 Nelli Fiere-Cooman runs world record 60 m indoor (7.00 sec)
  • 1987 Dick Howser retires from managing KC Royals, due to brain tumor
  • 1987 Russian Writers Union accepts Boris Pasternak posthumous as member
  • 1987 Supernova 1987A in LMC 1st seen; 1st naked-eye supernova since 1604
  • 1988 Chicago gives Cubs right to install lights & play up to 18 night games
  • 1988 Yvonne van Gennip skates female record 3k (4:11.94)
  • 1990 Ian Smith 173* NZ v India, 136 balls, world record for no 9 bat
  • 1991 Greg Haugen scores a split decision over Hector "Macho" Camacho
  • 1991 Military coup in Thailand, Premier Choonhaven arrested
  • 1991 NC is 1st NCAA basketball team to win 1,500 games
  • 1991 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Orix Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
  • 1991 US insists Iraq publicly announce it is leaving Kuwait by 12 PM EST
  • 1992 16th Winter Olympic games closes in Albertville, France
  • 1992 Andy Flower scores 115* on ODI debut, Zimbabwe v Sri Lanka
  • 1992 World Cup scoreline Zimbabwe 4-312, Sri Lanka 7-313
  • 1992 The Socialist Labour Party is founded in Georgia.
  • 1993 Gary Coleman wins $1,280,000 lawsuit against parents for high fees
  • 1993 India complete a 3-0 series drubbing of England
  • 1993 Sacramento Gold Miners admitted as CFL's 9th franchise (1st US team)
  • 1994 Indians owner Richard Jacobs announces he will pay $10 million to name baseball field (Jacobs Field) at Gateway (becomes official 3/23)
  • 1995 "Uncle Vanya" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 29 performances
  • 1995 Antoine Nduwayo appointed Premier of Burundi
  • 1995 Dow Jones closes above 4,000 for 1st time (4,003.33)
  • 1996 Mark Waugh scores 130 in World Cup vs Kenya, 207 w/brother Steve
  • 1996 Rajindra Dhanraj takes 9-97 for Trinidad against Leeward Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 "Trainspotting" directed by Danny Boyle based on the book by Irvine Welsh, starring Ewan McGregor, Robert Carlyle and Jonny Lee Miller opens in cinemas in the UK and Ireland

  • 1997 Ali Abu Kamal opens fire in Empire State Building & kills 1
  • 1997 Jeff Sluman wins Tucson Golf Classic
  • 1997 NBC TV shows "Schindler's List" completely uncensored, 65M watch
  • 1997 Scientists in Scotland announce they have cloned an adult mammal, producing a lamb named "Dolly"
  • 1998 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Charleston SC on WAVF 96.1 FM
  • 1998 US Supreme Court lets Megan's Law stand
  • 1998 Tornadoes in Florida kills at least 31

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Osama bin Laden publishes a fatwa declaring jihad against all Jews and Crusaders.

Islamic Militant & Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant & Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 1999 Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan is charged with treason in Ankara, Turkey.
  • 1999 An avalanche destroys the Austrian village of Galtür, killing 31.

Music releaseAlbum Release

1999 Hip Hop artist Eminem releases his first major record album 'The Slim Shady LP' (Grammy 2000 - Rap album)

Rapper Eminem
Rapper
Eminem

Music awardsMusic Awards

2000 42nd Grammy Awards: Smooth, Christina Aguilera wins

  • 2001 32nd NAACP Image Awards: "Remember the Titans" wins Outstanding Motion Picture

Music awardsMusic Awards

2003 45th Grammy Awards: Don't Know Why, Norah Jones wins

Singer & Pianist Norah Jones
Singer & Pianist
Norah Jones
  • 2003 49th National Film Awards (India): "Dweepa" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 2003 56th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The Pianist" Best Film, Roman Polanski Best Director

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2005 Slovakia Summit 2005 begins, marking the first occasion when a sitting American President visits Slovakia; George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin are in attendance.

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2005 Vote of the controversial French law on colonialism, repealed start of 2006.
  • 2006 Dubai Ports World agrees to postpone its plans to take over management of six U.S. ports after the proposal ignited harsh bipartisan criticism on Capitol Hill.
  • 2007 Japan launches its fourth spy satellite, stepping up its ability to monitor potential threats such as North Korea.
  • 2007 A train derails on an evening express service near Grayrigg, Cumbria, England, killing one person and injuring 22. This results in hundreds of points being checked over the UK after a few similar accidents.
  • 2008 a B-2 Spirit of the USAF crashes at Guam. The crew survived but the aircraft was written off, making it the most expensive air crash in human history (the aircraft alone cost $1.2Bn). The B-2 had a perfect safety record before the crash; not one B-2 ever crashed.
  • 2008 28th Golden Raspberry Awards: "I Know Who Killed Me" wins
  • 2010 Unknown criminals pour more than 2.5 million litres of diesel oil and other hydrocarbons into the river Lambro, in Northern Italy, causing an environmental disaster.
  • 2011 Venezuela's economy grew 0.6% in the last quarter of 2010, technically leaving the recession after six quarters, it is reported today
  • 2012 A series of bomb attacks across 12 Iraqi cities kills 60 and injures 200
  • 2013 51 people are killed and 62 are injured in conflict between rival tribes in Darfur, Sudan
  • 2013 33rd Golden Raspberry Awards: The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn - Part 2 wins
  • 2014 A pro-Euromaidan rally is held in Simferopol, Ukraine, while in Kerch, protesters attempt to replace the Ukrainian flag from city hall with a Russian flag
  • 2014 56th Daytona 500: Dale Earnhardt, Jr. wins (145.29 MPH)
  • 2014 22nd Winter Olympic Games close at Sochi, Russia

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2016 US primary elections: Nevada Republican Primary - Donald Trump wins with 45.9.5%

Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump