Historical Events on February 3

  • 1377 Mass execution of population (between 2,500 and 5,000) of Cesena, Italy, by Breton troops of Giovanni Acuto under the command of Robert, Cardinal of Geneva, acting as the legate of Pope Gregory XI
  • 1451 Sultan Mehmed II, the Conqueror inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1488 Bartolomeu Dias discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)

Portuguese Explorer Bartolomeu Dias
Portuguese Explorer
Bartolomeu Dias
  • 1509 The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
  • 1576 Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris
  • 1591 German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau
  • 1653 Cardinal Mazarin returns to Paris from exile
  • 1660 General Monck's army reaches London
  • 1740 Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
  • 1743 Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
  • 1752 Dutch States-General forbids export of windmills
  • 1781 Dutch West Indies island of St Eustatia taken by British
  • 1783 Spain recognizes US independence
  • 1807 A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.
  • 1809 Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • 1815 World's first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
  • 1825 Dutch North Sea coast floods
  • 1830 The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol.
  • 1834 Wake Forest University is established.
  • 1836 Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)
  • 1844 Hector Berlioz' "Carnaval Romain" premieres in Paris
  • 1855 Wisconsin Supreme Coutt declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
  • 1860 Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st US superintendent of agriculture

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Samuel Clemens first uses the pen name Mark Twain in a Virginia City newspaper, the "Territorial Enterprise"

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain
  • 1864 Sherman's march through Mississippi
  • 1865 Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse
  • 1867 Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
  • 1869 Booth Theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
  • 1870 US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
  • 1876 Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, & football
  • 1882 Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
  • 1887 To avoid disputed national elections, the US Congress creates Electoral Count Act
  • 1892 Russia closes down the Volozhin Yeshiva, a Lithuanian talmudical college
  • 1894 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched at Bath, Maine
  • 1895 Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)
  • 1900 Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
  • 1900 Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
  • 1901 Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilië on Sumatra
  • 1903 Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
  • 1908 Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act
  • 1908 Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
  • 1913 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • 1913 Golden/Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl" premieres in NYC
  • 1915 Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal
  • 1916 Canada's original Parliament buildings in Ottawa burn down
  • 1916 Tristan Tzara publishes the Dada manifesto in Zurich, Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 US liner Housatonic is sunk by German submarine, on the same day that US President Woodrow Wilson breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1918 Twin Peaks Tunnel for streetcars begins service in San Francisco, at 11,920 feet one of world's longest
  • 1919 Herbert/Blossom's musical "Velvet Lady" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 Socialist conference convenes (Berne, Switzerland)
  • 1919 The Bolshevik army is defeated in a series of clashes with the White Russians, who are fighting to reclaims the government after the 1917 revolution
  • 1923 The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
  • 1924 Alexei Ryko elected as President of People's commission (succeeds Lenin)
  • 1927 Uprising against regime of general Carmona in Portugal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black reports his findings on the ancient human fossils found at Zhoukoudian, China in the journal Nature and declares them to be a new species he names 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Davidson Black
  • 1929 Revolutionary Socialist Party forms in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 William Howard Taft resigns as US chief justice for health reasons

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1930 The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • 1931 The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258
  • 1933 1st interstate legislative conference in US opens, Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 German Minister Hermann Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Don Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th cricket test v England

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1938 Paul Osborn's "On Borrowed Time" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 US Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets minimum wages & maximum hours
  • 1942 1st Japanese air raid on Java
  • 1942 Baseball owners agree to permit each club up to 14 night games in 1942
  • 1943 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
  • 1944 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • 1945 Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
  • 1945 Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released
  • 1947 -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)
  • 1947 1st black reporter in US Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)
  • 1947 Bradman bowled by Alec Bedser for a duck in 4th Test Cricket
  • 1948 Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US
  • 1950 Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spying charges
  • 1951 "Victor Borge Show" debuts on NBC TV
  • 1951 Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time
  • 1951 Largest purse to date in horse racing, $144,323, won by Great Circle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Tennessee Williams' "Rose Tattoo" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1953 J Fred Muggs, a chimpanzee, becomes a regular on NBC's Today Show
  • 1954 Jeen van den Berg wins Dutch Eleven Cities Skating race (7:32)
  • 1956 Autherine Lucy admitted to University of Alabama, suspended 2/7 after a riot
  • 1956 Toni Sailor becomes 1st Olympic skier to sweep 3 alpine events
  • 1957 Patty Berg wins LPGA Havana Golf Open
  • 1958 Royal Teens' "Short Shorts" enters Top 40 chart & peaks at #3
  • 1959 American Airlines Electra crashes in NY's East River, killing 65

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 "The Day the Music Died" plane crash kills musicians Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, J. P. Richardson and pilot near Clear Lake Iowa.

Singer-songwriter Buddy Holly
Buddy Holly

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan makes his famous "wind of change" speech in Africa, against the apartheid regime, angering South African politicians

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan

Film release premierFilm Premier

1960 "La Dolce Vita" directed by Federico Fellini and starring Marcello Mastroianni and Anita Ekberg has its film premiere in Italy

Actress Anita Ekberg
Anita Ekberg
Film director, Scriptwriter Federico Fellini
Film director, Scriptwriter
Federico Fellini
  • 1961 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4" (44.2cm))
  • 1962 John Uelses pole vaults record 489 cm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US President John F. Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational
  • 1964 "Meet the Beatles" album goes Gold
  • 1964 Black & Puerto Rican students boycott NYC public schools
  • 1965 105 USAF cadets resigned for cheating in exams
  • 1965 Geraldine McCullough wins Widener Gold Medal for Sculpture
  • 1965 Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km)
  • 1965 Braves offer Milwaukee $500,000 to terminate their lease a year earlier, the proposal is turned down
  • 1966 1st operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched US
  • 1966 1st soft landing on Moon (Soviet Luna 9)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 "Purple Haze" recorded by Jimi Hendrix

Rock Guitarist Jimi Hendrix
Rock Guitarist
Jimi Hendrix
  • 1967 Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.
  • 1969 "Canterbury Tales" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 122 performances
  • 1969 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill announces the dissolution of the Stormont parliament and the holding of new elections
  • 1971 KTSC TV channel 8 in Pueblo-Colorado Spgs, CO (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1971 A series of house searches by the British Army in Catholic areas of Belfast, resulting in serious rioting and gun battles
  • 1971 OPEC mandates "total embargo" against any company that rejects 55 percent tax rate
  • 1972 11th Winter Olympic games opens in Sapporo, Japan (1st in Asia)
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 Dr Hook's "Cover of "Rolling Stone"" enters Top 40 & peaks at #6
  • 1974 "Pajama Game" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 65 performances
  • 1974 Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Burdine's Golf Invitational
  • 1975 Billy Herman, Earl Averill, & Bucky Harris elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1976 26th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 123-109 at Philadelphia
  • 1977 Martin Dihigo John Lloyd elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1978 Australia beat India 3-2 on 6th day of final test, after India are all out for 445 chasing 493 to win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat and US President Jimmy Carter discuss the Middle East peace process in Washington, D.C.

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1979 "YMCA" by Village People peaks at #2 on pop singles chart
  • 1979 Minnesota Twins trade Rod Carew to California for 4 players
  • 1979 US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
  • 1979 US male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1980 Larry Holmes TKOs Lorenzo Holmes in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

WBC Heavyweight Champion Larry Holmes
WBC Heavyweight Champion
Larry Holmes
  • 1980 Mohammed Ali tours Africa as President Carter's envoy
  • 1980 30th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 144-136 (OT) at Landover, Maryland
  • 1981 Australia beats NZ 3-1 to win cricket's World Series Cup
  • 1981 Gro Harlem Brundtland elected premier of Norway
  • 1982 Columbia Shuttle moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating for STS-3 mission
  • 1982 Greatest helicopter lift, 56,888 kg, Podmoscovnoe, USSR
  • 1982 John Sharples of England finishes 371 hours of disco dancing
  • 1982 Porn star John Holmes ordered to stand trial for murder
  • 1983 US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners
  • 1984 10th Space Shuttle Mission (41B)-Challenger 4 launched
  • 1985 "Harrigan 'n Hart" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 1985 Joanne Carner wins LPGA Elizabeth Arden Golf Classic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 US President Ronald Reagan announces formation of commission of enquiry on Challenger Accident

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1986 OPEC fails to agree upon a petroleum production agreement after a 2 day meeting in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 The Pope and Mother Teresa meet in Calcutta

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1987 Expos trade Jeff Reardon to Twins for Neal Heaton
  • 1987 SD Yacht Club celebrates return of America's Cup
  • 1988 Nurses across the UK strike over pay and funding for the NHS
  • 1989 Baseball's National League announces Yanks' broadcaster Bill White will its 1st African American President
  • 1989 Military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay
  • 1989 Start 1st Test Cricket, NZ v Pak, washed out

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Darryl Strawberry voluntarily enters Smither Center for Alcohol rehabilitation

Baseball Player Darryl Strawberry
Baseball Player
Darryl Strawberry
  • 1990 Jockey Billy Shoemaker (58), retires after 40,350 horse race
  • 1990 14th Commonwealth Games close in Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1991 Meg Mallon wins Oldsmobile LPGA Golf Classic
  • 1991 NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 23-21

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Defense opens calling Noriega "our ally in war on drugs"

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1992 Labor strike at Royal Canadian Mint ends
  • 1992 Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $300 per week
  • 1993 Cincinnati Reds owner Marge Schott suspended for 1 year due to racist comments
  • 1993 General Hospital's Tristan Rogers convicted of drunk driving

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Federal trial of 4 police officers charged with civil rights violations in videotaped beating of Rodney King begins in LA Calif

Victim of Police Violence Rodney King
Victim of Police Violence
Rodney King
  • 1994 "Les Miserables" opens at Kallang Theatre, Singapore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 President Bill Clinton lifts US trade embargo against Vietnam

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1994 STS-60 (Discovery) launches into orbit
  • 1995 STS 63 (Discovery 19), launches into orbit
  • 1997 Carl Sagan Public Memorial at Ithaca NY
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Detroit MI on WKRK 97.1 FM

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Florida Panther Dino Ciccarelli is 9th NHLer to score 600 career goals

NHL Star Dino Ciccarelli
NHL Star
Dino Ciccarelli
  • 1998 NY Yankees replace general manager Bob Watson with Brian Cashman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Stamps commemorating Diana, Princess of Wales, go on sale in Britain

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer
  • 1998 US military plane clips cable car lines in northern Italy, kills 20
  • 1998 Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, former teacher, violates probation with 14 year-old father of her baby
  • 1998 Karla Faye Tucker is executed in Texas becoming the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.
  • 1998 Cavalese cable car disaster: 20 people killed after NATO aircraft severs a cable car line
  • 1999 In Jammu and Kashmir the political party Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir) is revived.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002 Super Bowl XXXVI: New England Patriots beat St. Louis Rams, 20-17 at the Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans MVP: Tom Brady, New England, QB

NFL Quarterback Tom Brady
NFL Quarterback
Tom Brady
  • 2005 51st National Film Awards (India): "Shwaas" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 2007 A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.
  • 2008 Super Bowl XLII: New York Giants beat New England Patriots, 17-14 at the University of Phoenix Stadium MVP: Eli Manning, New York, QB
  • 2011 All available blocks of IPv4 internet addresses are officially distributed to regional authorities.
  • 2013 33 people are killed by a suicide bombing by an explosive-packed truck in Kirkuk, Iraq
  • 2013 Super Bowl XLVII: Baltimore Ravens beat San Francisco 49ers, 34-31 at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome MVP: Joe Flacco, Baltimore, QB
  • 2014 2 students are shot & killed in a school shooting in Moscow

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2016 Rand Paul drops out of the Republican Presidential nomination race

United States Senator Rand Paul
United States Senator
Rand Paul
  • 2016 Lord Lucan's death certificate is granted, 42 years after he disappeared following the murder of nanny Sandra Rivett

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 US President Barack Obama visits his first US mosque - the Islamic Society of Baltimore mosque in Maryland

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama